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ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.













COURSE SCHEME

For

MASTER OF ENGINEERING

(

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGG.

WITH SPECIALIZATION

COMMUNICATION
SYSTEMS

)

(REGULAR)


(SEMESTER SYSTEM)

YEAR 201
3
-
201
4

Batch 201
3






ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.



S.No

Subject
code

Subject

Contact hrs/

Marks

Credits

SEMESTER

I

L

T

P

INT

EXT

TOTAL


1.

ECT 501

Advanced
Engineering
Mathematics

4

0

0

4
0

6
0

100

4

2.

ECT 502

Detection and
Estimation
Theory

4

0

0

4
0

6
0

100

4

3.

ECT 503

Optical
Communication

4

0

0

4
0

6
0

100

4

4.

ECT 50X

Elective I

4

0

0

4
0

6
0

100

4

5.

ECT 50X

Elective II

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

6.

ECP 504

Lab I

0

0

4

40

60

100

2

7.

ECT 505

SEMINAR

2

0

0

100

0

100

1

8.

CME 601

Psychology of
teaching learning

3

2

0

40

60

100

4



Total

2
5

2

4

38
0

42
0

8
00

2
7

SEMESTER
-
II

8.

ECT 551

Adaptive Signal
Processing

4

0

0

4
0

60

100

4

9.

ECT 552

Wireless and
Mobile
Communication

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

10.

ECT 5X
X

Elective III

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

11.

ECT 5XX

Elective IV

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

12.

ECT 5XX

Elective V

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

13.

ECP 554

Lab II

0

0

4

40

60

100

2

14.

ECT 555

SEMINAR

2

0

0

100

0

100

1

15
.

CME 602

Curriculum and
Instruction

3

2

0

40

60

100

4



Total

2
5

2

4

38
0

42
0

8
00

2
7

SEMESTER
-
III











1
6
.

ECP 601

Research Project


100

0

100

4

17
.

ECT 602

SEMINAR

2

0

0

100

0

100

1

18
.

ECT 60X

Elective VI

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

19
.

CME 603

Education
Technology

3

2

0

40

60

100

4

20
.

CME 604

Research
Methodology

4

0

0

40

60

100

4













Total

13

2

0

320

180

5
00

1
7

SEMESTER
-
IV

21
.

ECT 6
5
1

Thesis





20




Total





20






ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.





Specialization: Communication Systems


Elective I

& II



S.No

Subject code

Subject

Credits

1.

ECT 506

Information Theory

4

2.

ECT 507

Analysis of Digital
Communication System

4

3.

ECT 508

Ad
vanced

Signal
Processing

4

4.

ECT 509

Data Communication and
Computer Networks

4

5.

ECT 510

Wireless Sensor Networks

4


ECT 511

Reliability of Electronics
Communication Systems

4

ELECTIVE II
I, IV & V



1.

ECT 556

Image Processing

4

2.

ECT 557

Secured Wireless
Communication

4

3.

ECT 558

Error Control Coding

4

4
.

ECT 5
59

Photonic Networks and
Switching

4

5
.

ECT 56
0

Telematics

4

6
.

ECT 56
1

Multimedia Communication
and System Design

4

7
.

ECT 56
2

Global Tracking and
Positioning System

4

ELECTIVE
VI



1.

ECT 603

Microwave
Communication Systems

4

2
.

ECT 604

Smart Anten
nas

4

3
.

ECT 605

Embedded System for
Mobile Communication

4




ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
501
ADVANCED
E
NGINEERING MATHEMATICS



L T C












4

0 4

Max Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48


Course objectives



To reinforce the
mathematical foundation with advanced topics.



To enable the student to appreciate the engineering aspect of mathematics.



To equip the student with tools to confront continual mathematical
challenges
.


UNIT I

Review of FT & it’s Proof, properties of FT

-
:

Fourier Transform, Fourier Integral
Theorem, Complex Form of Fourier Integral . DFT and its inverse, Properties of
DFT, Inverse Fast Fourier Transform, Wavelet Transform, Multi resolution Analysis
by the wavelet method.
















(12
)


UNIT
-
II

Z
-
Transform, Introduction, Properties of Z
-

Transform, Evaluation of inverse Z


Transform, Applications.








(8)

Conformal Mapping, Introduction, Linear mapping, Bi
-
linear mapping, Schwarz
-
Christoffel transformation.








(7)



UNIT
-
III

Vector spaces.

Subspaces, Linear independence, Basis, Dimension, Finite
dimensional vector spaces, Direct sum. Vector space of matrices. Linear
Transformation, Matrix representation of linear transformation. Change

of basis.












(8
)

Calculus Of Variations

: Euler
-
Lagrange’s differential equation, Brachistochrone
problem and other applications. Isoperimetric problem, Hamilton’s Principle and
Lagrange’s Equation.







(10)

Convolution
: Properties of convolution, Circular convolution,
Deconvolution













(3)


Recommended Books:


1. Higher Engineering Mathematics
-

by Dr. B.S. Grewal; Khanna Publishers

2. Fourier Series and Boundary Values Problems
-

by Churchill; McGraw Hill.

3. Complex Variables & Applications
-

by Churc
hill; McGraw Hill.


4. Calculus of Variations
-

by Elsgole; Addison Wesley.

5. Calculus of Variations
-

by Galfand & Fomin; Prentice Hall.


6. The Use of Integral Transforms
-

by I.N. Sneddon., Tata McGraw Hill



ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
50
2


DETECTION
&
ESTIMATION
THEORY



L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours : 48

Course objectives



To review the concepts of Random Processes.



To provide an insight on hypothesis testing, detection and estimation theory.



To understand the applications of
the theories to communication and RADAR systems.

UNIT I

Signals and Systems:
System theory, Stochastic process, Gauss Markov models, Representation
of Stochastic Process, Likelihood and Sufficiency.






(4)

Review of Random Processes:
Review of Probabilit
y Theory, Random variable, Two random
variables, Moments and conditional statistics, Sequence of random variables, Random Process
definit ion and classificat ion, St at ionary and non s tationary process, correlat ion funct ions,
Stochastic Integrals, Fourier tra
nsform of random process. Ergodicity and power spectral density,
transformation of random process by linear systems. Representation of random processes via
sampling, K
-
L sampling and narrow band representations, Special random processes (White
Gaus s ian Noi
se, Wiener Levy Processes, Special random processes, Shot nois e proces s es,
Markov processes).









(13
)

UNIT II


Hypothesis Testing:
Simple binary hypothesis tests, Decision Criteria, Neyman pearson tests,
Bayes Crit eria, Receiver operating charact eristics, Mult iple Hypot hesis t es t ing, Compos it e
hypothesis testing, Asymptotic Error rate of LRT for simple hypothesis testing.



(7
)


Detecti on Theory:
CFAR Det ect ion, Sequential detection, Walds t est, Det ect ion
of known
signals in white noise: the correlation receiver, Detection of known signals in coloured noise,
Maximum SNR Criteria. Detection of signals with unknown parameters.



(8)

UNIT III


Es ti mati on Theory:
Bayes es t imat ion, Real paramet er es t imat ion, Max
imum likelihood
estimation, Cramer Rao inequality, lower bound on the minimum mean square error in estimating
a
random parameter, Multiple parameter estimation bound on estimation errors of non random
variables, General Gaussian problem.







(
7
)


Estimat
ion of Waveforms:
Linear MMSE of waveforms, Estimation of stationary process: The
Wiener Filt er, Es t imat ion of non
-
stationary process: The Kalman Filt er, Relat ion bet ween
Kalman and Wiener filters, Non linear estimation.






