08D403 ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS - PSG College of Technology

rawfrogpondUrban and Civil

Nov 16, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

486 views


8

SEMESTER
1


08O101 CALCULUS AND ITS APPLICATIONS












3 2 0 4


BASIC CONCEPTS
: Limits and Continuity
-
Revision
.


(2)


MAXIMA AND MINIMA:
Maxima and minima of two variables, Constrained maxima and minima
-

Lagrange multiplier
method
.


(4)



INTE
GRAL CALCULUS:
Evaluation of multiple

integrals, Change the order of integration, Application of multiple integrals
to find area and volume
-

Applications to engineering problems. Beta and Gamma Integrals
-

Evaluation of definite integrals
in terms of Beta a
nd Gamma functions
.



(8)


ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF FIRST ORDER:

Basic concepts, Geometrical meaning, Separable
differential equations . Modeling: Separable equations. Exact differential equations, Integrating factors, Linear differenti
al
equa
tions, Bernouli equations
-

Applications to engineering problems
.


(8)


LINEAR DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF SECOND AND HIGHER ORDER:
Homogeneous linear equations of second
order and higher order equations with constant coefficients. Euler
-
Cauchy equation, N
on
-
homogeneous equations,
Solution by variation parameter,
-

Applications to engineering problems
.


(10)


VECTOR CALCULUS:
Differentiation of vectors

Gradient, Divergence, Curl, Directional derivatives. Line ,Surface
integrals
-
Statement of Green’s ,Gauss
Divergence and Stoke’s Theorems
-

Applications to engineering problems
.


(10)




Total

42

TEXT BOOK
S
:

1.


Erwin Kreyszig, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, John Wiley& Sons,2004
.

2
.
Geo
r
ge

B
,
Thomas

J
r. and

Ross

L

Finney,

”Cal
culus and Analytical Geometry ,

Addison Wesley, 2004
.


REFERENCE
S:

1.


Ray
W
ylie

C and

Louis C

Barrett,” Advanced Engineering Mathematics”,
Tata
McGraw
-
Hill

Publishing Company


Ltd,

2003
.

2.
Riely K

F
, Hobson M P and Bence S J, “
Mathema
tical Methods for Physics and Engineering”,

Cambridge
U
niversity



Press, 2002.



08
D
102 APPLIED PHYSICS

(Also common with
08C102/
08M102/ 08E102/ 08L102/ 08Y102/ 08P102/ 08Z102/ 08A102/ 08T102/
08I102/ 08B102/ 08U102)

3 0 0 3


ULTRASONICS:


Introduct
ion. Production


magnetostriction effect, magnetostriction generator, inverse piezoelectric
effect, piezoelectric generator.

Ultrasonics detection, Properties,


Cavitation.


Industrial applications


drilling, welding,
soldering and cleaning.


Non Destruc
tive Testing


pulse echo system,

through transmission, resonance system.


Medical
applications


cardiology, neurology, ophthalmology, ultrasonic

imaging


(9)




LASER TECHNOLOGY:

Introduction.


Principle
-

spontaneous emission, stimulated emission
,

Population inversion.
Pumping mechanisms.


Types of lasers
-

He
-
Ne, CO
2
, Nd:YAG, Excimer, Dye lasers, Semiconductor laser.


Applications
-

Spectroscopic analysis of materials, lasers in microelectronics, drilling, welding, heat treatment, cutting, holog
raphy,
defence and ranging.


(9)



FIBER OPTICS AND SENSORS:
Principle.


Modes of propagation.


Fabrication techniques


rod and tube

method,
crucible
-
crucible technique.


Classification based on materials, refractive index profile, modes.


Splicing.


Losses in optical
fiber.


Light sources for fiber optics.


Detectors.


Fiber optical communication links.


Fiber optic sensors
-

temperat
ure,
displacement, voltage and magnetic field measurement.

(8)


QUANTUM PHYSICS AND MICROSCOPY:
Development of quantum theory.


Dual nature of matter and rad
iation
-

de
Broglie wave length. Uncertainty principle. Schroedinger’s equation
-
Time dependent, Time independent.


Particle in a
box.


Limitations of optical microscopy. Electron microscope. Scanning electron microscope, Transmission electron
microscope, S
canning Transmission Electron Microscope, applications.


(8)



VACUUM SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY:
Introduction. Concepts of vacuum
-

Throughput, Pumping speed, Effective
pumping speed and Conductance.


Types of pumps
-

Working principle and construction of rotary pump, diffusion pump,
turbo molecular pump.


Operation of pressure gauges
-

pressure range,
measurement

of vacuum using Pirani and
Penning gauges, merits and limitations.

Working of a vacuum system

Applications

and scope.


(8)


Total


42

TEXT BOOKS:

1


Avadhanulu

M

N and Kshir Sagar P

G, “A Text Book of
Engineering Physics
”, S.
Chand

&
Company

Ltd., New Delhi,
200
7.

2


Rao V V, Ghosh T B and Chopra K L, “Vacuum Science and Technology”, Allied Publishers L
imited, New Delhi, 1998.


9

REFERENCES:

1.


Jayakumar S, “Engineering Physics”, R K Publishers, Coimbatore, 2007.

2.



Kannan M D and Balusamy V, “Engineering Physics”, Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi, 2003.

3.


Palanisamy P K, “Engineering Physics”, Scitech Publi
cations, Chennai, 2002.

4.


Ageov N, Zuev A I and Kokora A, "Laser and Electron Beam Materials Processing", Mir Publications, Moscow, 1998.



08D103 BIOCHEMISTRY I










3 0 0 3


CARBOHYDRATES:

Carbohydrates

monosaccharide


properties, cyclic structure
, glycosidic linkage, oligosaccharides
-
sucrose, maltose, cellobiose, lactose


structure and properties. Polysaccharides
-
starch, cellulose


structure and
properties. Biological importance of carbohydrates.








(10)







PROTEINS AND GLYCOPROT
EINS:

Function of carbohydrates,
p
roteins


amino acids: Classification, structure,
properties and chemical reactions: Peptides: Structure of proteins: classification and functions.



(
10
)





LIPIDS:

Introduction


t
ypes of lipids,
chemical nature of lipid types: fattyacids, TAG, phospholipids, sphingolipids,
glycolipids, sterols. Biological membranes; structure, composition and membrane proteins: transport across the
membrane.










(10)


NUCLEIC ACIDS:

Nucleic acids


chemical composition of nucleic acids ; bases, nucleosides, nucleotides: nucleic acid
polymers: structure complementarity’s and functions of nucleic acids.







(12)






Total 42

TEXT BOOKS:

1.

M
ichael M Cox and

David L Nelson, “
Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry, W

H.Freeman and Company, New Y
ork
,

2005

2.

McKee T and McKee J R, “Biochemistry
-
An
I
ntroduction“, W

C Brown Publishers, lowa, 1996.


REFERENCES:

1.

Stanley H Pine, “Organic Chemistry “
,
McGraw


Hill Publis
hers, 2007.

2.

Donald Voet, Judith G Voet and
Charlotte W Pratt, “Fundamentals of Biochemistry: Life at the molecular Le
vel”, John
Wiley
&

Sons, New Jersey, 2006.

3.

Morrison and Boyd, “Organic Chemistry”, Pearson Education Asia, New York, 2002
.

4.

Zubay G L, “B
iochemistry”,

WCB

/

McGraw Hill Publishers, lowa, 1998.

5.

Stryer L, “Biochemistry”, W H Freeman and Company, New York
,
1975.



08O104 COMMUNICATION SKILLS IN ENGLISH

3 0 2 4


READING:

Reading Practice on a variety of subjects to develop Reading skills s
uc
h as identifying main ideas and u
sing
contexts for vocabulary.(General and semi
-
technical articles from Newspapers and Science Mag
azines)


(10)


WRITING:

Fundamental Principles of clear writing


Style and tone in formal writing with Exercises
.





