Status of the JINR Facilities

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Nov 15, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)

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G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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Status of the JINR Facilities

G.Shirkov

1.
Basic Facilities


Operation and development

1.1 Nuclotron

1.2 Cyclotrons and DRIBS




1.3 IBR
-
2 operation & refurbishment

1.4 IREN

1.5 Phasotron
(users’ request facility)

1.
6

Not budgetary facilities and
Conclusions


2. JINR Technical Policy and
Infrastructure


3. Program “Young Staff at JINR”


G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
OPERATION of JINR FASILITIES in 1997 - 2003 (hours)
NUCLOTRON
IBR 2
U 400
U 400М
PHASOTRON

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
NUCLOTRON
IBR-2
U-400
U-400M
PHASOTRON
OPERATION of JINR FASILITIES in 2003 (hours)
PLANNED
ACTUAL
Часы
G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council, 15.01.2004

Nuclotron

of Baldin
-
Veksler Laboratory of High Energy

INJECTOR

NUCLOTRON


Ion

sources

Experimental Hall 205



TOTAL RUNNING TIME
-

2113 h


COOLDOWN TIME

-

351 h


BEAM TIME

-

1532 h


(including 308 hours for accelerator R&D)


BREAKES

-

230 h



ACCELERATED BEAMS

-



p, d, He, C, B, Mg,



N
6+
, N
7+
, Ar
16+
, Fe
24+



BEAM ENERGIES REQUESTED

-


0,5
-

3.0 GeV/u, (nuclei)


5.7 GeV (protons)



NUMBER OF USER’S GROUPS

-

10
-
12

OPERATION

in

2003




RUN 25 (20.02


18.03), RUN 26 (05.06
-
08.07), RUN 27 (20.11


20.12)

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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MAIN RESULTS OF R&D

1. FIRST BEAMS OF IRON IONS (Fe
24+
): E = 1 GeV/u, N ~ 10
6

particles per cycle




this unique result extremely important for the space radiation research



this success is provided with the KRION
-
2 ion source development

2. SPILL

OF EXTRACTED BEAM INCREASED UP TO ABOUT 10 s


3. HIGH UNIFORMITY OF EXTRACTED DEUTERON BEAMS AT THE INTENSITY 10
7

p/cycle


G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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FLEROV LABORATORY OF NUCLEAR REACTIONS

Main results:
Decays of
elements 115 and 113 were observed

in July
-
August 2003



U400 cyclotron operation in 2003

Beam time on
target

6420
hours

Efficiency

96 %

Accelerated ions

6
Li
1+
,
40
Ar
4+
,
48
Са
5+
,
84
Kr
8+
,
209
Bi
19+

Main accelerated
ion

48
Са
5+

(5250
hours
)

48
Са

beam intensity
on the target

1.2 p

A

Development:


1
.

Modernization

of

the

axial

injection

structure

was

done
.


2
.

The

48
Са

beam

intensity

on

the

target

increased

from

0
.
7
p

A

to

1
.
2
p

A

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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FLNR: U
-
400M cyclotron operating time in 2003

ION

Intensity,
pps

Total
operating

time t
o
, hr.

Irradiation
time of
target t
t,
hr.

t
o
/ t
t

T

10
10

2330

1410

60%

Li

2

10
12

520

420

81%

N

2

10
12

400

240

60%

Total

3250

2079

64%

Development:


1.

RF generators reliability of
cyclotron is raised.


2.

New diagnostic elements are
installed on ion beam transport
cannels and axial injection system.

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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ION SOURCES in 2003


Intense beam of
48
Ca ion was provided for synthesizing of element 115
at the U400 cyclotron
.


The intensity of
48
Ca
5+

~ 100 e

A and the consumption of calcium ~ 0.8 mg/h.


At the U400M cyclotron an exotic beam of tritium ions was provided for the experiments on
synthesis of the heavy isotopes of hydrogen in the reaction T + T at the ACCULINA facility.


The 2.45GHz ECR with the new permanent magnet

magnetic system for MASHA mass
-
analyzer was tested at the test bench with the helium ion beam.



The device for DRIBs
emittance measurement
was designed and
manufactured.



II stage of DRIBs project:
the ECR charge breeder
ion source (DECRIS
-
4)
was designed.



The magnetic system of
ECRIS with “liquid helium
free”

superconducting coils
was tested.