(5)


Applications to Communication
&
Radar Systems:
Digital communication, Spread Spectrum
Communication, Radar Systems, Radar Target Models, Target detection, Parameter estimation in
radar systems, Dynamic Target tracking.







(4)

Recommended
Boo
ks:

1.

Detection Estimation and Modulation The
ory
-

by HL Van Trees Wiley
New
York

2.

Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing with Application
-

by
MD Srinath, PK. Rajasekran, R.Viswamathan (PHI)

3.

Signal detection theory
-

by Hancock and Wintz.

4.

Detection of

signals and noise
-

by AD Whalen.

5.

Related IEEE/IEE publications

ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
50
3

OPTICAL COMMUNICATION



L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course objectives



To i
ntroduce basic ideas on optical principles and fibers used as a
back bone networks
.



To understand the propagation of waves in fibers and waveguides.



To understand optical multiplexing and networking.


UNIT
I


Introduction:

concepts of information, general communication systems, evolution of optical fiber
communication
systems, advantages, disadvantage of optical fiber, communication systems.

(4)


Wave propagation in dielectric waveguide:

Snell’s

law, internal reflection, dielectric slab wave
guide, numerical aperture, propagation of model & rays. Step
-
index fibers, grad
ed index fibers.

(5
)


Attenuation in optics fibers:

Fiber attenuation, connectors &splices, bending loses, Absorption,
scattering, very low loss materials, plastic & polymer
-
clad
-
silica fibers.




(5)


UNIT

II


Wave propagation in fibers:
wave propagation

in step index & graded index fiber, fiber dispersion,
single mode fibers, multimode fibers, dispersion shifted fiber, dispersion flattened fiber, polarization.

(8
)

Optical sources & detectors:

principles of light emitting diodes (LED’s) , design of LED’s
for
optical fiber communications, semiconductor LASER for optical fiber communication system
,principles of semiconductor photodiode detectors, PIN photodiode, Avalanche photodiode detectors.

(10)

UNIT
III


Optical fiber communication system:

telecommunica
tion, local distribution series, computer
networks local data transmission & telemetry, digital optical fiber communication system, first &
second generation system, future system.







(5)


Advanced multiplexing strategies:

Optical TDM, subscriber multip
lexing (SCM), WDM

(4
)

Optical networking:

data communication networks, network topologies, MAC protocols, Network
Architecture
-

SONET/TDH, optical transport network, optical access network, optical premise
network.











(7
)


Re
commended

Books:

1.

Senior
J., optical fiber communications, principles & practice, PHI.

2.

Keiser G., optical fiber communications, McGraw
-
hill.

3.

Gowar J., optical communication systems, PHI.

4.

William B. Jones jr., Introduction to optical fiber communication systems, Holt, Rinehart
and
Winston, Inc.



ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


CME
-
6
0
1
PSYCHOLOGY OF TEACHING LEARNING


L T C










3 2

4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course objectives



Understand the teaching models and instructional objectives



Understand the concept of learning and
assessment



Understand the psychology of learner



Understand the classroom management


UNIT
-
I

Teaching Models
:

Concept of teaching, Phases of teaching


pre interactive,
interactive and post interactive of teaching.

Basic teaching models
--

Glaser’s Model,
Computer Based Teaching Model (Davis, 1965) and interaction Model (Flander
1960) .


Instructional objectives
:
Concept, Bloom`s Taxon
omy
-

Cognitive, Psychomotor
and
affective

,
benefits of writing instructional objectives



(16
)




UNIT
-
II

Varieties of Learning and conditions of learning:

Learning
-
concept and
characteristics, varieties of learning
-

Verbal information; Intellectual skills
-

concept
learning, rule learning, problem solving; Motor s
kills; attitude; Cognitive strategies.
Conditions of learning.






Assessment
:
Evaluating learning outcomes
-

Cognitive, Psychomotor and affective
.













(16
)





UNIT
-
III

Entry behaviour:
Concept and purposes
,
Learners’ characteristics
-

Individual
differences with respect to
Physical, Cognitive (Intelligences, learning styles, and
creativity),
Personality differences
-

Introvert vs Extrovert, Big five factor theory.
Emotion intelligence and their assessment.








Student motivation:
Motivation concept, t
ypes
-

Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation,
Techniques of motivating students,











Classroom management:
Concept, Classroom problems and strategies for
management












(16
)











ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


R
ecommended

Books

1.

Smith, MC & Pourchott, T
(1988), Adult Learning & Development:
Perspectives from Education Psychology, Lawrence Erlbaum Associate Inc.

2.

Tennant, M (1997), Psychology of Adult Learning, UK, Routledge.

3.

Knowles, Malcolm (1990), The Adult Learner


A neglected specie.
Houston, London:

Gulf Publishing Company .

4.

Lovell , R . Bernard (1987), Adult Learning, London & Sydney: Croom
Helm.

5.

Brown, FG (1976), Principles of Educational psychological Testing Rinehart
and Winston, NY.

6.

Bloom, BS (1974) Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Book 1:
Cognitive
Domain, Longman Group Ltd. London.

7.

Ebel, RL and Frisbie , DA (1991), Essentials of Educational Measurement,
New Delhi, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. ,

8.

Gronlund, NE and Linn RL, (1990), Measurement and Evaluation in
Teaching, New York, Macmill
an Publishing company

9.

Hopkins, KD Stanley, JC and Hopkins BR, (1990), Educational and
psychological Measurement and Evaluation , USA , Allyn and Bacon

10.

Tuckman, BW, (1975), Measurement Educational Outcomes: Fundamentals
of Testing, NY: Hardourt Brace Jovan
vich Inc.

11.

Wilson Bob (1997), The Systematic Design of Training Courses , Vol. I.
Parthenon Publishing

12.

DeCecco, JP and Crawford, W. Psychology of Teaching and Learning.
Prentice Hall

13.

Bloom, BS (1974) Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Book 1: Cognitive
Do
main, Longman Group Ltd. London.

14.

Gagne, R and Briggs, L.J (!978) Instructional Design. Holt, Rinehart and
Winston.

15.

Wilson Bob (1997), The Systematic Design of Training Courses , Vol. I.
Parthenon Publishing

16.

Cole, PG and Chan, LKS teaching Principles an
d practices. New york:
Prentice Hall























ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECP
-
504

Signal Processing Using MATLAB

L

T

C




0

0

2


List of
Experiments

1.

To familiarize with the MATLAB f
undamentals and basic functions, and
introduction to Simulink Models.

2.

To generate various types of signals
:

a.

Unit impulse

b.

Unit Step

c.

Unit Ramp

d.

Exponential

3.

To plot the following discrete
-
time signals in the range
-
10 ≤
n

≤ 10:

a.

x
(
n
) =
u
(
n
)


u
(
n


3)

b.

x
(
n
) =
u
(3


n
)

c.

x
(
n
) = 0.5
n
[
u
(
n
)


u
(
n


5)]

d.

x
(
n
) =
e
j
π
n

e.

x
(
n
) = cos(π
n
/2) cos(π
n
/4)

4.

To generate a sinusoidal signal and also plot the frequency spectrum of the
signal.

5.

To study the analog modulation (AM, FM, PM) of the signal and also plot
the frequency spectrum of the modulated signal.

6.

To study the digital modulation (ASK, FSK, PSK) of the signal and also plot
the frequency spectrum of the modulated signal.

7.

To d
esign and implement a FIR filter using window technique.

8.

