4. Local Laws

shamebagBiotechnology

Feb 22, 2013 (4 years and 4 months ago)

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Local Laws

Letter of Instruction 1005


1979


Established the National Institutes of
Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology


Now known as the
National Institute of
Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (BIOTECH)


“National research and development (R&D)
organization specializing in agricultural,
environmental, food and feeds, and health
biotechnology“

Executive Order 430


1990


Creation of the
National Committee on
Biosafety

of the Philippines (NCBP)


Under the DOST


“Tasked to formulate, review and amend national
policy on
biosafety

and formulate guidelines on
the conduct of activities on genetic engineering”


Composed of representatives of DA, DENR, DOH
and DOST; 4 scientists in biology, environmental
science, social science and physical science; and 2
respected members of the community

Republic Act 8435


1997


Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act (AFMA)


Defines “measures to modernize the country’s
agriculture and fisheries sectors to make them
competitive in the market”


“…to modernize the Philippine agriculture to improve the
living conditions of the majority of the farmers and
increase their productivity amidst the growing needs of
the markets (local and abroad)”


Food security


More competitive products (market
-
driven approach)

The Estrada Administration


Issuance of a “
National Policy to use
Biotechnology as a strategy to improve
agricultural production, modernize Philippine
agriculture and enhance rural development

(2000)

The Arroyo Administration


Philippine National Policy Statement on
Modern Biotechnology (2001)


Government policy “on promoting the safe and
responsible use of modern biotechnology and its
products as one of the means to achieve food
security, equal access to health services, a
sustainable and safe environment, and industry
development”

The Arroyo Administration


DA Administrative Order No. 8 (Series of
2002)


Regulation of plant and plant products produced
through modern biotechnology


BT Corn

The Aquino Administration (c. 2010)


House Bill 1977


Intensifying stem cell research


House Bill 5037


Providing for the establishment of the Philippine
National Stem Cell Research and Storage Center


House Bill 5287


Establishing Stem Cell Center of the Philippines
and strengthening research on stem cell
technology

Executive Order 247



Prescribing guidelines and establishing a
regulatory framework for the prospecting of
biological and genetic resources, their
byproducts and derivatives, for scientific and
commercial purposes, and for other purposes


Ordered by Pres. Fidel V. Ramos

Some Features of EO 247

SECTION 1: “It shall be the policy of the State to
regulate the prospecting of
biological and
genetic resources so that these resources are
protected and conserved, are
developed and
put to the sustainable use and benefit of the
national interest. Further, it shall promote
the
development
of local capability in science and
technology to achieve technological self


reliance
in selected
areas.


Some Features of EO 247


SECTION 2: Consent of indigenous cultural
communities


SECTION 3: When research agreement is
necessary


SECTION 4: Application for academic research
agreement and commercial research
agreement


Some Features of EO 247


Inter
-
Agency Committee on Biological and
Genetic Resources