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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Main results in 2003:

1.
Movable Reflector 3


control assembly of the MR
-
3 without the
casing is executed


start
-
up of the MR
-
3 without the casing in
the air environment is carried out


level of vibrations is checked up


control assembly of the MR
-
3 together with
the casing has been started

2. New Fuel Loading


manufacturing of fuel elements at “Mayak”
is completed.


set of components of fuel assemblies are
made and delivered to JINR.


Total running time of IBR
-
2
-

681 hours


(January
-
February of 2004)

I.
Modernization of IBR
-
2

assembling of the MR
-
3

FRANK LABORATORY of

NEUTRON PHYSICS

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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Financing plan of the IBR
-
2 refurbishment

1995
-
99

2000

2001

2002

2003

Total

JINR

Plan
(
k
$)

550

190

700

250

250

1940

Fact
(
k
$)

602

193

233

130

285

1443

%%

109

102

33

52

114

74

Ministr
y of
Atomic
Energy

Plan (k$)



300

300

450

450

1500

Fact
(
k
$)



342

301

423

332

1398

%%



114

100

94

74

93

Total
:

Plan
(
k
$)

550

490

1000

700

700

3440

Fact
(
k
$)

602

53
5

534

553

617

2841

%%

109

109

53

79

88

83

Plans for 2004


start
-
up of the reactor with the new MR
-
3 in the middle of 2004


delivering of the new fuel loading from “Mayak”


assembling of fuel elements at JINR


manufacturing the new vessel and other equipment of the reactor IBR
-
2M

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council, 15.01.2004

Fundamental Investigations:


DUBTO
-

Resonant behaviour of the both the
pp

-

and nn

+

systems, produced in

4
He
interaction.


MUON


Investigation of the muon properties
and the muon interactions with matter.


FAMILON
-

The study of the two
-
particle muon
decay on an electron and golston's massless
boson.



-
CATALISIS
-

Measurements of muon
cataslazed fusion cycling rate temperature
dependence in a binary mixture D/T in the
temperature range 40
-
300 K.



Applied investigations
:

Cancer therapy;

SAD
-

Energy Amplifier


Machine development
:

Upgrade of the Phasotron and its beam
channels
;

Design of external injection in the Phasotron.

OPERATION OF PHASOTRON
(hours)

03.02
-
29.04.2003

Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems

Investigations at Phasotron

(users’ request facility)


Medicine









667








DUBTO











357





Energy Amplifier
(SAD)







65



Nuc
lear Spectroscopy
(YASNAPP)




111




Machine

development







198




MUON











238




TOTAL ACTUAL TIME IN
2003




1805





PLANED TIME IN 2003






2370


G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council, 15.01.2004

A multi
-
cabin Medico
-
Technical Complex
for radiotherapy with hadron beams from
Phasotron

Treatment cabin No 1 for proton therapy of
tumors seated in the head, neck, and trunk



667 hours of
phasotron operation
time were used for
medical applications
in 2003



98 patients were
treated with the
proton beam in 2003


G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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PLANS AND REALITY FOR 2003

START
-
UP IREN FACILITY BY THE END OF 2005

It was foreseen to realize three main tasks:

1. Dismantling of IBR
-
30 reactor to open a way for obtaining
the license for construction of the IREN facility

2. Completing the technological project of the facility and
choice of producers of multiplying target systems

3. Mounting of LUE
-
200 in Bld. 43 FLNP

Realization of these plans needed ~650K$


(including reimbursement of JINR debts

for years 2001
-
2002)


Following amounts were founded in 2003:

Dismantling IBR
-
30
-

80 k$(100% of request)

LUE
-
200


-

50 k$(~10% of request)

Transport system for IBR
-
30 activated elements

Bld. 117/6: site for extraction of uranium inserts

IREN


I
ntense

RE
sonance

N
eutron

source at FLNP

(facility is under construction)

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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CONSTRUCTION OF LUE
-
200

1. A detailed plan aimed at assembling of main parts of
LUE
-
200 into bld. 43 was prepared for year 2003

2. Large shift in implementation of this plan takes place
due to insufficient and irregular financing

3. Nevertheless main points have been fulfilled

due to
active and persistent work of personnel LPP


NEOUS
division

There is a good starting position for
completing during 2004 of the first
stage of LUE
-
200 linac


if necessary funding will be
available in time…

Electron gun test has shown planned parameters

Section grids of LUE
-
200 in bld. 43

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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IREN: PERSPECTIVES FOR YEAR 2004 AND THE FURTHER


Total investment into IREN project by the end of 2003 is 2.27 M$


Last estimation for the total cost of IREN facility is 4.5
-

5 M$



A new opportunity to get extra budget founding for the IREN project completion has
been opened recently in negotiation with directorate of “Kurchatov Institute”.

