Chapter 17 Vocabulary Sheet: Organizing Life’s Diversity
SB3. Students will derive the relationship between single
celled and multi
organisms and the increasing complexity of systems.
b. Compare how structures and functio
n vary between the six kingdoms
eubacteria, protists, fungi, plants, and animals).
c. Examine the evolutionary basis of modern classification systems.
1: The History of Classification:
grouping of organisms of objects
based on a set of criteria that helps
organize, communicate, and retain information.
branch of Biology the identifies, names, and classifies species based on
their natural relationships.
Linnaeus’s system of naming organ
isms, which gives a
word Latin name to each species
the first part is the genus name and the
second is the specific epithet or species.
named group of organisms, such as a phylum, genus, or species.
group of organisms th
at can interbreed and produce fertile offspring.
taxonomic group of closely related species with a common ancestor.
taxonomic group that contains similar, related genera.
taxonomic group that contains related families.
taxonomic group that contains one or more related orders.
taxonomic group of related classes.
taxonomic group of related phyla.
taxonomic group of one or more kingdoms.
2: Modern Classification:
evolutionary history of a species.
inherited morphological or biochemical feature that varies among species
and can be used to determine patterns of descent.
model that uses comparisons of DNA sequences to estimate
eny and rate of evolutionary change.
taxonomic method that models evolutionary relationships based on shared
derived characters and phylogenetic trees.
diagram with branches that represents the hypothesized phylogeny of
of a species of group; uses bioinformatics, morphological studies, and
information from DNA studies.
3: Domains & Kingdoms:
prokaryotes with peptidoglycan
containing cell walls
prokaryotes whose cell walls do
unicellular, multicellular, or colonial eukaryote whose cell walls may contain
cellulose; can be plantlike, animal
like, or funguslike.
unicellular or multicellular
eukaryote that is stationary, absorbs nutrients from
organic materials in the environment, and has cell walls that contain chitin.