(
5
)



MECHANICS OF WRITING:

Grammar in context
-

focus areas


Tenses, Prepositions, Modals, Adjectives,
Transformation
of
sentences
.












(
7
)


TECHNICAL WRITING:

Definition, Description, Instructions
,

a
nd Writing Technical
Papers.




(4)


TRANSCODING:

Interpreting Graphics and Writing coherent paragraphs.





(
2
)


Writing for focus












(
2
)


MIND MAP:

Organisation of Coherent Paragraphs and
E
ssays,









(
2
)


Cloze Test to improve Vocabulary, syntax and reading skills








(
4
)


Letter Writing
and

Short reports










(
6
)



PRACTICALS:


SPEAKING:

Practice in Speech Making Process

To develop Communica
tive Ability


Techniques for speaking fluently,
using body language, developing fluency and confidence.

Short Speeches





(
10
)


G
roup Discussions and Role
-
plays









(
8
)


Listening Activities













(10)



Total 70



10

TEXT

BOOK
S
:

1.

Teaching Material prepared by the Faculty, Department of English


2. Sankaranarayanan V, Sureshkumar S and Palanisamy, “Technical English for Engineering Students”, PHI, 2
008.



REFERENCES:

1.

Rodney Huddleston and Geoffrey K Pullam
,


A
S
tudent‘s Introduction to English Grammar
”,
Cambridge
University
Press
,
U

K
,
2005.

2.

Bert Decker
, “
The Art of Communicating
”,

Decker Communications, Inc., USA
,

2004.

3.

Meenakshi Raman and Sangeet
a

Sharma
, “
Technical

Communication
:

Principles and Practice
”,
Oxford
University
Press, U

K
,

2004.

4.

Dr AjayRai
, “
Effective English for Engineers and Technologies: Reading, Writing
and

Speaking
”,

Crest Publishing
House, New Delhi
,

2003.

5.

Paul V

Anderson
, ‘
Tec
hnical Communication
:

A Reader


C
entered Approach
”,
Asia Pte. Ltd., Singapore, 2003.

6.

Albert Joseph
, “
Writing Process 2000
”,

Prentice

Hall,

New Jersey, 1996
.




08
D
105 PROBLEM SOLVING AND C PROGRAMMING

(Also common with 08C105/08M105/ 08E105/ 08L105/ 0
8Y105/ 08P105/ 08A105/ 08T105/
08B105/ 08H105/ 08U105)



2 0 2 3


INTRODUCTION TO PROBLEM SOLVING:

Program development
-

Analyzing and Defining the Problem
-

Modular
Design
-

Algorithm
-
Flow Chart.


(3)



PROGRAMMING LA
NGUAGES
:


What is programming language
-
Types of programming language
-

Program
Development Environment.


(2)



C
:

The C character set


Identifiers and keywords


D
ata types


C
onstants


V
ariables


A
rrays


D
eclarations


E
xpressions


S
tatements


S
ym
bolic constants


O
perators & expressions


A
rithmetic operators


U
nary operators


R
elational & logical operators


A
ssignment operators


C
onditional operators


L
ibrary functions


D
ata input & output
functions.


(4)



CONTROL STATEMENTS
:

While state
ment


D
o
W
hile statement


F
or


N
ested loops


if else


S
witch


B
reak


continue


comma operator


go to statement


programs.


(2)


FUNCTIONS:

Defining a function


A
ccessing a function


P
assing arguments to functions


S
pecifying arguments data
t
ypes


F
unction prototypes


S
torage classes


auto


S
tatic


E
xtern and register variables.


(3)



ARRAYS:

Defining a
n

array


P
rocessing array


P
assing array to a function


M
ulti dimensional array


A
rray & strings.



(3)



POINTERS:


Declarations



P
ointers to a function


P
ointer and one dimensional arrays


O
perating a pointer


P
ointer
and multi dimensional arrays


A
rrays of pointers


P
assing functions to other functions.


(4)



STRUCTURES AND UNION
S
:

Definitions


P
rocessing a structure


U
ser defined data types


S
tructures and pointers


P
assing structure to functions


S
elf referential structures.


(2)


FILES
:

Open


C
lose


P
rocess


O
perations on a file.



(3)



Preprocessor Directives

-

Command Line Arguments.








(2)



Tot
al

28

TEXT BOOKS:

1.

Kernighan B W and Ritchie D M,

C Programming Language (ANSI C)
”, Pearson Education, 2004
.

2.
Herbert Schildt,

C


The Complete Reference

, McGraw Hill, 2001

3. Michael Schneider G, Steven W , Weingart and David M Perlman, “An

Introduction to Programming and Problem


Solving with Pascal “, John Wiley and Sons, 1998.


REFERENCES:

1.

G
ottfried


B,” Programming With C”, Mc

Graw Hill, 2004

2.
Deitel H M

and

Deitel P J, “C : How To Program”, Pea
rson Education
,

2001



08D106
BA
SICS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

3 1 0 3.5


FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRICITY AND DC CIRCUITS:

The fundamental laws of electrical engineering, Units, electric
current, Ohm’s law, Kirchoff’s law, the circuit elements, ideal independent current/voltage sources, symb
ols, energy &
power, resistance, inductance and capacitance.



(4)


11

Network Theorems
:
Thevenin and Norton’s theorem, Superposition theorem, Maximum Power Tra
nsfer theorem,
Compensation theorem, Reciprocity theorem. Alternating current and voltage
-
average and RMS values of sinusoidal
waveform, power factor, Phasor representation, sinusoidal steady state response of RLC Circuits, series and parallel
resonance. I
ntroduction to three phase systems.







(10)


DC MACHINES:
Types of dc motors
-
shunt motor, series motor, compound motor, construction, principle of operation,
speed
-
torque characteristics, starting, speed

control, braking, plugging.





(9)


AC MACHINES:
Types of AC motors
-
signal phase induction motor, three phase induction motor, synchronous motor,
principle of operation, speed
-
torque characteristics, starting, speed con
trol, and braking, Transformers, construction of
transformers, EMF equation of transformers.








(10)


SPECIAL MACHINES
: Stepper Motor: types, construction and operation of different types of stepper motor,
characteristics, control circuits, a
dvantages, applications.


Servo Motor: Servo
-
types, servomechanism, operation, control
circuit for AC servo motor, control circuit for DC servomotor, applications. Switched reluctance Motor: principle of
operation.



(9)












Total

42

TEXT BOOK:

1.

Gopal K Dubey, “Fundamen
tals of Electric Drives”, Naros
a Publishing House, New Delhi, 2001.


REFE
RENCES:

1
.

Theraja B L, “Elect
rical

Technology”, Volume II,

S
Chand & Co, New Delhi, 2003.

2
.

Charles Alexander and Mathew Sadiku, "Fundamentals of Electric Circuits", Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2001
.

3.

Ogata K, "Modern Control Engineering”, Prentice H
all of India, New Delhi, 1997
.

4.

Gupta B

R and Vandana Singhal, ”Fundamentals of Electrical Machines”, New Age International Publishers, New

Delhi,
1996
.



08D110
ENGINEERING GRAPHICS

(A
lso common with

08C110/ 08E110/ 08Y1
10/ 08Z110/ 08B110/
08H110/ 08U11
0/ 08L210/
08T210/ 08I210)


2 0 3 3.5


INTRODUCTION
:
Introduction to Engineering Drawing. BIS. Principles of dimensioning
.




(5)


ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION
: Principles of orthographic projection
-
projection of points, straight lines, planes

and
solids. Orthographic projection of simple engineering components


missing view exercises.



(10)


PICTORIAL PROJECTIONS
: Principles of pictorial views, isometric view of simple engineering components.
Orthographic views from given pictorial v
iews. Isometric views from given two or three views.