“Kurchatov Institute”


is ready to participate in the IREN project, in particular :



to take part in the scientific program;



to pay the contribution in the project realization;



to apply jointly with JINR to MinAtom for a special extra founding from MinAtom

“Kurchatov Institute” President E.Velikhov at the test bench of IREN on 06.01.04

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council, 05.06.2003

DELSY


Dubna ELectron SYnchrotron
(not budgetary facility)

Allocation of DELSY (LINAC
-
800 and storage ring) in Blds 118 and 119

Bld. 119

Bld. 118


2. The organization of
JINR
-
Russian
consortium in Dubna for
the DELSY project
elaboration and
synchrotron radiation
applications is one of the
most promising ways of
the project realization.
The income of JINR into
the consortium should be
the existed accelerator
equipment and
infrastructure.


3. Some extra budget
money was used for
DELSY elaboration in
2003

1.
JINR

Director V. Kadyshevsky was received by the vice
-
premier of RF

Government

prof. N.Aleshin in august, 2003. Special financing of the DELSY project was discussed.


Free Electron Lasers at LINAC
-
800 (Bld.118)

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council, 15.01.2004



reparation of the bld. 118 for LINAC
-
800
is in progress;



sources of the power supply (outer
transformers of the 2MWt total), and of the
distilled water has been revised;



reconstruction and placement of the
external water
-
water and water
-
oil coolers
is in progress



geodesic works in the accelerator hall
have been fulfilled



all the accelerator sections have been
brought in the hall



the accelerator sections of four stations
have been put on the supports

THE STATUS OF THE LINAK
-
800



technical project of the LINAC
-
800 accelerator construction is finished;



project of short bunch injector has been developed in collaboration with NPO “ISTOK” (Fryazino);



DELSY

control room has been reconstructed


Accelerator sections of LINAC
-
800 in Bld. 118

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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0
3000
6000
9000
12000
15000
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

Час
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
30000
35000
40000
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

CONCLUSIONS

total operation (hours) of JINR facilities



Total operation of JINR facilities is steady and increases during all last years.



Electricity consumption of JINR facilities increases according to the operation.



Expenses of the JINR budget for electricity increases according to the consumption and to the
price of electricity and has reached ~ 2 M$.



Breakdowns of equipment create regular problems of facility operation and, in particular, resulted
in default of operation plans of nuclotron and phasotron in 2003.



Reliable operation of JINR facilities

requires additional and regular expenses for the technical
support and development of the facilities.

electricity consumption (kW x hours)

of JINR facilities

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council, 05.06.2003

2. JINR Technical Policy and Infrastructure


In order to improve and develop the technical policy and infrastructure at
JINR, a supplement to the Programme of JINR’s Scientific Research and
Development for the years 2003
-
2009 is in progress now and will be prepared for
the session of the 96
th
Scientific Council (July 2004). This activity has been started
by a working group established by the JINR Directorate.




The supplement will include the status, proposals of maintenance and
development as well as requests for necessary resources in 2003
-
2009 for:


Basic facilities


Energy, heating and water


Experimental workshops


Technical infrastructure of laboratories


Radiation, nuclear and industrial safety


Information technologies


Staff policy



The proposed programme of JINR’s engineering and technical
development for the next seven years is in fact the first attempt of a systemized
approach to the analysis of the current and perspective status of the Institute’s
technical infrastructure and its personnel


G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council, 05.06.2003

3. Young Staff at JINR

(Supplement to “The Programme
of JINR’s Scientific Research and Development for 2003

2009”)

For elaboration of the Programme “Young Staff at JINR”, the following
measures are envisaged:


the continuous education system: secondary school
-

higher education
-

research
centre;


activities oriented at secondary school students;


further development of the system of international schools and programmes for
students and young scientists;


improvement of the system of scientific and professional competitions and prizes for
youth;


establishment of a system of grants for the most gifted young scientists;


providing a reasonable and attractive start level of wages, and a system of personal
bonuses depending on the results of professional activity;


hosing programme development, which would allow young JINR staff members to
expect to buy their own apartments;


improvement of the Institute’s material resources related to culture and sport, and
providing the staff with modern medical and other services.

G.Shirkov, Basic Facilities, JINR Scientific Council,
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