Introduction to Electrical Engineering (0512

restmushroomsElectronics - Devices

Oct 7, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

333 views

Electrical and Electronic Engineering

(0512)


0512.2503 Introduction to Electrical Engineering

Credits: 5

Prerequisites: Ordinary Differential Equations; Physics (2)


Lumped circuits and elements
; Kirchoff’s laws; Thevenin and Norton equivalents;
Seri
al and Parallel connections; Non linear sources and elements; low signal analysis;
First order circuits
; ZIR and ZSR of linear circuits.

Second order circuits
: ZIR and ZSR, High order circuits; Introduction to linear and
time
-
invariant circuits; Convolutio
n; Phasors; Sinusoidal steady
-
state analysis;
Resonant circuits.

Coupling Elements
: Inductors, transformers and controlled sources.

Network analysis
: Graphs and topology, Tellegen’s theorem; Node and mesh rigorous
analysis.

MATLAB workshop
.


Textbooks:

.
Mc
Graw Hill, 1969

.
Basic Circuit Theory

:
E. Kuh

. &
Desoer, C



0512.2504 Electrical Engineering
-

Introductory Laboratory

Credit points: 1.5

Pre
-
requisites
:

Introduction to Electrical Engineering.


Measurement instruments (Oscilloscope, function generator),
measurements of DC
and AC currents; Principles of linear networks and DC bridges; Transients in RLC
circuits; Transfer function; Harmonic analysis of periodic waveforms; Three
-
phase
rectifiers; Resonant circuits and coupled circuits; Measurement of magneti
c properties
of ferromagnetic materials; Power measurements in 1
-
phase and 3
-
phase systems; AC
bridge; DC potentiometer; Audio transformers.


Textbooks:

Reference: Laboratory guide.



0512.2507 Introduction to Semiconductor Physics

Credit points: 3.5

Pre
-
requisites
:

Physics (2), Physics (3)


1. Structure of Materials: Basic crystallography, the Bravais lattice,crystallographic
directions and planes, x
-
ray diffraction, scanning tunneling microscope, defects,
crystal growth.

2. Thermodynamics and statistical

Mechanics: Ideal gases, thermodynamic
equilibrium, the first law of thermodynamics, macrostates and microstates, the
axwell Boltzmann and Fermi
-
Dirac distributions.

3. Basic Semiconductor Physics: Energy bands, conductors insulators and metals in
light o
f band theory, density of states.

4. Charge Carriers in semiconductors: Electrons and holes, the effective mass,
effective density of states, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, conduction in
semiconductors, diffusion, p
-
n junction.


Textbooks:

Azarof
f, L.V., J. J. Brophy: Electronic Processes in Materials, McGraw
-
Hill, 1963 .

Bar
-
Lev, A.: Semiconductor and Electronic Devices,

3
rd

ed, Prentice
-
Hall, 1993.

Streetman, B.G.: "Solid State Electronic Devices", 3
rd

ed. Prentice
-
Hall, 1990 .

Dole, M.: Introdu
ction to Statistical Thermodynamics, Prentice
-
Hall, 1954.

Kittel, C.: Thermal Physics, 2
nd

ed., 1980.



0512.2508 Electronic Devices









Credits: 5

Prerequisites:
Introduction to Semiconductor Physics


1.

Carrier motion in semiconductors, mobility and
conductivity, diffusion and
drift, Measurement methods for mobility, diffusivity and carrier
concentrations. Hall effect. Haynes
-
Shockley experiment. Generation and
recombination of excess carriers. Continuity equations.

2.

PN junction in thermal equilibrium:

built
-
in potential, space charge and field
in the depletion region. PN junction under bias. Carrier injection and
extraction. Minority charge storage. Depletion and diffusion capacitances.
Drift and diffusion currents. Ideal long and short PN diode dc cha
racteristic.
High injection, non
-
ideal diode effects, recombination current. Tunneling
diode. Junction breakdown (Zener and avalanche). Switching, ac behaviour.
Heterojunction.

3.

Bipolar junction transistor (BJT)


electrostatic description. Ideal BJT in
f
orward active mode. Minority diffusion currents in narrow vs. wide base.
BJT in various configurations, dc current and voltage gains. Ebers
-
Moll and
Gummel
-
Poon models. Charge control equation. BJT breakdown
mechanisms. Switching and small signal behaviour
. Non
-
ideal BJT.
Heterojunction bipolar transistor.

4.

Metal
-
semiconductor (MS) junctions. Electrostatic description, Schottky
barrier, ohmic characteristic. MS junction under bias.

5.

Ideal MOS capacitor. C
-
V characteristic.

6.

MOS field effect transistor (MOSFET
). NMOS and PMOS. Basics of
transistor action, long channel I
-
V characteristic, short channel effects.
Complementary MOS (CMOS). High electron mobility transistor (HEMT).


Textbooks:

Pierret, R.F.: "Semiconductor Device Fundamentals", Addison Wesley, 1996
.

Yang, E.S.: "Microelectronic Devices", McGraw Hill, 1988.

Sze, S.M.: "Semiconductor Devices, Physics and Technology", Wiley, 1985.

Streetman, B.G.: "Solid State Electronic Devices", 4
th

ed. Prentice Hall, 1995.



0512.2512 Electronics Laboratory (1)

Cre
dit points
:

1.5

Prerequisites
:

Introduction to Electrical Engineering. Introduction to Electronics


The Oscilloscope; Transistor characteristics and parameters; Common emitter and
emitter
-
follower configurations; Bias stabilization of transistor amplifiers
; Distortions;
Common
-
base amplifier; Characteristics by linear approximation; Clipping circuits.


Reference: Laboratory guide.



0512.2525 Electromagnetic Fields

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Harmonic Analysis; Physics (2)


Electromagnetic forces and fiel
ds and their sources.

Maxwell’s equation in vacuum: The integral and differential forms; boundary and
continuity conditions; static and dynamic problems; plane waves; the quasistatic field
equations.

Electro
-
quasistatics: Potential; Poisson’s and Laplace’
s equations; the superposition
integrals; boundary value problems in Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical
coordinates; electro
-
mechanical systems and equivalent circuits; numerical solutions.


Magneto
-
quasistatics: The vector potential and gauge theory; Bi
ot
-
Savart
superposition integral; boundary value problems; induced fields and potentials; self
and mutual induction; magneto
-
mechanical systems and equivalent circuits.

Fields in matter: Conduction and charge relaxation, polarization and magnetization;
phy
sical models; field equations and constitutive relations; solution techniques;
examples for quasistatic electro
-

and magneto
-
mechanical systems.

Electromagnetic energy: Pointing's theorem; energy balance in static and quasistatic
problems; exchange of mech
anical and electromagnetic energy.

Electro
-
dynamics: The sinusoidal steady state and introduction to electromagnetic
waves.


Textbooks:

Haus, H.A. & J.R. Melcehe: "Electromagnetic Fields and Energy", Prentice
-
Hall,
1989.

Magid, L.: Electromagnetic Fields,

Energy and Waves, Wiley, 1972.



0512.2531

Introduction to Linear Systems

Credits: 2.5

Prerequisites:

Ordinary Differential Equations; Introduction to Electrical Engineering


Classification of linear systems: mechanical, electrical, thermal, hydraulic and

hybrid
systems with constant lumped elements. Construction of electrical analogue circuits,
formulation of mathematical models. Analysis of continuous linear systems in the
time domain: response to initial conditions, impulse response, convolution as a
r
esponse to arbitrary excitation. Fundamental analysis of first and second order
systems. The one
-
sided Laplace Transform and its uses; transfer functions, poles and
zeros in the complex frequency plane. System description in the state
-
space,
presentation o
f state equations and their solution in the time and frequency domains.
System description with the aid of block diagrams. Frequency response to sinusoidal
excitation, Bode plots. Linear discrete
-
time systems: obtaining the difference
equations and their s
olution in the time
-
domain, response to initial conditions and the
discrete convolution theorem. The one
-
sided Z transform and its uses, the discrete
transfer function. A description of a discrete
-
time system in state
-
space, solution of
the discrete state
equations. Polynomial stability criteria for continuous and discrete
time systems.


Textbooks:

D'Azzo J. & C. Houpis: Linear Control System Analysis & Design Conventional and
Modern. 4
th

ed., McGraw Hill, 1995

.


0512.2805 Electronics (1)

Credits: 2.5

P
rerequisites:

Ordinary Differential Equations, Physics (2)


Basic electrical cicuit analysis. Linear DC circuits. Voltage and current dividers.
Ideal and practical voltage and current sources. Source conversions. Millman’s
theorem. Maximum power trans
fer theorem. General resistive theorems. Kirchhoff
laws. Loop and node voltage analysis metods. Network theorems. Thevenin’s and
Norton’s theorems. The superposition theorem. DC electrical circuits computer
simulations.

First and second order circu
its. Capacitance and inductance. Transients in RC, RL
and RCL circuits. Natural and force response. Steady state response.

AC circuits. Impedance. Laplace transforms. Sinusoidal steady state response.
Sinusoids and phasors. Phasor circuit analysis.

Frequency
-
response description.
Bode plots. First and second order circuits frequency response. Resnance in RCL
circuits. Bandwidth. Electrical filters design. Low
-

and high
-
pass frequency filters.
Band
-
pass and notch
-
pass filters. Circuits compu
ter simulations.

Mutually coupled circuits and transformers. Self
-

and mutual inductance. Coupling
coefficient. Dot convention. Analysis of circuits containing coupled coils. Ideal and
practical transformers. Three
-
phase circuits.

Theory of semicondu
ctors. Carriers of charge in semiconductors. Donors and
acceptors. P
-
N junction. Semiconductors diodes. Diode operation. Semiconductor
devices. Semiconductors rectifiers. Clipping circuits. Diode clamp. Zener diodes.
Voltage regulator. Circuits

computer simulations.


Textbooks:

Sprott, J.: Introduction to Modern Electronics, Wiley, 1990.

Smith, R., & R. Dorf: Circuits Devices and Systems, Wiley, 1994.

Thomas, R.E. & A.J. Rosa: The Analysis and Design of Linear Circuits, Prentice Hall,
1994.



05
12.2806 Electronics (2)

Credits: 2

Prerequisite: Electronics (1)


1.

Field effect transistor: principles, small
-
signal model, practical circuits.

2.

Bi
-
polar transistor: principles small
-
signal model, practical circuits.

3.

Operational amplifier: principles, appli
cations.

4.

Digital circuits: Boolean algebra, logic gates, practical circuits.


Textbooks:

Smith, R.: Electronics: Circuits Devices and Systems, 5
th

ed., Wiley, 1992.

Savant, Jr. C.J., M.S. Roden, G.L. Carpenter: Electronic Circuit Design,
Benjamin,
1987.


0512.2807 Energy Conversion & Electrical Drive

Credits: 2.5

Prerequisite: Electronics (1)


1.

Magnetic circuits.

2.

Energy transmission in power systems: active and reactive power, power
factor, power transmission lines and energy transfer, saf
ety means.

3.

Transformers: construction, equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, turns ratio,
losses and efficiency, voltage control.

4.

Induction machines: production of rotating magnetic field, phasor diagram,
losses and efficiency, torque characteristic, startin
g and speed control.

5.

Direct current machines: construction, generator/motor working, losses,
powers and efficiency, load characteristics of separately and shunt exited
generator, speed control characteristics of separately and shunt exited motor.

6.

Synchrono
us machines: construction, generator/motor working, phasor
diagram, losses, powers and efficiency, synchronization, loading, torque,
parallel operation.


Textbooks:

Del
-
Toro, V.: Electromechanical Devices for Energy Conversion and Control
Systems. Prentic
e
-
Hall 1968.

Fitzgerald, A. & C.H. Kingsley: Electric Machinery, 5
th

ed., Hill, 1990.



0512.2812 Intorduction to Electronics
-

Laboratory (for Mechanical Engineering)

Credit points: 1.5

Prerequisites: Electronics (2); Introduction to system engineering an
d control;


Energy Conversion & Electrical Drive

Measurement instruments (Oscilloscope, function generator), Principles of linear
networks; RLC circuits, Diode and transistor characteristics; Clamp and rectifier
circuits; transisto
r amplifier


common emitter with stabilized voltage; switching
circuits: transistor and SCR. Power measurements. Trasnformers;

Control: Process simulation, Servo systems with an electric engine.


Textbooks:

Laboratory guide.



0512.3512 Electronics L
aboratory (2)

Credit points
:

1.5

Prerequisites
:

Electronics Laboratory (1); Analog Electronic Circuits


RC
-
coupled two
-
stage amplifier; Two
-
stage feedback amplifier; Push
-
pull power
amplifier; Characteristics of integrated operational amplifier, inverting
and non
-
inverting amplifiers; Wien bridge and crystal; The transistor as a switch; Voltage
stabilizer.


Textbooks:

Laboratory guide.



0512.3513 Analog Electronic Circuits

Credits: 5

Prerequisites
:

Introduction to Linear Systems; Electronic Devices


Diode
s. Bipolar junction transistors and field
-
effect transistors. Frequency
response of transistor amplifiers (low and high frequency). Differential amplifier.
Operational amplifier design. Non
-
ideal operational amplifiers. Non
-
linear
operational amplifier app
lications: Oscillators, etc. Network analysis, active
filters and feedback. Power amplifier stages. Mosfet and CMOS.


Textbooks:

Sedra, A. S. & Kenneth C. Smith: Microelectronic Circuits, 4
th

ed.
OUP
, 1998.

Millman, J.: Microelectronics. 2
nd

ed., McGraw
-
Hi
ll, 1987.

Millman, J., & C.C. Halkias: Electronic Fundamentals and Applications, McGraw
-
Hill, 1976.

Millman, J. & C.C. Halkias: Integrated Electronics, McGraw
-
Hill, 1972.



0512.3523 Microelectronics

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites
:

Electronic Devices


This
course covers all major microfabrication processes:

General overview of the microfabrication technology. The structures of crystals
and the silicon crystal, defects in crystals, fabrication processes of silicon crystals
(CZ, FZ). Ion implantation. Diffusio
n.

Thin layers: Evaporation, sputtering, CVD, PECVD, oxidation.

Etching processes: Wet etching, dry etching (physical, chemical, RIE, DRIE).
Photolithography. Conducting coatings.

Electrical contacts and packaging: Wire bonding, flip
-
chip, wafer scale

packaging.

Overview of the Bipolar and CMOS technology in light of the subjects studied.

Overview of MEMS in light of the subjects studies. Yield and reliability of the
VLSI technology. Basic CAD for VLSI


Textbooks:

Wolf, S. & R. N. Tauber: Silicon Proce
ssing for the VLSI Era Vol.1
-
Process
Technology, LATTICE Press,1990.

Sze, S. M.: VLSI Technology 2
nd

ed., McGraw
-
Hill, Inc., 1988.

El
-
Kareh, B.: Fundamentals of Semiconductor processing technologies, Kluwer,
1995.

Murarka, S. P., M. C. Peckerar: Electron
ic Materials Science and Technology,
Academic Press, 1989.

Till, W.C., J. T. Luxon: Integrated Circuits: Materials, Devices, and Fabrication,
Prentice
-
Hall, 1982.

Sze, S.M.: Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2
nd

ed., Wiley, 1988.



0512.3526 Wave Transmis
sion and Lines

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites
:

Electromagnetic Fields


Transmission lines
: Derivation of the Telegraphist’s equations and their coefficients
(including loss), Sinusoidal (time harmonic) solutions, Non
-
sinusoidal waves on
lossless lines, Graphi
cal solutions (Smith Chart).

Plane Electromagnetic Waves
: The wave equation, polarization, plane wave
solutions, reflection of obliquely incident plane wave from layer media, Transmission
line analog for the plane wave propagation and reflection, Angular
spectrum of plane
waves.

Electromagnetic Waveguides
: Modes inelectromagnetic waveguides, TE modes, TM
modes, Rectangular metalic waveguides, Transmission line analog for the modes’
propagation and reflection, Resonant cavities, Dielectric waveguides, Opti
cal fibers.


Textbooks:

Magid, L.: Electromagnetic Fields, Energy & Waves, Krieger, 1972.

Seshardi, S.: Fundamentals of Transmission Lines & Electromagnetic Field.
Addison Wesley, 1981.

Johnk, C.T.A.: Engineering Electromagnetic Fields & Waves, 2
nd

ed., W
iley,
1988.


0512.3532 Introduction to Signal Analysis

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites
:

Harmonic Analysis; Introduction to Linear Systems


Refreshing of time
-
invariance, causality and linearity of systems.

Fourier analysis of continuous signals and continuous

systems, Fourier series and
Fourier transforms.

Examples of modulation and filtering.

Sampling and reconstruction of continuous signals.

Relations between Fourier transforms, Laplace transforms and Z transforms.


Textbooks:

Oppenheim, A. & A.S. Willsky: S
ignals and Systems, 2
nd

ed., Prentice Hall, 1997.



0512.3542 Control Laboratory

Credits: 1

Prerequisites: Introduction to Control Theory


Analog Control Systems; D.C. Servo Motor Control; Solving Linear Equations by an
Analog Computer; Long Time
-
Delay

System; Balancing a Ball on a Beam.

Digital systems; Linear systems Simulations; Digital Control of a D.C. Servo Motor.


Textbooks:

Control Laboratory (Basic) Manual



0512.3543 Introduction to Control Theory

Credits: 2.5

Prerequisites: Introduction to
Linear Systems


Feedback systems, stability of feedback systems: Nyquist and Bode criterions, the
root
-
locus method, Nichols chart.

Performance criteria: transient response, steady
-
state errors, frequency response,
sensitivity, disturbances suppression. Se
cond order systems.

Design of compensation networks by Bode, Nyquist, Nichols and the root
-
locus
methodes.

Introduction to digital control.


Textbooks:

Dorf, R.C.: Modern Control Systems. 7
th

ed, Addison Wesley, 1995.

D’Azzo J. & C. Houpis: Linear Control
System Analysis and Design, 3
rd

ed., McGraw
Hill, 1988.

0512.3561 Digital Logic Systems

Credits: 3.5


Number systems, arithmetic operations, codes. Boolean algebra. Combinational logic
circuits. Implementation of combinational logic circuits: arithmetic

circuits (full
adder, parallel binary adder, decimal adder, multiplier). Arithmetic
-
logic unit (ALU).
Comparator, multiplexer, encoder. Programmable arrays: Read
-
only memory (ROM),
PLA, PAL. Asynchronous sequential circuits. Synchronous sequential circuit
s. MSI
and LSI implementations of sequential circuits: parallel register, shift register,

asynchronous and synchronous counters, random access memory (RAM).

Central processing unit (CPU).


Textbooks:

Mano, M.M.: Digital Design, Prentice Hall, 1997.

Mano,
M.M. & C.R. Kime: Logic and Computer Design Fundamentals, Prentice Hall,
1997.

Langholz, G., A. Kandel & J.L.Mott: Fundations of Digital Logic Design, World
Scientific, 1998.



0512.3571 Energy Conversion

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite:

Introduction to Electri
cal Engineering; Electromagnetic Fields


Three
-
Phase Power System
: Voltages, currents, power in a symmetric network,
phasor diagrams magnetic circuits: linear and non
-
linear magnetic circuits in direct
and alternating currents, hysteresis and adds current
losses, flux leakage, magnetic
coupled circuits, forces.

Transformer
: Single and three
-
phase transformer structure, equivalent circuit, losses,
efficiency, no
-
load and short circuit tests, voltage regulation.

Induction Machine
: Structure, rotating magnet
ic field, equivalent circuit, powers,
losses, efficiency, speed
-
torque characteristics, starting, speed regulation.

Solar Cell Systems
: Properties, I
-
V characteristics, operating point, series and parallel
connections, photovoltanic arrays, load I
-
V chara
cteristics, maximum power point
tracker.

Direct Current Machine
: Generators and motors in separate, shunt, series and
compound excitations, structure, e.m.f., torque, power, losses, efficiency, generator
load characteristics, motor mechanical characteristi
cs, motor speed regulation.

Converter
: Basics of dc converters.


Textbooks:

Chapman, S. J.: Electric Machines Fundamentals, 3
rd

ed., McGraw
-
Hill, 1999.

Fitzgerald, A.E.: Charles Kingsley, Electric Machinery, 5
th

ed., McGraw Hill,1992.



0512.3572 Ener
gy Conversion Laboratory

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Energy Conversion


Single and three
-
phase transformer. DC machine. Induction machine. Synchronous
machine. Programmable controller


Textbooks:

Bashava, B., M. Schecter: Instruction Manual for Energy Conve
rsion Laboratory.



0512.3620 Solid State Devices

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Microelectronics


Basics:


Crystal structure. Free electron model. Model of nearly free electrons.
Energy bands and E
-
K diagrams. Fermi
-
Dirac distribution. Bolzman distribu
tion.
Direct and indirect transitions. Phonons. Bose
-
Einstein distribution.

Displays
: Light absorption. Atmosphere transmission. Light sources and light
detectors. Luminescence. Fluorescence and phosphorescence. Characteristic and
non
-
characterist
ic luminescence. Stocks, shift. Cathodoluminiscence.
Electroluminiscence. Tunneling effect and avalanche. Exciton recombination.
Isoelectronic centers. Porous silicon. Nanocrystal structures.

Light emitting diodes (LED). The p
-
n junction. Spontan
eous emission. Materials for
LEDs. Figures of merit. External and internal quantum efficiency. Optical
confinement. Energy gap engineering. Lattice mismatch problems. Double
heterostructues LED. Burrus type LED. Edge emitting LED. LEDs for optica
l
communication and displays.

Diode lasers. Stimulated emission. Heterojunction lasers. Single heterostructure.
Double heterostructure. Carrier and gain profiles. Energy band parameters.
Quantum well lasers. Optical and electron confinement. Quant
um wires and
quantum dots. Visible lasers. Red, blue and green lasers.

Plasma displays. Gas discharge. Image color plasma displays. Numeric displays.
Liquid crystals displays (LCD). Liquid crystals. Birefrigence. Twist and supertwist
LCD. Active
matrix LCD. Ferroelectric LCD. TFT technology.

Field emission displays. Diamond cathodes. Vacuum microelectronics. Cathode
arrays.

Photon devices
: Electron emission from solids. Work function. Negative electron
affinity. Thermoemission, photoemiss
in, secondary electron emission. Materials for
electron cathodes. Imaging detectors. Image tubes. Photodetectors for visible and
UV region. Infrared detectors. Quantum wells infrared detectors. Night vision
devices. Thermovision. Junction detector
s. Avalanche photodiodes. Schotky
photodiodes.

Ferroelectric materials and application
: Ferroelectricity. Pyroelectric effect.
Pyroelectric detectors. Pyroelectric thermovision devices. Polarization switching
effect. Optical converters. Second har
monic generation and optical parametric
oscillation. Blue and UV lasers. Ferroelectric computer memory.

Solar cells
: Collection efficiency. Materials solar cells.


Textbooks:

Yariv, A.: Optical Electronics, Saunders College Publishing, 1997.

Bar
-
Lev, S
.: Semi
-
conductors and Electronic Devices, Prentice Hall, 1993.

Wood, B.: Optoelectronic Semi
-
conductors Devices, Prentice Hall, 1994.

Yang, E.: Microelectronics Devices, McGraw Hill, 1988.

Sze, S.M.: Semi
-
conductor Devices
-

Physics and Technology, John
Wiley, 1985.



0512.3626 Introduction to Microwave Systems

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Wave Transmission & Lines


1.

Microwave applications, survey of passive and active microwave devices.

2.

Review of electromagnetic theory with emphasis on duality and recipro
city.

3.

The rectangular waveguide: Propagation modes, dispersion, losses, partially
filled waveguide. Modal description of fields and solution of discontinuity
problems. Transverse resonance and eigenvalue equation.

4.

Circular waveguids.

5.

Dielectric waveguide
s.

6.

Electromagnetic resonators.

7.

Survey of printed transmission lines: Microstrip, stripline.

8.

Network theory for microwaves. Impedance, scattering and transmission
matrices.

Textbook


Collin, R.E.: Foundations for Microwave Engineering, 2
nd

ed., McGraw Hill
, 1992.

Recommended Books

Harrington R.F.: Time Harmonic Electromagnetic Field, McGraw Hill, 1961,

Gandhi Om. P.: Microwave Engineering and Applications, Pergamon, 1981.

Gardiol F.: Introduction to Microwaves, Artech House, 1984.



0512.3632 Random Signal
s and Noise

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Introduction to Probability and Statistics



Introduction to Signal Analysis


Review of the random variable (R.V.), two R.V.s, joint distribution, two R.V.
functions, joint moments, correlation and covariance, char
acteristic joint joint
function, conditional distribution, conditional expectation.
R.V.

series (vectors),
correlation and covariance matrix, the Gaussian vector, random processes (R.P.),
examples of R.P. (Poisson, Wiener
-
Levi, white noise), stationary an
d ergodic R.P.
The correclation function, power spectrum, filtering of r.P. through a linear system,
estiamtion of R.V., optimal filtering of R.P.


Textbook:

Papoulis, A.: Probability, Random Variables & Stochastic Processes, 3
rd

ed.,
McGraw
-
Hill, 1991.



0512.3633 Introduction to Digital Signal Processing

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Introduction to Signal Analysis


Discrete time signals (sequences) and systems, review and extensions: linear time
invariant (LTI) systems, the discrete time Fourier transfo
rm (DTFT), the Z transform.

Transform analysis of linear time invariant (LTI) systems.

Discrete time processing of continuous time signals. Decimation and interpolation.
Introduction to multi
-
rate processing.

Design of digital filters. Design of infinite

impulse response (IIR) filters from analog
filters. Design of finite impulse response (FIR) filters, windows and frequency
sampling. Optimal (minimax) design of FIR filters.

Discrete Fourier series (DFS). Discrete Fourier transform (DFT). Circular
con
volution and linear convolution. Spectral analysis via DFT.

The fast Fourier transform (FFT). Fast convolution algorithms.

The discrete Hilbert transform.


Textbooks:

Openheim, A.V. & R.W. Schafer: Discrete Time Signal Processing, 2
nd

ed., Prentice
-
Hall,

1999.

Porat, B.,: A Course in Digital Signal Processing, Wiley, 1997.



0512.3673 Electric Drive

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Energy Conversion


Mechanics of drive systems
: Mechanical characteristics of mechanisms and electric
machines, motion equation,

forces and torques in drive systems, translation of static
torques and moment of inertia to a single axis, determination of starting and breaking
times.

DC and AC machines
: Mechanical characteristics, starting, breaking and speed
regulation.

Sizing elect
ric machines
: Heating and coding of machines, machines for continuous,
periodic and short time loads, methods for sizing electric machines, effect of cooling
type, ambient temperature and height on machine sizing.


Textbook:

Alexandrovitz, A., Electric Dri
ve, Michlol, 1973.



0512.3674 Techno
-
Economical Problems in Power Systems

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Energy Conversion


Electrical characteristics of power transmission systems. Energy, power and voltages.
Short and long transmission lines. Equivale
nt networks. Inductance and capacitance
in power systems. Discharge phenomena. Special problems in power systems.
Economical aspects of power systems. Costs of power elements and systems. Energy
costs in various distribution points. Tariffs.


Textbook
:

Braunstein, A.: Power Systems. Pub.: Dionon Students Assoc.




0512.3802 Electrical Engineering & Electronic
-

Laboratory (for Industrial


Engineering)

Credit points: 2

Prerequisites: Introduction to system engineering and control


Measurement instruments (Oscilloscope, function generator), RLC circuits, Transfer
function, Diode rectifiers, Bipolar transistors and FET transistors.

Control: Process simulation, Servo systems with an electric engine.

1
-
phase and 3
-
phase transformers, d
emonstration of electric and mechanic engines.


Textbook:

Laboratory guide.



0512.3803 (3805) Introduction to Systems Engineering and Control

Credits:

3.5

Prerequisite:

Ordinary Differential Equations


Definition of dynamical linear systems with consta
nt parameters: electrical,
mechanical, thermal and hybrid. Solution of ordinary linear differential equations by
Laplace transforms. Initial and final value theorems. Time shifting theorem and its
applications. Modeling of dynamical systems: I Electric
al by
-
Ohm’s laws;
Mechanical, linear and rotational motion
-
by Newton’s laws; Thermal
-
by equivalence
to electrical circuits; Electro
-
mechanical
-
modeling of systems including electrical
motors and mechanical loads. Definition of transfer functions, poles an
d zeros.
Derivation of transfer functions of the mentioned physical systems. Time
-
domain and
frequency
-
domain responses of first order, second order pole systems and of a general
transfer function. Bode diagrams. Signal flow graphs (SFD). Mason’s gain

formula.
Feedback: some fundamental definitions and properties. Steady
-
state error
coefficients. Exponential stability. Routh
-
Hurwitz criterion for stability. Nyquist
stability criterion. Root
-
locust theory for analysis and design of feedback systems
.
The Nichols chart. Design of feedback systems in the frequency domain;
Nyquist/Bode/Nichols based design trechniques for minimum phase and non
-
minimum phase plants.


Textbook:

D’Azzo J. & C. Houpis: Linear Control Systems Analysis, 3
rd

ed., McGraw Hill
1988.



0512.3804 Principles of Digital Computers

Credits:

3

Prerequisite:


The course provides the basic knowledge in understanding the hardware operation
and organization of digital computers.

The following subjects are covered: Data Representat
ion and Arithmetic Operations;
Boolean Algebra; Digital Components; Basic Computer Organization; Addressing
Modes; Programming the basic Computer; Microprogramming; Memory
Organization; Input
-
Output Organization.



Textbook:

Hamacher, V.C., Z.G. Vranesic &

S.G. Zaky: "Computer Organization", McGraw
Hill, 4
th

ed. ,1996.



0512.4136 Electronics Project






Credits:

4.5

Prerequisite:

At least 112 credit points.


Purpose:



By complementing theory with 'hands
-
on' experience the course provides the stud
ent
with the opportunity of acquiring design abilities, of mastering the engineering
science, and of being exposed to modern electronic equipment. This task is executed
in a practical, realistic and meaningful way, under the supervision of experienced
pers
onnel from the University, as well as from the Electronic Industry.


Description:


Projects are chosen by the student from a list provided by the Project Lab in
Electronics, in topics originating by demand from the Electronic Industry, and from
University
research laboratories.

Starting with the specific definition of the project, and leading up to the final testing
of its performance, the student will go through the following steps:

Studying the general aspect of the problem at hand.

Finding possible me
thods, and appropriate circuits/algorithms, as solutions to
the problem.

Making the proper choice for solving the problem, and justifying this choice.

Designing, building, and proving the system as a solution, and testing its
validity in performance.

Super
vision will be provided via time allocated by the project's supervisor to weekly
meetings for general advice, and specific help in related problems.


Requirements:

Independent work by the student, or group of students, assisted by the chosen project
super
visor.

Submission of periodic project reports.

Participation in a poster
-
day demonstration.

Submission of a Project Book.

Demonstration of the system's performance, in line with the defined requirements.



0512.4512 Electronics
-

Laboratory (3)

Credits:

1.5

Prerequisites:
Electronics
-
Laboratory (2); Digital Electronic Circuits


Basic integrated circuits, counter, decoder, multiplexer, demultiplexer,

flip
-
flop, oscillator, mono
-
stable, shift
-
register, memory,

A/D
-

D/A converters, logic analyzer.


.םיבלושמ םילגעמ ,הקינורטקלאב הדבעמ יכירדת :דומיל ירפס



0512.4513 Digital Electronic Circuits

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Analog Electronic Circuits, Digital Logic Systems


1.

Course aims
:

Digital circuits play a very important role in today’s electronic s
ystems. They are
employed in almost every facet of electronics, including communications,
control, instrumentation, and, of course, computing. This course emphasis the
studying and understanding of basic electronic devices characterization and
behavior a
s switches. Design and analysis of basic electronic circuits consisting
of BJT and MOSFET transistors operating as switches. Use of computer
simulation program to analyze digital electronic circuits under their utmost limits.

2.

Course description
:

Introdu
ction to Logic Signals and Circuits



Digital signals, logic levels, logic
families, the basic inverter, the ideal and typical switch, transfer characteristics,
noise margin, static and dynamic power dissipation. Temporal behavior:
propagation delay of a
gate, rise time, fall time, Delay
-
Power product.

NMOS Inverter



Depletion and Enhancement load, static and dynamic operation
and transfer characteristics. NMOS logic gates. The body effect.

CMOS Inverter



Static and dynamic operation and transfer char
acteristics.
Example of CMOS logic gates. Analogue transmission gate.

Flip
-
flops


SR
-
FF, D
-
FF, JK
-
FF. Master
-
Slave, multi
-
phase circuits, shift
registers and counters, synchronization and metastate.

Dynamic logic



Bucket Brigade and CCD analogue shift

registers, dynamic shift
registers, dynamic gates and dynamic decoders and PLAs.

Memory cells



Static RAM cells, dynamic RAM cells, ROM, PROM, EPROM,
E
2
PROM and sense amplifiers.

Bipolar digital circuits



Characteristics of standard TTL, LSTTL and ECL g
ates.
Fan
-
in and Fan
-
out. Clamping and clipping circuits.

Clock Generators



Schmitt Triggers. Monostable and astable multivibrator
circuits using CMOS, operational amplifiers and IC such as 555.

Design of Digital Circuits



HDL and VHDL languages. Cus
tomer, ASIC, PLDs,
FPGAs.

Introduction to Data Converters



Principle of A/D and D/A converters.

Data Sheet



Timing diagram. Interpretation of manufacturers’ data sheets.

3.

Special requirements


Pspice or EWB software for course assignments and
homework.


Textbooks:

Sedra, A.S. & K.C. Smith: Microelectronic Circuits, 4
th

ed., Oxford University,
1998, including CD
-
ROM for EWB exercises and much more. Also
recommended the 3
rd

Edition, 1991.

Millman, J. & A. Grabel: Microelectronics, McGraw
-
Hill, 2
nd

Edition
, 1987.

Hodges, D.A. & H.G. Jackson: Analysis and Design of Digital Integrated
Circuits, McGraw
-
Hill, 1983.


0512.4614 Communication Circuits and Techniques

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Communication systems, Analog Electronic Circuits


Introduction to wi
reless radio communications: the transmitter, modulation, direct and
super
-
heterodyne receivers, image frequencies, the electromagnetic spectrum for radio
communication.

Tuned circuits and filters: resonant circuits, transformers, equivalent circuits,
impe
dance matching networks.

RF transistor amplifiers (BJT, FET): bias, small
-
signal analysis, noise figure,
harmonic distortion, dynamic range, automatic gain control (AGC).

Oscillators: oscillation condition, general oscillator model, Colpitts and Hartley
co
nfigurations, crystal oscillator, voltage controlled oscillator (VCO), phase locked
loop (PLL), frequency synthesizer, phase noise and frequency stability.

Modulators: amplitude (AM), phase (PM) and frequency (FM) modulations, balanced
and quadrature modul
ators.

Mixers: the square law, diode
-
switching mixers, balanced mixers, transistor mixers.

Detectors and de
-
modulators: amplitude, phase and frequency detection, frequency
discriminators, product and quadrature detectors.

Transmitting power amplifiers: cla
ss A, B, C and D configurations, automatic level
control (ALC).

Communication system performances: sensitivity, selectivity, dynamic range, inter
-
modulation and cross
-
modulation distortions, link budget, fading in wireless
communication channel and reliabi
lity.


Textbooks:

Young, P.H.: Electronic Communication Techniques, 3
rd

ed., Prentice Hall, 1993.

Smith, J.: Modern Communication Circuits, McGraw hill, 1998.

Larson, L.E.: RF and Microwave Circuit Design for Wireless Communications,
Artech House, 1997.

Dr
. Yosef Pinhasi: “Analog Communications”. Course Manual.



0512.4616 Principles of Microprocessor

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Analog Electronic Circuits, Digital Electronic Circuits (Concurrent)


Basic components: decoder, bi
-
directional buffer (transcei
ver), latch. Principals of
programmable logic PAL. Introduction to basic AC characteristic for timing design:
hold, setup, skew times. High frequency design methods. Overview of the Intel x86
CPU family. The 80386 and its peripherals: 82385 cache, 82
380 DMA controller.
Methods of identifying the different output bus signals and cycles. Introduction to the
x86 assembly language. Basic input/output components: pic8259


programmable
interrupt controller, pit8254


programmable interval timer. Overvi
ew of the different
I/O component’s timing characteristics and their effects on timing design. Memory
components: flash, static ram. Local bus design and debugging tools.


Textbooks:

386 Hardware Design/Intel Corp 1991
-
1

Photocopied work
-
pages.


0512.462
0 Introduction to Modern Optics and Electrooptics

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Wave transmission and lines


Waves and Rays
: Plane waves, Snell and Fresnel laws, interference, interferometers:
Michelson, Mach
-
Zender, Sagnac and Fabry
-
Perot. Eikonal equati
on.

Geometrical Optics
: Laws of geomtrical optics, Fermat principle, refraction at a
spherical surface, thin lens, optical instruments: the human eye, eye glasses,
magnifier, telescope and microscope. Thick lens, ABCD matrix optics, periodic
optical syste
ms. Lens aberrations.

Wave propagation
: Spherical wave, paraboloidal wave, the paraxial Helmholz
equation. Gaussian beams: basic properties, transmission through optical elements,
ABCD law.

Prinicples of Fourier Optics
: Two
-
dimensional Fourier transform
, free space transfer
function, Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction, Fourier transform using a lens, OTF and
MTF.


Textbooks:

Saleh Bahaa, E. A. and M.C.Teich B.E.A: Fundamentals of Photonics, Wiley, 1991 .

Goodman, J.W.: Introduction to Fourier Optics, McG
raw Hill, 1968 .



0512.4623 Introduction to Lasers

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Introduction to Semiconductor Physics; Wave transmission and lines


Characterization of optical radiation sources. Matter
-
radiation interaction processes.
Absorption and ampli
fication of light. Line
-
shape functions. Optical resonators:
Analysis. according to Geometrical and Physical Optics approaches. Laser oscillation
condition. Laser threshold and saturation. Optimal output coupling. Single
-
mode and
multi
-
mode operation of l
asers. Q
-
switching and mode
-
locking. Examples of main
laser systems: Solid
-
state, semiconductor and gas lasers. Optical fiber amplifiers .


Textbooks:

Svelto, O.: Principles of Lasers, 3
rd

ed., Plenum, 1989.


Yariv, A.: Optical Electronics, 4
th

ed., Holt R
einhart, 1991 .



0512.4626 Antennas and Radiation

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Introduction to Microwave Systems


1.

Review of the principles of electromagnetic theory. Reciprocity theorem,
theory of radiation, the far
-
field concept, elementary radiation.

2.

Parameters of transmitting antenna. The receiving antenna, the antenna in
the transmit
-
receive system.

3.

Radiation from impressed sources: Line sources, wire antennas, Yagi
antennas. Feeding methods for wire antennas.

4.

The equivalence principle, aperture an
tennas, horn antennas, reflector
antennas.

5.

Introduction to antenna arrays: Aperture sampling, array factor, construction
of patterns in arrays. Principle of pattern multiplication. Scanning methods.
Array feeding networks. Introduction to array synthes
is, Chebychev
-
Dolph
arrays, coupling and active impedance in arrays.

6.

Microstrip antennas, microstrip arrays.


Recommended Reading

Stutzman & Thiele: Antenna Theory and Design, Wiley, New York, 1981.

Elliott, R.S.: Antenna Theory and Design, Prentice Hall,
1981.

Kraus, J.D.: Antennas, 2
nd

ed., McGraw Hill, 1988.



0512.4627 Microwave Components

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Introduction to Microwave Systems


Network theory for microwave circuits, junctions of waveguides, directional couplers,
impedance matchi
ng, periodic structures and filters, ferrite microwave components,
active microwave components integrated microwave circuits.


Textbooks:

Collin, R.: Foundations for Microwave Engineering. 2
nd

ed., McGraw
-
Hill, 1992.

Helszajn, J.: Passive & Active Microwav
e Circuits. Wiley ,1978 .

Combes, P.F. et al.: Microwave Components, Devices and Active Circuits, Wiley
1987.

Skolnik, M.I.: Introduction to Radar Systems, 2
nd

ed., McGraw
-
Hill, 1980 .

Gandhi, O.P.: Microwave Engineering & Applications Pergamon Press, 1981

.



0512.4630 Propagation and Scattering of Waves

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Wave Transmission & Lines


Basic laws of electromagnetics
: Plane
-
wave solutions in lossless and lossy media
and in plane stratified media.

Radiation in free space
: analysis v
ia Green’s functions and via plane wave spectra;
near and far field solutions; asymptotic evaluation of spectral integrals.