To filter out the information signal from a modulated signal using FIR filter.

9.

To design and implement a Weiner adaptive filter for a signal.

10.

To study the effects of different types of noise on a spe
ech signal.





ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.








SEMESTER II





ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
551
ADAPTIVE SIGNAL PROCESSING



L T C










4 0 4







Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To understand the interdependency of signal processing and estimation
theory.



To understand various adaptive and predictive filtering concepts and algorithms.



To appreciate the applications of adaptive signal processing.

UNIT I

Signals and Systems:
System theory, Stoc
hastic processes Gauss Markov model,
Representation
of
stochastic processes, likelihood and sufficiency, Hypothesis testing, decision
criteria, multiple measurements.








(
5
)

Estimation Theory:
Estimation of parameters, random parameters, Bayes Estimates,
estimation
of non random paramet ers, propert ies of e
s t imat ors, Linear Es t imat ion of
s ignals, predict ion,
filt ering, s moot hing, correlat ion cancellat ion, Power Spect rum
Es t imat ion
-
Paramet ric and
Maximum Entropy Methods.





(6
)

UNIT II


Es ti mati on of Waveforms:
Linear, MMSE
.

es t imat ion of waveforms, es t imat ion. of
s t at ionary
proces s es: Wiener filt er, Es t imat ion of non s t at ionary proces s es: Kalman
filt er, Non linear
estimation.








(4
)


Predi cti on:
Forward and backward linear predict ion, Levins on
-
Durb
i
n ' algorit hm,
Schurr


algorit hm, propert ies of linear predict ion error filt ers, AR
-

Lat t ice and ARMA
Lat t ice Ladder
filters, Wiener filters for prediction.






(4
)


System Modeling and Identification:
System identification based on FIR (MA), All Pole
(AR),
Pole Zero (ARMA) sy
stem models, Least
*
square linear prediction filter, FIR least
squares inverse
filt er, predict ive de convolut ion, Mat rix formulat ion for leas t s quares
es t imat ion: Choles ky
decompos it ion, LDU decompos it ion, QRD decompos it ion, Grahm
-

Schmidt ort hogonalizat i
on,
Givens rotation, Householder reflection, SVD.



(8
)


Adapti ve Fi l teri ng:
Leas t s quare met hod for t apped
-
delay line s t ruct ures. Leas t Mean
Squares (LMS) and Recurs ive Leas t Squares (RLS) algorit hms and t heir convergence
performance, IIR
adaptive filt ering and Transform domain adapt ive filt ering, int roduct ion
of different t ypes of
LMS, RLS and Kalman filters and their relationship with each other.

(5
)

UNIT III

Adapti ve Equal i zati on:
Opt imal Zero
-
Forcing and MMSE Equalizat ion,
Generalized
E
qualizat ion Met hods, Fract ionally Spaced Equalizer, Trans vers al Filt er
Equalizers, 1ST and
• ADFE and Error Propagation.





(4
)

Nons tati onary
'
Si gnal Anal ys i s:
Time frequency analys is, Cohen clas s dis t ribut ion,
Wigner
Ville Distribution, Wavelet Analysis.






(4)

Appl i cati ons
: Nois e and echo cancellat ion, Paramet ers es t imat ion in Radar s ys t ems,
Dynamic
t arget t racking, Applicat ion t o pat t erii clas s ificat ion and s ys t em
ident ificat ion, channel
ident ificat ion and equalizat ion, Generalized invers es,
regulariz
at ion of ill
-
pos ed problems. Int erpolat ion and approximat ion by leas t s quares
ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


and minimax error crit eria, Opt imizat ion
t echniques for linear and nonlinear
problems, Model order s elect ion, MUSIC, ESPRIT
algorit hms, Signal Analys is wit h
Higher order Spectra,

array process ing, Beam forming, t it le
-

delay estimation, successive and
parallel interference cancellers.








(8
)

Recommended Books

1.

Haykin, Simon S., Adaptive filter theory, Dorling Kingsley (2008).

2.

Honig, Michael L., David G., Mes s ers chmit t, Adapt ive Filt ers: St ruct ures
Algorit hms
and Applications, Springer (1984).

3.

Trees, Harry L. Van, Opt imum Array Proces s ing, Det ect ion, Es t imat ion,
and
Modulation Theory, Part IV, John Wiley and Sons (2002).

4.

Adams,
Pet er F., Cowan, Colin F. N. and Grant, Pet er
M.,
Adapt ive Filt ers,
Prent ice
-

Hall (1985).

.

5.

Sayeed, Zulfi guar, Adapt ive Coding and Trans mit t er Divers it y
.

for Slow
Fading
Channels, University of Pennsylvania (1996




ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
552
WIRELESS AND MOBILE
COMMMUNICATIO
N


L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course objectives



To understand mobile communication and cellular design.



To appreciate the concepts and differences between GSM and CDMA.



To recognize applications of
multiple access techniques in communication.



Insight to multipath propagation and introduction to the 3G wireless networks.

UNIT I

Mobile Communicati on:

Types of Mobile Communicat ion Systems, Mobile radio syst ems around t he world,
Trends
in cellular radio
and personal communicat ions.


(3)


Cellular Design Fundamentals:

Frequency reuse, Channel alignment strategies, handoff strategies, interference and
system
capacity, improving coverage and capacity in cellular systems, mechanism for
capacity
improvement
-
ce
ll splitting, cell sectoring, and micro cell zone concept.




(6)


Multiple access schemes :
TDMA, FDMA, CDMA, WCDMA, OFDMA, Random Multiple
access
Scheme, Packet Radio Protocols, CSMA, Reservation Protocols, Capacity of
Cellular systems.

`



(
7
)

UNIT II


GSM

Architecture& Protocols,
GSM Burst structure, Carrier and Burst Synchronization, Design
Consideration. Security Aspects, Power Control strategies.


(9)

CDMA Digital Cellular Standards,
Services and Security Aspects, Network Reference
Model
and Key
Features, Advantages over TDMA, CDMA WLL System. Recent developments.


(9
)

UNIT III

Multipath Propagation:
Fading, Large scale path loss, reflection, Diffraction , Scattering, Outdoor
Propagation model
-
Okumura Model, Hata Model,Indoor Propagation Models.
Small
-
scale multipath
propagation, Types of small scale fading, Rayleigh and Ric
i
an di
stributions. Diversity Schemes. (10
)

Introduction to 3G Wireless Networks:

WiFi, WiMax, Bluetooth


(4)


Recommended Books:

1.

Mobile and personal communicat ion systems and
services by Raj Pandya (PHI)


2.

Wireless Communicat ion by Rappaport


3.

Mobile Communications by Schiller (Pearson)



4.

Wireless Communicat ions by Stallings (Pearson)



5.

Wireless Communications by Upena Dalal

(Oxford)




ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


CME
-
6
0
2
CURRICULUM &
INSTRUCTION



L T C










3

2

4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course objectives



Understand the engineering education in India



Understand the
c
oncept of curriculum

design and development



Understand the instructional design, delivery a
nd evaluation



Know the skills required for instructional delivery



Understand the steps in setting question papers



Understand the process of designing performance test



Understand the parameters for course, teacher and teaching evaluation


.

UNIT
-
I

Engineering
education in India
:
Craftsmen training, Technician education and
professional engineering education
-

Historical development and status.



Curriculum Design and D
evelopment:
Concept of curriculum, curriculum vs
syllabus, curriculum dev
elopment process
-

stages
,
models of curriculum
development based on various approaches


subject specialization
.

