Mohammad A. Rob

rangaleclickSoftware and s/w Development

Nov 4, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Mohammad A. Rob

Management Information Systems

University of Houston
-
Clear Lake

Houston, Texas 77058

rob@uhcl.edu




Introduction




Theoretical Background



Motivation



Engagement and Learning



What the Accreditation Agencies Say?



Taxonomy of Significant Learning


Designing the Learning Environment



The Role of Technology



The Central Question



A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING



The Leading
-
Learning Framework



The Basic Concepts or Guidelines



Distribution of Learning Activities



Designing the Learning Activities




Application in an MIS Course




Student Reflection




Results




Conclusion





Teaching undergraduates can be more
challenging than graduates


Teachers complain:


Undergraduates are not motivated towards learning


However they are critical in evaluating instructors


Research show that engagement of students
can lead towards motivation


Also the art and practice of engagement is
primarily the responsibility of the teacher


A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING



Motivation means to be moved to do
something


People are
intrinsically

motivated to do
something for reward or satisfaction


Most students are
extrinsically

motivated to
complete tasks with resentment & disinterest


Researchers have been investigating what
task characteristics make an activity
interesting


A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING


Engagement is an
extrinsic

motivational
task that fosters learning in the educational
environment


Engagement theories suggest that students
must be meaningfully engaged in learning
activities through interaction with others
and in worthwhile tasks


Engagement is not just a student
-
oriented
activity


A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING


The National Survey of Student Engagement, AACSB
Standard of Teaching and Learning, and ABET
Standards for Engineering and Technology suggest:



Student engagement to enrich learning
experience


Active involvement of students and
collaboration and cooperation among
faculty
-
student and student
-
student


Collaboration along with oral and written
communication skills development and
application in the IS programs


A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING


Leading Pedagogical Researchers say:


The art and practice of engaging students
towards learning is principally the
responsibility of the teacher


The teacher becomes less imparter of
knowledge and more a designer and facilitator
of learning experiences for students


The real challenge in teaching is not covering
the material for the students; it’s uncovering
the materials with the students

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

Foundational
Knowledge

Concepts and principles of a subject matter:
facts, terms, formulae, concepts, principles, etc.

Application

Involved in various kinds of critical thinking
and problem
-
solving skills

Integration

Connection between ideas, subjects, people,
etc. that improve intellectual power

Human
Dimension

Learning about self and enabling interaction
with others in the society

Caring

Identify and changing one’s feelings: energize

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to⁌敡en

卥汦
-
directed learners: furthering one’s
knowledge towards the next level

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

Knowledge
Centered

What we want students to know and be able
to do when they finish a course: the
foundational knowledge,

skills, and attitudes

Learner
Centered

Connecting to the strengths and interests of
learners and helping them learn about
themselves

Community
Centered

Providing an environment where students feel safe to
ask questions, learn to use technology, work
collaboratively to develop lifelong learning skills

Assessment
Centered

Providing multiple opportunities to make
students’ thinking visible, provide feedback
and give chances to revise


In the era of high
-
technology, engagement is also
seen as a framework for technology
-
based
teaching and learning.


When students use technology as a tool to
communicate with others, they take on an active
role versus a passive role of transmitting the
information by a teacher, a book, or broadcast.


Instructors and students are constantly making
choices on how to obtain, display, or manipulate
information appropriate and useful for others.

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING


What role an instructor can play in setting up a classroom
and course
-
related activities that motivate students to
value their learning and self
-
regulate their activities, to
carry them out on their own?


The 21
st

century teachers acts as leaders :


to engage students in important activities and challenges
them with fun,


in an environment conducive to learning, with technology,


and guides them towards the goal of mastering the subject
matter, and with an end product




the knowledge of which will endure a human life beyond
the academic environment.


A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING



It is based on the concepts of:



motivation and engagement,


active and collaborative learning,


taxonomy of significant learning,


designing the learning environment, and


the role of technology, as discussed before


A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

Reduce Burden of
Teaching

The concept of “teaching by instructors” is
changed to “learning by students:” teacher

leads

Increase Efforts by
Students

The burden of learning goes to students:
students learn through “active engagement”

Define a Clear Outcome
or Product for a Course

The outcome is a significant document binder or
a

business
information system

Formulate a Group
Project around the

Outcome

Incorporate a “semester
-
long” group project that
applies most important concepts of the subject

Make All Course
-
Related Materials

Freely Available

Empower students by providing

lecture notes,
past presentations & systems through a website

Maintain Dedicated
Computer Classrooms

Easy access to d
atabase servers & web servers to
develop applications & use multiple tools/course

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

Engagement

Assessment

Lecturing

Leading

Teacher

Teacher

Student

Student

Assessment
-
Centered
Teaching

Engagement

Centered
Learning


Concept
-
Based:
Developing
individual student’s knowledge on
the subject matter



Project
-
Based:
Understanding the
relationship between various
concepts of a subject matter



Multi
-
Dimensional:
Going
beyond the subject matter and
improving on human dimension


collaboration, cooperation, cross
-
curriculum, communication,
research, multi
-
culture, career,
etc.

