GIS and Emerging Technology

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Dec 10, 2013 (4 years and 5 months ago)


GIS and Emerging Technology


June 23
24 . CPCC . Charlotte . North Carolina

What is GIS?

Interrelated technologies

Computer technology that combines geographic
data & information

Generates maps and reports.

A systematic way to collect and manage location
based information.

Difficult to define because of the evolution of

According to John O’Looney in
Beyond Maps

Spatial analysis or spatial statistical analysis
ability to
generate statistics, including statistics based on user
defined geographic regions.

Network analysis
ability to calculate distances, to calculate
the most efficient routes, and to summarize network flow
rates in relation to other data.

assisted design (CAD)
drawing capabilities used
to create blueprints, three
dimensional models of facilities,
and architectural renderings.

Automated mapping/Facilities mapping (AM/FM)
ability to
translate numerical data relating to facility size and location
into a digital map or visual display.

Geocoding and global positioning systems (GPS)
ability to identify a particular location with standard
map coordinates.

Database management systems (DBMS)
database manipulation capabilities; sorting querying,
joining, appending, updating, restructuring, and
relating tables and fields. Land information systems
mapping and database capabilities for property
or land records.

Spatial decision support systems (SDSS)
ability to
analyze geographic data to support decisions.

GIS is…

GIS is…

Multimedia, hypertext, and hot links
ability to use
sound, video, and images and provide interactive links
among various types of media.

Expert systems
based systems that allow users to
mimic the processes and decision
making skills of
subject experts.

Automated spatial modeling (ASM) such as space
attributes machine modeling (STAM), simulation, and
ability to model how a process interacts
with specific geographic constraints over time.

GIS Applications in Local Gov’t

Makes operations more efficient

Promotes collaboration

Allows for more integrative approach

Allows for modeling

Affects policy, business flow

Promotes cost sharing

Examples of GIS in Emerging Technologies

Economic Development

What's New at ESRI

2005/2010 Demographics

ESRI 2005/2010 demographic data is now
available. Discover important changes and trends in regional growth,
household wealth, employment, geography, and more.



2.85 MB]

Business Analyst Online

and maps for your project into a single PDF for easy viewing, storage, and

ArcGIS 9 Business Analyst

Access more than 1,000 2004/2009
demographic variables directly from the ArcGIS 9 platform. Business Analyst
data also includes
Community Tapestry

Consumer Expenditure
and two new reports.

Economic Development

Internet Economic Development with ArcIMS


Pablo Monzon


In the field of economic development, the Internet has
revolutionized the way communities deal with traditional
economic development issues. The breakthrough technology in
this area is the use of web
based GIS to facilitate new ways to
provide services and attract business. This practical session
will cover the use of ArcIMS for online business attraction, site
selection, demographic and business climate analysis,

business promotion and workforce development. Investing in
this technology generates significant return on investment.
Learn to leverage the economic

development secrets of the web from ESRI and economic
development award
winning case studies.


Acquis ADE to Enable Real
Time Address and Map Updates to Improve Public Safety and
Emergency Response



May 24, 2005

Acquis, the leader in
Spatial Data Editing and Management solutions, today announced that Michael Baker, Jr. Inc.
(Baker), an engineering unit of Michael Baker Corporation (AMEX:BKR) and project manager of
the West Virginia Statewide Addressing and Mapping Board (WVSAMB), has selected the
Acquis Data Editor (ADE) as the spatial data editor for the West Virginia unified geospatial
mapping and E9
1 system.

This announcement was made during the prestigious Irish Presidential Trade Mission in Seattle,
Washington, where Acquis participated as one of 30 Irish
based companies that have
developed world
leading products and services in the aerospace, enterprise technology or
telecommunications industries. The Trade Mission was organized by Enterprise Ireland, a
government agency responsible for the development of the Irish industry, and led by The
President of Ireland, Mary Mc Aleese. (See related announcement, “Enterprise Ireland Brings
Leading Companies to the Largest Presidential Trade Mission in the U.S.” May 23, 2005.)

