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shamebagBiotechnology

Feb 22, 2013 (4 years and 4 months ago)

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Activities of Plant Biotechnology
Laboratory for the support of horticulture
industry of Afghanistan

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AGA KHAN FOUNDATION


Afghanistan

By: Shamsur Rehman

National manager NRM lab:

Plant Biotechnology Laboratory

AGA KHAN FOUNDATION AFGHANISTAN


Agriculture as primary engine of Afghanistan’s
recovering economy


Agriculture was thriving in 1970s


Today incapable of competing in international
market



Rejuvenation of horticulture industry is
government priority (Agriculture Master Plan
2005)





Health status of germplasm


National Collections of local and exotic fruit varieties


Mother Stock Nurseries


Insure propagation of cleaned planting material




Data base for plant pathogens



Phytosanitary certification scheme



Support to MAIL



Diseases control strategies



Provision of capacity building

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Pathogens testing


Serological assay (ELISA)


Molecular technique (PCR)


Microbiology Unit


Nematode Extraction


Biological Indexing




Tissue culture unit


Micropropagation


Micrografting


Production of clonal rootstock






Analyzed the National Collections
(Stone fruits)


Apricot (PHD center Kabul)


Almond (PHD center Mazar)


Plum (PHD center Herat)


Grape (PHD center Herat)


Citrus (PHD center Jalalabad)



Analyses of MSNs


Citrus (Jalalabad,
Kunar
, Laghman)


Stone fruits (Kabul,
Mazar
)




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Detected plant viruses in
Afghanistan


PNRSV in almond


PNRSV in plum and peach


CTV in Citrus


GFLV in grape



Capacity building


NGOs technical staff


MAIL technical staff


University students(Internship)





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Genus (Closterovirus)


The most destructive virus among
30
citrus viruses or
virus
-
like diseases.


Killed or rendered unproductive(
1989
)


Argentina

more than
18
million trees


Brazil


more than
10
million trees


Spain


more than
40
million trees


Can infect all citrus species, cultivars and hybrids.


From mild to severe


Thanks for your attention

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