Union Resolutions adopted at the Toronto General Assembly (August 1999)

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Union Resolutions adopted at the Toronto General Assembly

(August 1999)




U.1. Organisation of URSI General Assemblies

The URSI Council,

Considering

a)

that Member committees are often confronted with practical difficulties (financial,
organisational) in

the preparation of the venue of URSI General Assemblies in
their territories;

b)

that a mutual advantage, for the local organising committee of a General Assembly
and for URSI, could be gained from a stronger direct involvement of URSI in the
setting up o
f a General Assembly;

c)

that the recurrent organisation of such large events, once a format has been
approved and a structure has become operational, should be facilitated;

d)

that the current financial situation of URSI provides several degrees of freedo
m;


Resolves

to allow the URSI Board to take control of the organisation, and of the financing, of
URSI General Assemblies, to the extent deemed appropriate.




U.2. URSI standing committees

The URSI Council,

Considering

a)

that URSI standing committees ha
ve been set up to achieve important tasks for the
Union;

b)

that each Standing Committee chairman has to co
-
ordinate actions with the
committee members in full interaction with the URSI Board of Officers;

c)

that in many instances the operation of these st
anding committees has proven to be
difficult and sometimes impossible due to a lack of proper articulation with the
URSI instances (Board, Secretariat…);


Resolves

1.

to re
-
examine the need of each Standing Committee and to eliminate those which
are not in
dispensable;

2.

to give to the remaining Standing Committees the means to be active, e.g. by
inviting the Standing Committee chairmen to the relevant meetings of the Board of
Officers or through establishing the appropriate procedure allowing them an
optim
al operation.




U.3. Network of Correspondents

(adding of articles 2, 4 and modification of 7)

The URSI Council,

Resolves
to maintain the Network of Correspondents with the following provisions :

1.

Any scientist attending a General Assembly or an URSI
Symposium will become a
Correspondent for the three
-
year period following the Assembly, the cost financed
by a special fee included in the registration fee;

2.

Any Correspondent will must explicitly indicate if he/she authorises or not the
URSI Secretariat

to use his/her name and address at aims exclusively in relation
with the objectives of the Union, e.g. the publication of a Correspondent directory;

3.

Other scientists may seek inclusion in the Network of Correspondents for the same
three
-
year period by
applying directly to the URSI Secretariat and paying the
special fee;

4.

After each General Assembly the URSI Secretariat shall contact the
Correspondents who did not attend this last General Assembly and propose them to
pay relevant fee;

5.

The Board may
decide to waive the special fee for a scientist, indicated in resolves
3, above, who requests this dispensation;

6.

Correspondents will be issued a numbered card allowing reduced registration fees
at certain URSI
-
sponsored symposia and conferences, and wil
l receive the Radio
Science Bulletin;

7.

Correspondents will have no voting rights, but will be encouraged to express their
views in the Commissions.




U.4. Support for Bioelectromagnetic research

The URSI Council

Recognising:

a)

that all lives on earth
thrive in a natural electromagnetic environment. Over the
past few decades, we have learned to understand some of its characteristics and we
have applied them in abundant ways to embellish our lives. Indeed, we have come
to depend on the electromagnetic en
vironment for life, health, safety, information,
comfort, and conveyance.

b)

Bioelectromagnetic research has developed a unique body of new knowledge and it
is crossing a threshold from the traditional boundaries of biological and
biophysical sensitivities
. This new knowledge provides an invaluable bridge
between health hazards of exposures to electromagnetic fields and waves and new
diagnostic and therapeutic uses of electromagnetic fields and waves.

c)

As scientific understanding of the interaction of ele
ctromagnetic interaction with
biological systems increases, the prospect for its use in biology and medicine
becomes greater also.


Resolves

that URSI Member Committees encourage appropriate international and national
organisations to promote research on

the effects of electromagnetic fields and waves
in biology, and their uses in diagnostic and therapeutic medicine, for the benefit of
human society.