Need Analysis,
Curriculum Design
, Specifying curriculum objectives, various approach
to
Curriculum Design
.
Norms and standards for space, infra
structure, equipment,

libraries, computer centre, teaching staff, etc.
; Curriculum Implementation
-
factors
for effective implementation; Curriculum Evalu
ation


CIPP Model


(16
)





UNIT
-
II

Instructional Design:
Task analysis
-

Concept and rules
, Instructional objectives
-

Concept, domains, cognitive, psychomotor and affective. Instructional Methods and
writing of instructional objectives
-

large group (Lecture), small group problem
based learni
ng (Group discussion, case study, demonstration, Tutorial and project
work, simulation and games, brain storming) and individualize (CAI
-
Computer
assisted instruction)


characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. Instructional
media
-

Concept, types
-
pri
nt and non
-
print


characteristics, advantages and
disadvantages.










Lesson planning:
Concept
, format

and process
.





Organization of instructional resources
-

procuring or developing exercise,
activities, assignments
,

tests, media.







(16
)




UNIT
-
III

Instructional Delivery:
Skills for instructional delivery, Motivating students,
Communication, Questioning,
Explaining, Stimulus variation, feedbacks, Board
writing. Stude
nt engagement.









Instructional Evaluation:
Student assessment

evaluation
-

Concept, types and
techniques
setting question papers, performance tests, Assessing objectives in
affective domain; course evaluation, teacher evaluation and teaching

evaluation.
(16
)





ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.



R
ecommended

Books

1.

Hamidi, MB and Ravishankar, S., Curriculum Development and Educational
Technology: New Delhi, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

2.

Hass, G, Bondi, J and Wiles, J.,. Curriculum Planning


A New Approach,
Boston: Allyn and
Bacon, Inc.

3.

Taba, Hilda, Curriculum Development


Theory and Practice. Harcourt,
Brace and World

4.

Alberty, HB and Alberty, EJ, Reorganizing the High School Curriculum,
New Delhi Light and Life Publishers

5.

Romiszowski, Designing Instructional System, Kogan Pa
ge, London

6.

Tanner D and Tanner L, Curriculum Development; McMillan Publishing
Company, New York

7.

Towney, D., Curriculum Evaluation Today: Trends and Implications,
MacMillan Education Ltd., London.

8.

Wilson Bob (1997), The Systematic Design of Training Courses

, Vol. I.
Parthenon Publishing


































ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.





III
rd

SEMESTER
















ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


CME
-
60
4



RESEARCH METHODOLOGY



L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives:












Formulize the research / project proposals.



Analyse the parameters involved in the research.



Test the hypothesis formulated.


UNIT


I


Introduction:

Nature and objectives of research,
Types of research,
, Research
methods
vs
Methodology, Types of research , Descriptive
vs
. Analytical, Applied
vs
.
Fundamental, Quantitative
vs
. Qualitative, Conceptual
vs
. Empirical
criteria of good
research, defining the research problem,

Preparation and presentation of research
proposals, Selec
tion of thrust area of research, defining scope of the research problem.












(7)



Research Formulation

and Design
:
D
efining and formulating the research problem,
selecting the problem, Necessity of defining the problem, Importance of literature
review in defining a problem,
Research Design:

Meaning and need for research
design, Features of a good design,

important

concepts relating to research design ,
Observation and Facts, Laws and Theories, Prediction and explanation, Induction,
Deduction, Development of Models. Developing a research plan, Exploration,
Descript
ion, Diagnosis, Experimentation,
Determining experim
ental and sample
designs.














(9
)


UNIT


II


Sample

Design
s
:
Sampling and its need
,
criteria of selecting a sampling procedure,
characteristics of a good sample designs, Diffe
rent types of sample designs.
Data
Collecti
on and analysis:
Collection of Primary data and secondary data, Data
Processing and Analysis strategies







(7)




Introduction to Statistical Analysis:

Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion,
Random Variables an
d Probability
, Mathematical Expectation, Probability
distributions, Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Exponential, Normal and log
-
normal
distributions.







Hypothesis Testing:

Tests of Significance based on normal, t and chi
-
square








distributions, Analysis of variance technique
s.




Correlation and Regression:

Introduction to growth curves and multiple regression,
Linear regression, Least square principle and fitted models, Karl Pearson’s correlation
coefficient, Rank Correlation, Lin
es of regression






(11
)




UNIT

III


Reporting writing:
Structure and components of scientific reports,

types of report
,
technical reports and thesis
, significance
, different steps in the preparation,

layout,
structure a
nd Language of typical
reports
, Illustrations and tables
-

Bibliography,
referencing and footnotes
, oral presentation Planning
,

preparation,

practice,

making
ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


presentation, use of visual aids,

importance of effective communication















(9
)

Application of results and ethics

Environmental impacts,

ethical issues,

ethical committees, commercialization
Intellectual property rights

and patent law
, Tr
ade Related aspects of Intellectual
Property Rights,

reproduction of published material, plagiarism,

citation and
acknowledgement ,reproducibility and accountability.




(5)



Recommended Books:

1.

Dowdy, S., Wearden, S. and Chilko, D., Statistics
for Research, Wiley Series
(2004)

2.

Walpole, R.E., Myers, R.H., Myers, S.L. and Ye, K., Probability and
Statistics for Engineers and Scientists, Pearson Education (2002).

3.

Kothari C.R., Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, New Age
International Publi
shers, 2
nd

Edition.

4.

Bordens K.S., Abbott B.B., Research and Design Methods, 6
th

Edition, TMH
Publishing Company Limited.

5.

Johnson, R.A, Probability and Statistics by , PHI
-
2
nd

edition

6.

Trivedi K.S., Probability & Statistics With Reliability, Queuing And
Com
puter Science Applications , 2
nd

Edition, John Wiley & Sons

7.

Meyer, P.L., Introduction to Probability & Statistical, Applications, Oxford,
IBH

8.

Johnson, R.A., Probability and Statistics, PHI, New Delhi

9.

Krishnaswami, K.N., Sivakumar, A. I. and Mathirajan, M.,

Management
Research Methodology, Pearson Education: New Delhi

10.

Zikmund, W.G., Business Research Methods, 7
th

Edition, Thomson South
-
Western

11.

Cooper, D. R. and Schindler, Business Research Method , P.S Tata McGraw
Hill, New Delhi

2
nd

edition (2010)

























ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


CME
-
60
3


EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY



L T C










3 2

4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours : 48

Course Objectives:












Understand the concept of educational technology.



Understand the usage of print and

non print materials for effective teaching.



Understand the concept, design of various learning modules for normal as
well as virtual class room teaching

UNIT
-
I

Educational Technology:

Definition, distinction between hardware and software
approach, combination approach. Technology of education and technology in
education.













Print materials
-

Text books, Laboratory manuals,

Self learning modules, Handouts
-

Plannin
g, designing and development. Evaluation of print materials.




Non print materials
-

Power point presentations, video films, multimedia packages
and animation & Simulation
--

Planning, designing and development. Evaluation of
non
-
print materials.









(16
)


UNIT
-
II

Designing Online courses:
Principles of planning online courses, Learning

Management Systems
-

Moodle.

Video conferencing and tele
-
conferencing

(16
)


UNIT
-
III

Virtual Classrooms and laboratories:
Concepts and consideration for virtual classroom
and virtual laboratories.










Use of Digital Resources:
Open courseware
-

NPTEL, MIT, Youtube, coursera, etc.
National Knowledge networks,
E
-
Repository
,
Digital libraries.




Integrat
ion of print and non print materials in teaching
-
learning process.

(16
)















ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


R
ecommended

Books

1.

Sampath, K et al., Introduction to Educational Technology, New
Delhi: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 1981.

2.

Dale, Edgar, Audio Visual Methods in Teaching. Hinsdale, Illinois:
The Dryden Press Inc.

3.

Brown, JW: Lewis, RB and Harcleroad, FF, AV Instruction


Technology Media and Methods, New York: Mc Graw Hill Book
Company

4.

Sodhi, GS and Dutt, S. Teaching


Learning



A Process Approach,
Chandigarh: Samir Publishers

5.

Wittich, WA and Shuller, CF. Instructional Technology


its nature
and use, New York : Harper & Row Publishers

6.

Kemp, JE and Smellie, DC; Planning, Producing and Using Media’.
Sixth Edition. NY: Harper

and Row, Publisher, Inc..

7.

Horton, Williams Designing Web Based Training. John Wiley and
sons, 2003

8.

Khan, Badrul Web Based Training. Educational technology
Publication, 2000

9.

Kevin K Fiedler Web Based training. Southwest Research Institute,
1999

10.

NIIT, Inte
ractive Communication through Multimedia. Prentice Hall
of India Pvt. Ltd., 2004


























ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.






ELECTIVE I & II





































ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
506


INFORMATION THEORY



L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To understand different forms of entropy and their relevancy as a measure of information.



To quantify channel capacities of various channels and theorems pertaining to these
channels.



To attain deep understanding of erro
r control coding and introduction to cryptography.

UNIT I

The Communication process and the nature of informati on.


Information Sources, measurement of information and the Entropy Function:
Entropies
defined, and why they are measures of information, margi
nal entropy, joint
entropy, Conditional
entropy and the Chain Rule for Entropy.


(6)

Sources with and without Memory:

Sources coding theorem, Prefix, Variable and Fixed
-

length Codes. Error Correcting Codes.


(8
)

UNIT II

Channel Types, Properties, Noise
and Channel Capacity:

Perfect communication through a noisy channel. The binary symmetric channel, their classification
and capacity of a noiseless discrete channel. The Hartley and Shannon laws for channel capacity.






(6)

Continuous Informati on; Density; Noisy Channel Coding Theorem:

Extensions of the discrete entropies and measures to the continuous case. Signal
-
to
-

nois e
rat io; power s pect ral densit y, Gaus s ian channels, Relat ive s ignificance

of bandwidt h and
nois e limit at ions. The Shannon rat e limit and efficiency for nois y
continuous

c
hannels












(12
)

UNIT III

Error Control Coding:

Linear blocks codes and t heir propert ies, hard
-
decis ion decoding, cyclic codes,
Convolution c
odes, Soft
-
decision decoding, Viterbi decoding algorithm.


(8)

Advanced Coding Techniques and Cryptography:

BCH codes, Trellis coded modulat ion, int roduct ion t o crypt ography, overview of
encryption techniques, symmetric cryptography, DES, IDEA, asymmetric algorithms, RSA
algorithm.




(8)


Recommended Books:

1.

R.W.Hamming , Coding and Information Theory, 2
nd
edition, Prentice Hall

2.

R.G.Gallager, Information Theory and Reliable
Communication, Wiley

3.

M.Mansuripur, Introduction to information Theory: Prentice Hal1,1987

4.

Ranjan Bose, Information Theory, Coding and Cryptography, Tata McGraw Hill

5.

Thomas Cover & Joy Thomas, Elements of Information Theory, John Wiley &
Sons




ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
507
AN
ALYSIS OF DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

L T

C










4 0

4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To refresh the concepts of Random process and transformations.



To understand orthonormal representation of noise, spectral
representation of noise.



To appreciate the differences, advantages and limitations of various digital modulation
techniques.

UNIT I

Review of Fourier Trans forms, Random Proces s es Probabilit y, Probabilit y dens it y
function, Gaussian, density functio
n, Raylei
gh proba
bility density




(14
)

UNIT II

Correlation between random variables, Autocorrelation, Power spectral density of random sequences,
Noise,
s pect ral compo
nent s of nois e,

Nois e bandwidt h




(16
)

UNIT III


Quadrat ure component s of no
is e,
Repres ent at ion of nois e us ing ort honormal
component s, Sampling Theorem,
Quantization, pulse code modulation, Digital modulation
schemes, PSK, QPSK, FSK,
QASK, MPSK, Performance Analysis of the digital modulation
schemes. Bandwidth S/N tradeoff.








(1
8
)


R
ecommended Book
s:

1.

Tau
b Sc
h
illing
-

Communication System, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006

2.

Digital Communication System
-

Simon & Haykin, John Wiley & Sons, 2004

3.

Communication Systems
-
RPSingh & Sapre,Tata McGraw Hill, 1995

4.

Salvatore Gravano
-
Error
Correcting codes, Oxford Press, 2008

5.

J.Das: Principals of Communication System, Wiley eastern Limited, 1986




ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
508

ADVANCED SIGNAL PROCESSING


L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course
objectives



To understand the interdependency of signal processing and estimation theory.



To understand various adaptive and predictive filtering concepts and algorithms.



To appreciate the applications of adaptive signal processing.

UNIT I

Transformations:

Review of Z
-
Transform, Solution of Linear Difference Equations, Fourier
series and
Fourier Transform, Discrete Fourier Transform, Radix
-
2 FFT.

(2)

Introduction to Radix
-
4 and Split Radix FFT, Discrete Cosine Transform,
DCT as
Orthogonal Transfo
rm, Walsh Transform, Hadamard Transform, Wavelet
Transform.











(3)


Digital Filters:

FIR Filter Design
: Filter Specifications, Coefficient Calculation Methods
-

Window
method, Optimal method, Frequency Sampling method. Realization
Structures, Finite
Word Length Effects.







(4)

IIR Filter Design: Specifications, Coefficient Calculation methods
-

Pole
-
Zero
Placement
method, Impulse Invariant method, Matched
Z
-
Transform
method, Bilinear Z
-

Transformation method, Use of BZT and Classical Analog
Filters to design IIR Filters.
Realization Structures, Finite Word Length
Effects.
(
8
)

UNIT II

Multirate Digital

Signal Processing:

Sampling Rate Alteration Devices, Mult
irate Structures for sampling rate
conversion,
Multistage design of Decimator and Interpolator, The Polyphase
Decomposition,
Arbitrary Rate Sampling Rate Converter, Filter Banks, QMF
banks, Multilevel Filter
Banks, Sub
-
band Coding, Discrete Wavelet Transfo
rm.


(8
)


Linear Prediction and Optimum Linear Filters:

Forward and Backward Linear Prediction, Properties of Linear Prediction
-
Error
Filters,
AR Lattice and ARMA Lattice
-
Ladder Filters, Wiener Filters for Filtering
and Prediction.











(4)

Adaptive
Digital Filters:

Concepts of Adaptive Filtering, LMS Adaptive Algorithm, Recursive Least
Squares
Algorithm, Applications.

(2)




ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


UNIT III

Power Spectrum
Estimation:

Nonparametric methods for Power Spectrum Estimation, Bartlett method,
Welch method, Blackman and Tukey method, Parametric methods for
Power Spectrum
Estimation, Yule
-
Walker method, Burg method, Unconstrained
Least
-
Squares method,










(7)


Sequential Estimation methods, Selection of AR Model Order, MA model for
Power
Spectrum Estimation, ARMA model for Power Spectrum Estimation.




(5
)

DSP Chips:

Introduction to fixed point and floating point processors, ADSP21xx a
nd
TMS320Cxx
Architecture, Memory, Addressing Modes, Interrupts,
Applications. Comparison of
ADSP21xx and TMS320Cxx seri
es. (5)


Recommended Books
:


1.

"Digit al Signal Processing: Principles, Algorit hms and Applicat ions", by
Proakis
&
Manolakis, 4e,
-
Pearson Education

2.

"Digital Signal Processing", by S.K.Mitra,
-
Tata
-
Mcgraw Hill.

3.

"Discrete Time Signal Processing", Oppenheim & Schafer. PHI.

4.

"Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing using MATLAB", by Robert J.
Schilling & Sndra L. Harris.

-
CENGAGE Learning.

5.

"Theory and application of Digital Signal Processing", by Rabiner & Gold





ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
509

DATA COMMUNICATION
&
COMPUTER NETWORKS


L T C










4 0 4







Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To understand the
hardware and software conceptual backbone of networking.



To learn various high speed networks and concepts behind them.



A deep insight on IP routing, congestion and traffic management, network security.

UNIT I


Chapter 1: Overview of Data Communications &
Networking

Dat a Communicat ion, Comput er Net work, Types, Net work St andards, Net working
Models,
Data Transmission Modes, Multiplexing & Switching, Network Architecture,
Layered
Architecture, OSI Reference Model, TCP/IP Model.






(13
)

UNIT II


Ch
apter
2:

Network Hardware Components

Connectors, Transceivers, Media Converters, repeaters, Network Interface Card (NIC), Bridges,
Switches, Routers, Gateways, Virtual Private Network (VPNs).




(7
)


Chapter 3: High Speed Network

X.25, Frame Relay,
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) High Speed LAN


Ethernet, Fast
Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Fiber Channel, Wireless LANs, Wimax, SONET, FDDI, ISDN.

(9
)

Chapter 4: Internet Routing

Routing Protocols, Interior Routing Protocols, Exterior Routing Protocols.



(4)

UNIT III


Chapter 5: Congestion & Traffic Management

Congestion control in Data Networks & Internets, Flow & Error Control, TCP Traffic Control, Traffic
and Congestion Control in ATM Networks.








(7
)


Chapter 6: Network Security

Is s ues, Thr
eat As s es s ment, Net work At t acks, Firewalls, Encrypt ion Met hods,
Aut hent icat ion & Acces s Cont rol Meas ures, Digit al Cert ificat es, Public Key
Infrastructure (PKI), KERBEROS.








(8)



R
ecommended Books
:

I. Michael A. Gallo &

William M. Hancock; Comput er Communicat ions &
Network Technologies: Thomson Publications 2007.

2.

William Stallings; High Speed Networks & Internets: PEARSON Publicat ions 2
007.

3.

William Stallings; Computer Networking with Internet Protocols & Technology:
PEARSON
Publications 2007.

4.

ATUL KAHATE; Crypt ography & Net work Securit y: Tat a MCGRAWHILL
2008.



ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
510



WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS






L T C










4 0 4







Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To appreciate the difference between Sensor networks and traditional networks.



T
o facilitate the student with the understanding of Infrastructure less networks and their
importance in the
future directions for wirele
ss communications
.



To understand the protocols used in WSNs.


UNIT

I


Introduction:
The vision of Ambient Intelligence.
, Application examples, Types of applications,

Challenges for WSNs, Why are sensor networks different?, Enabling technologies.

(
3
)


ARCHITECTURES

Single Node Architecture:
Hardware components, Energy consumption of sensor nodes,

Operating
systems and execution environments, Some examples of sensor nodes, Conclusion.
(4)


Network Architecture:
Sensor network scenarios, Optimization goals and figures of merit,

Design principles for WSNs, Service interfaces of WSNs, Gateway concepts,
Conclusion.


(8
)


UNIT
-

II

COMMUNICATION PROTOCOLS


Physical Layer:
Introduction, Wireless channel and communication fundamentals, Physical
layer

and transceiver design considerations in WSNs.


(2)


MAC Protocols:
Fundamentals of (wireless) MAC protocols, Low duty cycle protocols and

wakeup concepts, Contention
-
based protocols, Schedule
-
based protocols, The IEEE 802.15.4

MAC protocol, How about IEEE 802.11 and Bluetooth.


(3)


Link Layer Protocols:
Fundamentals: Tasks and requirements, Error control, Framing, Link

management, Summary.



(2
)


Naming and Addressing:
Fundamentals, Address and name management in wireless sensor

networks, Assignment of MAC addresses, Distributed assignment of locally unique addresses,

Content
-
based and geographic addressing.


(3
)


Time Synchronization:
Introduction to the time synchronization problem, Protocols based on

sender/receiver synchronization, Protocols based on receiver/receiver synchron
ization,

(2)


Localization and Positioning:
Properties of positioning, Possible approaches, Mathematical

basics for the lateration problem, Single
-
hop localization, Positioning in multi
-
hop environments,

Impact of anchor placement.

(2)


Topology Control:
Motivation and basic ideas, Flat network topologies, Hierarchical networks

by dominating sets, Hierarchical networks by clusterin
g, Combining hierarchical topologies and

power control, Adaptive node activity.


(
4
)


ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


UNIT III


Routing Protocols:
The many faces of forwarding and routing, Geometric rou
ting, Routing with

virtual coordinates, Gossiping and agent
-
based unicast forwarding, Energy
-
efficient unicast,

Broadcast and multicast, Geographic routing, Mobile nodes.

(5)


Data
-
Centric and Content
-
ba
sed Networking:
Introduction, Data
-
centric routing, Data

aggregation, Data
-
centric storage, Conclusions.

(2)


Transport Layer and Quality of Service:
The transport layer and QoS in w
ireless sensor

networks, Coverage and deployment, Reliable data transport, Block delivery, Congestion control

and rate control.

(5)


Advanced Application Support:
Advanced in
-
network processing, Security, Application

specific

support.

(3)



Recommended Books
:

1.
Karl, Holger and Andreas, Willig, Protocols and Architectures for Wireless

Sensor Networks,
John Wiley and sons (2005).

2. Xiaoyan, Cheng Maggie and Li, Deying, Advances in Wireless Ad Hoc and

Sensor Networks
Series, Springer (2008).

3. Sohraby, Kazem, Min
oli, Daniel and Taieb Znati, Wireless Sensor Networks

Technology,
Protocols, and Applications, John Wiley and Sons (2007).

4. Swami, Ananthram, Qing, Zhao, Hong, Yao
-
Win, and Lang Tong (editors),

Wireless Sensor
Networks: Signal Processing and Communicatio
ns, Wiley

(2007).

5. Rappaport, T.S., Wireless Communications, Prentice hall of India (2003) 2nd ed.

6. Jun, Zheng and Jamalipour, Abbas, Wireless Sensor Networks: A Networking

Perspective,
Wiley
-
IEEE Press (2009).






















ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
511

RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS




L T C











4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60



Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To understand the concept of reliability.



To understand the relation of engineering and reliability.



To understand various tests, terms and models
used to quantify reliability.



UNIT

I

Concept Of Reliability



Failures of systems and its modes. Measure of Reliability, Reliability function, Hazard rate MTBF and their
interrelations.