“The project is the first in the United States to integrate geospatial databases and E9
1 at the
statewide level, requiring a system that is both simple and scalable,” said Joe Seppi, Baker's
WVSAMB project manager. “Acquis met the requirements by providing an easy
use spatial
editing solution that can scale to provide every county in West Virginia with the ability to edit and
save spatial information in real
time, using a simple web browser. The simplicity and power of
the Acquis solution is impressive.”

GIS in Transportation

T Conference


Ecotrust's mission is to build Salmon Nation, a place where people
and wild salmon thrive.

Knowledge Systems is the informational toolkit for Salmon Nation, housing
the organization's analytical, technical, and map
making capacities. By
integrating ecological and economic information into sophisticated analyses
and compelling, map
based outputs, Knowledge Systems builds a data
foundation for the Salmon Nation vision.

The work of Knowledge Systems includes reporting, planning, and
visioning. An output of Knowledge Systems work is the transformation of
Ecotrust's intellectual capital into a series of stand
alone toolkits for
assessing and monitoring the state of the bioregion and envisioning new
market infrastructures within it. The first of these toolkits

the Ocean
Communities 3E Analysis Network (

grew out of our groundfish
work and allows users to apply a spatial lens to fisheries management.
Complementary toolkits for the food & farms and forestry sectors are now in


Gatekeeper Systems Helps South Central
Power Manage Outage Emergencies
with NaviGate Spatial Data Fusion

Pasadena, CA. June 2, 2005

Gatekeeper Systems is
pleased to announce that South Central Power (SCP)
of Lancaster, Ohio has selected the NaviGate suite of
data fusion based applications to better serve its
members through improved outage management

Gatekeeper Systems will install NaviGate, an off
shelf solution that provides SCP management and
operations staff direct graphical access to electric
network facilities data and customer data. The system
also provides immediate access to critical transactional
operational data including outage and customer call
data from the SCP trouble
call system. SCP staff will
be able to easily access enterprise data and derived
outage information through the NaviGate web browser
based map user interface. The NaviGate Outage
Management Module will provide SCP operations and
dispatch personnel the tools to easily group trouble
calls into outages and assign repair crews in an
efficient and timely manner when outages occur.

Public Health

Current Reports

No. 64, May 2005

View/download PDF

2.2 MB

Selected topics of interest in this
edition include:

CDC/NCHS GIS Lecture on
Housing and Health
June 28,

GIS Guidance: Lead Poisoning
Report for Prevention Programs

Maps in American Fact Finder:
Reference and Thematic

Future Directions for the National
Spatial Data Infrastructure

Appendix: Mapping Health
Youth with

GIS and Public Health


GIS Home

Selected Maps

Public Health GIS News and

GIS and Related Events

to Related Sites

CDC/NCHS Privacy Policy Notice


Search NCHS


NCHS Definitions

Contact us

Tax Maps

James W. Sewall Company produced a brochure
discussing the use of GIS with maintaining tax

Tax Maps: Source Documents for GIS

The recent explosion of interest in municipal
database geographic information systems (GIS)
has created a growing demand for reliable sources
of digital map data. A well
designed GIS is built
upon an accurate, consistent mapping base, which
indicates the planimetric or physical ground
features of a given area. On this foundation, other
layers of mapping data are added, such as parcel
ownership, zoning, and water and sewer
infrastructure. One potential source of data for GIS
is existing parcel or tax assessors’ maps. How
suitable are such maps as source documents?
More communities are producing taxmaps in
digital format than ever before. Software
companies are scrambling to create tax databases
integrated with GIS data. The Internet has played a
major role in allowing public access to records
that once had to be obtained from tax offices.

Tax Maps

Cadastral GIS applications, while not as
glamorous as GIS applications for
emergency response or law enforcement,
enhance the performance of the assessor's
office and often provide the foundation for
the development of GIS throughout a local

Cadastral data defines the geographic extent
of the past, current, and future rights and
interests in real property and the spatial
information needed to describe that geographic
extent. These rights and interests are
contained in land record documents

The technology that captures aerial and digital
orthophotography has improved so much over
the past 6 to 10 years that the imagery is less
expensive than ever before while the product is
better quality.

