An ontology of computing

schoolmistInternet and Web Development

Oct 22, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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An ontology of computing

What is an ontology?


An ontology is a specification of a
conceptualization.


A specification of a representational vocabulary for
a shared domain of discourse


definitions of
classes, relations, functions, and other objects


is
called an ontology.



http://
tomgruber.org
/writing/ontolingua
-
kaj
-
1993.htm

Semantic Web

Connects Knowledge

The
Metaweb

Connects Intelligence

The Web

Connects Information

Social Software

Connects People

Artificial Intelligence

Personal

Assistants

Ontologies

Taxonomies

Knowledge

Bases

Knowledge

Management

Semantic

Webs

Intelligent Agents

Enterprise

Minds

Group

Minds

Lifelogs

Semantic

Weblogs

The

“Relationship”

Web

Decentralised

Communities

Smart

Marketplaces

The Global

Brain

Search Engines

Content Portals

Databases

File Servers

“Push”

PIMs

Web Sites

Enterprise

Portals

Pub
-
Sub

Marketplaces

Auctions

Groupware

Weblogs

Wikis

RSS

Community

Portals

eMail

P2P File
-
sharing

Conferencing

IM

USENET

Social

Networks

Permission to re
-
use with attribution to: Nova
Spivack

(2004)


http://
www.novaspivack.com
/science/new
-
version
-
of
-
my
-
metaweb
-
graph
-
the
-
future
-
of
-
the
-
net

From
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Ontologies are the structural frameworks for organizing
information and are used in artificial intelligence, the
Semantic Web, systems engineering, software engineering,
biomedical informatics, library science, enterprise
bookmarking, and information architecture as a form of
knowledge representation about the world or some part of it.
The creation of domain ontologies is also fundamental to the
definition and use of an enterprise architecture framework.

Why
-

Computing Ontology


Beyond the general reasons for an ontology of anything


Computing is a broad category of disciplines


Computer Science


Computer Engineering


Software Engineering


Artificial Intelligence


Information Science


Information Systems


Information Technology


More …

Good for increased attention to
special topics within the domains

Potentially weakens the voice
of the overall domain

The ACM Computing Classification
System


First version: 1964
http://
www.acm.org
/about/class/
cr64


Three layer tree


1. General Topics and Education


2. Computing Milieu


3. Applications


4. Programming


5. Mathematics of Computation


6. Design and Construction


7. Analog Computers

ACM CCS
-

1991


Four Layer Tree (11 top layer categories)


A. General Literature


B. Hardware


C. Computer Systems Organization


D. Software


E. Data


F. Theory of Computation


G. Mathematics of Computing


H. Information Systems


I. Computing Methodologies


J. Computer Applications


K. Computing Milieu

ACM CCS
-

1998


Revised over time. 11 top level categories. 4 level tree.


A. General Literature


B. Hardware


C. Computer Systems Organization


D. Software


E. Data


F. Theory of Computation


G. Mathematics of Computing


H. Information Systems


I. Computing Methodologies


J. Computer Applications


K. Computing Milieu



No change at the top level

ACM CCS 2012


General and reference


Hardware


Computer systems organization


Networks


Software and its engineering


Theory of computation


Mathematics of computing


Information systems


Security and privacy


Human
-
centered computing


Computing methodologies


Applied computing


Social and professional topics


Proper nouns: People, technologies and companies


Now 14 top level categories


Interactive interface available at
http://dl.acm.org/ccs.cfm



Depth varies, up to 6 levels

An exercise


Go to
http://www.computingportal.org/
cs2013


Strawman

document


Go to (document open to anyone with the
link)
https
://docs.google.com/document/d/1MLdpEYfGdbfA
txhMX4
-
tk3sI7ckBYQoWqqN0Jq9PDKs/
edit


With a partner, choose a topic area to classify


Go to Blackboard and fill in the classification for your topic


Then choose another topic and repeat. Please do not choose both
at once, so that there is more freedom of choice for everyone.