(
7
)


Reliability Data And System Reliability And Modeling


Data sources. Data collection, use of Reliability Data, Reliability Analysis, Performance Parameters, calculation of
failure rate, Application of Weibill
distribution.
Series

systems, Parallel system, series parallel systems. Time
dependence, Reliability Determination, Stand by systems, r out of n, Configurations, Methods of tie set and cut sets
of Or reliability evaluation, simulation and Reliability prediction. Monte C
arlo method, concepts of network
topology. Overall reliability evolution


(14)




UNIT

I
II

Maintainability And Availability


Maintainability and its equation. Factors Affecting maintainability. Measures of Maintainability, Mean Down Time,
Availability Intrinsic availability equipment availability &

Mission availability. Replacement processes and Policies.




UNIT

I
III



(10
)

Life Testing Of Equipments

Non
-
destructive tests, destruction tests and their Mathematic modeling. Quality and Reliability, Measurement &
prediction of Human Reliability, Reliability and safety, safety margins in critical Devices, case studies.


(11
)

Value Engineering

Techniques in value Engg, Structure of value Engg, Reliability Management.


(6
)


Recommended books
:


Title


Author

Publisher

1. Reliability Engineering &
technology

A . K.Gupta

Macmilla India Ltd , Delhi

2. Introduction Reliability
Engineering

E. S. Lewis

John Wiley & Sons , New York














ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.
































ELECTIVE lll, IV & V





















ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
556


IMAGE PROCESSING




L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60


Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To
understand the application of the transforms to images.



To understand the perception and transformation of images.



To understand the stochastic representation of images and image enhancement operations.

UNIT I


Image Representation and Modeling:
Fourier tr
ansform, z
-

transform, optical and modulation
transfer functions, Matrix theory results, block matrices, Random signals, Discrete random fields,
spectral density functions, results from estimation theory.





(7)

Image Perception:
Light, luminance, brightness and contrast, MTF of Visual system, Visibility
function, Monochrome vision methods, Image fidelity criteria, color matching and reproduction,
color coordinate systems, color difference measures, color vision model, Temporal pro
perties of
vision.











(9
)

UNIT II


Image Sampling
&
Quantization:
Introduction, two dimensional sampling theory, Extensions
of
sampling theory, Practical limitations in sampling and reconstruction, Image Quantization,
Optimum mean square or lloyd
Max quantizer, A compandor design.




(7
)

Image Transform:
Two dimensional orthogonal and unitary transforms, properties of unitary
transforms, Two dimensional DFT, Cosine transform, KL
-
transform.




(5)

Image Representation by Stochastic Models:
Introduct
ion, One dimensional causal models,
One dimensional Spectral Factorization, AR Models, linear prediction in two dimension, Image
decomposition, Fast KL transforms.







(8)

UNIT III

Image Enhancement:
Point Operations, Spatial Operations, Transform Operat
ions, Multispectral
Image Enhancement, False Color and pseudocolor, color image enhancement.



(
4
)

Image Filtering and Restoration:
Introduction, Image observation models, Inverse and Wiener
filtering, FIR Wiener filters, Fourier domain filters, filtering
using image transforms, Smoothing
splines and Interpolation, least square filters, Generalized inverse, SVD and Iterative methods,
Recurs ive filt ering for s t at e variable s ys t em, caus al models, Semi
-
caus al models, Digit al
processing of speckle images,
Maximum entropy restoration, Bayesian methods.


(8
)

Recommended
Books:

1.

Digital Image Processing by Keenneth R Castleman, Pearson Education Society.

2.

Digital Image Processing by Rafact Gonzalez and Richard E. Woods, Pearson
Edu.Society.

3.

Related

IEEE/IEE Publications.




ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
557
SECURE WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS


L T C










4 0 4







Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To
facilitate the student with the understanding of various security principles used
for secure
wireless communications




To

emphasize

the

principles and methods used in wireless systems.



To understand security mechanisms of different wireless networks.



UNIT
I


Introduction to Wireless Communication, Wireless Network Architecture: Review

of Wireless LAN,
Review of WPAN, Review of WMAN, Review of WWAN





(8
)



Wireless Security: Traditional Security Issues, Mobile and Wireless Security Issues, Types of Attacks

Approaches to Security: Physical Limitations, Encryption, Integrity Codes,
IPSEC, AAA


(8)


UNIT
II


Security in WPAN: Basic security mechanisms, Bluetooth security modes, encryption, Authentication,
limitations and problems.









(7
)


Security in WLAN: Security mechanisms: WEP, WPA, Radius, CHAP, EAP, 802.11i, (RF
transmissi
on, MAC Address Control, SSID, Authentication)





(9)


UNIT
III


Security in WMAN: Broadband Wireless Access, 802.16 Security, Key Management, Authorisation,
Security in WWAN: Encryption Security in CDMA, GSM authentication and encryption, Problems
with G
SM security, Security mechanisms of 3G.






(16
)


Recommended Books:

1.

R. K. Nichols, P. C. Lekkas, “Wireless Security: Models, Threats and Solutions”, TMH,
2006.

2.

A. E. Earle, “Wireless Security Handbook,” Auerbach Publications, 2006.

3.

Adelstein, G
upta, et al., “Fundamentals of Mobile and Pervasive Computing”, TMH,
2005

4.

Conklin, Williams et al., “Principals of Computer Security”, Dreamtech, 2004

5.

T. M. Swaminatha and C. R. Elden, “Wireless Security and Privacy: Best Practices and
Design Techniques,”
Pearson Education, 2003.




ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
558
ERROR CONTROL CODING





L T C










4 0 4







Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To understand the need and concepts of error correcting codes.



To appreciate
the concepts, differences, advantages and limitations of linear block codes and
binary convolutional codes.



To understand soft decision decoding and iteratively decodable codes.

UNIT I

Introducti on:
Error Correct ing codes, bas ic concept s, Block codes, Conv
olut ional
codes,
Hamming distance, Hamming sphere, Error correcting capability,



(5
)

Linear Block Codes:
Introduction, Generator and Parity check matrices, Encoding and
decoding
of linear block codes, Weight dist ribut ion and error performance, Hard decis ion
decoding of
linear block codes, Hamming, Golay and Reed
-
Muller Codes, Binary cyclic
codes, General
decoding of cyclic codes, BCH codes, Polynomial codes, Decoding of binary BCH

codes, Weight
distribution and error performance, Non
-
binary BCH codes, Reed
-
Solomon (RS)
codes, RS codes
as polynomial codes, Encoding and Decoding of RS codes.




(1
1
)

UNIT II


Bi nary Convol uti onal Codes:
Int roduct ion, Bas ic s t ruct ure, Conne
ct ions wit h block
codes,
Weight enumerat ion and performance bbunds, Decoding wit h Vit erbi algorit hm,
Maximum
likelihood decoding and Hamming met rics, Implement at ion is s ues, Punct ured
convolut ional
codes, Modifying t he codes, Different t echniques, Combining

codes,
Product of codes,
Concatenated codes.









(10
)

UNIT III

Soft Deci s i on Decodi ng:
Binary t rans mis s ion over AWGN channels, Vit erbi algorit hm
wit h
Euclidean distances, 'Decoding binary linear codes with a trellis, The Chase
.
algorithm,
O
rdered
St at is t ics decoding, Generalized minimum dis t ance decoding, Lis t decoding,
Soft
-
out put
algorit hms, Soft
-
out put Vit erbi algorit hm, Maximum
-
a
-
pos t eriori algorit hm,
Ms x
-
log
-
MAP
algorithm, Soft
-
output OSD algorithm.