U.5. URSI Resolution on Criminal Activities using Electromagnetic Tools

The URSI Council

Considering

a)

At the URSI General Assembly of 1984 a resolution was adopted on the adverse
effects of a High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse due to a Nuclear Explosion.

b)

The present resolution is intended to draw the attention of the scientific community
to the effects

of criminal activities using electromagnetic tools. This kind of action
can be defined as an intentional malicious generation of electromagnetic energy
introducing noise or signals into electric and electronic systems, thus disrupting,
confusing or damagi
ng these systems for terrorist or criminal purposes.

c)

Criminal activities using electromagnetic tools is an outgrowth of more familiar
disciplines: Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) and Electromagnetic
Interference (EMI). In this case, however, the ter
rorist produces the offending
currents or radiation intentionally. Accidental radiation can cause severe and
inopportune damage to electronics, so those fields or more severe field levels can
certainly also be intentionally impressed on vulnerable equipmen
t. The
electromagnetic compatibility community must be prepared to deal with new
threats as they emerge.

This resolution is intended to make people aware of:

-

the existence of criminal activities using electromagnetic tools and associated
phenomena.

-

the

fact that criminal activities using electromagnetic tools can be undertaken
covertly and anonymously and that physical boundaries such as fences and walls
can be penetrated by electromagnetic fields.

-

the potential serious nature of the effects of crimin
al activities using
electromagnetic tools on the infrastructure and important functions in society such
as transportation, communication, security, and medicine.

-

that in consequence, the possible disruption on the life, health and economic
activities of
nations could have a major consequence.

It should be noted that the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) under
Subcommittee 77C is developing a program to protect systems against these new EM
threats.

Resolves

That URSI should recommend to the s
cientific community in general and the EMC
community in particular to take into account this threat and to undertake the following
actions:

1.

Perform additional research pertaining to criminal activities using electromagnetic
tools in order to establish a
ppropriate levels of vulnerability.

2.

Investigate techniques for appropriate protection against criminal activities using
electromagnetic tools and to provide methods that can be used to protect the public
from the damage that can be done to the infrastru
cture by terrorists.

3.

Develop high
-
quality testing and assessment methods to evaluate system
performance in these special electromagnetic environments.

4.

Provide reasonable data regarding the formulation of standards of protection and
support the standa
rdisation work which is in progress.


U.6. URSI Resolution on Seismo
-
Electromagnetics

The URSI Council

Considering

that there have been recently increased interests and a lot of achievements in seismo
-
electromagnetics. There have been many convincing re
ports on the presence of
electromagnetic noises immediately preceding earthquakes and also on the
atmospheric and ionospheric perturbations (plasma disturbances and waves)
associated with earthquakes. The overall understanding on the lithosphere
-
atmospher
e
-
ionosphere coupling will be a new, challenging science field, and also this
would be important for the short
-
term earthquake prediction.


Resolves

that URSI Member Committees encourage studies to be undertaken of the relationship
of electromagnetic phen
omena and atmospheric and ionospheric perturbations with
earthquakes. Support for the research in this interdisciplinary field is encouraged, and
collaboration with other societies is highly required.




U.7. Scientific Committee on Telecommunications

The

URSI Council

Considering that

a)

Scientific aspects of telecommunications are present in the terms of reference of
most Commissions and that this situation calls for some liaison,

b)

URSI research activities in the telecommunications domain would greatly
benefit
by an increased collaboration with ITU
-
R and, to some extent, with industry,

c)

The interests of Science Services in the frequency allocation process are
represented by IUCAF,

d)

A Scientific Committee on Telecommunications (SCT) had been created a
t the
XXIIIrd GA (Prague, 1990) to deal with relevant matters, but it was deactivated at
the XXVth GA (Lille, 1996),


Resolves

1.

To reactivate the SCT with Terms of Reference as defined below,

2.

To appoint Prof. P. Delogne as the Chairman of the SCT. Th
e SCT will include a
representative of each Commission, appointed by the Chairs of the Commissions,
and will also include a representative of the ITU Radiocommunications Bureau.


Terms of Reference

1.

To initiate, promote and co
-
ordinate inter
-
commissio
n activities in the
telecommunications area through the formation of inter
-
commission working
groups on specific topics to be identified, and through the organisation of joint
symposia such as Commsphere.

2.

To identify areas of common interest to URSI and

ITU
-
R and, where appropriate to
exchange relevant information between the URSI Commissions and the ITU
-
R
Study Groups, and to promote URSI/ITU
-
R activities,

3.

To keep the URSI community informed on ITU
-
R matters through the Radio
Science Bulletin,

4.

To

initiate, co
-
ordinate and liaise URSI contributions with ITU
-
R.