THE HISTORY OF NATURAL

scarfpocketAI and Robotics

Oct 24, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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THE HISTORY OF NATURAL
LANGUAGE PROCESSING
(NLP)

By: Ryan Lichtig

AI Background and Extra Information


http://aaai.org/AITopics/BriefHistory



AI was thought up many years ago with Greek Mythology


Aristotle invented syllogistic

logic, the first deductive reasoning logic.


Major premise: All men are mortal.


Minor premise: All Greeks are men.


Conclusion: All Greeks are mortal.



John McArthy (1927
-
2011)


1956 coined the term “Artificial Intelligence”


1958 created the LISP programming language which is still in use today




AI Modern History



John McArthy


1956 coined the term “Artificial Intelligence”


1958 created the LISP programming language which is still in use today



Shakey



SRI robot, Shakey, demonstrated combining locomotion, perception and
problem solving. 1969


Deep Blue


1997, the first computer chess
-
playing system to beat a reigning world chess
champion,

Garry Kasparov .


DARPA award given to Stanford in 2005


driving autonomously for 131 miles along an unrehearsed desert trail


Watson


Q/A system






What is NLP?




The understanding & generating text & speech



The use of computers to process written and spoken language for some practical, useful,
purpose: to translate languages, to get information from the web on text data banks so as to
answer questions, to carry on conversations with machines, so as to get advice about, say,
pensions and so on.



The field of computer science devoted…enabling computers to use human languages both as
input and as output

Uses of NLP


Chatbots



Information Retrieval (Google, Ask.com, etc..)



Q/A on a broad scale



Information Extraction


Some Questions for Research


Questions


How has NLP research changed over the years?


What milestones have occurred in the field of research?


What projects are currently being worked on?


How can NLP be broken down?


What languages are being used?


Why is LISP so popular?



End Goals


To acquire a thorough understanding of NLP and
LISP


To complete some sort of project using LISP

People I plan to talk to


SRI


Vinay Chaudhri


David Israel



Computer History Museum


+ others.

Sources


http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=11106&page=111


“I’M SORRY DAVE, I’M AFRAID I CAN’T DO THAT”: LINGUISTICS, STATISTICS, AND NATURAL
-
LANGUAGE PROCESSING CIRCA 2001



http://aaai.org/AITopics/NaturalLanguage


AAAI is the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence