Electrical and Electronic Engineering
0512.2503 Introduction to Electrical Engineering
Prerequisites: Ordinary Differential Equations; Physics (2)
Lumped circuits and elements
; Kirchoff’s laws; Thevenin and Norton equivalents;
al and Parallel connections; Non linear sources and elements; low signal analysis;
First order circuits
; ZIR and ZSR of linear circuits.
Second order circuits
: ZIR and ZSR, High order circuits; Introduction to linear and
invariant circuits; Convolutio
n; Phasors; Sinusoidal steady
: Inductors, transformers and controlled sources.
: Graphs and topology, Tellegen’s theorem; Node and mesh rigorous
Graw Hill, 1969
Basic Circuit Theory
0512.2504 Electrical Engineering
Credit points: 1.5
Introduction to Electrical Engineering.
Measurement instruments (Oscilloscope, function generator),
measurements of DC
and AC currents; Principles of linear networks and DC bridges; Transients in RLC
circuits; Transfer function; Harmonic analysis of periodic waveforms; Three
rectifiers; Resonant circuits and coupled circuits; Measurement of magneti
of ferromagnetic materials; Power measurements in 1
phase and 3
phase systems; AC
bridge; DC potentiometer; Audio transformers.
Reference: Laboratory guide.
0512.2507 Introduction to Semiconductor Physics
Credit points: 3.5
Physics (2), Physics (3)
1. Structure of Materials: Basic crystallography, the Bravais lattice,crystallographic
directions and planes, x
ray diffraction, scanning tunneling microscope, defects,
2. Thermodynamics and statistical
Mechanics: Ideal gases, thermodynamic
equilibrium, the first law of thermodynamics, macrostates and microstates, the
axwell Boltzmann and Fermi
3. Basic Semiconductor Physics: Energy bands, conductors insulators and metals in
f band theory, density of states.
4. Charge Carriers in semiconductors: Electrons and holes, the effective mass,
effective density of states, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, conduction in
semiconductors, diffusion, p
f, L.V., J. J. Brophy: Electronic Processes in Materials, McGraw
Hill, 1963 .
Lev, A.: Semiconductor and Electronic Devices,
Streetman, B.G.: "Solid State Electronic Devices", 3
Hall, 1990 .
Dole, M.: Introdu
ction to Statistical Thermodynamics, Prentice
Kittel, C.: Thermal Physics, 2
0512.2508 Electronic Devices
Introduction to Semiconductor Physics
Carrier motion in semiconductors, mobility and
conductivity, diffusion and
drift, Measurement methods for mobility, diffusivity and carrier
concentrations. Hall effect. Haynes
Shockley experiment. Generation and
recombination of excess carriers. Continuity equations.
PN junction in thermal equilibrium:
in potential, space charge and field
in the depletion region. PN junction under bias. Carrier injection and
extraction. Minority charge storage. Depletion and diffusion capacitances.
Drift and diffusion currents. Ideal long and short PN diode dc cha
High injection, non
ideal diode effects, recombination current. Tunneling
diode. Junction breakdown (Zener and avalanche). Switching, ac behaviour.
Bipolar junction transistor (BJT)
electrostatic description. Ideal BJT in
orward active mode. Minority diffusion currents in narrow vs. wide base.
BJT in various configurations, dc current and voltage gains. Ebers
Poon models. Charge control equation. BJT breakdown
mechanisms. Switching and small signal behaviour
Heterojunction bipolar transistor.
semiconductor (MS) junctions. Electrostatic description, Schottky
barrier, ohmic characteristic. MS junction under bias.
Ideal MOS capacitor. C
MOS field effect transistor (MOSFET
). NMOS and PMOS. Basics of
transistor action, long channel I
V characteristic, short channel effects.
Complementary MOS (CMOS). High electron mobility transistor (HEMT).
Pierret, R.F.: "Semiconductor Device Fundamentals", Addison Wesley, 1996
Yang, E.S.: "Microelectronic Devices", McGraw Hill, 1988.
Sze, S.M.: "Semiconductor Devices, Physics and Technology", Wiley, 1985.
Streetman, B.G.: "Solid State Electronic Devices", 4
ed. Prentice Hall, 1995.
0512.2512 Electronics Laboratory (1)
Introduction to Electrical Engineering. Introduction to Electronics
The Oscilloscope; Transistor characteristics and parameters; Common emitter and
follower configurations; Bias stabilization of transistor amplifiers
base amplifier; Characteristics by linear approximation; Clipping circuits.
Reference: Laboratory guide.
0512.2525 Electromagnetic Fields
Prerequisites: Harmonic Analysis; Physics (2)
Electromagnetic forces and fiel
ds and their sources.
Maxwell’s equation in vacuum: The integral and differential forms; boundary and
continuity conditions; static and dynamic problems; plane waves; the quasistatic field
quasistatics: Potential; Poisson’s and Laplace’
s equations; the superposition
integrals; boundary value problems in Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical
mechanical systems and equivalent circuits; numerical solutions.
quasistatics: The vector potential and gauge theory; Bi
superposition integral; boundary value problems; induced fields and potentials; self
and mutual induction; magneto
mechanical systems and equivalent circuits.
Fields in matter: Conduction and charge relaxation, polarization and magnetization;
sical models; field equations and constitutive relations; solution techniques;
examples for quasistatic electro
Electromagnetic energy: Pointing's theorem; energy balance in static and quasistatic
problems; exchange of mech
anical and electromagnetic energy.
dynamics: The sinusoidal steady state and introduction to electromagnetic
Haus, H.A. & J.R. Melcehe: "Electromagnetic Fields and Energy", Prentice
Magid, L.: Electromagnetic Fields,
Energy and Waves, Wiley, 1972.
Introduction to Linear Systems
Ordinary Differential Equations; Introduction to Electrical Engineering
Classification of linear systems: mechanical, electrical, thermal, hydraulic and
systems with constant lumped elements. Construction of electrical analogue circuits,
formulation of mathematical models. Analysis of continuous linear systems in the
time domain: response to initial conditions, impulse response, convolution as a
esponse to arbitrary excitation. Fundamental analysis of first and second order
systems. The one
sided Laplace Transform and its uses; transfer functions, poles and
zeros in the complex frequency plane. System description in the state
f state equations and their solution in the time and frequency domains.
System description with the aid of block diagrams. Frequency response to sinusoidal
excitation, Bode plots. Linear discrete
time systems: obtaining the difference
equations and their s
olution in the time
domain, response to initial conditions and the
discrete convolution theorem. The one
sided Z transform and its uses, the discrete
transfer function. A description of a discrete
time system in state
space, solution of
the discrete state
equations. Polynomial stability criteria for continuous and discrete
D'Azzo J. & C. Houpis: Linear Control System Analysis & Design Conventional and
ed., McGraw Hill, 1995
0512.2805 Electronics (1)
Ordinary Differential Equations, Physics (2)
Basic electrical cicuit analysis. Linear DC circuits. Voltage and current dividers.
Ideal and practical voltage and current sources. Source conversions. Millman’s
theorem. Maximum power trans
fer theorem. General resistive theorems. Kirchhoff
laws. Loop and node voltage analysis metods. Network theorems. Thevenin’s and
Norton’s theorems. The superposition theorem. DC electrical circuits computer
First and second order circu
its. Capacitance and inductance. Transients in RC, RL
and RCL circuits. Natural and force response. Steady state response.
AC circuits. Impedance. Laplace transforms. Sinusoidal steady state response.
Sinusoids and phasors. Phasor circuit analysis.
Bode plots. First and second order circuits frequency response. Resnance in RCL
circuits. Bandwidth. Electrical filters design. Low
pass frequency filters.
pass and notch
pass filters. Circuits compu
Mutually coupled circuits and transformers. Self
and mutual inductance. Coupling
coefficient. Dot convention. Analysis of circuits containing coupled coils. Ideal and
practical transformers. Three
Theory of semicondu
ctors. Carriers of charge in semiconductors. Donors and
N junction. Semiconductors diodes. Diode operation. Semiconductor
devices. Semiconductors rectifiers. Clipping circuits. Diode clamp. Zener diodes.
Voltage regulator. Circuits
Sprott, J.: Introduction to Modern Electronics, Wiley, 1990.
Smith, R., & R. Dorf: Circuits Devices and Systems, Wiley, 1994.
Thomas, R.E. & A.J. Rosa: The Analysis and Design of Linear Circuits, Prentice Hall,
12.2806 Electronics (2)
Prerequisite: Electronics (1)
Field effect transistor: principles, small
signal model, practical circuits.
polar transistor: principles small
signal model, practical circuits.
Operational amplifier: principles, appli
Digital circuits: Boolean algebra, logic gates, practical circuits.
Smith, R.: Electronics: Circuits Devices and Systems, 5
ed., Wiley, 1992.
Savant, Jr. C.J., M.S. Roden, G.L. Carpenter: Electronic Circuit Design,
0512.2807 Energy Conversion & Electrical Drive
Prerequisite: Electronics (1)
Energy transmission in power systems: active and reactive power, power
factor, power transmission lines and energy transfer, saf
Transformers: construction, equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, turns ratio,
losses and efficiency, voltage control.
Induction machines: production of rotating magnetic field, phasor diagram,
losses and efficiency, torque characteristic, startin
g and speed control.
Direct current machines: construction, generator/motor working, losses,
powers and efficiency, load characteristics of separately and shunt exited
generator, speed control characteristics of separately and shunt exited motor.
us machines: construction, generator/motor working, phasor
diagram, losses, powers and efficiency, synchronization, loading, torque,
Toro, V.: Electromechanical Devices for Energy Conversion and Control
Fitzgerald, A. & C.H. Kingsley: Electric Machinery, 5
ed., Hill, 1990.
0512.2812 Intorduction to Electronics
Laboratory (for Mechanical Engineering)
Credit points: 1.5
Prerequisites: Electronics (2); Introduction to system engineering an
Energy Conversion & Electrical Drive
Measurement instruments (Oscilloscope, function generator), Principles of linear
networks; RLC circuits, Diode and transistor characteristics; Clamp and rectifier
common emitter with stabilized voltage; switching
circuits: transistor and SCR. Power measurements. Trasnformers;
Control: Process simulation, Servo systems with an electric engine.
0512.3512 Electronics L
Electronics Laboratory (1); Analog Electronic Circuits
stage amplifier; Two
stage feedback amplifier; Push
amplifier; Characteristics of integrated operational amplifier, inverting
inverting amplifiers; Wien bridge and crystal; The transistor as a switch; Voltage
0512.3513 Analog Electronic Circuits
Introduction to Linear Systems; Electronic Devices
s. Bipolar junction transistors and field
effect transistors. Frequency
response of transistor amplifiers (low and high frequency). Differential amplifier.
Operational amplifier design. Non
ideal operational amplifiers. Non
operational amplifier app
lications: Oscillators, etc. Network analysis, active
filters and feedback. Power amplifier stages. Mosfet and CMOS.
Sedra, A. S. & Kenneth C. Smith: Microelectronic Circuits, 4
Millman, J.: Microelectronics. 2
Millman, J., & C.C. Halkias: Electronic Fundamentals and Applications, McGraw
Millman, J. & C.C. Halkias: Integrated Electronics, McGraw
course covers all major microfabrication processes:
General overview of the microfabrication technology. The structures of crystals
and the silicon crystal, defects in crystals, fabrication processes of silicon crystals
(CZ, FZ). Ion implantation. Diffusio
Thin layers: Evaporation, sputtering, CVD, PECVD, oxidation.
Etching processes: Wet etching, dry etching (physical, chemical, RIE, DRIE).
Photolithography. Conducting coatings.
Electrical contacts and packaging: Wire bonding, flip
chip, wafer scale
Overview of the Bipolar and CMOS technology in light of the subjects studied.
Overview of MEMS in light of the subjects studies. Yield and reliability of the
VLSI technology. Basic CAD for VLSI
Wolf, S. & R. N. Tauber: Silicon Proce
ssing for the VLSI Era Vol.1
Technology, LATTICE Press,1990.
Sze, S. M.: VLSI Technology 2
Hill, Inc., 1988.
Kareh, B.: Fundamentals of Semiconductor processing technologies, Kluwer,
Murarka, S. P., M. C. Peckerar: Electron
ic Materials Science and Technology,
Academic Press, 1989.
Till, W.C., J. T. Luxon: Integrated Circuits: Materials, Devices, and Fabrication,
Sze, S.M.: Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2
ed., Wiley, 1988.
0512.3526 Wave Transmis
sion and Lines
: Derivation of the Telegraphist’s equations and their coefficients
(including loss), Sinusoidal (time harmonic) solutions, Non
sinusoidal waves on
lossless lines, Graphi
cal solutions (Smith Chart).
Plane Electromagnetic Waves
: The wave equation, polarization, plane wave
solutions, reflection of obliquely incident plane wave from layer media, Transmission
line analog for the plane wave propagation and reflection, Angular
spectrum of plane
: Modes inelectromagnetic waveguides, TE modes, TM
modes, Rectangular metalic waveguides, Transmission line analog for the modes’
propagation and reflection, Resonant cavities, Dielectric waveguides, Opti
Magid, L.: Electromagnetic Fields, Energy & Waves, Krieger, 1972.
Seshardi, S.: Fundamentals of Transmission Lines & Electromagnetic Field.
Addison Wesley, 1981.
Johnk, C.T.A.: Engineering Electromagnetic Fields & Waves, 2
0512.3532 Introduction to Signal Analysis
Harmonic Analysis; Introduction to Linear Systems
Refreshing of time
invariance, causality and linearity of systems.
Fourier analysis of continuous signals and continuous
systems, Fourier series and
Examples of modulation and filtering.
Sampling and reconstruction of continuous signals.
Relations between Fourier transforms, Laplace transforms and Z transforms.
Oppenheim, A. & A.S. Willsky: S
ignals and Systems, 2
ed., Prentice Hall, 1997.
0512.3542 Control Laboratory
Prerequisites: Introduction to Control Theory
Analog Control Systems; D.C. Servo Motor Control; Solving Linear Equations by an
Analog Computer; Long Time
System; Balancing a Ball on a Beam.
Digital systems; Linear systems Simulations; Digital Control of a D.C. Servo Motor.
Control Laboratory (Basic) Manual
0512.3543 Introduction to Control Theory
Prerequisites: Introduction to
Feedback systems, stability of feedback systems: Nyquist and Bode criterions, the
locus method, Nichols chart.
Performance criteria: transient response, steady
state errors, frequency response,
sensitivity, disturbances suppression. Se
cond order systems.
Design of compensation networks by Bode, Nyquist, Nichols and the root
Introduction to digital control.
Dorf, R.C.: Modern Control Systems. 7
ed, Addison Wesley, 1995.
D’Azzo J. & C. Houpis: Linear Control
System Analysis and Design, 3
0512.3561 Digital Logic Systems
Number systems, arithmetic operations, codes. Boolean algebra. Combinational logic
circuits. Implementation of combinational logic circuits: arithmetic
adder, parallel binary adder, decimal adder, multiplier). Arithmetic
logic unit (ALU).
Comparator, multiplexer, encoder. Programmable arrays: Read
only memory (ROM),
PLA, PAL. Asynchronous sequential circuits. Synchronous sequential circuit
and LSI implementations of sequential circuits: parallel register, shift register,
asynchronous and synchronous counters, random access memory (RAM).
Central processing unit (CPU).
Mano, M.M.: Digital Design, Prentice Hall, 1997.
M.M. & C.R. Kime: Logic and Computer Design Fundamentals, Prentice Hall,
Langholz, G., A. Kandel & J.L.Mott: Fundations of Digital Logic Design, World
0512.3571 Energy Conversion
Introduction to Electri
cal Engineering; Electromagnetic Fields
Phase Power System
: Voltages, currents, power in a symmetric network,
phasor diagrams magnetic circuits: linear and non
linear magnetic circuits in direct
and alternating currents, hysteresis and adds current
losses, flux leakage, magnetic
coupled circuits, forces.
: Single and three
phase transformer structure, equivalent circuit, losses,
load and short circuit tests, voltage regulation.
: Structure, rotating magnet
ic field, equivalent circuit, powers,
losses, efficiency, speed
torque characteristics, starting, speed regulation.
Solar Cell Systems
: Properties, I
V characteristics, operating point, series and parallel
connections, photovoltanic arrays, load I
cteristics, maximum power point
Direct Current Machine
: Generators and motors in separate, shunt, series and
compound excitations, structure, e.m.f., torque, power, losses, efficiency, generator
load characteristics, motor mechanical characteristi
cs, motor speed regulation.
: Basics of dc converters.
Chapman, S. J.: Electric Machines Fundamentals, 3
Fitzgerald, A.E.: Charles Kingsley, Electric Machinery, 5
ed., McGraw Hill,1992.
gy Conversion Laboratory
Prerequisite: Energy Conversion
Single and three
phase transformer. DC machine. Induction machine. Synchronous
machine. Programmable controller
Bashava, B., M. Schecter: Instruction Manual for Energy Conve
0512.3620 Solid State Devices
Crystal structure. Free electron model. Model of nearly free electrons.
Energy bands and E
K diagrams. Fermi
Dirac distribution. Bolzman distribu
Direct and indirect transitions. Phonons. Bose
: Light absorption. Atmosphere transmission. Light sources and light
detectors. Luminescence. Fluorescence and phosphorescence. Characteristic and
ic luminescence. Stocks, shift. Cathodoluminiscence.
Electroluminiscence. Tunneling effect and avalanche. Exciton recombination.
Isoelectronic centers. Porous silicon. Nanocrystal structures.
Light emitting diodes (LED). The p
n junction. Spontan
eous emission. Materials for
LEDs. Figures of merit. External and internal quantum efficiency. Optical
confinement. Energy gap engineering. Lattice mismatch problems. Double
heterostructues LED. Burrus type LED. Edge emitting LED. LEDs for optica
communication and displays.
Diode lasers. Stimulated emission. Heterojunction lasers. Single heterostructure.
Double heterostructure. Carrier and gain profiles. Energy band parameters.
Quantum well lasers. Optical and electron confinement. Quant
um wires and
quantum dots. Visible lasers. Red, blue and green lasers.
Plasma displays. Gas discharge. Image color plasma displays. Numeric displays.
Liquid crystals displays (LCD). Liquid crystals. Birefrigence. Twist and supertwist
matrix LCD. Ferroelectric LCD. TFT technology.
Field emission displays. Diamond cathodes. Vacuum microelectronics. Cathode
: Electron emission from solids. Work function. Negative electron
affinity. Thermoemission, photoemiss
in, secondary electron emission. Materials for
electron cathodes. Imaging detectors. Image tubes. Photodetectors for visible and
UV region. Infrared detectors. Quantum wells infrared detectors. Night vision
devices. Thermovision. Junction detector
s. Avalanche photodiodes. Schotky
Ferroelectric materials and application
: Ferroelectricity. Pyroelectric effect.
Pyroelectric detectors. Pyroelectric thermovision devices. Polarization switching
effect. Optical converters. Second har
monic generation and optical parametric
oscillation. Blue and UV lasers. Ferroelectric computer memory.
: Collection efficiency. Materials solar cells.
Yariv, A.: Optical Electronics, Saunders College Publishing, 1997.
conductors and Electronic Devices, Prentice Hall, 1993.
Wood, B.: Optoelectronic Semi
conductors Devices, Prentice Hall, 1994.
Yang, E.: Microelectronics Devices, McGraw Hill, 1988.
Sze, S.M.: Semi
Physics and Technology, John
0512.3626 Introduction to Microwave Systems
Prerequisite: Wave Transmission & Lines
Microwave applications, survey of passive and active microwave devices.
Review of electromagnetic theory with emphasis on duality and recipro
The rectangular waveguide: Propagation modes, dispersion, losses, partially
filled waveguide. Modal description of fields and solution of discontinuity
problems. Transverse resonance and eigenvalue equation.
Survey of printed transmission lines: Microstrip, stripline.
Network theory for microwaves. Impedance, scattering and transmission
Collin, R.E.: Foundations for Microwave Engineering, 2
ed., McGraw Hill
Harrington R.F.: Time Harmonic Electromagnetic Field, McGraw Hill, 1961,
Gandhi Om. P.: Microwave Engineering and Applications, Pergamon, 1981.
Gardiol F.: Introduction to Microwaves, Artech House, 1984.
0512.3632 Random Signal
s and Noise
Prerequisites: Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Introduction to Signal Analysis
Review of the random variable (R.V.), two R.V.s, joint distribution, two R.V.
functions, joint moments, correlation and covariance, char
acteristic joint joint
function, conditional distribution, conditional expectation.
correlation and covariance matrix, the Gaussian vector, random processes (R.P.),
examples of R.P. (Poisson, Wiener
Levi, white noise), stationary an
d ergodic R.P.