Scattering theory
: Kirchhoff theorem; Sommerfeld radiation condition; integral
equations; numerical solutions via the method of mom
ents (MoM).

Physical Optics (PO): asymptotic evaluation of integrals and Geometrical Optics
(GO).
Home projects
: 1. Scattering by a cylinder: Comparison of the exact Mie
series solution with the MoM and the PO solutions. 2. Scattering by a conducting
half
plane: asymptotic evaluation of integrals, GO and edge diffraction.

Radiation from apertures
: Kirchhoff integrals; Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffractions;
thin lenses. Gaussian beams via integral and via differential equation
representations.

Geometrical op
tics (GO)
: Asymptotic solutions of Maxwell’s equations in general
inhomogeneous media; wavefronts and rays; Fermat principle; caustics and foci;
reflection and transmission at curved interfaces; construction of Green’s functions
in inhomogeneous media; G
O in a uniform medium.

Geometrical Theory of Diffraction (GTD)
: Basic laws; edge diffraction, surface
diffraction (creeping waves) and interface diffraction (head waves); comparison
with PO solutions; Radar cross section.

Modal fields
: eigenvalue and ei
genfunctions; WKB solutions for non
-
uniform
guides; Hermite modes; Whispering gallery modes.


Textbooks:

Ishimaru, A., "Electromagnetic wave propagation, radiation and scattering",
Prentice
-
Hall, 1991.

Collin, R.F. & F.J. Zuckor, “Antenna Theory”, Vols.I
and II, McGraw Hill, 1969.
Chaps.2
-
3.

Born, M. & E. Wolf, “Principles of Optics”, 6
th

ed., Pergamon Press, Oxford,
1980.

James, G.L., “Geometrical theory of diffraction for electromagnetic waves”, IEE
Press, Series on EM waves, 3
rd

ed., 1986.

Harrington, R
.G., “Field computation by moment methods”, McMillan Pub.,
1986 and IEEE Press, 1993.


0512.4644 Introduction to Modern Linear Control Theory

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Introduction to Control Theory; Random Signals & Noise


Linear Continuous
-
Time Sy
stems :

Time domain solution of the state space equations for continuous linear time varying
(LTV) systems and linear time invariant systems (LTI).

Controllability and observability, PBH criteria. State
-
Feedback Control : Pole
placement, optimal regulato
r problem, Riccati equation of the optimal state feedback
control law. Frequency domain steady
-
state solution of the optimal regulator
problem, spectral factorization, McFarlane equation. State
-
Estimation : The
deterministic observer. Response of a linea
r system to white noise, optimal state
-
estimaton in the presence of white noise: The Kalman filter, the Riccati equation of
optimal estimation. Frequency domain steady
-
state solution to the optimal estimator
problem : the Wiener filter. Output Feedback Co
ntrol : The separation principle,
solution of the LQG problem. Optimal tracking problem.

Linear Discrete
-
Time Systems: Basic definitions, state feedback control and
estimation problems, Optimal control of Discrete
-
time systems.


Textbooks:

הרקבל אובמ תרבוח

הסדנהל הטלוקפה תאצוה ,דקש ירוא 'פורפ תאמ תינרדומ תיראניל
2991
.

Kwakernaak & Sivan: "Linear Optimal Control Systems", Wiley, 1972.



0512.4645 Non
-
Linear Control and Communication Systems

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Introduction to Control Theory


The s
tate space; equilibrium points, limit cycles, conservative systems. The
describing function method, dither dual input describing function. Approximation
methods, liapunov’s approach, Popov’s circle and criteria. Phenomena special to NL
systems: jump
-
res
onance, subharmonics. Systems which contain: a relax, saturation
element, sinusoidal element (PLL). Variable structure systems (VSS). Automatic
gain control (AGC). Volterra’s method. Concepts in the chaos and fractal theory.


Textbook:

Hsu, J.C. & A.U
. Meyer: Modern Control Principles Applications, McGraw Hill, 1968.



0512.4646 Practical Feedback Systems

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Introduction to Control Theory


Characterization of control systems, components in control systems, DC motors,
Gyros, de
sign of feedback systems, mathematical background for feedback systems,
limitations of feedback in non
-
minimum phase systems, robust feedback design of
single
-
input single
-
output systems, non
-
linear feedback, the circle criterion,
introduction to feedback
design of multi
-
input multi
-
output feedback systems.


Textbooks:

Yaniv, O.:
תוישומיש בושמ תוכרעמ
. The Electrical
-
Engineering Systems Dept., Tel Aviv
University.

Kud, B.: Automatic Control System. 4
th

ed. Prentice Hall, 1982.



0512.4647 Introduction to D
igital Control

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Introduction to Control Theory, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing


Reponse analysis of digial systems in time and frequency, digital transfer functions
which do not have a continuous equivalent, discrete t
ime equivalent of a continuous
system (FOH, ZOH) and the sampling rate, noise models in sampled systems.

Design: Closed loop characterizations, PID control, Dead
-
beat cntrol, pole placement
design to closed loop specification, choice of the sampling rate f
or desired
specifications including gain and phase margins.

Introduction to identification: Least square identification of single
-
input single
-
output
linear time invariant systems.


Textbooks:

Astrom, K.J. & B. Wittenmark: "Computer Controlled Systems and
Theory and
Design", second or third edition, Prentice Hall.

Houpis, C. & G. Lamont: Digital Control Systems, second edition, 1992, McGraw Hill.

Ogata, K.: "Discrete Time Control Systems", Prentice Hall, 1987.

Franklin, G. and F.Q. Powell: "Digital Control
of Dynamic Systems", 2
nd

ed.,
Prentice Hall, 1990.



0512.4651 Communication Systems

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Random Sigals and Noise


Part A


Baseband signals
. Concepts in information theory and coding. Sampling
and amplitude modulated pulses. PC
M. Quantization and quantization noise. Bnary
line codes and their spectrum. Multileval signals. Eye diagram and synchronization.
Intersymbol interference. Raised
-
cosine filter. Matched filter. SNR of PCM.
Differential PCM. Delta modulaton.

Part
B


Bandpass signals
. Bandpass signal presentations. Narrow band noise.
Amplitude modulations: DSB
-
SC, AM, SSB. Hilbert transform. Implementing
amplitude modulation and detection. SNR of amplitude detection. Angle
modulations: FM, NBFM, PM. Spectru
m of FM and PM signals. Implementing
angle modulation. SNR of FM. Preemphasis
-
deemphasis. Implementing frequency
detection. PHase
-
lock loop.


Textbooks:

Couch, L.W.: Digital and Analogu Communication Systems, 6
th

Ed., Prentice
Hall, 2001.

Levanon, N.:

Lecture Notes in Communication Systems, Tel Aviv University, 2
nd

ed. 2001.



0512.4653 Digital Communications

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Communication Systems


Elements of a digital communication system, hypothesis testing and optimum
decision rules: th
e maximum
a posteriori
criterion, the maximum
-
likelihood criterion,
the Bayes criterion, the Neyman
-
Pearson criterion, discrete
-
time vector channels,
waveform channels, signal space representation of finite
-
duration signals, optimum
receiver design for th
e additive (white or nonwhite) Gaussian noise channel,
performance evaluation of the optimum receiver and probability of error, digital
modulation methods: PSK, FSK, MSK, orthogonal and related signal sets,
noncoherent reception: optimum receiver for signa
ls with random phase in the
AWGN channel, block codes, convolutional codes, combined modulation and coding:
trellis
-
coded modulation, the Viterbi algorithm, introduction to Information Theory
and channel capacity.


Textbooks:

Wozencraft, J.M. &

I.M. Ja
cobs:

Principles of Communication Engineering, Wiley,
1965.

Proakis, J.G.:

Digital Communications, 3
rd

ed., McGraw
-
Hill, 1995.

Haykin, S.:

Communication Systems,

3
rd

ed., Wiley, 1994.

Haykin, S.:

Digital Communications, Wiley, 1988




0512.4655 Introduc
tion to Coding Theory

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Digital Communications


Block codes, linearity, generator matrix, check matrix. Errors and erasures decoding.
Hamming bound, Singleton bound, covering radius, Reed
-
Muller codes, Griesmer
bound, Hamming
codes. Monomial equivalence. Product codes, generalized
Hamming weight. Singleton bound over a general alphabet, MDS codes, equivalence.
Cyclic codes, interleaved codes, the Meggitt decoder and error trapping. Computation
in finite fields. BCH codes,

Reed
-
Solomon codes, concatenation, BCH boud, error
location polynomial and the PGZ decoder, fast decoders for BCH codes.


