genetics study guide_2012_sem2.docx

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Dec 12, 2012 (5 years and 25 days ago)

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Geneti
cs

Concepts

Study Guide
_2012Sem2

(
parts of
chapters 10,11,12)

Vocabulary Terms to Know and Review


Eukaryotic Cell



chromatin


Prokaryotic Cell


chromosome




Nucleus



phenotype


DNA



genotype




Chromatid



karyotype


Genome



cloning


double helix



heterozygous


genetic engineering



homozygous


Allele



phenotype


Dominant




recessive


Ratio



homologous
chromosome


Haploid



crossing over


Gene



mutation



Heredity



Genotype


punnett square



Probability



Meiosis



monohybrid cross


dihybrid cross



Law of Segregation


Law of Independent



fertilization


haploid

















Genetics Concept Study Guide
-
Main Ideas

to Know
2012_Sem2







DNA sequences can change.


Mutations can cause genetic disorders.

Changes in DNA can change an organism

significantly
.

Mutations aren’t always bad.

What is a genetically modified organism?

What is the difference between selective breeding and genetic engineering?

What is the g
enetic code?

Who is the father of Genetics?

What are the 3 laws that are still used today?

What is a genome
?


What the difference is between inherited traits and acquired traits?


What are heterozygous and homozygous alleles?

What is another name for the
m? Know how to draw, read, and do Punnet Squares.

Why are parents and offspring similar.

Genes are on chromosome pairs.

Alleles interact to produce traits.

Ratios and percentages can express the probability of outcomes.

There are risks and b
enefits ass
ociated with genetic
engineering.

DNA technology has many applications.