The correclation function, power spectrum, filtering of r.P. through a linear system,
estiamtion of R.V., optimal filtering of R.P.
Papoulis, A.: Probability, Random Variables & Stochastic Processes, 3
0512.3633 Introduction to Digital Signal Processing
Prerequisites: Introduction to Signal Analysis
Discrete time signals (sequences) and systems, review and extensions: linear time
invariant (LTI) systems, the discrete time Fourier transfo
rm (DTFT), the Z transform.
Transform analysis of linear time invariant (LTI) systems.
Discrete time processing of continuous time signals. Decimation and interpolation.
Introduction to multi
Design of digital filters. Design of infinite
impulse response (IIR) filters from analog
filters. Design of finite impulse response (FIR) filters, windows and frequency
sampling. Optimal (minimax) design of FIR filters.
Discrete Fourier series (DFS). Discrete Fourier transform (DFT). Circular
volution and linear convolution. Spectral analysis via DFT.
The fast Fourier transform (FFT). Fast convolution algorithms.
The discrete Hilbert transform.
Openheim, A.V. & R.W. Schafer: Discrete Time Signal Processing, 2
Porat, B.,: A Course in Digital Signal Processing, Wiley, 1997.
0512.3673 Electric Drive
Prerequisite: Energy Conversion
Mechanics of drive systems
: Mechanical characteristics of mechanisms and electric
machines, motion equation,
forces and torques in drive systems, translation of static
torques and moment of inertia to a single axis, determination of starting and breaking
DC and AC machines
: Mechanical characteristics, starting, breaking and speed
: Heating and coding of machines, machines for continuous,
periodic and short time loads, methods for sizing electric machines, effect of cooling
type, ambient temperature and height on machine sizing.
Alexandrovitz, A., Electric Dri
ve, Michlol, 1973.
Economical Problems in Power Systems
Prerequisite: Energy Conversion
Electrical characteristics of power transmission systems. Energy, power and voltages.
Short and long transmission lines. Equivale
nt networks. Inductance and capacitance
in power systems. Discharge phenomena. Special problems in power systems.
Economical aspects of power systems. Costs of power elements and systems. Energy
costs in various distribution points. Tariffs.
Braunstein, A.: Power Systems. Pub.: Dionon Students Assoc.
0512.3802 Electrical Engineering & Electronic
Laboratory (for Industrial
Credit points: 2
Prerequisites: Introduction to system engineering and control
Measurement instruments (Oscilloscope, function generator), RLC circuits, Transfer
function, Diode rectifiers, Bipolar transistors and FET transistors.
Control: Process simulation, Servo systems with an electric engine.
phase and 3
phase transformers, d
emonstration of electric and mechanic engines.
0512.3803 (3805) Introduction to Systems Engineering and Control
Ordinary Differential Equations
Definition of dynamical linear systems with consta
nt parameters: electrical,
mechanical, thermal and hybrid. Solution of ordinary linear differential equations by
Laplace transforms. Initial and final value theorems. Time shifting theorem and its
applications. Modeling of dynamical systems: I Electric
Mechanical, linear and rotational motion
by Newton’s laws; Thermal
to electrical circuits; Electro
modeling of systems including electrical
motors and mechanical loads. Definition of transfer functions, poles an
Derivation of transfer functions of the mentioned physical systems. Time
domain responses of first order, second order pole systems and of a general
transfer function. Bode diagrams. Signal flow graphs (SFD). Mason’s gain
Feedback: some fundamental definitions and properties. Steady
coefficients. Exponential stability. Routh
Hurwitz criterion for stability. Nyquist
stability criterion. Root
locust theory for analysis and design of feedback systems
The Nichols chart. Design of feedback systems in the frequency domain;
Nyquist/Bode/Nichols based design trechniques for minimum phase and non
minimum phase plants.
D’Azzo J. & C. Houpis: Linear Control Systems Analysis, 3
ed., McGraw Hill
0512.3804 Principles of Digital Computers
The course provides the basic knowledge in understanding the hardware operation
and organization of digital computers.
The following subjects are covered: Data Representat
ion and Arithmetic Operations;
Boolean Algebra; Digital Components; Basic Computer Organization; Addressing
Modes; Programming the basic Computer; Microprogramming; Memory
Hamacher, V.C., Z.G. Vranesic &
S.G. Zaky: "Computer Organization", McGraw
0512.4136 Electronics Project
At least 112 credit points.
By complementing theory with 'hands
on' experience the course provides the stud
with the opportunity of acquiring design abilities, of mastering the engineering
science, and of being exposed to modern electronic equipment. This task is executed
in a practical, realistic and meaningful way, under the supervision of experienced
onnel from the University, as well as from the Electronic Industry.
Projects are chosen by the student from a list provided by the Project Lab in
Electronics, in topics originating by demand from the Electronic Industry, and from
Starting with the specific definition of the project, and leading up to the final testing
of its performance, the student will go through the following steps:
Studying the general aspect of the problem at hand.
Finding possible me
thods, and appropriate circuits/algorithms, as solutions to
Making the proper choice for solving the problem, and justifying this choice.
Designing, building, and proving the system as a solution, and testing its
validity in performance.
vision will be provided via time allocated by the project's supervisor to weekly
meetings for general advice, and specific help in related problems.
Independent work by the student, or group of students, assisted by the chosen project
Submission of periodic project reports.
Participation in a poster
Submission of a Project Book.
Demonstration of the system's performance, in line with the defined requirements.
Laboratory (2); Digital Electronic Circuits
Basic integrated circuits, counter, decoder, multiplexer, demultiplexer,
flop, oscillator, mono
D/A converters, logic analyzer.
.םיבלושמ םילגעמ ,הקינורטקלאב הדבעמ יכירדת :דומיל ירפס
0512.4513 Digital Electronic Circuits
Prerequisites: Analog Electronic Circuits, Digital Logic Systems
Digital circuits play a very important role in today’s electronic s
ystems. They are
employed in almost every facet of electronics, including communications,
control, instrumentation, and, of course, computing. This course emphasis the
studying and understanding of basic electronic devices characterization and
s switches. Design and analysis of basic electronic circuits consisting
of BJT and MOSFET transistors operating as switches. Use of computer
simulation program to analyze digital electronic circuits under their utmost limits.
ction to Logic Signals and Circuits
Digital signals, logic levels, logic
families, the basic inverter, the ideal and typical switch, transfer characteristics,
noise margin, static and dynamic power dissipation. Temporal behavior:
propagation delay of a
gate, rise time, fall time, Delay
Depletion and Enhancement load, static and dynamic operation
and transfer characteristics. NMOS logic gates. The body effect.
Static and dynamic operation and transfer char
Example of CMOS logic gates. Analogue transmission gate.
phase circuits, shift
registers and counters, synchronization and metastate.
Bucket Brigade and CCD analogue shift
registers, dynamic shift
registers, dynamic gates and dynamic decoders and PLAs.
Static RAM cells, dynamic RAM cells, ROM, PROM, EPROM,
PROM and sense amplifiers.
Bipolar digital circuits
Characteristics of standard TTL, LSTTL and ECL g
in and Fan
out. Clamping and clipping circuits.
Schmitt Triggers. Monostable and astable multivibrator
circuits using CMOS, operational amplifiers and IC such as 555.
Design of Digital Circuits
HDL and VHDL languages. Cus
tomer, ASIC, PLDs,
Introduction to Data Converters
Principle of A/D and D/A converters.
Timing diagram. Interpretation of manufacturers’ data sheets.
Pspice or EWB software for course assignments and
Sedra, A.S. & K.C. Smith: Microelectronic Circuits, 4
ed., Oxford University,
1998, including CD
ROM for EWB exercises and much more. Also
recommended the 3
Millman, J. & A. Grabel: Microelectronics, McGraw
Hodges, D.A. & H.G. Jackson: Analysis and Design of Digital Integrated
0512.4614 Communication Circuits and Techniques
Prerequisite: Communication systems, Analog Electronic Circuits
Introduction to wi
reless radio communications: the transmitter, modulation, direct and
heterodyne receivers, image frequencies, the electromagnetic spectrum for radio
Tuned circuits and filters: resonant circuits, transformers, equivalent circuits,
dance matching networks.
RF transistor amplifiers (BJT, FET): bias, small
signal analysis, noise figure,
harmonic distortion, dynamic range, automatic gain control (AGC).
Oscillators: oscillation condition, general oscillator model, Colpitts and Hartley
nfigurations, crystal oscillator, voltage controlled oscillator (VCO), phase locked
loop (PLL), frequency synthesizer, phase noise and frequency stability.
Modulators: amplitude (AM), phase (PM) and frequency (FM) modulations, balanced
and quadrature modul
Mixers: the square law, diode
switching mixers, balanced mixers, transistor mixers.
Detectors and de
modulators: amplitude, phase and frequency detection, frequency
discriminators, product and quadrature detectors.
Transmitting power amplifiers: cla
ss A, B, C and D configurations, automatic level
Communication system performances: sensitivity, selectivity, dynamic range, inter
modulation and cross
modulation distortions, link budget, fading in wireless
communication channel and reliabi
Young, P.H.: Electronic Communication Techniques, 3
ed., Prentice Hall, 1993.
Smith, J.: Modern Communication Circuits, McGraw hill, 1998.
Larson, L.E.: RF and Microwave Circuit Design for Wireless Communications,
Artech House, 1997.
. Yosef Pinhasi: “Analog Communications”. Course Manual.
0512.4616 Principles of Microprocessor
Prerequisites: Analog Electronic Circuits, Digital Electronic Circuits (Concurrent)
Basic components: decoder, bi
directional buffer (transcei
ver), latch. Principals of
programmable logic PAL. Introduction to basic AC characteristic for timing design:
hold, setup, skew times. High frequency design methods. Overview of the Intel x86
CPU family. The 80386 and its peripherals: 82385 cache, 82
380 DMA controller.
Methods of identifying the different output bus signals and cycles. Introduction to the
x86 assembly language. Basic input/output components: pic8259
interrupt controller, pit8254
programmable interval timer. Overvi
ew of the different
I/O component’s timing characteristics and their effects on timing design. Memory
components: flash, static ram. Local bus design and debugging tools.
386 Hardware Design/Intel Corp 1991
0 Introduction to Modern Optics and Electrooptics
Prerequisite: Wave transmission and lines
Waves and Rays
: Plane waves, Snell and Fresnel laws, interference, interferometers:
Zender, Sagnac and Fabry
Perot. Eikonal equati
: Laws of geomtrical optics, Fermat principle, refraction at a
spherical surface, thin lens, optical instruments: the human eye, eye glasses,
magnifier, telescope and microscope. Thick lens, ABCD matrix optics, periodic
ms. Lens aberrations.
: Spherical wave, paraboloidal wave, the paraxial Helmholz
equation. Gaussian beams: basic properties, transmission through optical elements,
Prinicples of Fourier Optics
dimensional Fourier transform
, free space transfer
function, Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction, Fourier transform using a lens, OTF and
Saleh Bahaa, E. A. and M.C.Teich B.E.A: Fundamentals of Photonics, Wiley, 1991 .
Goodman, J.W.: Introduction to Fourier Optics, McG
raw Hill, 1968 .
0512.4623 Introduction to Lasers
Prerequisite: Introduction to Semiconductor Physics; Wave transmission and lines
Characterization of optical radiation sources. Matter
radiation interaction processes.
Absorption and ampli
fication of light. Line
shape functions. Optical resonators:
Analysis. according to Geometrical and Physical Optics approaches. Laser oscillation
condition. Laser threshold and saturation. Optimal output coupling. Single
mode operation of l
switching and mode
locking. Examples of main
laser systems: Solid
state, semiconductor and gas lasers. Optical fiber amplifiers .
Svelto, O.: Principles of Lasers, 3
ed., Plenum, 1989.
Yariv, A.: Optical Electronics, 4
ed., Holt R
einhart, 1991 .
0512.4626 Antennas and Radiation
Prerequisite: Introduction to Microwave Systems
Review of the principles of electromagnetic theory. Reciprocity theorem,
theory of radiation, the far
field concept, elementary radiation.
Parameters of transmitting antenna. The receiving antenna, the antenna in
Radiation from impressed sources: Line sources, wire antennas, Yagi
antennas. Feeding methods for wire antennas.
The equivalence principle, aperture an
tennas, horn antennas, reflector
Introduction to antenna arrays: Aperture sampling, array factor, construction
of patterns in arrays. Principle of pattern multiplication. Scanning methods.
Array feeding networks. Introduction to array synthes
arrays, coupling and active impedance in arrays.
Microstrip antennas, microstrip arrays.
Stutzman & Thiele: Antenna Theory and Design, Wiley, New York, 1981.
Elliott, R.S.: Antenna Theory and Design, Prentice Hall,
Kraus, J.D.: Antennas, 2
ed., McGraw Hill, 1988.
0512.4627 Microwave Components
Prerequisite: Introduction to Microwave Systems
Network theory for microwave circuits, junctions of waveguides, directional couplers,
ng, periodic structures and filters, ferrite microwave components,
active microwave components integrated microwave circuits.
Collin, R.: Foundations for Microwave Engineering. 2
Helszajn, J.: Passive & Active Microwav
e Circuits. Wiley ,1978 .
Combes, P.F. et al.: Microwave Components, Devices and Active Circuits, Wiley
Skolnik, M.I.: Introduction to Radar Systems, 2
Hill, 1980 .
Gandhi, O.P.: Microwave Engineering & Applications Pergamon Press, 1981
0512.4630 Propagation and Scattering of Waves
Prerequisites: Wave Transmission & Lines
Basic laws of electromagnetics
wave solutions in lossless and lossy media
and in plane stratified media.
Radiation in free space
: analysis v
ia Green’s functions and via plane wave spectra;
near and far field solutions; asymptotic evaluation of spectral integrals.
