Genetic Engineering for Food Supply

rapidparentBiotechnology

Dec 12, 2012 (4 years and 6 months ago)

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Suzanne Distrola

Mr. Conklin

US&PA

23 March 2013

Genetic Engineering for Food Supply


Genetic engineering has created the life we know today. Cloning and selective breed
ing
have

changed the way farmers

make a profit

and the way America eats. Genetic engineering
improves livestock and
grown foods

which benefits the farmer. Therefore, genetic engineering
provides many benefits. Genetic engineering is bene
ficial because it helps
farmers in different
ways
,

even financial
ly,
increases the amount of food

and

creates a wider variety of food. Today’s
method of providing food has changed dramatically, but it has also

provided a great number of
benefits for humans, plants and animals.


Genetic engineering is when the genetic makeup of cells is changed. To produce new
organisms, the genes are moved from one species to another.
In

1998, scientists
were

able to add
simple traits to organisms.
Although, scientists

cannot always predict how
traits will interact

with each other. On the other hand, g
enetic engineering also contributes to discoveries of cures
for certain diseases and illnesses. For example
a mouse
was
engineered to develop a cancer for
use in testing potential cancer drugs
. This

has created a major impact on America.

On the other hand, genetic engineering is mainly the way ou
r

vegetables and animals are
grown and developed
. Most of the fruits and vegetables we grow are genetically altered in some
way. P
lants have been modified f
or a variety of different reasons. Some plants have been
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modified so they can grow and survive in different climates and locations that they wouldn’t
normally grow in
. O
ther plants have been genetically modified
so they produce their own pest

repellant.
Si
nce genetic engineering can help
protect and benefit the plants we are growing,
farmers and manufacturers are saving money and making a greater profit
.

In addition, scientists have produced genetically altered seeds. These seeds are altered so
they can sur
vive in harsher conditions then they’re accustom. Therefore, more seeds are
surviving and growing successfully. Since there are more seeds surviving, there is more food and
produce that is harvested and sold.

Genetically altering foods and animals has also

made a variety of complications more
tolerable. For example, manufacturers w
ere losing
large amount
s

of money because their
produce was damaging easily and spoiling quickly. Tomatoes, for example, have been altered so
they have tougher exteriors and stay
fresher longer. Altering food has even benefitted the
consumer! Japanese scientists have found a way to produce square watermelons, making it more
convenient for the consumer

to store the fruit
.

Since genetic modification has allowed plants to grow in clim
ates and locations they
couldn’t have before, this allows us to harvest the plants in many different locations instead of
specific ones. This allows the food to grow in higher yield.

The

transfer of genes, which pass on
the characteristic of greater yield, is
extremely important
. But it is also one of the most beneficial
applications of genetic engineering in food.

With earths growing issue of lacking fertile soil,
genetic engineering has

made it possible to grow plants in places they may not normally grow.

Genetically engineering plants is greatly beneficial to farmers and manufacturers.
Because of genetic engineering, plants can now survive in harsher climates and produce their
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own
natur
al
pest repellant
.

Farmers use tons of chemical pesticides annually. Consumers do not
w
ant

to eat food that has been treated with pesticides beca
use of potential health hazards. R
un
-
off of agricultural wastes from excessive use of pesticides and fertilize
rs

can poison the water
supply and cause harm to the environment.

Growing genetically modified foods
can help
eliminate the application of chemical pesticides and reduce the cost of bringing a crop to marke
t.
Therefore, farmers won’t need to spray their pr
oduce
.
In addition, g
enetic engineering can be
used to slow down the process of food spoilage which means the farmers
also
won’t lose

any
more

money on spoiled food.

The animals of today have also improved a great amount. Today’s animals have mostly
been
genetically engineered in some way. They’ve grown to satisfy the farmers with their
physical traits. Farmers have used selective breeding to build an animal up to their satisfaction.

For example, farmers are using selective breeding in their cows and lives
tock to create the best
quality o
ffspring. More meat and product means

more profit.

Now that the livestock has grown to satisfy the farmers, they are producing more to be
sold for profit. Bulls are producing more meat, sheep are producing more wool, and di
ary cows
are producing more milk.

Genetic engineering has allowed us to
replenish the

food
supply
without the previous necessities. Plants are growing and surviving in climates and locations they
wouldn’t normally. This allows us to grow more plants than
we could before.

Cross breeding and selective breeding also contribute to the wide
variety

of food we
supply today. Using these methods of genetic engineering allows us to created better quality and
more of a variety of foods.

Genetically modifying foods h
as allowed us to create different types
of certain foods also. For example, different kinds of apples
,
seedless watermelon
, and yellow
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watermelon

are the results of genetic engineering. Manufacturers are also genetically engineering
their fish and animals
to satisfy consumers. Animals and fish are growing larger and more
attractive to suit the consumers’ demands.


In conclusion, genetic engineering has affected America in a variety of ways. The use of
genetic engineering has allowed the farmers to expand an
d make a higher profit, it allows us to
produce a higher yield of our product, and it allows us to produce a larger amount of different
foods. The use of genetic engineering has made growing food more efficient because we are no
longer restricted to growin
g our produce in specific locations. A larger number of plants are
surviving and passing on the modified genes.



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Works Cited

BIO. “Plant Biotechnology.” Bio Science For Life. 21 May 2010.

<

http://bio.org/foodag/plants/
>

Shandilya, Anju.” Benefits of
Genetic Engineering.”
Intelligent life on the Web.

<
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/benefits
-
of
-
genetic
-
engineering.html
>

“Animal and Plant Genetic Engineering.”
Looking at the Ethics of Technology for a New
Millenn
inm.
Church of Scotland.

<
http://www.srtp.org.uk/geneng2.htm#Applications
>