(5)


SECTION OF SOLIDS
: Section of regular solids, types of sections, selection of section views. Sectional views of simple
engineering components.












(5)


DEV
E
LOPMENT OF SURFACES
: Development of lateral surfaces of regular solids and truncated solids.


(5)









Total

30

TEXT BOOK:

1.

Venugopal K and Prabhu Raja V,
“Engineering
Graphics


, New Age International Publishers, 2007
.


REFERENCES:

1
.

Natarajan K V, "Engineering Drawing and Graphics", M/s Dhanalakshmi N, Chennai, 2007.


2.

Bureau of Indian Standards, “Engineering Drawing Practices for Schools and Colleges SP 46
-
2003”, BIS New Delhi,
2004.

08D211
APPLIED PHYSICS LABORAT
ORY

0 0 3 1
.5

1.

Magnetic Hysteresis
.

2.

Resistivity of Metals and Alloys
-

Carey Foster Bridge
.

3.

Band gap of Semiconductor
-

Post Office Box
.

4.

Efficiency of a solar cell
.

5.

Band Gap of Semiconducto
r




Reverse Saturation Current.

6.

Electrical and Thermal conductivity

of Metallic wire
-

Wiedemann


Franz Law
.


7.

Temperature Coefficient of Resistance
-

Post Office Box
.

8.

Characteristics of Photo Diode
.

9.

Demonstration of optical phenomena using He
-

Ne Laser
.

10.

Demonstration of de
termination of laser parameters.


REFERENCE:

1.

D
epartment Manual


12

08D212 BIOCHEMISTRY LABORATORY



0 0 3 1
.5



1.

Qualitative Analysis of Carbohydrates
.

2.

Qualitative Analysis of proteins
.

3.

Qualitative Analysis of lipids
.

4.

Qualitative Analysis of Nucleic acids
.

5.

Estimation of reducing sugars: DNS method
.

6.

Hydroly
sis of carbohydrates : Acid hydrolysis and enzymatic hydrolysis(Assay of amylase)
.

7.

Preparation of casein and Estimation of total protein


Kjeldahl method
.

8.

E
stimation

of proteins
-

Biuret method
.

9.

Extraction of lipids; Lipid analyses: acid value, iodine num
ber, saponification

value.

10.

Preparation of RNA, DNA, Estimation of DNA, RNA, phosphorus contents in nucleic acids
.


REFERENCES
:

1. Plummer D

T, Gupta SK, “Practical Biochemistry” T
ata
McGraw

Hill,

1998
.

2. Sawhney S K

and Singh R “Practical Biochemistry”,

Narosa Publisher
,

2000
.


SEMESTER 2

08O201 LINEAR ALGEBRA AND FOURIER SERIES



3 2 0 4


LINEAR ALGEBRA:
, Euclidean n
-
space, General vector spaces, Subspaces, Linear independence, Basis and
dimension, Row and column s
paces, Rank, Finding bases, Inner product spaces, Length and Angle in inner product
spaces, Orthonormal bases; Gram Schmidt process, Change of basis.


(12)



LINEAR TRANSFORMATIONS:
Introduction, Properties
-
Kernal and range, Linear Transformation from R
n
t
o R
m
, Matrices
of linear transformations.


(7)


EIGEN VALUES AND EIGEN VECTORS:
Eigen values and Eigen vectors, Diagonalization, Orthogonal Diagonalization,
Symmetric Matrices. Quadratic Forms and its Applications
.


(7)


FOURIER SERIES:
Dirchlet’s cond
itions, Statement of Fourier theorem, Fourier coefficients, Change of scale, Half range
series.


(6)



BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS:

Separable partial differential equations
-
Classical equations and Boundary value
problems, One dimensional wave equations, One
dimensional heat equations, two dimensional heat equations
-

Solution
by Fourier series
.



(10)



Total

42

TEXT BOOKS
:

1. Howard Anton and
Chris

Rorres, “ Elementary Linear Algebra”
,
John Wiley & Sons, 2005
.

2.
Erwin Kreyszig, “Advanc
ed Engineering Mathematics”, John Wiley& Sons, 2004
.


REFERENCE
S:






1.


Dennis G Zill and
Michael R

Cullen,” Advanced Engineering M
athematics”, Jones and Barlett
Publisher, 2005
.


2.
David C

Lay ,” Linear Algebra and its Applications “, Addison
-
Wesley, 2004
.

3. Ray Wylie C and
Louis C

Barrett,” Advanced Engineering
Mathematics”,

Tata
McGraw
-
Hill

Publishing Company


Ltd,

2003
.


08D202
BIOMATERIALS

3 0 0 3


STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS:

Atomic and molecular bonds. Crystal structure of solids, phase
changes. Crystal imperfections. Non crystalline solid
s. Surface properties. Mechanical properties. Thermal treatments.
Surface improvements. Sterilization.










(5)


STRUCTURE OF BIOMATERIALS AND BIO
-
COMPATIBILITY:

Historical developments. Definition and classification of
biomaterials. Con
struction materials. Impact of biomaterials. Mechanical properties . Wound healing process. Tissue
response to implants. Safety and efficiency testing. Bio
-
compatibility.





(5)


METALLIC BIOMATERIALS:

Stai
nless steel. Cobalt chromium alloys. Titanium based alloys. Nitinol, other metals.
Metallic corrosion. Biological tolerance of implant metals. Manufacturing of Implants.


(5)


CERAMIC BIOMATERIALS:

Relatively b
ioinert bioceramics. Biodegradable ceramics. Surface reactive or Bioactive
ceramics. Composites. Analysis of ceramic surfaces. Deterioration of ceramics. Manufacturing technique.
(5)



13

SYNTHETIC AND BIOPOLYMERS:

Polymers in biomedical

use. Biodegradable Synthetic polymers. Silicone rubber.
Plasma polymerization. Microorganism in polymeric implants. Bio polymers. Polymer sterilization.


(5)



SOFT TISSUE REPLACEMENT:

Blood. Tissue grafts and rejection processes. Ski
n grafts. Connective tissue grafts. Bulk
space fillers, maxillofacial implants, fluid transfer implants. Percutaneous devices . Biomaterials in urological practic
e.

(5)


CARDIOVASCULAR IMPLANTS AND EXTROCORPORAL DEVICES:
Blood clotting, blood rheol
ogy. Blood vessels.
The Heart, blood circulation. The Lungs. Vascular implants. Cardiac pacemakers. Blood substitutes. Kidney functions.
Water in human body. Extracorporeal blood circulation devices.







(6)


ORTHOPAEDIC AND DERIAL MA
TERIALS:

Bone composition and properties. Temporary fixation devices. Fracture
healing by electrical stimulation, joint replacement. Teeth composition and mechanical properties. Impression materials.
Fillings and restorative materials. Materials for
deep cavity. Metals in dentistry. Oral implants.



(6)


Total 42

TEXT BOOK:

1.

Sujata V Bhat, “Biomaterials”, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 2002.


REFERENCES:

1.

Joon B Park and Joseph D Bronzino , “Biomaterials Principles and Applications”, C
RC Press, London, 2003.

2.

Severian Dumitriu, “Polymeric Biomaterials”, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1994.

3.

US Patents website,
www.freepatentsonline.com
.



08D203 BIOCHEMISTRY II

3 0 0 3







INTRODUCTION
:


Proteins


separation and purification, sequencing,
v
itamins and cofactors,
e
nzymes


c
lassification,
p
roperties,
k
inetics,
i
nhibition and regulation. Bioenergetics
-
principles.








(15)


CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM:

Glycolysis, TCA cycle,
g
luconeog
enesis,
p
entose phosphate pathway


p
hotosynthesis,
r
espiration and oxidative phosphorylation. Regulation of carbohydrate metabolism
.



(9)


AMINO ACID METABOLISM
:

Amino acid oxidation, urea cycle,
a
mino acid
b
iosynthesis,
h
eme biosynthesis
-

r
egu
lation
.