: Kirchhoff theorem; Sommerfeld radiation condition; integral
equations; numerical solutions via the method of mom
Physical Optics (PO): asymptotic evaluation of integrals and Geometrical Optics
: 1. Scattering by a cylinder: Comparison of the exact Mie
series solution with the MoM and the PO solutions. 2. Scattering by a conducting
plane: asymptotic evaluation of integrals, GO and edge diffraction.
Radiation from apertures
: Kirchhoff integrals; Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffractions;
thin lenses. Gaussian beams via integral and via differential equation
: Asymptotic solutions of Maxwell’s equations in general
inhomogeneous media; wavefronts and rays; Fermat principle; caustics and foci;
reflection and transmission at curved interfaces; construction of Green’s functions
in inhomogeneous media; G
O in a uniform medium.
Geometrical Theory of Diffraction (GTD)
: Basic laws; edge diffraction, surface
diffraction (creeping waves) and interface diffraction (head waves); comparison
with PO solutions; Radar cross section.
: eigenvalue and ei
genfunctions; WKB solutions for non
guides; Hermite modes; Whispering gallery modes.
Ishimaru, A., "Electromagnetic wave propagation, radiation and scattering",
Collin, R.F. & F.J. Zuckor, “Antenna Theory”, Vols.I
and II, McGraw Hill, 1969.
Born, M. & E. Wolf, “Principles of Optics”, 6
ed., Pergamon Press, Oxford,
James, G.L., “Geometrical theory of diffraction for electromagnetic waves”, IEE
Press, Series on EM waves, 3
.G., “Field computation by moment methods”, McMillan Pub.,
1986 and IEEE Press, 1993.
0512.4644 Introduction to Modern Linear Control Theory
Prerequisites: Introduction to Control Theory; Random Signals & Noise
Time domain solution of the state space equations for continuous linear time varying
(LTV) systems and linear time invariant systems (LTI).
Controllability and observability, PBH criteria. State
Feedback Control : Pole
placement, optimal regulato
r problem, Riccati equation of the optimal state feedback
control law. Frequency domain steady
state solution of the optimal regulator
problem, spectral factorization, McFarlane equation. State
Estimation : The
deterministic observer. Response of a linea
r system to white noise, optimal state
estimaton in the presence of white noise: The Kalman filter, the Riccati equation of
optimal estimation. Frequency domain steady
state solution to the optimal estimator
problem : the Wiener filter. Output Feedback Co
ntrol : The separation principle,
solution of the LQG problem. Optimal tracking problem.
Time Systems: Basic definitions, state feedback control and
estimation problems, Optimal control of Discrete
הרקבל אובמ תרבוח
הסדנהל הטלוקפה תאצוה ,דקש ירוא 'פורפ תאמ תינרדומ תיראניל
Kwakernaak & Sivan: "Linear Optimal Control Systems", Wiley, 1972.
Linear Control and Communication Systems
Prerequisites: Introduction to Control Theory
tate space; equilibrium points, limit cycles, conservative systems. The
describing function method, dither dual input describing function. Approximation
methods, liapunov’s approach, Popov’s circle and criteria. Phenomena special to NL
onance, subharmonics. Systems which contain: a relax, saturation
element, sinusoidal element (PLL). Variable structure systems (VSS). Automatic
gain control (AGC). Volterra’s method. Concepts in the chaos and fractal theory.
Hsu, J.C. & A.U
. Meyer: Modern Control Principles Applications, McGraw Hill, 1968.
0512.4646 Practical Feedback Systems
Prerequisite: Introduction to Control Theory
Characterization of control systems, components in control systems, DC motors,
sign of feedback systems, mathematical background for feedback systems,
limitations of feedback in non
minimum phase systems, robust feedback design of
output systems, non
linear feedback, the circle criterion,
introduction to feedback
design of multi
output feedback systems.
תוישומיש בושמ תוכרעמ
. The Electrical
Engineering Systems Dept., Tel Aviv
Kud, B.: Automatic Control System. 4
ed. Prentice Hall, 1982.
0512.4647 Introduction to D
Prerequisite: Introduction to Control Theory, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing
Reponse analysis of digial systems in time and frequency, digital transfer functions
which do not have a continuous equivalent, discrete t
ime equivalent of a continuous
system (FOH, ZOH) and the sampling rate, noise models in sampled systems.
Design: Closed loop characterizations, PID control, Dead
beat cntrol, pole placement
design to closed loop specification, choice of the sampling rate f
specifications including gain and phase margins.
Introduction to identification: Least square identification of single
linear time invariant systems.
Astrom, K.J. & B. Wittenmark: "Computer Controlled Systems and
Design", second or third edition, Prentice Hall.
Houpis, C. & G. Lamont: Digital Control Systems, second edition, 1992, McGraw Hill.
Ogata, K.: "Discrete Time Control Systems", Prentice Hall, 1987.
Franklin, G. and F.Q. Powell: "Digital Control
of Dynamic Systems", 2
Prentice Hall, 1990.
0512.4651 Communication Systems
Prerequisite: Random Sigals and Noise
. Concepts in information theory and coding. Sampling
and amplitude modulated pulses. PC
M. Quantization and quantization noise. Bnary
line codes and their spectrum. Multileval signals. Eye diagram and synchronization.
Intersymbol interference. Raised
cosine filter. Matched filter. SNR of PCM.
Differential PCM. Delta modulaton.
. Bandpass signal presentations. Narrow band noise.
Amplitude modulations: DSB
SC, AM, SSB. Hilbert transform. Implementing
amplitude modulation and detection. SNR of amplitude detection. Angle
modulations: FM, NBFM, PM. Spectru
m of FM and PM signals. Implementing
angle modulation. SNR of FM. Preemphasis
deemphasis. Implementing frequency
Couch, L.W.: Digital and Analogu Communication Systems, 6
Lecture Notes in Communication Systems, Tel Aviv University, 2
0512.4653 Digital Communications
Prerequisite: Communication Systems
Elements of a digital communication system, hypothesis testing and optimum
decision rules: th
criterion, the maximum
the Bayes criterion, the Neyman
Pearson criterion, discrete
time vector channels,
waveform channels, signal space representation of finite
duration signals, optimum
receiver design for th
e additive (white or nonwhite) Gaussian noise channel,
performance evaluation of the optimum receiver and probability of error, digital
modulation methods: PSK, FSK, MSK, orthogonal and related signal sets,
noncoherent reception: optimum receiver for signa
ls with random phase in the
AWGN channel, block codes, convolutional codes, combined modulation and coding:
coded modulation, the Viterbi algorithm, introduction to Information Theory
and channel capacity.
Wozencraft, J.M. &
Principles of Communication Engineering, Wiley,
Digital Communications, 3
ed., Wiley, 1994.
Digital Communications, Wiley, 1988
tion to Coding Theory
Prerequisites: Digital Communications
Block codes, linearity, generator matrix, check matrix. Errors and erasures decoding.
Hamming bound, Singleton bound, covering radius, Reed
Muller codes, Griesmer
codes. Monomial equivalence. Product codes, generalized
Hamming weight. Singleton bound over a general alphabet, MDS codes, equivalence.
