Biotechnology - Midterm Review Packet

rapidparentBiotechnology

Dec 12, 2012 (4 years and 9 months ago)

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1


Biology CP
-

Mid Term Review Packet

During the first semester of biology you studied the unifying themes of biology. Below is a list of each of the
themes and a list of terms or concepts that you learned during the semester. The approximate number of
questions on the exam is listed for each theme. In preparing for the midterm semester examination focus on
these terms and concepts. Can you define or explain each term/concept?


Do you understand how the terms/concepts are interconnected?



Theme

-

Bio
logical Systems Ch. 1 4 exam questions

9 Terms or concepts
-

Definition/explanation

Biosphere

Ecosystem

Community

Population

Organism

Organ System

Organ

Tissue

Cell

Theme
-

Scientific Inquiry

Ch.2

3; 2 short response


18

Terms or concepts
-


Definition/explanation

Observation

Data

Analysis

Hypothesis

Prediction (If…then)

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兵Q汩l慴楶攠d慴a

兵Qntit慴楶i data

䕶楤敮ce

D数end敮t 癡物vb汥

䥮d数敮d敮t 癡物vb汥

C潮t牯l

C潮t牯汬敤 數e敲業敮t

䥮f敲ence

C潮c汵獩潮

䝥G敲慬az慴i潮

周敯特

浯d敬


2









Theme
-

Cellular Basis of Life

Ch. 6

32 exam questions

11 terms or concepts

Definition/explanation

cell theory

cell

unicellular

multicellular

plant cells

animal cells

prokaryotes

eukaryotes

plant cell vs. animal cell vs. bacterial cell



Theme

Form and Function Ch.6 Included in above #

23 Cell parts and what they do:

cytoplasm

cell wall

plasma membrane/ what

passes through

phospholipid bilayer

fluid mosaic model

mitochondria

Golgi apparatus (body)

chloroplast

chromatin

centriole

vacuole

ER endoplasmic reticulum

ribosome

passive transport

diffusion

osmosis

facilitated diffusion

active transport

Biomolecules

Ch. 5; Ch. 11

8 exam questions

10 terms or concepts Definition/explanation

Carbohydrates/ types/function

Lipids/function

Proteins/function

Nucleic Acid/types/function

organic compound/examples

inorganic compound/examples

monomer

polymer

monomers of each polymer (bio
-
molecule)

enzyme function

3


transport proteins

nucleus

nucleolus

function of parts of the light microscope:





types of electron microscopes/ uses







Theme
-

Reproduction & Inheritance

Ch.9

28 exam questions

23 terms or concepts Definitions/explanations

surface area to volume ratio

asexual reproduction

sexual reproduction

cell cycle

interphase

mitosis

cytokinesis

prophase

metaphase

anaphase

telophase

daughter cells

chromatin

chromosomes

DNA replication

meiosis

crossing over

gamete

zygote

haploid

diploid

fertilization

genes

growth

cancer





4


Theme
-
Molecular Basis of Genetics

Ch. 11

19 exam questions

16 terms or concepts

Definitions/explanations

DNA
-
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
-
shape

deoxyribose

phosphate

nucleotides
-
parts

nitrogen
bases
-
adenine,guanine,cytosine,thymine

RNA
-
Ribonucleic Acid
-
shape

ribose

nitrogen bases
-

adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil

complementary base pairing rules

nucleotide sequence

protein synthesis

ribosome

transcription

translation

genes

polypeptide/protein

gene mutations
-

base substitution, insertion, deletion



Theme
-
Patterns of Inheritance

Ch. 10 & 12

29 exam questions

29 terms or concepts

Definitions/explanations

Gregor Mendel

heredity

genetics

Punnet Square

dominant

recessive

homozygous
-
pure

heterozygous
-
hybrid

alleles

genotype

phenotype

monohybrid cross

dihybrid cross

test cross

phenotypic ratios
-
monohybrid and dihybrid cross

intermediate
-
incomplete dominance

codominance

blood types
-

I
A
I
A
, I
B
I
B
, I
A
I
B
, ii

multiple

alleles

XX, XY

Sex
-
linked inheritance


hemophilia, color blindness, eye color in fruit flies

5


carrier

Chromosomal mutations
-


duplication


inversion


nondisjunction

Down syndrome

pedigree

environmental factors


Theme
-

Biology & Society


Biotechnology

Ch. 13

11exam questions

10 terms and concepts

Definitions/explanations

biotechnology

cloning

genome

genetic engineering

recombinant DNA

restriction enzymes

gel electrophoresis

transgenic

DNA fingerprint

oncogene

Human Genome Project


Theme
-

Regulation

Ch.1

1 exam questions

2 terms and concepts

Definitions/explanations

homeostasis

dynamic equilibrium


Theme
-

Adaptation & Evolution

Ch.1

7 exam questions

7 terms and concepts

Definitions/explanations

Three
Domains
-
characteristics


Archaea


Bacteria


Eukarya

Kingdoms of Eukarya
-

characteristics


Plantae


Animalia


Protista


Fungi