(6)


FATTY ACID METABOLISM
:

Fatty acid synthesis, elongation, unsaturation. Beta oxidation, ketone bodies; lipid
biosynthesis


TAG synthesis and cholesterol biosynthesis
-

r
egulation
.






(7)


NUCLEOTIDE METABOLISM:

Salvage

and de nova
synthesis, degradation


Regulation
.




(5)


Total 42

TEXT BOOKS:

1.

Lehninger A

L, Nelson J

R and Cox M

M, “Principles of Biochemistry”, Macmillan, 2001.

2.

McKee T and McKee J

R, “Biochemistry


A
n Introduction”, WC Brown Publishers, Iowa, 1996.



RE
FERENCES
:

1.

Voet D, Voet J

G


and

Pratt C

W,


“Fundamentals of Biochemistry” John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey
,

1999
.

2.

Zubay G

L, “Biochemistry”
,

WCB

/

McGraw

Hill publishers, Iowa, 1998
.

3.

Stryer


L, “Biochemistry”, W H Freeman and Company, New York, 1975.



08
D
2
04
C ++ AND DATA STRUC
TURES


(Also common with
08C204/
08L204/08Y204/08B204/08H204/08U204)


3 0 2 4


PRINCIPLES OF OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
:

Software crisis Software Evolution
-

Procedure Oriented
Programming
-

Objec
t Oriented Programming paradigm
-

Basic concepts and benefits of OOP
-

Object Oriented
Language
-

Application of OOP
-

Structure of C++
-

Applications of C++
-

Tokens, Expressions and Control
Structures
-

Operators in C++
-

Manipulator
s.


(4)




FUNCTIONS IN C
++
:

Function Prototyping

-

Call by Reference
-

Return by reference
-

Inline functions
-

Default, Const
Arguments
-

Function
-

Overloading
-

Friend and Virtual Functions
-

Classes and Objects
-

Member functions
-

Nesting of Member functions
-

Private member functions
-

Memory allocation for Objects
-

Stat
ic data members
-

Static Member Functions
-

Arrays of Objects
-

Objects as Function
-

Arguments
-

Friendly Functions
-

Returning
Objects
-

Const Member functions
-

Pointers to Members.


(8)





14

CONSTRUCTORS:

Parameterized Constructors
-

Multiple Constructors in a Class
-

Constructors with Default
Arguments
-

Dynamic In
itialization of Objects
-

Copy and Dynamic Constructors


Destructors overloading
-

Overloading Unary and Binary Operators
-

Overloading Binary Operators using Friend functions.


(5)




INHERITANCE:

Defining Derived Classes
-

Single Inheritance
-

Making a Private Member Inheritable
-

Multiple
Inheritance
-

Hierarchical Inher
itance
-

Hybrid Inheritance
-

Virtual Base Classes
-

Abstract Classes
-

Constructors in
Derived Classes
-

Member Classes
-

Nesting of Classes.


(5)




DATA STRUCTURES
:

Abstract data Types
-

Primitive data structures
-

Analysis of algorithms
-

Best, worst and average
case time complexities
-

N
otation.


(3)



ARRAYS
:

Operations
-

I
mplementation of one, two, three and multi dimensioned arrays


Sparse and dense matrices
-


A
pplications.


(3)



STACKS:

primitive operations
-

S
equential implementation
-

Applications:

Subroutine handling
-


Recursion
.


(4)



QUEUES:

P
rimitive operations
-

S
equential implementation
-

Dequeues
-

Applications: Image component labeling;
Mac
hine shop simulation.


(4)


LISTS:

Primitive Operations
-

Singly linked lists, Doubly linked lists, Circular lists, Multiply linked lists
-

Applications
Addition of Polynomials; Sparse Matrix representation and
Operations.


Linked Stacks
-


Linked queu
es
.


(6)


Total

42

TEXT BOOKS:

1.

Bjarne Stroustrup, “The C++ Programming Language”, Pearson Education, 2001.

2.

Stanley

B Lippman and

Josee Lajoie, “The C++ Primer”, Pearson Education, 2001.

3.


Yedidyah Langsam, Moshe J Augenstein and Aaron M Te
nenbaum , “ Data Struc
tures Using C and C++
“, Prentice


Hall of India, 2001.


REFERENCES:

1.
Deit
e
l
H M and Deitel P J, “C++ How to P
rogram”, Prentice Hall,

2001.

2.
Horowitz, Sahni and Mehta

D
, "Fundamentals of Data Structures in C++"
, Compute
r Science Press, 1995.





08D205
ELECTRON DEVICES AND

CIRCUITS











3 1 0 3.5


SEMICONDUCTOR DIODES:
conduction in semiconductors, semiconductor materials
-
n type and p type, PN junction
diodes, ideal diode, diode circuit model, zener diode, LEDS, IR
-
devices, LCDS, schottky diodes, photo diode, half wave
rectifier, full wave rectifier, clipper, clamper, operation of power supply circuits.





(8)


BIPOLOR JUNCTION TRANSISTOR:
Transistor operation, modes of operation of BJT,

common base, common emitter,
and common collector configurations, transistor amplifying actions, transistor biasing
-
Q point, fixed bias, voltage divider
bias, self bias, bias stabilization, Phototransistor.









(8)


FIELD EFFECT TRANSIS
TOR:
JFET operation, V
-
I characteristics, transfer characteristics, operation of MOSFET
-

V
-
I
characteristics of MOSFET, depletion MOSFET, enhancement MOSFET, CMOS, FET biasing
-

fixed bias, self bias,
voltage divider bias.













(8)


AMPLIFIERS: S
mall signal models of a BJT
-

hybrid
-
π model, h
-
parameter model, small signal models of FET and MOS
transistor, low frequency response of CE and CS amplifiers, multistage amplifier, large signal amplifiers
-

class A/B/AB/C















(10)


F
EEDBACK AMPLIFIERS AND OSCILLATORS:
Basic concept of feedback, feedback connection types
-

voltage series,
voltage shunt, current series, current shunt, effect of negative feedback on gain and bandwidth, oscillators
-

Barkhausen
criterion, phase shift oscill
ator, wien bridge oscillator, Hartley and colpitt oscillators, crystal oscillator.

(8)


Total
42

TEXT BOOKS:

1.

Pittet A and Kandaswamy
A
,

“Analog Electronics”,

Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2005.

2.

Boylestad L Robert and Na
shelsky Louis, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2001.


REFERENCES:

1.

Jacob Millman
and

Christos C Halkias,

”Electronic Devices and Circuits”, Tata

McGraw

Hill, New Delhi, 2004.

2.
Thomas.L

Floyd, "Electronic Devices",
Pearson Education India, Sixth Edition, New Delhi, 2000.

3.

David

A

Bell, "Electronic Devices and Circuits", Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, Third Edition 2000.





15

08D
210

ENGINEERING PRACTICES

(Also common with 08L110/

08I110
/

08
E210/ 08Z
210
/
08U210)
/

0
0 2 1

CYCLE


I

1.

Study of different types of Lamps (CFL Lighting, LED Lighting, Flood Lighting, Multi
-
arm fitting)
-

Measurement of
Illumination Levels

2.

Stair
-
case Wiring


Implementation

3.

Construction of Regulated Power Supply


Measurement of Voltage Level

4.

Construction of an Oscillator


Measurement of Frequency and Amplitude using Oscilloscope

5.

Installation of Multimedia


PC System


CYCLE


II

1.

Welding
-

Metal Arc Welding and Gas Welding.

2.

Machine Tools I
-

Demonstration of Drilling Machine and Lathe

3.

Machine Tools II


Demonstration of CNC Lathe and Machining Center

4.

Automation


Demonstration of Automation Systems

5.

Automobile Engineering


Study of Automobile and Power Transmission


08D211 APPLIED PHYSICS LABORATORY

0 0 3 1.5

1.