Cyclic codes, interleaved codes, the Meggitt decoder and error trapping. Computation
in finite fields. BCH codes,
Solomon codes, concatenation, BCH boud, error
location polynomial and the PGZ decoder, fast decoders for BCH codes.
Blahut, R.A.: Theory and Practice of Error Control Codes, Addison
Lin, S. & D.J. Costello: Error Control Co
ding, Prentice Hall, 1983.
0512.4656 Digital Transmission of Signals
Introduction to Digital Signal Processing; Random
Signals & Noise, Communication Systems.
Recommended : Statistical signal Processing)
1. Source Coding
antization techniques: uniform, companding, Lloyd
Max, VQ, high
Waveform coding: PCM, DPCM, delta modulation, adaptive PCM and DPCM, sub
band and transform coding. Transmission errors effect.
2. Channel Modulation/De
ital communication (PAM): performance in ideal channel, matched
filter, power spectrum. Line
codes. Channel impairment: inter
(ISI). Nyquist’s criterion. Detection in the presence of ISI: maximum
sequence estimation, equ
alization (linear, zero
in the transmitter).
Proakis, J.G.: Digital Communications, 3
ed., McGraw Hill, 1996.
Gersho, A. & R.M. Gray: Vector Quantization and Signal Compression, Kluwer
Academic Pub. 1992.
0512.4664 Computer Organization
Prerequisites: Data Structures and Algorithms or Introduction to Ditital Computers
Basic organization of a computer, machine language, example. Data representation,
arithmetic logic un
it, floating point. Control unit: hardware implementation,
microprogramming. Pipelining principles, bypasses, pipeline control, parallel
pipelines. Memory unit: memory hierarchy, cache memory, stacks, associative
memory, virtual memory. Input/output: d
ata transfers, interrupts, DMA. Computer
system organization. Introduction to multiprocessing.
Patterson, D. & J. Hennessy: Computer Organization and Design, Morgan
0512.4665 Introduction to VLSI Design
Introduction: CMOS gates, memories, analog and mixed signal circuits,
MOS transistor review: models, static gates, transmission gates, tristate,
CAD tools: layout (LEDIT) and circuit (SPICE).
CMOS process revie
wer, design rules.
Preliminary design: parameter evaluation, rise and fall time estimation,
sizing, power estimation, design margining, reliability and scaling.
CMOS circuit design: logic selection, timing, IO circuits, lower power
s and options: standard cell, gate array, PLD, symbolic
design, design verification, data path, examples.
examples for DSP, memories and processors.
Weste, N. & K. Eshraghian: “Principles of CMOS VLSI design”, Addison
0512.4667 Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing
Prerequisite: Random Signal & Noise; Introduction to Digital Signal Processing
Review of random variables and random vectors. Discrete
time random processes,
spectral density, cross
spectrum. Spectral analysis and spectrum
parametric methods (Periodogram, Correlogram, Blackman
Bartlett, Welch) and parametric methods (for AR, MA and ARMA signal models).
Linear systems identification. Op
timal detection (matched filter). Optimal linear
Causal and Causal Wiener filters, Kalman filter. Adaptive filtering:
Exercises include Matlab assignments.
Papoulis, A.: Probability, Random Veriables, and Stochastic P
Orfanidis, Sophocles.J.: Optimum Signal Processing, 2
Therrien, C.W.: Discrete Random Signals and Statistical Signal Processing, Prentice
Hall, 1992 .
0512.4668 Advanced Laboratory for Di
gital Signal Processing
Prerequisites: Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing; Computer Organization
Signal processing with DSP processors. Synthesis of waveforms, design and
implementation of digital filters with DSP processors, real
ization of FFT,
LMS algorithms for adaptive processing of signals, algorithms for
emphasizing and filtering of noise, analysis and compression of speech
Manual of the Laboratory for Digital Signal Processing.
0512.4669 Data Structures
Prerequisites: Programming; Digital Logic Systems
Introduction to data structures and algorithsm.
Sorting algorithms: bubble sort, merge sort, quick sort, heap sort.
Basic data structures: stacks, queues, linked lists.
ructures for dictionaries: hash tables, search trees, balanced search trees.
Algorithms techniques: dynamic programming algorithms, greedy algorithms.
Graphs: depth first search, breadth first search, topological sorting of directed graphs.
s: Arithmetic algorithms.
Cormen, T.H., C.E. Leiserson, R.L. Rivest: Introduction to Algorithms. MIT, 1990.
0512.4674 Power Systems Operation at Abnormal Conditions
economical Problems in Power Systems
systems at abnormal conditions: Symmetrical and non
circuits. Mechanical forces and thermal fields under short
Protection systems. Overvoltages due to lightning and switching phenomena. Power
system outages due to l
ightning strokes. Grounding. Wave phenomena in power
systems. Insulation requirements. Power transmission capability. Dynamic and
static stability of power systems.
Braunstein A., Power Systems, Pub.: Dyonon
5 Optimal Design and Operation of Power Systems
Prerequisite: Operation of Power Systems in Abnormal Conditions
The energy system in steady
state: system modeling and load flow analysis, iterative
computation of the load flow equtions, solu
Application of power system analysis to design and operation of actual power
Optimal opertional considerations.
Cost criteria for generation, transmission and distribution of electric energy.
Analytical and numerical methods for
distribution of power generation among power
producers, effect of transmission losses.
Frequency and voltage variations and control.
0512.4679 Power Electronics
Prerequisites: Linear Systems; Energy Conversion
Processing by means of controlled, loss
port networks, realization of
transformer matrix and gyrator matrix by switched mode circuits. PWM converters
operated at high switching frequency at high power density, basic converters
ous and discontinuous mode of operation, converter circuits,
steady state modeling, state space averaging, small signal modeling, control, magnetic
devices, applications; high quality rectification.
Erickson, R. W.: Fundamentals of Power Elect
ronics, Chapman & Hall 1997.
Sum, K. Kit: Switch Mode Power Conversion, Marcel Dekker, 1984.
Middlebrook, R.D. & S.M. Cuk: Advances in Switched Mode Power Conversion,
2, Robotics Age. 1981.
512.4721 Advanced Laboratory in Electro
Prerequisites: Introduction to Modern Optics and Electrooptics
Experiments on: Diffraction and Interference. Fourier Optics and spatial frequency
filtering. Spatial modulation. Interferometers. Electro
optical modulation. Fiber
ications. Lasers: CO
0512.4722 Advanced Laboratory for Microwaves
Prerequisites: Microwave components
Getting familiar with microwave equipment and methods: Detectors and
power measurements, Impedance matching, Slotted line,
parameters measurements, Frequency analyzer, Antenna shutting
Microwave phenomena measurements: Standing
wave pattern, Wave
propagation in a rectangular waveguide, Wave propagation phenomena in
vacuum, dielectric materials and
Passive microwave components: Couplers, Stubs, Magic
structures, Filters and resonators, Components occupying ferrite, Microstrip
Microwave setups: Solid state amplifiers, Electronic tubes, FM modulation
ation, Doppler tracking, Monopulse tracking.