Textbooks:

Blahut, R.A.: Theory and Practice of Error Control Codes, Addison
-
Wesley,
1983.

Lin, S. & D.J. Costello: Error Control Co
ding, Prentice Hall, 1983.



0512.4656 Digital Transmission of Signals

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite:

Introduction to Digital Signal Processing; Random
Signals & Noise, Communication Systems.
Recommended : Statistical signal Processing)

1. Source Coding

Qu
antization techniques: uniform, companding, Lloyd
-
Max, VQ, high
-
resolution.

Waveform coding: PCM, DPCM, delta modulation, adaptive PCM and DPCM, sub
-
band and transform coding. Transmission errors effect.

2. Channel Modulation/De
-
Modulation

Base
-
band dig
ital communication (PAM): performance in ideal channel, matched
filter, power spectrum. Line
-
codes. Channel impairment: inter
-
symbol interference
(ISI). Nyquist’s criterion. Detection in the presence of ISI: maximum
-
likelihood
sequence estimation, equ
alization (linear, zero
-
forcing, decision
-
feedback, adaptive,
in the transmitter).

Echo cancellation


Textbooks:

Proakis, J.G.: Digital Communications, 3
rd

ed., McGraw Hill, 1996.

Gersho, A. & R.M. Gray: Vector Quantization and Signal Compression, Kluwer

Academic Pub. 1992.


0512.4664 Computer Organization

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Data Structures and Algorithms or Introduction to Ditital Computers


Basic organization of a computer, machine language, example. Data representation,
arithmetic logic un
it, floating point. Control unit: hardware implementation,
microprogramming. Pipelining principles, bypasses, pipeline control, parallel
pipelines. Memory unit: memory hierarchy, cache memory, stacks, associative
memory, virtual memory. Input/output: d
ata transfers, interrupts, DMA. Computer
system organization. Introduction to multiprocessing.


Textbooks:

Patterson, D. & J. Hennessy: Computer Organization and Design, Morgan
Kaufmann, 1994.



0512.4665 Introduction to VLSI Design

Credits: 3.5

Prereq
uisites: Microelectronics


1.

Introduction: CMOS gates, memories, analog and mixed signal circuits,
examples.

2.

MOS transistor review: models, static gates, transmission gates, tristate,
BiCMOS.

3.

CAD tools: layout (LEDIT) and circuit (SPICE).

4.

CMOS process revie
wer, design rules.

5.

Preliminary design: parameter evaluation, rise and fall time estimation,
sizing, power estimation, design margining, reliability and scaling.

6.

CMOS circuit design: logic selection, timing, IO circuits, lower power
design.

7.

Design strategie
s and options: standard cell, gate array, PLD, symbolic
design, design verification, data path, examples.

8.

Chip design


examples for DSP, memories and processors.


Textbook:

Weste, N. & K. Eshraghian: “Principles of CMOS VLSI design”, Addison
-
Wesley,
1993
(2
nd

ed.).



0512.4667 Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Random Signal & Noise; Introduction to Digital Signal Processing


Review of random variables and random vectors. Discrete
-
time random processes,
correlation,
spectral density, cross
-
spectrum. Spectral analysis and spectrum
estimation: non
-
parametric methods (Periodogram, Correlogram, Blackman
-
Tukey,
Bartlett, Welch) and parametric methods (for AR, MA and ARMA signal models).
Linear systems identification. Op
timal detection (matched filter). Optimal linear
filtering: Non
-
Causal and Causal Wiener filters, Kalman filter. Adaptive filtering:
RLS, LMS.

Exercises include Matlab assignments.


Textbooks:

Papoulis, A.: Probability, Random Veriables, and Stochastic P
rocesses 3
rd

ed,
McGraw
-
Hill, 1991.

Orfanidis, Sophocles.J.: Optimum Signal Processing, 2
nd

ed., McGraw
-
Hill, 1988.

Therrien, C.W.: Discrete Random Signals and Statistical Signal Processing, Prentice
-
Hall, 1992 .



0512.4668 Advanced Laboratory for Di
gital Signal Processing

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites: Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing; Computer Organization


Signal processing with DSP processors. Synthesis of waveforms, design and

implementation of digital filters with DSP processors, real
ization of FFT,

LMS algorithms for adaptive processing of signals, algorithms for

emphasizing and filtering of noise, analysis and compression of speech

signals.


Textbook:

Manual of the Laboratory for Digital Signal Processing.



0512.4669 Data Structures

and Algorithms

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Programming; Digital Logic Systems


Introduction to data structures and algorithsm.

Sorting algorithms: bubble sort, merge sort, quick sort, heap sort.

Basic data structures: stacks, queues, linked lists.

Data st
ructures for dictionaries: hash tables, search trees, balanced search trees.

Algorithms techniques: dynamic programming algorithms, greedy algorithms.

Graphs: depth first search, breadth first search, topological sorting of directed graphs.

Sorting network
s: Arithmetic algorithms.


Textbook:

Cormen, T.H., C.E. Leiserson, R.L. Rivest: Introduction to Algorithms. MIT, 1990.



0512.4674 Power Systems Operation at Abnormal Conditions

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Techno
-
economical Problems in Power Systems


Power

systems at abnormal conditions: Symmetrical and non
-
symmetrcal short
-
circuits. Mechanical forces and thermal fields under short
-
circuit conditions.
Protection systems. Overvoltages due to lightning and switching phenomena. Power
system outages due to l
ightning strokes. Grounding. Wave phenomena in power
systems. Insulation requirements. Power transmission capability. Dynamic and
static stability of power systems.


Textbook:

Braunstein A., Power Systems, Pub.: Dyonon
-
Students Association.



0512.467
5 Optimal Design and Operation of Power Systems

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisite: Operation of Power Systems in Abnormal Conditions


The energy system in steady
-
state: system modeling and load flow analysis, iterative
computation of the load flow equtions, solu
tion convergence.

Application of power system analysis to design and operation of actual power
networks.

Optimal opertional considerations.

Cost criteria for generation, transmission and distribution of electric energy.

Analytical and numerical methods for

distribution of power generation among power
producers, effect of transmission losses.

Frequency and voltage variations and control.

Control problem.



0512.4679 Power Electronics

Credits 3.5

Prerequisites: Linear Systems; Energy Conversion



Power
Processing by means of controlled, loss
-
free two
-
port networks, realization of
transformer matrix and gyrator matrix by switched mode circuits. PWM converters
operated at high switching frequency at high power density, basic converters
topologies, continu
ous and discontinuous mode of operation, converter circuits,
steady state modeling, state space averaging, small signal modeling, control, magnetic
devices, applications; high quality rectification.



Textbooks:

Erickson, R. W.: Fundamentals of Power Elect
ronics, Chapman & Hall 1997.

Sum, K. Kit: Switch Mode Power Conversion, Marcel Dekker, 1984.

Middlebrook, R.D. & S.M. Cuk: Advances in Switched Mode Power Conversion,
Vol.1
-
2, Robotics Age. 1981.




0
512.4721 Advanced Laboratory in Electro
-
Optics

Credits:

1.5

Prerequisites: Introduction to Modern Optics and Electrooptics


Experiments on: Diffraction and Interference. Fourier Optics and spatial frequency
filtering. Spatial modulation. Interferometers. Electro
-
optical modulation. Fiber
-
Optic
Commun
ications. Lasers: CO
2

and Nd:YAG.



0512.4722 Advanced Laboratory for Microwaves

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites: Microwave components


1.

Getting familiar with microwave equipment and methods: Detectors and
power measurements, Impedance matching, Slotted line,

Network analyzers,
S
-
parameters measurements, Frequency analyzer, Antenna shutting
-
range.

2.

Microwave phenomena measurements: Standing
-
wave pattern, Wave
propagation in a rectangular waveguide, Wave propagation phenomena in
vacuum, dielectric materials and
ferrite.

3.

Passive microwave components: Couplers, Stubs, Magic
-
T, Periodic
structures, Filters and resonators, Components occupying ferrite, Microstrip
networks, Antennas.

4.