Magnetic Hysteres
is

2.

Resistivity of Metals and Alloys
-

Carey Foster Bridge

3.

Band gap of Semiconductor
-

Post Office Box

4.

Efficiency of a solar cell

5.

Band Gap of Semiconductor




Reverse Saturation Current

6.

Electrical and Thermal conductivity of Metallic wire
-

Wiedemann


Fran
z Law

7.

Temperature Coefficient of Resistance
-

Post Office Box

8.

Characteristics of Photo Diode

9.

Demonstration of optical phenomena using He
-

Ne Laser

10.

Demonstration of determination of laser parameters


08D212 BIOCHEMISTRY LABORATORY



0 0 3 1.5

1.

Qualitative
Analysis of Carbohydrates

2.

Qualitative Analysis of proteins

3.

Qualitative Analysis of lipids

4.

Qualitative Analysis of Nucleic acids

5.

Estimation of reducing sugars: DNS method

6.

Hydrolysis of carbohydrates : Acid hydrolysis and enzymatic hydrolysis(Assay of amylas
e)

7.

Preparation of casein and Estimation of total protein


Kjeldahl method

8.

E
stimation

of proteins
-

Biuret method


9.

Extraction of lipids; Lipid analyses: acid value, iodine number, saponification.

value

10.

Preparation of RNA, DNA, Estimation of DNA, RNA, phosp
horus contents in nucleic acids


REFERENCES
:

1. Plummer D

T and
Gupta S

K, “Practical Biochemistry” T
ata
McGraw

Hill,

1998
.

2. Sawhney S K

and Singh R “Practical Biochemistry”,

Narosa Publisher
,

2000
.


08
D2
13 CIRCUITS AND DEVICES LABORATORY

0 0 3 1.5


1.


Ve
rification of basic Network theorems


Kirchoff’s Voltage and Current Laws.

2. Verification of Superposition and Thevenin’s theorem.

3. Study of Transients in R C circuits.

4. PN and Zener Diode Characteristics.

5. Transistor (Common Emitt
er) Characteristics and h
-
parameter evaluation.

6. FET Characteristics and parameter evaluation.

7. Rectifier with and without filter.

8. Design and testing of voltage series regulators.

9. Design and testing of RC Coupled Amplifier.

10. Desig
n and testing of Feedback Amplifiers.

11. Design and testing of RC Phase Shift oscillators.

12. Design and testing of Colpitts oscillator.


REFERENCE:

1.
Poorna Chandra Rao and Sasikala B, “Handbook on Experiments in Electronics and Communication Engine
ering”,


Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., Jangpura, New Delhi, 2003.


16

SEMESTER 3


08O301 TRANSFORMS AND COMPLEX ANALYSIS











3 2 0 4


TRANSFORM METHODS:

Concept of Transformation


Examples for Transformation
.





(2)


LAPLACE TRANSFORM:
Definition


Transforms of standard functions


Transform of unit step f
unction


Dirac
-
Delta
function
-

Transforms of derivatives and integrals


Transforms of Periodic functions


Inverse Laplace transform


Convolution theor
em


Method of solving ordinary linear differential equations with constant coefficient by Laplace
transform technique. Some applications to engineering problems.






(10)


FOURIER TRANSFORM:
Fourier integrals


Fourier transform


Finite and infi
nite Fourier sine and Cosine transform


Transforms of standard functions


properties, Convolution theorem(Statement only)


Discrete Fourier and Fast Fourier
Transforms


Discrete convolution


Periodic sequence and circular convolution


Discrete Fourie
r transform


decimation
-

in
-
time algorithm


Computation of inverse DFT
.







(10)


Z
-
TRANSFORM:

z
-

transform of standard functions, inverse Z
-
transform (Partial fraction expansions)


properties
of Z


transform


Solution of difference equations.



(8
)


COMPLEX VARIABLES :

Analytic functions


Cauchy Reimann equations in Cartesian and polar


coordinates


Statement of sufficient conditions


properties of analytic functions


Finding analytic function whose real / imaginary part
is given


conformal mapping , Bilinear map


study of mappings w = exp(z), sinz, cosz , sinhz , coshz, 1/z, z+k/z



Complex integration


Cauchy’s fundamental theorem and formula
-

Taylor’s series


Laurent’s series (Statement only)


Singularities


Residue theorem


Cauchy’s lemma and Jordan’s Lemma (Statement only)


Evaluation of real integrals
using contour inte
gration along semi circle and unit circle.









(12)















Tota
l 42

REFERENCES
:


1.

Riley K F, Hobson M P and Bence S J, “Mathematical Methods for Physics and Engineering”, Cambridge University,
2004.

2.

Erwin Kreyszig
,

“Advanced En
gineering Mathematics”, John Wiley &

Sons, 2001
.

3.

Ray Wylie C

and

Louis C Barret , “Advanced Engineering

Mathematics”, McGraw
-
Hill, 2001.

4.

Robert A Gabel

and

Richard A Roberts, “Signals and Linear
S
ystems”, John Wiley & Sons , 1995.



08O302

ECONOMICS FOR

BUSINESS DECISIONS

3 0 0 3


INTRODUCTION TO ECONOMICS
:

Definitions


Scope and Significance of Economics in Decision Making


Various
Economic Tools and Techniques.


(2)


CALCULATING PERCENT CHAN
GE AND COMPOUNDED GROWTH RATES:

Some Mathematical Co
ncepts and
Analytical Tools.



(
3
)


ECONOMIC THEORY OF CONSUMER DEMAND
:
Law of Demand


Determinants of Demand


Exceptions to Law of
Demand Elasticity of Demand


Various types of Elasticity and measurements of Price Elasticity and Demand Forecasting
M
ethods and its Applications. Law of Supply


Elasticity of Supply


Determinants of Elasticity of Supply.


(6
)


ECONOMIC THEORY OF THE FIRM (Cont’d):

(Input

Markets
)


Production Function


Factors influencing Production


Cobb
-
Douglas Production Funct
ion


Economies of Scale


Returns to Scale


Cost Analysis
-

Various Cost Concepts
-

Cost Output Relationship and Short Run and Long Run.


(
6
)


MARKET STRUCTURE AND COMPETITION
:

Various Forms of Market Structure


Perfect Competition
-

Imperfect
Comp
etition


Monopoly


Monopolistic


Oligopoly


Pricing Strategies and Price Discrimination in various Market
Structures.


(4)



MARKET FAILURES AND GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION IN THE MARKET ECONOMY
:

Basic Functions of
Government


Market Efficiency


Tools

of Government Intervention.


(4)


INTRODUCTION TO MACROECONOMICS:

(
Measuring Aggregate Output
) Meaning


Objective and Issues of
Macroeconomics
-

National Output Concept


GDP, GNP, NNP, Per Capita Income, Disposable Income, Personal
Disposable Income


Various Methods of Measuring National Income
-

Inflation


Deflation.


(5)


AGGREGATE EXPENDITURES

AND
FISCAL POLICY:


(
Fiscal Policy
) Objectives of Fiscal Policy


Instruments of
Fiscal Policy


Taxation.

Highlights of Current Fiscal Policy.



(
6
)


17

M
ONEY AND BANKING:


(
Monetary Policy
) Functions of Money
-

Value of Money
-

Objectives and instruments of
Monetary Policy


Highlights of Current Monetary Policy


Banking


Types of Banks
-

Central Bank and Commercial
Banks
-

Objectives and Functions of Ce
ntral Bank and Various Types of Commercial Banks and Its Functions.


(
4
)


ECONOMIC GROWTH
:

Meaning


Benefits and Costs of Growth.


(2)




Total


42

TEXT BOOK:

1.

Paul A Samuelson and William D Nordhaus, “Economics”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.


REFERENCES
:

1.

Karl E Case and Ray C Fair, “Principles of Economics”, Prentice Hall
, 2008.