Experiments preview notebook.
Experiments summary file (for the students’ use during the course)
Gardiol, F. E.: “Introduction of microwaves,” Artech House, 1984.
Chatterjee, R.: “Advanced microwave
engineering,” Ellis Horwood, 1988.
Laverghetta, T. S.: “Microwave measurements and techniques,” Artech House, 1976.
05124725: Introduction to Optical Communications
Wave transmission and lines, 0512.3632
Signals and noise.
This course reviews the fundamentals of optical communications systems. It covers
principles of optical amplification and the noise accompanying it, optical detection
and its statistics, signal propagation through optical fibers in the
chromatic dispersion and optical nonlinearities, structure and design principles of
0512.4726 Advanced Lab in Semiconductor Devices
Prerequisites: Microelectronics, Wave transmission Lines
cquaint the students of the semiconductor device track with both manufacturing and
characterization methods providing hands
on experience with industrial and research
Introductory meeting; Conductivity; Metallization; Photolithography;
chottky diode; Annealing and formation of an Ohmic contact; MOS
capacitor I; MOS capacitor II; Silicon Solar Cell; MOS Transistor I; MOS
Transistor II; MOS
oxide layer thickness; A visit to one of the local
Thin Films in Microelectronics
Prerequisites: Introduction to Semiconductor Physics; Microelectronics
1. Thin film deposition technology: general considerations; techniques
chemical, evaporation, plasma, sputtering, vacuum arc, ch
emical vapor; deposition
Thin film characteristics and characterization: Epitaxial and nuclear
growth; electrical properties; diagnostic techniques
SEM, TEM, ED, EDX, AES,
XPS, XRD, AFM, STM, conductivity and photoconductivity, V
I and V
film applications and devices: passive components; active components; metallization;
Bunshah, R. (ed.) Handbook of Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings, 2
ed., Noyes, 1994.
Tu, K.N., J.W. M
ayer & L.C. Feldman: Electron Thin Film Science for Electrical
Engineers and Materials Scientists, Macmillan, New York, 1992.
Sze, S.M.: VLSI Technology, 2
ed. McGraw Hill, 1988
Machlin, E.S.: Materials Science in Microelectronics, Giro Press, 1995.
rdy, J. & F. Ludwig: Electrochemistry of Semiconductors and Electronics
Processes and Devices, Noyes, 1992.
Boxman, R.L., D. Sanders, P. Martin, ed. Handbook of Vacuum Arc Science and
Technology Noyes, 1995.
Berry, R.W. et al., Thin Film Technology, Van
Roth, A. Vacuum Technology, 3
ed. North Holland, 1990.
0512.4740 Advanced Control Lab.
Prerequisites: Introduction to Modern Linear Control; Control Labs
* Computer simulation of a non
* Robot control
of the Spectrum
Analyser including Kalman
* Identification of a (true life) line
* Inverted pendulum
0512.4750 Advanced Communications Laboratory
ons Systems; or Communications Circuits
Experiments: Amplitude Modulation; Frequency Modulation; FM Demodulation;
Spectrum Analyzer; Single
Band Modulation; Base
Band signals (Binary and
Multilevel); Line codes I (Polar NRZ, Manchester, Miller); Line
Codes II (AMI,
TBC); Delta Modulation; Simulation using MATLAB; Simulation using Ptolemy;
0512.4760 Advanced Laboratory in Micro
Prerequisite: Digital Systems Electronics; or
and Hardware Desi
Using a logic analyzer to view various processor cycles. High
level hardware design
languages (Summit HOL Veriloy). Cache controller design using the Max Plus II
software. 8254/5254 I/O interface design. Use of LPM with programmable devices.
project in one of the following topics: PCI interface, Memory channel interface,
0512.4762 Advanced Energy Conversion Laboratory
Prerequisites: Energy Conversion, Energy Conversion Laboratory
Solar energy: Single solar ce
ll and module characteristics and shadowing
effect. Loading of solar modules by typical loads such as passive loads, DC
motors and batteries. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT).
High frequency DC/DC converters: Basic passive components and switching
es. Operation and characteristics of Buck, Boost and Flyback converters
in steady state under open loop control. Output regulation by means of closed
loop control (two meatings).
Phase controlled line frequency rectifiers, design and application area.
ahigh frequency (RF) power conditioning for a CO
Introduction to pulsed power: Applications of short power pulses (MW
TW). Energy storage and pulse forming networks (PFN). Transients of high
current ( a few kA) and high voltage discharge usi
ng air gap and
Light sources and illumination design: Characterization in terms of
photometry and spectrum.
Advanced energy conversion Lab. manual, 1996. (in Hebrew).
Erickson, R.W.: “Fundamentals of power electronics
”, Chapman & Hall NY 1997.
0512.4763 Introduction to System programming
Prerequisites: Data structures and algorithms; Computer organization.
The aim of the course is to study operating systems principles and to improve
mming skills in C.
The material includes the following topics. The concept of operating systems. The
concept of a process.
The layering approach. The hardware/software interface. The
application/OS interface: system calls. The interface/encapsulation appr
scheduling: measures, preemption, some policies. Inter
Synchronization: hardware solutions; software solutions
semaphores, monitors. Deadlocks: detection, prevention. The memory hierarchy.
, paging. Caching algorithms. Virtual memory. Introduction to IO
devices. File systems: organization and implementation on disks. Communication:
Client/server architecture. Micro kernel
The course includes extensive programming in C in the Unix e
Crowley: Operating Systems
A Design Oriented Approach, Irwin 1997.
Silbershatz and Galvin: Operating Systems Concepts (5th ed.), Addison
Tanenbaum: Modern Operating Systems, Prentice
oduction to Electrical Circuits and Systems
Prerequisites: Ordinary Differential Equations (in parallel), Physics 2 (in parallel)
Lumped elements and circuits
Kirchoff's laws; Thevenin and Norton equivalents;
Simple circuites; non linear elem
ents; Low signal analysis.
First order circuits: Zero input response; Zero state response; Full response.
Second order circuits: ZIR and ZSR; Linear and time invariant circuits;
Sinusoidal steady state analysis: Phasors, Resonant circuits.
pling elements: Inductors; transformers; Controlled sources.
Classification of linear systems: mechanical, electrical, thermal, hydraulic and
hybrid systems with constant lumped elements. Construction of electrical analogue
ation of mathematical models. Analysis of continuous linear
sided Laplace Transform and its uses; transfer functions, poles and zeros
in the complex frequency plane. System description in the state
of state equations a
nd their solution in the time and frequency domains. System
description with the aid of block diagrams. Frequency response to sinusoidal
excitation, Bode plots.
Feedback systems, stability of feedback systems: Bode criterions. Gain Margin,
Performance criteria: transient response, steady
state errors, frequency response.
Second order systems. Design of compensation networks by Bode method.
Hayt, W.H. and J.E. Kemmerly. Engineering Circuit Analysis. 4
Dorf, R.C. and R. H. Bishop. Modern Control Systems, 9
ed. Addison Wesley,