Law Enforcement

COMSTAT is also a real
life crime program, which was first created by the
New York
City Police

and Transit Authority to help cut crime. During his short
tenure, Jack
Maple was able to help turn New York from a crime
ridden city to a place where
people felt comfortable jogging in Central Park again. While probably emerging as
the most viewed mainstream example of GIS, "The District" is by know means the
first example of GIS in pulp media.
Patricia Cornwell's

police murder mystery,
"Southern Cross" also introduced COMSTAT as her detectives attempt to track

Crime Analysis

COMSTAT, and other GIS
crime mapping

applications have since become
widespread and almost commonplace in law enforcement agencies nationwide as
well as worldwide. Probably one of the most invaluable tools available for effective
crime fighting is information. Using maps to display that information is an old tool.
The advent of desktop computers has significantly increased the role of computer
mapping. The availability of low
cost and user
friendly GIS applications has further
served to increase the use of GIS in crime mapping. The 1994
Violent Crime Control
and Law Enforcement Act

provided a boost to the implementation of GIS by
providing funding for crime prevention programs. The added functionality of a GIS
over computer mapping has increased the capabilities of crime fighting. GIS'
replacement of paper
based or flat file searching increases the efficiency and speed
of the analysis.

Law Enforcement

Crime Analysis Tools™

Crime Analysis Tools™(CAT) is an ArcGIS™
extension designed to enable both new and
experienced Law Enforcement professionals to
analyze crimes and calls for service. As your needs
grow and diversify, CAT can grow with you by adding
modules for spatial analysis and publishing to the free

Custom wizards guide users through data import,
creation of pinmaps, analysis of multiple types of crime
and map production. CAT integrates with a personal
geodatabase or ArcSDE™ to enhance performance
and ease of use. It also has the ability to remember
customized queries so that new periodic reports and
graphs of crime statistics are easily generated. CAT
enables crime analysts to easily complete a variety of
tasks, including the examination of crimes around
schools to assist with school security issues.

Crime Analysis Tools was awarded the distinction of
1st place in the category of
Best Integrated Product

in the ESRI ArcGIS Challenge Contest at the 2002
ESRI Worldwide Business Partner Conference. For
more information about CAT, please contact BCS.

Land Use

Potential for Integrated GIS
Agriculture Models for Precision Farming Systems.

Thomas Goddard, Len Kryzanowski, Karen Cannon, Cesar Izaurralde, Tim Martin


Precision farming aims to optimize the use of soil resources and external inputs(fertilizers and
herbicides) on a site specific basis. Precision farming takes advantage of rapidly evolving GPS
technology together with electronic sensors and controllers to monitor crop response under
variable inputs and landscape position. Objectives of this study were: (i) to discover the soil
input relationships governing crop yields in characteristic Alberta landscapes, (ii) to
test the performance of an agricultural simulation model using site
specific data, and (iii) to
develop a method to analyze high
resolution data by linking the model to a GIS. Crop yields
were monitored during 1994 and 1995 at four sites in Alberta using a high
precision 3
The Erosion
Productivity Impact Calculator (EPIC) model was run on a sub
field, site
basis using soil pit information and two levels of climatic data. The crop growth routines were
compared against two years of yield maps obtained from 40

100 ha fields. A program was
designed and built to couple the EPIC model with the GRASS
GIS. Our results show the
potential to depict and analyze the variance in crop yield, leaching potential, erosion risk and
economics on a farm field scale. The application of this approach in precision farming would
allow for optimizing the use of resources on a site
specific basis thereby contributing to minimize
detrimental environmental impacts such as nitrate leaching or erosion.

Software for Land Use Data


Message from the Editor


Welcome to
week I saw a preview of “live
code” of Microsoft's MSN Virtual
Earth, which will ultimately replace
the MSN Maps and Directions
website. According to Mark Law,
lead product manager for the
MapPoint business unit, MSN
Virtual Earth began with a team of
people who posed the question,
what do we really want to do with
location on the internet in terms of
a web
based location site? Read
about their resulting strategy in
this week's Industry News.