2.

Misra S K and Puri V K, “Economic Environment of Business”, Himalaya Publishing House, New Delhi, 2002.


3.

Richard G Lipsey, Colin Harbury Weidenfeld
a
nd Nicolson
, “Principles of Economics”, London, 1990.



08D303 NETWORK THEORY

3 1

0 3
.5





REVIEW OF BASIC ELECTRIC CIRCUITS
:

Introduction to DC and alternating quantities, Average and RMS values


Mesh and nodal analysis


Series and Parallel reduct
ion method and analysis.





(4)


THREE PHASE CIRCUITS AND POWER MEASUR
EMENTS:

Three phase Voltages and Currents


Phase Sequence


Line and Phase Quantities


Phasor Diagrams


Balanced and Unbalanced Loads


Analysis of Balanced Load


Analysis of Unbalanced Load



Neutral shift Method.


Single and Two Wattmeter methods of
power measurement.

(10)


COUPLED CIRCUITS:
Self Inductance


Co
-
efficient of Coupling


Dot Convention Analysis of Coupled Circuits


Ideal
Transformer


Analysis of Single Tuned and Double Tuned Circuits.







(7)


NETWORK TRANSIENT
S:

Transient

Concepts


Transient response of Simple RL, RC series and parallel circuits,
Solution

of RL, RC Series

and

parallel

Circuits

for Step Input and

Sinusoidal Excitations
using Laplace Transform method.


(7)



NETWORK FUNCTIONS:
Two port Network

parameters, impedance, admittance, ABCD and hybrid parameters


Poles
and Zeros


Properties of Network functions


Time domain beh
avior from pole


zero plot.




(7)



GRAPH THEORY:

Linear graph of a network


Tie
-
set and Cut
-
Set Schedules



Incidence matrix

Solution of resistive
networks using Tie
-
set and Cut
-
Set Schedules


Simulation/Analysis of simple electric circuits using Pspice.


(7)


Total 42

TEXT BOOKS:

1.

Chakarabarthy

A
, “Circuit Theory Analysis
and

Synthesis”, Dhan
path Roy & Sons, New Delhi, 2004
.

2.

Sivanandam S

N, “Electric Circuit Analysis”, Vikas
P
ublishing
H
ouse Pvt. Ltd.,
New Delhi,
2002
.



REFERENCES:

1.

Charles Alexander

and

Mathew Sadiku, "Fundamentals of Electric Circuits", Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi, 20
01
.

2.

Cunningham
D R
and Stulller

J A
, " Basic Circuit Analysis ", Jaico Publishing House,Mumbai, 2000
.

3.

Umesh Sinha, " Network Analysis and Synthesis ", Satya Prakashan, New Delhi, Edition, 1997
.

4.
Sudhakar A
and

Shyammohan S P, "Circuits and Networks", Ta
ta McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1994
.



08D304 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS


3 1 0
3.5


NUMBER SYSTEMS AND BOOLEAN ALGEBRA:

Review of binary, octal and hexadecimal number systems
-

conversion methods
-
number representations
-

signed, unsigned, fixed point, floating poin
t numbers
-

computer codes
-

BCD, Gray code
-

error detection and correction codes
-

parity codes
-

Hamming codes
-

Boolean algebra

basic
postulates,theorems
-
switching functions, canonical forms
-
logic gates.







(8)


COMBINATIONAL LOGI
C DESIGN:

Standard representation of logic functions
-
incompletely specified functions
-

simplification of logic functions through K
-
maps and Quine McClusky method
-

implementation using logic gates
-

Decoders, encoders, multiplexers and demultiplexers
-

imp
lementation of combinational circuits using multiplexers
-
Binary/
BCD adders, subtractors
-

Carry look ahead adder
-

magnitude comparator
.





(10)


DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS:

Characteristics of digital ICs
-
voltage and current ratings
-
Noise margin
-
p
ropagation
delay
-
power dissipation
-
TTL logic family
-
totem pole, open collector and tristate outputs
-
wired output operations
-
LS, ALS
and fast sub families, MOS transistor switches
-
nMOS, CMOS invertors/ logic gates, high speed CMOS, comparison of
performance

of various logic families.










(8)


18

SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS:

General model of sequential circuits
-

flip
-
flops
-

latches


level triggering, edge triggering
-

master slave configuration
-

Binary counters
-

Design of synchronous sequential

circuits
-
up/down, modulus counters
-

shift registers
-

Ring counter
-

Johnson counter
-

timing diagram
-

Mealy/Moore models
-

concept of state


state diagram
-

state table
-

serial adder
-

sequence detector
-

Introduction to asynchronous sequential cir
cuits
-

fundamental mode and
pulse mode circuits.











(10)


PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC DEVICES:

Semi
-
custom design
-

introduction to PLDs
-
ROM
-
PAL
-
PLA
-
FPGA

-
FPLA
-
FPLS
-
implementation of digital functions.











(6)


Total 42

TEXT BOOKS:

1.
Morris Mano, “Digital Design", Prentice
-
Hall of India,
New Delhi, 2001
.

2.
Floyd T L, “Digital Fundamentals ", Charles E. Merrill publishing Company, 2000


REFERENCES:

1.

Tokheim R L, “Digital Electronics
-

Principles and Applic
ations", Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2001.

2.

William I Fletcher, “An Engineering Approach to Digital Design",

Prentice
-
Hall of India,
New Delhi, 2000
.

3.
Tocci R J, “Digital Systems: Principles and applications”,

Prentice Hall of India,
New Delhi, 2000
.



0
8D305 SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS

3 1 0 3.5


INTRODUCTION:
Representation and classification of continuous time (CT) and discrete time (DT) signals
-

Basic CT
and DT signals
-

Basic operations on CT and DT signals


on signal.


(6)


CONTINUOUS TIME AND S
YSTEMS:

Linear time invariant (LTI) systems
-

convolution integral
-

causality and stability
-

CT system representation by differential equations.


(6)


DISCRETE TIME SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS:
Linear Shift Invariant (LSI) systems
-

Convolution sum
-

Ca
usality and
stability
-

DT system representation by difference equations.


(6)


FOURIER ANALYSIS OF THE CT SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS:
Continuous Time Fourier Series (CTFS) and Fourier
transforms (CTFT)
-

Properties
-

Inverse CTFT
-

Frequency domain cha
racterization of linear time invariant systems.

(6)


SAMPLING:

Representing a CT signal by Samples


Shannon’s Sampling Theorem Effect of under sampling


Aliasing


Reconstruction of CT signal from Samples


Discrete time processing of CT signals.



(6)


FOURIER ANALYSIS OF THE DT SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS:

Fourier series representation of DT periodic signals
(DTFS)


Properties
-

Representation of DT periodic signals by Discrete Time Fourier Transform (DTFT)
-

Properties
-

Inverse DTFT
-

Frequency res
ponse of systems characterized by difference equations.


(7)


TRANSFORM OPERATIONS ON DT SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS:

Z transforms and its properties
-

inverse Z
-
transform
-

analysis of LSI systems using Z
-
transform
-

stability and causality


solution o
f Difference equation


(5)







Total 42

TEXT BOOK:

1.

Oppenheim A.V, Wilsky A

S
and Hamid Nawab S, “Signals and Systems”,
Second

Edition, Prentice Hall of India, New
Delhi, 1997.


REFERENCES:

1.


Roberts

M

J,

”Signals and Systems


Analysis usin
g Transform Methods and MATLAB “,

McGraw Hill, New Delhi,
2004
.

2.
Samir S Soliman and Sri
nath M

D, “Continuous and Discrete Signals and Systems”,
Second Edition, Prentice Hall
International, New Delhi, 2003
.

3.
Lathi B

P, “Linear Systems and Signals”,
Oxford University Press Inc, Chennai, 2003
.