Microwave setups: Solid state amplifiers, Electronic tubes, FM modulation
and demodul
ation, Doppler tracking, Monopulse tracking.


Textbooks:

Experiments preview notebook.

Experiments summary file (for the students’ use during the course)

Gardiol, F. E.: “Introduction of microwaves,” Artech House, 1984.

Chatterjee, R.: “Advanced microwave
engineering,” Ellis Horwood, 1988.

Laverghetta, T. S.: “Microwave measurements and techniques,” Artech House, 1976.



05124725: Introduction to Optical Communications


Weight: 3.5

Prerequisites:

0512.3526


Wave transmission and lines, 0512.3632


Random

Signals and noise.


This course reviews the fundamentals of optical communications systems. It covers
principles of optical amplification and the noise accompanying it, optical detection
and its statistics, signal propagation through optical fibers in the

presence of
chromatic dispersion and optical nonlinearities, structure and design principles of
multi
-
channel systems.



0512.4726 Advanced Lab in Semiconductor Devices

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites: Microelectronics, Wave transmission Lines


Objective

A
cquaint the students of the semiconductor device track with both manufacturing and
characterization methods providing hands
-
on experience with industrial and research
techniques

Program

Introductory meeting; Conductivity; Metallization; Photolithography;
S
chottky diode; Annealing and formation of an Ohmic contact; MOS
capacitor I; MOS capacitor II; Silicon Solar Cell; MOS Transistor I; MOS
Transistor II; MOS
-

oxide layer thickness; A visit to one of the local
microelectronics manufacturers.



0512.4727
Thin Films in Microelectronics

Credits: 3.5

Prerequisites: Introduction to Semiconductor Physics; Microelectronics


1. Thin film deposition technology: general considerations; techniques
--

electro
-
chemical, evaporation, plasma, sputtering, vacuum arc, ch
emical vapor; deposition
economics. 2.

Thin film characteristics and characterization: Epitaxial and nuclear
growth; electrical properties; diagnostic techniques
--

SEM, TEM, ED, EDX, AES,
XPS, XRD, AFM, STM, conductivity and photoconductivity, V
-
I and V
-
Q
. 3.

Thin
film applications and devices: passive components; active components; metallization;
future macro
-
integrated devices.


Textbooks:

Bunshah, R. (ed.) Handbook of Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings, 2
nd

ed., Noyes, 1994.

Tu, K.N., J.W. M
ayer & L.C. Feldman: Electron Thin Film Science for Electrical
Engineers and Materials Scientists, Macmillan, New York, 1992.

Sze, S.M.: VLSI Technology, 2
nd

ed. McGraw Hill, 1988

Machlin, E.S.: Materials Science in Microelectronics, Giro Press, 1995.

McHa
rdy, J. & F. Ludwig: Electrochemistry of Semiconductors and Electronics
-

Processes and Devices, Noyes, 1992.

Boxman, R.L., D. Sanders, P. Martin, ed. Handbook of Vacuum Arc Science and
Technology Noyes, 1995.

Berry, R.W. et al., Thin Film Technology, Van
Nortras, 1968

Roth, A. Vacuum Technology, 3
rd

ed. North Holland, 1990.



0512.4740 Advanced Control Lab.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites: Introduction to Modern Linear Control; Control Labs


* Computer simulation of a non
-
linear system

* Robot control

* Usage
of the Spectrum
-
Analyser including Kalman
-
Filter

* Identification of a (true life) line
-
of
-
sight system


* Minimal
-
time controller
-

analog observer.

* Inverted pendulum



0512.4750 Advanced Communications Laboratory

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisite: Communicati
ons Systems; or Communications Circuits


Experiments: Amplitude Modulation; Frequency Modulation; FM Demodulation;
Spectrum Analyzer; Single
-
Side
-
Band Modulation; Base
-
Band signals (Binary and
Multilevel); Line codes I (Polar NRZ, Manchester, Miller); Line

Codes II (AMI,
TBC); Delta Modulation; Simulation using MATLAB; Simulation using Ptolemy;
Modem realization.



0512.4760 Advanced Laboratory in Micro
-
Computers (1)

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisite: Digital Systems Electronics; or
Microcomputer

and Hardware Desi
gn


Using a logic analyzer to view various processor cycles. High
-
level hardware design
languages (Summit HOL Veriloy). Cache controller design using the Max Plus II
software. 8254/5254 I/O interface design. Use of LPM with programmable devices.
Mini
-
project in one of the following topics: PCI interface, Memory channel interface,
processor design.



0512.4762 Advanced Energy Conversion Laboratory

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites: Energy Conversion, Energy Conversion Laboratory


1.

Solar energy: Single solar ce
ll and module characteristics and shadowing
effect. Loading of solar modules by typical loads such as passive loads, DC
motors and batteries. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT).

2.

High frequency DC/DC converters: Basic passive components and switching
devic
es. Operation and characteristics of Buck, Boost and Flyback converters
in steady state under open loop control. Output regulation by means of closed
loop control (two meatings).

3.

Phase controlled line frequency rectifiers, design and application area.

4.

Ultr
ahigh frequency (RF) power conditioning for a CO
2

laser tube.

5.

Introduction to pulsed power: Applications of short power pulses (MW
-
TW). Energy storage and pulse forming networks (PFN). Transients of high
current ( a few kA) and high voltage discharge usi
ng air gap and
semiconductor switches.

6.

Light sources and illumination design: Characterization in terms of
photometry and spectrum.


Textbooks:

Advanced energy conversion Lab. manual, 1996. (in Hebrew).

Erickson, R.W.: “Fundamentals of power electronics
”, Chapman & Hall NY 1997.



0512.4763 Introduction to System programming

Credit: 3.5

Prerequisites: Data structures and algorithms; Computer organization.

The aim of the course is to study operating systems principles and to improve
progra
mming skills in C.

The material includes the following topics. The concept of operating systems. The
concept of a process.

The layering approach. The hardware/software interface. The
application/OS interface: system calls. The interface/encapsulation appr
oach. CPU
scheduling: measures, preemption, some policies. Inter
-
Process communication
mechanisms.

Synchronization: hardware solutions; software solutions
.
Mutexes,
semaphores, monitors. Deadlocks: detection, prevention. The memory hierarchy.
Segmentation
, paging. Caching algorithms. Virtual memory. Introduction to IO
devices. File systems: organization and implementation on disks. Communication:
TCP/IP.

Client/server architecture. Micro kernel
.

The course includes extensive programming in C in the Unix e
nvironment.


Textbooks:

Crowley: Operating Systems


A Design Oriented Approach, Irwin 1997.

Silbershatz and Galvin: Operating Systems Concepts (5th ed.), Addison
-
Wesley,
1998.

Tanenbaum: Modern Operating Systems, Prentice
-
Hall, 1992.


0512.1201:
Intr
oduction to Electrical Circuits and Systems


Credits:

5

Prerequisites: Ordinary Differential Equations (in parallel), Physics 2 (in parallel)


Lumped elements and circuits
:

Kirchoff's laws; Thevenin and Norton equivalents;
Simple circuites; non linear elem
ents; Low signal analysis.

First order circuits: Zero input response; Zero state response; Full response.

Second order circuits: ZIR and ZSR; Linear and time invariant circuits;
Convolution.

Sinusoidal steady state analysis: Phasors, Resonant circuits.

Cou
pling elements: Inductors; transformers; Controlled sources.

Classification of linear systems: mechanical, electrical, thermal, hydraulic and
hybrid systems with constant lumped elements. Construction of electrical analogue
circuits, formul
ation of mathematical models. Analysis of continuous linear
systems.

The one
-
sided Laplace Transform and its uses; transfer functions, poles and zeros
in the complex frequency plane. System description in the state
-
space, presentation
of state equations a
nd their solution in the time and frequency domains. System
description with the aid of block diagrams. Frequency response to sinusoidal
excitation, Bode plots.

Feedback systems, stability of feedback systems: Bode criterions. Gain Margin,
Phasc

Margin, th
e root
-
locus method.

Performance criteria: transient response, steady
-
state errors, frequency response.
Second order systems. Design of compensation networks by Bode method.



Hayt, W.H. and J.E. Kemmerly. Engineering Circuit Analysis. 4
th

ed., McGraw
-
Hil
l, 2002.

Dorf, R.C. and R. H. Bishop. Modern Control Systems, 9
th

ed. Addison Wesley,
2001.