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

Growth of Knowledge in Dimensions

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

Instructor

Input

Student

Process

Student

Output


Demonstration


Work assignment


Work assignment


Lecture


Work assignment


Document


Presentation


Research Paper


Program Code


Design/Model


Web site


Monitor & Control

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

Concept
-
Based

Project
-
Based

Multi
-
Dimensional

Purpose


Learn the
primary
concepts
of a
subject
matter


Get a clear picture
of
the subject
matter


Get a practical
experience through
integrated
application of the
concepts


Provide
a significant
learning
experience


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Know
the purpose, value,
and prospect of education


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楮⁴ e
獵扪散b
慲敡


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Apply technology

Fink’s
Taxonomy


Foundational
Knowledge


Application


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Learning how to
Learn


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Caring


A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

Knowledge Area

Engagement

Concept
-
Based



-
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-
捬慳c 捡獥 獴畤y



-
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-
捬慳c 灲潧o慭浩ag


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偲潪散o
-
B慳敤


S敭敳t敲
-
L潮朠䝲潵p†偲潪散琺


Apply SDLC Methodology


Student
-
student meetings


Group deliverables


documents & systems


Group presentations, Web Site


Redo presentations
until clear

concept


S
tudent

teacher meetings


Outcome: Project Binder or System

Multi
-
Dimensional


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c
r潳o
-
捵rri捵污爩


Use of multiple software tools per

subject


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&

敬散瑲潮楣 獵扭楳獩in


SDLC Methodology should be
used on the group project
throughout the semester and
apply overall knowledge learned
from various course concepts to
produce a significant outcome
from the course



Development of a major website
by each student or group to house
all course
-
related documents and
programs is important in this
technological era.

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING


The teacher acts as a leader in engaging students in
multiple activities and directs them towards the goal



He/She

is mainly focused on course “planning” as well as
“monitoring & controlling” the student activities in a
“Project Management” style

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

Initiating

Planning

Execution

Monitoring & Control

Closing


Course
concept


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Research paper
definition/schedule


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-
捬慳s

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pr敳敮e慴楯湳


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M潮楴潲 R敶楳敤
presentation


Mid
-
Term Test


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偲潤u捴


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We apply the concepts of
Leading
-
Leading Framework
by engaging students in five
main activities:



In
-
class programming



Homework assignments


Group
-
project: Apply
overall knowledge to
develop a business
information system



Three group presentations



Two in
-
class hands
-
on tests


A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING


An assessment of the course activities as seen by
students was performed through a survey
questionnaire under the following conditions:


The same question was asked
three times
in various
word formats to get a better reflection from students


The first assessment was done after the first group
presentation and after the mid
-
term


The second assessment was done after the second
group presentation and before the final test


Answer to questions are organized in five broad areas:


Instructor activities, Group Project, Programming, and Motivation



A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING


Activity Groups

Instructor

Group

Project

Programming

Motivation

Syllabus, web site, class demonstration

3.4

In
-
class assignments, homework, in
-
class test

3.8

Group project, group presentation

2.5

Downloading sample code, class
attendance, course challenge,


grade expectation


3.7


The result is different is the Systems Analysis & Design, Project
Management, Data Warehouse and other graduate courses.



Given the course activities, students are to define and justify
which three activities provided significant knowledge in their
learning:






A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING

Group Project

Top Tier

Research Papers

Top Tier

Lectures

Top Tier

Project Documentation

Middle Tier

Presentation

Middle Tier

Web site

Next Tier

Use of software

Next Tier


We have discussed various methods of student engagement to
motivate them towards learning


We put forward a Leading
-
Learning Framework that is built
upon the concept that the teacher becomes the leader to engage
students in various course activities.


The Framework divides the student
-
knowledge development
into three different groups: each one is built upon the other


The types of engagement may not be same for all courses.


In the programming course, it is best to engage students mainly
in programming activities


However, group project is very effective for non
-
programming
courses that have consistent relationship between various
concepts of a course





A FRAMEWORK OF LEADING TOWARDS LEARNING