Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board

roomagitatedInternet and Web Development

Dec 8, 2013 (4 years and 24 days ago)

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Shawn Kingsberry, Chief Information Officer

March 14, 2012


Recovery Accountability and

Transparency Board


Cloud Migration

Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Agenda


American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009


Recovery.gov Challenges


The Recovery.gov Process


Recovery.gov Redeployment


The Result


Solution Alternatives


Cloud Feasibility Assessment


Why Cloud Computing?


Recovery.gov Technologies


Recovery.gov Successful Cloud Move


FederalAccountability.gov


Questions?

2

Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Communicating Through Time


http://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=PdWN7B
gdjaA

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Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

The Law


February 2009

1)
The website shall provide materials explaining what this Act means for citizens. The
materials shall be easy to understand and regularly updated.

2)
The website shall provide accountability information, including findings from audits,
inspectors general, and the Government Accountability Office.

3)
The website shall provide data on relevant economic, financial, grant, and contract
information in user
-
friendly visual presentations to enhance public awareness of the use
of covered funds.

4)
The website shall provide detailed data on contracts awarded by the Federal Government
that expend covered funds, including information about the competitiveness of the
contracting process, information about the process that was used for the award of
contracts, and for contracts over $500,000 a summary of the contract.

5)
The website shall include printable reports on covered funds obligated by month to each
State and congressional district.

6)
The website shall provide a means for the public to give feedback on the performance of
contracts that expend covered funds.

7)
The website shall include detailed information on Federal Government contracts and
grants that expend covered funds, to include the data elements required to comply with
the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Public Law 109
-
282),
allowing aggregate reporting on awards below $25,000 or to individuals, as prescribed by
the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.

8)
The website shall provide a link to estimates of the jobs sustained or created by the Act.

9)
The website shall provide a link to information about announcements of grant
competitions and solicitations for contracts to be awarded.

10)
The website shall include appropriate links to other government websites with
information concerning covered funds, including Federal agency and State websites.

11)
The website shall include a plan from each Federal agency for using funds made available
in this Act to the agency.

12)
The website shall provide information on Federal allocations of formula grants and
awards of competitive grants using covered funds.

13)
The website shall provide information on Federal allocations of mandatory and other
entitlement programs by State, county, or other appropriate geographical unit.

14)
To the extent practical, the website shall provide, organized by the location of the job
opportunities involved, links to and information about how to access job opportunities,
including, if possible, links to or information about local employment agencies, job banks
operated by State workforce agencies, the Department of Labor's CareerOneStop
website, State, local and other public agencies receiving Federal funding, and private
firms contracted to perform work with Federal funding, in order to direct job seekers to
job opportunities created by this Act.

15)
The website shall be enhanced and updated as necessary to carry out the purposes of this
subtitle.

H.R. 1
§
1526

1.
Provide easily accessible
information to the public on
Recovery spending and results

2.
Promote official data in public
debate

3.
Provide fair and open access to
Recovery opportunities

4.
Enable public accountability
for Recovery spending

5.
Promote an understanding of
the local impact of Recovery
spending

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Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Recovery.gov Challenges

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Design a website to be used by millions of citizens


Build a data mart to capture, warehouse, and report on data from several federal
and commercial data sets


Implement a geospatial analysis and visualization application to help citizens
understand the local impact of Recovery Act spending


Build and deploy an Enterprise Content Management System


Construct an Enterprise Search capability


Procure and install a large server data center enclave, with state of the art load
balancing, firewalls, switches and Storage Area Network (SAN) technologies



Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration


The Public


Recipients


Press


Concerned Citizens


Administration


Special Interests


Congress


State and Local Gov


Agencies


RATB


Watchdogs


Academia and NGOs

The Recovery.gov Process

Issue Reporting

Agencies

Recipients

Data

Visualization

Press

Data
Warehouse

Social
Media

6

To satisfy the requirements of the Recovery Act,
the solution architecture is actually a “system of
systems.”

Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Recovery.gov Redeployment

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The aggressive schedule

(Physical Infrastructure Delays)


Test and Development enclaves were procured and ready on
Amazon EC2 within
2

days of contract award on July 14, 2009


While the physical architecture was being procured and
implemented, the virtual infrastructure on the
Cloud

was fully built
out in parallel


The Applications, Data, and Visualization teams had
no

delays since
they were not dependent on the physical infrastructure


Without Cloud computing the timelines

could not have been achieved


Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

The Result

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The result is the current incarnation of Recovery.gov

which, as anyone who
has spent significant amounts of time scouring government Web sites for
information will tell you, is perhaps the clearest, richest interactive database
ever produced by the American bureaucracy”



Andre Romano, Newsweek


Recovery.gov was redeployed on September 28, 2009

Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Solution Alternatives

Cloud Feasibility Assessment

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Analysis

Feasible

Performance Analysis


Web, Database, Geospatial, Bandwidth, I/O




Cost Analysis


Elastic Compute, Storage, Bandwidth, Content Distribution




Timeframe / Scope / Resource Analysis


Level of effort, impact

on existing
mission




Risk Analysis



Time, Security, High Availability, Complexity




Gap Analysis


Storage, Backup





Security Analysis


Access Control, Boundary Protection, Data at Rest
Protection, Audit ability




Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Why Cloud Computing?


Clinger
-
Cohen Act of 1996


The
Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative



Promote the use of Green IT by reducing the
overall energy and real estate footprint of
government data centers;


Reduce the cost of data center hardware,
software, and operations;


Increase the overall IT security posture of the
government; and


Shift IT investments to more efficient computing
platforms and technologies


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Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Recovery.gov Technologies

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Social Media

Web Infrastructure

Visualization, Analysis,
and Reporting

Data Layer

Infrastructure

Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Recovery.gov Cloud Architecture

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Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Recovery.gov Successful Cloud Move

“Recovery.gov is the first government
-
wide system to move to the cloud... The
Board expects savings of about $750,000 during its current budget cycle and
significantly more savings in the long
-
term.”


Vivek Kundra, Chief Information Officer


United States

May 13, 2010

13

Recovery.gov was officially launched in

a public cloud on April 26 at 9:48 PM

Our migration to the
cloud took only 22
days from feasibility
study to production

Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Benefits Gained by Moving to the Cloud


Removal of physical hosting costs ~$750k over 3 years


Reuse / redistribution of ~ $700k of hardware/software for internal RATB use


No dependence on physical hosting provider:

o Power

o Pipe

o Storage

o Backup

o Database Management


3 yr Continuation of Operations (COOP) contract vs. 1 yr with no additional costs


First government
-
wide system to move to the
Cloud


No Contract modifications required


Increased flexibility / lower lifecycle costs


Faster provisioning and ability to add capability on demand


Increased performance under high web demand

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Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

The Cloud


Production Solution

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Initial contract called for an identical Continuity/Disaster Recovery site


For the cost of the site, which would rarely be used, the RATB could instead build out a fully redundant,
highly available, and geographically separated solution on the Cloud at a fraction of the cost


Advantages


Improved website response times


Improved monitoring capabilities (CloudWatch, etc.)


Enhanced backup and recovery capabilities


Added ability to elastically grow or shrink compute capacity


Enhanced information assurance posture


Significantly lowered the costs of ownership


Repurpose 700k worth of hardware for Fraud, Waste and Abuse mission


Save hundreds of thousands on Data Center costs


Significantly reduce management costs of physical environment


Have an improved level of network access and fault tolerance


Be able to autoscale based on demand


Have a security posture consistent with that of a multi
-
billion dollar company


Prove that government innovation can save citizen’s money

Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board ~ Cloud Migration

Unprecedented Results




Millions of users access Recovery.gov


One of the largest federal SharePoint sites ever created


One of the largest federal ESRI sites ever created


Several Accolades:


2009 Merit award
: “Transforming open government from promise to practice”


2010 Gold
Addy

award for website design


Official Honoree for the Financial Services category in The 14th Annual
Webby
Awards


Award of Distinction during the 16th Annual Communicator Awards


2nd place
Gold Screen Award
from the National Association of Government
Communicators


Information Week 500


Federal Innovator of the Year

16

Extending the capabilities of the Recovery Operations Center “ROC”

March 14, 2012


Recovery Accountability and

Transparency Board


FederalAccountability.gov