4.
Haykin.S and Barry Van Veen, “Signals and Sy
stems”, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New Delhi, 2002
.

5.
Ashok Ambardar, “Analog and Digital Signal Processing”,
Second

Edition, Brook/Cole Publishing Company.



08D306
AN
ATOMY

3 0

1

3.5


CELL STRUCTURE AND ORGANELLES DESCRIPTION
. Circulatory system


Heart
, Pericardium, Chambers, Major
Blood Vessels, Blood Supply.











(8)


DIGESTIVE SYSTEM



GI Tract, parts, Stomach, Intestine, Liver and Panchreas. Respiratory System


Trachea and
Lungs.













(10)



19

EXCRETORY AND UROGENITAL S
YSTEM



Parts, Reproductive System


Male and Female Reproductive Organs.
Nervous System


Functions of Neurons, Synapse, Reflexes and Receptors, Brain, Brainstem, Ventricles and Spinal
Cord. Peripherial and Automatic Nervous System.









(8)


MUSCULO SKELETAL SYSTEM



Muscle Tissue, Types, Structure of Skeletal Muscle, Types of Muscle, Types of
Joints, Major Muscles of Limbs and their actions.









(8)


Eye, Ear, Endocrine Glands.











(8)






Total 42

TEXT BOOKS
:



1.

Ranganathan T S, “Text Book of Human Anatomy”, S.Chand & Co. Ltd., Delhi,

1996.

2.

Inderbir Singh and Jaypee Brothers, “Textbook of Human Histology”, Medical Publishers (P) Ltd., New Delhi, Fifth
Edition.


REFERENCES
:

1.

Datta A K, “Principles of Human Anatomy”, K P Basu Publishers Co., Kolkata, Fifth Edition, 2001.


08D310 ELECTRO
NICS LABORATORY

0 0 3 1
.5

1.

Design and testing of Half adder and Full adder





2.

Design and testing of Adder / Subtractor Circuits






3.

Design and testing of Code Converters for BCD to Gray conversion and BCD to Seven segment code conversion

4.

Design and testin
g of Magnitude Comparator







5.

Design and testing of Multiplexers / Demultiplexers




6.

Design and testing of Flip flops







7.

Design and testing of Shift Registers






8.

Design and testing of Ring Counter and Johnson Counter






9.

Design and testing of Asyn
chronous Counters.






10

Design and testing of Synchronous Counter




REFER
E
NCE
S
:

1.
Morris Mano, “Digital Design", Prentice
-
Hall of India,
New Delhi, 2001
.


2. Laboratory Manual prepared by Department of Biomedical Engineering.


08D311 SIGNALS AND

SYSTEMS LABORATORY

0 0 3 1.5

1. Study of Scientific and Simulation Packages.

2. Generation of Basic Signals.

3. Basic operation on signals.

4. Computation of Step Response of the system.

5. Computation of Impulse response of the system.


6. Verification o
f Linearity property.

7. Verification of Time Variant property.

8. Solving difference Equations.

9. Computation of Linear Convolution.

10. Computation of Circular Convolution.

11. Computation of DTFT of a sequence.


12. Sampling and Aliasing.


REFER
E
NCE
S
:

1.

Oppenheim A

V, Wilsky A

S and Hamid Nawab S, “Signals and Systems”,
Second

Edition, Prentice Hall of India, New

Delhi, 1997.

2.

Laboratory Manual prepared by Department of Biomedical Engineering.



SEMESTER 4


08D401


MICROPROCESSORS

AND MICROCONTROLLERS

3

1

0 3
.5

ARCHITECTURE OF 8085

MICROPROCESSOR:

Functional Block Diagram
-

Registers, ALU, Bus systems
-

Timing and
control signals
-

Machine cycles and timing diagrams
-

Programming of 8085
:

Instruction formats
-

Addressing modes
-

Instruction set
-

Need fo
r Assembly language
-

Development of Assembly language programs.




(10)


MEMORY INTERFACING:

Interface requirements
-

Address space partitioning
-

Buffering of Buses
-

Timing constraints
-

Memory control signals
-

Read and write cycles
-
Typic
al EPROM, RAM Interfacing.





(4)



20

I/O INTERFACING, INT
ERRUPTS AND DMA:
Memory mapped I/O scheme
-

I/O mapped I/O scheme
-

Input and
Output cycles
-

Simple I/O ports
-

Programmable peripheral interface (8255)


Programmable Interva
l Timer (8253). Data
transfer schemes
-

Interfacing simple keyboards and LED displays
-

Interrupt feature
-

Need for interrupts
-

Characteristics of Interrupts
-

Types of Interrupts
-

Interrupt structure
-

Methods of servicing interrupts
-

Development of
I
nterrupt service subroutines
-

Multiple interrupt requests and their handling


Programmable Interrupt Controller (8259).
Need for direct memory access
-

Devices for Handling DMA
-

Typical DMA Controller features.




(12)


APPLICATIONS:

Multiplex
ed seven segment LED Display systems
-

Waveform generators
-

Stepper motor control
-

Measurement of frequency, phase angle and power factor
-

Interfacing ADC0801 A/D Converter
-

DAC 0800 D/A s
Converter.












(5)


INTEL 8051 MICRO
CONTROLLER:
A
rchitecture of 8051
-

Memory Organization
-

Addressing modes
-

Instruction set
-

Boolean processing
-

Simple programs.









(4)


8051 PERIPHERAL FUNC
TIONS:
8051 interrupt structures
-

Timer and serial functions
-

Parallel port fea
tures: Modes of
operation
-

Power control, features
-

Interfacing of 8051


Biomedical Applications
-

MCS 51 family features 8031/ 8051 /
8751
-

Introduction to PIC Micro
-
controllers.








(7)










Total 42

TEXT BOOKS:

1.
Muhammad Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillispie Mazidi, “The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems”, Pearson


Education Asia, Fourth Edition,2002.

2. Ramesh S Goankar, “Microprocessor Architecture: Programming and Applications with the 8085", Penram


International, Fourth Edition, 2000.


REFERENCES:

1. Dogan Ibrahim, “PIC Basic: Programming and Projects”, Newnes Publications, 2001.

2. Singh I P, “IMPACT Learning Material Series”, IIT, New Delhi, 1997.

3. Douglas V Hall, "Microprocessors and Inte
rfacing Programming and Hardware ",McGraw Hill Inc.,Second Edition,


1992.

4. Kenneth L Short, "Microprocessors and Programmed Logic", Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, Second Edition, 1987.

5. Microcontroller Hand Book, INTEL, 1984.




08D402

L
INEAR IC
S

AND THEIR APPLICATIO
NS

3
0 0 3


FABRICATION OF INTEG
RATED CIRCUIT:

Classification of IC’s

-

Fundamentals of IC technology
-
Basic processes in
Fabrication of IC: Silicon wafer preparation
-

Epitaxial growth


Oxidation

Photolithography


Diffusio
n


Ion implantation


Isolation technique
-

Metallization


Packing
-

Realization of passive and active devices like R,C,diodes,transistors in
IC’s













(5)


OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIE
RS AND ITS CHARACTER
ISTICS:

Operational Amplifier:
Fundamental block diagram
-

Symbol
-

Characteristics of an Ideal Operational Amplifier
-

Circuit schematic of µA741 and MOSFET operational amplifier
-

Operational Amplifier Characteristics: Open loop gain
-

CMRR
-

Slew rate and transfer Characteristics
-

Input bias and
Output offset voltages
-

Offset compensation techniques
-

Frequency response characteristics
-

Stability
-

Limitations
-

Frequency compensation.