Open Geospatial Connection

In the complex Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
ecosystem, no standard can stand on its own, so the Open Geospatial
Consortium (OGC) interface and encoding standards for the interoperability
among geoprocessing components and services are being harmonized with
other essential Internet, telecommunication and geospatial standards. By
working with other standards organizations, OGC makes it easier to
integrate geoprocessing into enterprise systems and other ICT applications
and infrastructures.

The relationship with the Organization for the Advancement of Structured
Information Standards (OASIS) is particularly important. OASIS is a not
profit, international consortium that drives the development, convergence
and adoption of e
buisness standards (OGC is a voting member).

Communication means “transmitting or exchanging through a common
system of smbols, signs or behavior.” Standardization means “agreeing on
a common system.” The vast, global system being built by ICT standards
organizations is a shared system of open specifications that enable
developers to build software and automated services that work together

Demographics and Mobile Field Data Collection

Mobile Maturity

With increased scrutiny on
technology spending and a
demand for rapid return on
investment, field
solutions have gained
prominence. Taking data into
the field creates efficiencies,
and data quality improves
through filed verification and
update. With less time spent
gathering better quality data,
such gains immediately
translate into dollars saved.

U.S. Census Bureau

The U.S. Census Bureau is exploring
the feasibility of using handheld
computers in future enumeration
activities. Recently in Sussex Co, DE,
the Census Bureau tested the
feasibility of using maps on a
handheld computer and examined the
changes in productivity that resulted
from the addition of a GPS receiver, a
route display, and turnby
directions to the maps. This session
will describe the objectives and
implementation of the test, discuss our
findings on the interaction between
field staff and handheld mobile
mapping, and describe plans for the
future development and testing of
mobile mapping at the U.S. Census


Emerging Technology Summit Explores “Bleeding Edge”

The third Emerging Technology Summit on the Sensor Web was held
April 14
15, 2005 in Washington, D.C. The event was co
hosted by
based Geospatial Information & Technology Association and
Wayland, Mass.
based Open Geospatial Consortium that explore
emerging technologies with a geospatial component.

The summit explored technology, systems and policy issues related to
creating sensor webs, which combine location
aware sensors with
wireless and Internet communication technologies to provide near
time observations and Earth measurements.

Partner Conference Locates Growth in
Geographic Intelligence

Ordnance Survey and its business partners are celebrating the success
of a major conference designed to champion the growing use of
geographic intelligence in business. A growing number of partners are
working with customers migrating to new generation OS MasterMap
data from other large
scale Ordnance Survey products.

Around 140 representatives of Ordnance Survey partners, publishers
and developers attended the two
day event at the Alexandra House
conference centre near Swindon.

They discussed the best solutions and services involving geographic
data and mapping technology for commercial markets.

"The conference was about moving forward together and finding new
opportunities for growth," says Phil Lines, who heads Ordnance.
Survey's partner alliance program. "It was an excellent opportunity for
us all to learn from each other at a time of growing recognition of
accurate, consistent geographic data as a mainstream

business tool."

In Summary

At the 2004 Annual ESRI International User Conference in
San Diego, CA., Jack Dangermond was the plenary
speaker. He is the founder and President of ESRI and
had this to say, “Geography is the science of our world.
It’s increasingly being seen as a framework for
understanding patterns, relationships, and processes at
all scales, not just the whole globe, but our little
neighborhoods, our watersheds, our states, our cities, our
nation. It’s a framework for thinking about things, for
modeling the future, for visualizing, and also integrating
and referencing what we know.”

Dangermond noted, “You and I live in a radically,
rapidly changing world
increasing population and
urbanization, globalization, economic development,
and environmental change.” Dealing with this
increasingly complex, crowded and challenging
world requires greater understanding, not just more
information. GIS has emerged as the language of
geography. It is evolving and expanding in
response to change.

Geospatial References

Thank you

Cathy Cole


P.O. Box 35009

Charlotte, NC