Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin Chapter 1 Cognitive ...

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Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

Cognition, 8e

by Margaret W. Matlin

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

Cognition, 8e

Chapter 1

An Introduction to
Cognitive Psychology

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

A Brief History of
Cognitive Psychology

The Origins of Cognitive Psychology

Aristotle

empirical evidence

Wilhelm Wundt

introspection

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

A Brief History of
Cognitive Psychology

The Origins of Cognitive Psychology

Early Memory Researchers

Ebbinghaus

Mary Whiton Calkins

recency effect

first woman president of APA

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

A Brief History of
Cognitive Psychology

The Origins of Cognitive Psychology

William James

Principles of Psychology

tip
-
of
-
the
-
tongue phenomenon

Behaviorism

Watson

Skinner

operational definition

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

A Brief History of
Cognitive Psychology

The Origins of Cognitive Psychology

The Gestalt Approach

gestalt

insight

Frederic C. Bartlett

memory as active, constructive process

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

A Brief History of
Cognitive Psychology

The Emergence of Modern Cognitive
Psychology

1956

"cognitive revolution"

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

A Brief History of
Cognitive Psychology

The Emergence of Modern Cognitive
Psychology

Factors Contributing to the Rise of
Cognitive Psychology


d
isappointment with behaviorist approach


l
inguistics; Noam Chomsky


human memory research


c
hildren's thought processes; Jean Piaget

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

A Brief History of
Cognitive Psychology

The Emergence of Modern Cognitive
Psychology

The Information
-
Processing Approach

a)
M
ental processes are similar to the
operations of a computer.

b)
Information progresses through the
cognitive system in a series of stages, one
step at a time.

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

A Brief History of
Cognitive Psychology

The Emergence of Modern Cognitive
Psychology

The Information
-
Processing Approach

Atkinson
-
Shiffrin model


sensory memory


short
-
term memory (working memory)


long
-
term memory

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

A Brief History of
Cognitive Psychology

The Current Status of Cognitive
Psychology


more complex models


widespread influence on the discipline of
psychology


applications of the cognitive approach in
therapy


issues of ecological validity

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

Cognitive Neuroscience
Techniques

cognitive neuroscience

social cognitive neuroscience

Brain Lesions

Positron Emission Tomography (PET
scan)

Functional Magnetic Resonance
Imaging (fMRI)

Event
-
Related Potential Technique
(ERP)

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

Additional Areas that Contribute
to Cognitive Psychology

Artificial Intelligence

The Computer Metaphor

structures and processes

Pure Artificial Intelligence

efficiency

Computer Simulation

computer modeling

take

human limitations into account

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

Additional Areas that Contribute
to Cognitive Psychology

Artificial Intelligence

The Connectionist Approach


parallel distributed processing (PDP)
approach


neural network approach


cerebral cortex


serial processing


parallel processing

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

Cognition 7e, Margaret Matlin

Chapter 1

Red Riding Hood
Network

Big Ears


Big Eyes


Big Teeth


Kindly


Wrinkled


Handsome

Wolf

Grandma

Woodcutter

Run Away

Scream

Look for Woodcutter

Kiss on Cheek

Approach

Offer Food To

Flirt With

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

Additional Areas that Contribute
to Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Science


i
nterdisciplinary

cognitive
psychology,
neuroscience, and artificial intelligence
PLUS philosophy, linguistics,
anthropology, sociology, and
economics


focus on internal representations


Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

An Overview of Your
Textbook

Preview of the Chapters


Five Themes in the Book

Theme 1:

The cognitive processes are
active, rather than passive.

Theme 2:

The cognitive processes are
remarkably efficient and
accurate.

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

An Overview of Your
Textbook

Five Themes in the Book

Theme 3:

The cognitive processes
handle positive information
better than negative
information.

Theme 4:

The cognitive processes are
interrelated with one another;
they do not operate in
isolation.

.

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

An Overview of Your
Textbook

Five Themes in the Book

Theme 5:

Many cognitive processes
rely on both bottom
-
up and
top
-
down processing.

Cognition, 8e by Margaret W. Matlin

Chapter 1

Cognition, 8e

by Margaret W. Matlin