(9)



APPLICATION OF OPERA
TIONAL AMPLIFIERS:

Inverting and Noni
nverting amplifiers
-

Voltage Follower


Summing,
Differential, Instrumentation amplifiers
-

Integrator and Differentiator
-

Voltage to Current converter
-

Phase changers
-

Sinusoidal Oscillators
-

Active filters
-

Low pass, high pass, band pass and band st
op Butterworth filters. Comparator
-

Zero crossing detector
-

Sample and Hold circuit
-

Precision diode
-

Half wave and Full wave rectifiers
-

Active peak
detector, Clipper and Clamper
-

Square and Triangular waveform generators.






(11)


555 FAMILY IC'S AND
PHASE LOCKED LOOP:

555 Timer Functional block diagram and description
-

Monostable and
Astable operation
-

Applications
-

556 Voltage Controlled Oscillator
-

Function generator ICs. Functional Block Diagram
-

Principle of op
eration
-

Building block of PLL
-

Characteristics
-

Derivations of expressions for Lock and Capture ranges
-

Applications: Frequency Synthesis
-

Frequency Translation
-

AM and FM detection
-

Motor speed Control.


(8)





A
-
D AND D
-
A CONVERTERS
:
Digital to Analog converters
-

Binary weighed and R
-
2R Ladder types
-

Analog to digital
converters
-

Continuous
-

Counter ramp, successive approximation, single, dual slope and parallel types
-

DAC/ADC
performance characteristics and comparison. Regulati
on, Need for voltage regulators, series, shunt and IC regulators,
Switched mode power supplies.










(9)


Total

42

TEXT BOOKS:

1.
Gayakwad A R, “OP
-

AMPS and Linear Integrated Circuits”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, Fourth E
dition, 2003.

2.
Roy Choudhury and Shail Jain
,
"Linear Integrated Circuits",

Wiley Eastern, New Delhi, 2002.


REFERENCES:

1.
Robert F Coughlin and Fredrick F Driscoll “Operational Amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circuits”, Fifth Edition,


Prentice

Hall of India, New Delhi, First Edition, 2001.


21

2.
Michael Jacob J, “Analog Integrated Circuits and Applications”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, April 2000.

3.
Sonde B S, “Introduction to System Design using Integrated Circuits”, Wiley Eastern Limi
ted, New Delhi, Second


Edition, 1994.

4.
Richard J Higgins, "Electronics with Digital and Analog Integrated Circuits”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1983.



08D403

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS

3

1

0 3
.5

VECTOR ANALYSIS
: Scalars and Vectors


Vector

addition, subtraction and multiplication


Components of a vector


Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical coordinates


Constant coordinate surfaces


Differential length, area and volume =
line, surface and volume integrals


Del operator


Gradient of a
scalar


Divergence of vector



Curl of a vector and
Stokes theorem.












(7)


ELECTROSTATIC FIELDS
:

Coulomb’s law


Field Intensity


Electric field due to point charges and continuous charge
distributions such as line charge, surface c
harge and volume dense


Electric flux density


Gauss’s Law


Maxwell’s
Equation


Application of Gauss’s Law


Electric potential


Relationship between field intensity and potential


Maxwell’s
equation


An electric dipole


Energy density in Electrost
atic fields.







(8)


ELECTRIC FIELDS IN MATERIAL SPACE
:

Properties of materials


Convection current


Conduction current


Polarization in Dielectrics


Dielectric constant and strength


Linear, isotropic and homogeneous dielectrics, cont
inuity
equation and Relaxation time


Boundary conditions.
Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations


Simple solutions of Laplace’s
equations


Resistance and Capacitance


Method of Images.







(9)


MAGNETIC FIEL
D:

Biot


Savart’s Law


Ampere’s C
ircuital Law


Maxwell’s equation


Applications of Ampere’s Law


Field due to infinite line current, infinite sheet of current and infinity long coaxial transmission line


Field produced by a
toroid with circular cross section


Magnetic flux density


Maxwell’s Equations


Magnetic scalar and vector potentials.



(9)


MAGNETIC FORCES, MATERIALS AND SERVICES
: Forces due to magnetic fields


Magnetic torque and moment


A
magnetic dipole


Magnetization in materials


Classification of Magnetic materia
ls


Magnetic boundary conditions


Inductors and Inductances


Magnetic energy


Magnetic circuits


Force on Magnetic materials
-

Introduction to
EMI/EMC
.













(9)


Total 42


TEXT BOOKS:

1.


Sadiku.M H, "Elements of Electromagne
tics" Published by Oxford University Press Inc., Third edition, Chennai, 2000.

2.


Narayana Rao N., “Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics” Fourth Edition Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi 1998.

3. William


H Hayt, "Engineering Electromagnetics",


McGr
aw Hill Kogakusha Ltd., Fifth edition,


Sixth Reprint,
New Delhi,
1995.





REFERENCES:

1. Bhag Singh Guru, “Electromagnetic Field Theory Fundamentals”, Thomson, Vikas Publishing House,
New Delhi,
1998

2.


Stanley V.Marshall and Gabriel G Skitek ,"E
lectromagnetic Concepts and Applications", Prentice Hall, Fourth Edition,


New Delhi, 1
996.


08D404

PHYSIOLOGY

3 0 1 3.5


THE CELL AND GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY:
Structure of the cell


Function of each components of the cell


Genetic
control of protein
synthesis


Cell reproduction


Membrane potential


Action potential


Generation and conduction


Electrical simulation


Blood cells


Immunity and blood clotting


Blood groups


Estimation of RBC


WBC and platelet.



(8)


CARDIAC AND NERVOUS SYSTEM
:
Cardiac cycle


Electrocardiograph (ECG)


standard leads of ECG


Blood
pressure


Feedback control of blood pressure


Nervous control of heart


Coronary and peripheral reflex action


Velocity of conduction of nerve impulses


Electroencephalograph (
EEG)


Autonomic nervous system.



(8)



RESPIRATORY SYSTEM:
Pulmonary ventilation


physical principles of gas exchanges


Transport of oxygen and
carbondioxide in the blood and body fluids


Regulations of respiration


Distribution of respirato
ry function


Pulmonary
function tests.













(8)


DIGESTIVE AND EXCRETORY SYSTEMS:
General principles of gastrointestinal function


Secretory functions of the
alimentary tract


Digestion and absorption in the gastrointestinal tract


St
ructure of nephron


Mechanism of urine
formation


Skin and sweat gland


Temperature regulation.








(10)


SPECIAL SENSES:
Optics of vision


Receptor and neural function of the retina


Photochemistry of vision


Central
neurophysiology of vi
sion


EOG


Physiology of hearing mechanism


Hearing loss


Audiograms


Hearing tests


Taste and smell sensors.











(
8)


Genetic control of protein synthesis


cell reproduction to be included under biochemistry.

Total 42


22

TEXT BOOK:

1
.

Jain A K, “Text Book of Physiology”, Revised Edition, Avichal Publishing & Co., Himachal Pradesh, 2005.


REFERENCES:


1.


Anil Baran Singha Mahapatra, “Essential of Medical Physiology”, Current Book International, Reprint 2005.

2.


Arther C Guyton, John E.
Hall, “Textbook of Medical Physiology”, Elsevier Publication, 2005.

3.


Sujit K Chaudhuri, “Concise Medical Physiology”, New Central Book Agency Publication, 1997.

4.


Sarada Subramanyam, K Madhavan Kutty and Singh

H D
, “Textbook of Human Physiology”, S. Chand
and Company,
1996.



08D410 LINEAR ICs AND MICROPROCESSOR LABORATORY

0 0 3 1.5

1.

Design of simple applications of Operational
-

Amplifier.

(Inverting, Noninverting, summer, averaging amplifier, Subtractor, Differentiator and Integrator)

2.

Design and te
sting of Active LPF, HPF, BPF & BSF.

3.

Design and testing Schmitt Trigger.

4.

Design and testing of Astable and Monostable Multivibrator using IC 555.

5.

Study of IC XR2206 and 566.

6.

Design of D/A Converter using R
-
2R ladder network.




Assembly
Language Programme using 8085 microprocessor for