(11
)


Iterati vel y Decodabl e Codes:
It erat ive decoding, Product codes, Serial Concat enat ion
Codes,
Parallel Concat enat ion codes, Turbo Codes, Log
-
likelihood rat io, Encoding and
decoding of
Turbo codes, Low density parit y check (LDPC) codes, Tanner Graphs, The bit
-
flip algorit hm,
Belief propagat ion, Mes s age pas s ing, Trellis coded modulat ion,
Mapping, Int erleaving
techniques.









(11
)


Recommended Books

1.

Morelos
-
Zaragoza R.H., The Art of Error
-
Correcting Codes, John Wiley and Sons (2006) 2
nd
ed.

2.

Neubauer A., Freudenberger J. and Kuhn V., Coding Theory: Algorit hms,
Architectures, and Applications, John Wiley and Sons (2007).

3.

PretZel, 0., Error
-
correcting Codes and Finite Fields, St. Martins (2003).

4.

Hamming, R.W., Coding and Information Theory,
Prentice Hall (1992).

ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
559

PHOTONIC NETWORK AND SWITCHING




L

T

C














4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



Introduction to optical commu
nication, optical networks and their evolution.



To understand multiplexing techniques used in optical domain.



To understand the underlying principles of optical switching and routing.

UNIT I


Introducti on:
Introduction to basic optical communicat ion &

devices, WDM optical Network
evolution.

(4)

Opti cal Mul ti pl exi ng Techni ques:
Wavelengt h Divis ion mult iplexing, Time divis ion
multiplexing &
code division multiplexing.












(8
)

UNIT II

Optical Networks:
Why optical networks? Conventional o
ptical networks, SONET/SDH, FDDI,
IEEE 802.3,
DQDB, Multiple access optical networks, WDM optical networks architectures and
issues in wavelength routed
networks.












(14
)

Al l Opti cal Networks:
Amplificat ion in all opt ical net works. All opt ical s ubs criber acces s
networks,
design issues.













(7
)

UNIT III

Optical Switching
&
Routing:
Optical switching, example of an optical switch using 2 x 2
coupler,
evolution of switching technolog
ies, switching architectures, Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), free
space optical switching, thermoptic & bubble switches, optical routers.
Prot ect ion of opt ical s wit ched pat h.
Wavelengt h convert ers, Add drop mult iplexers wit h &
without wavelength
conversions.



(1
5
)

Recommended
Books:

I.

Uyless Black, 'Optical Networks', Pearson education.

2.

D.K. Mynbaeu & L. Scheiner, 'Fiber optic Communicat ion Technology, Pearson Edu.
Asia

3.

C. Siva Ram Murthy & M. Gurusamy, 'WDM optical networks' Pearson Educa
tion

4.

RG Gallager & D Bertsekas, 'Data Networks, PHI

5.

DK Mynbaev & Lowell L. Scheing, 'Fiber Optic Communication Technology", Pearson Education Asia




ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
560



TELEMATICS






L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



T
o introduce
evolution of telecommunication and switching systems.



To facilitate the student with the concepts and techniques used in telematics.



To understand the

need and features of relatively advanced networks like ISDN.


U
NI
T I

Introducti on:
Evolut ion of t elecommunicat ion, s imple t elephone communicat ion, Bas ic
Switching
system, Manual
-
switching system.









(3
)

Cross
-
Bar Switching:
Principal of common control, touch
-
tone dial telephone, principles of
cross bar
switching, cross bar switching configuration, cross point technology, cross bar exchange organization.

(
7
)

UNIT II

El ectroni cs Space Di vi s i on Swi tchi ng:
SPC, cent ralized SPC, d
is t ribut ed SPC, s oft ware
architecture,
application software, enhanced services, two, three and n
-
stage networks.




(7)

Speech digitization and Transmission:
Sampling, vocodors, TDM.





(4)


Time Division Switching:
Basic time division space and time switching, time multiplexed space
and time
switching, combination switching, three stages and N
-
stages combination switching.



(6
)


UNIT III

Traffi c Engi neeri ng:
Net work t raffic load paramet ers, grade of s ervice, and
blocking
probabilit y,
modeling a s wit ching s ys t ems, incoming t raffic and s ervice charact erizat ion,
blocking models and loss
estimates, delay systems.










(7
)

Telephone Networks:
Subscriber loop system, switching hierarchy, and routing, transmission
pl
an,
transmission system, numbering plan, charging plan, signaling techniques, in
-
channel and common channel
signaling techniques.










(6)

ISDN:

Motivation, new services, network and protocol architecture, transmission channel, user
net works
int erface,

s ignaling, numbering and addres s ing, s ervice charact erizat ion,
internetworking ISDN
standards.











(8)

Recommended
Books:

I. Thiagarajan Vis wanat han, "Telecommunicat ion Swit ching Sys t em and Net works", 1s t
Edition, PHI,
2001. (Rs. 195/
-
.)

2.

John
Bellamy, "Digital Bellamy", 3
rd
Edition, John Willey, 2000. (Rs. 4548/
-
)

3.

J.E Flood, "Telecommunicat ions Swit ching, Traffic and Net works", Pears on Educat ion,
2002. (Rs.
180/
-
)


ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
561

MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATIONS AND SYSTEM DESIGN

L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To facilitate the student with the idea of
multimedia communication.



To understand the processing and transportation of multimedia content.



To understand
various multimedia communication standards.



UNIT

I


Multimedia Communication:

Introduction, Network requirements, multimedia terminals, multimedia Requirement
for ATM networks, Multimedia terminals. Audio visual Integration. Audio to visual mapping.


(7)


Multimedia Processing in Communications:

Introduction, Digital Media, Signal processing elements, Challenges
in multimedia information processing, Perceptual coding of Digital audio signals, Transform audio coders, Image
coding, Video Coding.










(9
)


UNIT

II


Distributed multimedia systems:

Resource management of DMS, IP networking, Multimedia operating systems,
distributed multimedia servers, Distributed multimedia applications, Multimedia File Formats


(16
)


UNIT
III


Multimedia communication
standards
, MPEG
-
1, MPEG
-
2, MPEG
-
4Audio/Video, MPEG
-
4 Visual Texture
coding (VTC), Multimedia communication across networks.

Compression Techniques: JPEG, MPEG








(16
)


Recommended Books
:

1.

Rao, Bojkovi c, Mi l ovanovi c, “Mul ti medi a Communi cati on Systems”, P
HI

2.

Andl ei gh, Thakrar, “Mul ti medi a System Desi gn”, PHI

3.

Sharda, “Mul ti medi a Informati on Networki ng”, PHI

4.

Vaughan, “Mul ti medi a maki ng i t work”, Tata Mc Graw Hi l l



ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
562

GLOBAL TRACKING AND
POSI
TIONING SYSTEM


L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To
facilitate the student with the understanding and design aspects of Global Tracking and positioning
system
.



To understand various types of measurements and
processing techniques used in GPS.



To introduce evolution and applications of GPS.


UNIT

I


INTRODUCTION:

Satelites, Introduction to Tracking and GPS System, Applications of Satelite and GPS for 3D
position, Velocity, determination as function of time
, Interdisciplinary application (eg,.Crystal dynamics, gravity
field mapping, reference frame, atmospheric occulation)Basic concepts of GPS. Space segment, Control segment,
user segment, History of GPS constellation, GPS measurement charecteristics, selec
tive availability(AS),
antispoofing (AS).










(8
)


ORBITS AND REFERENCE SYSTEMS:

Basics of satelite orbits and reference systems
-
Two
-
body problem,
orbit elements, timre system and time transfer using GPS, coordinate systems, GPS Orbit design, orbit
determination
problem, tracking networks, GPS force and measurement models for orbit determination, orbit broadcast ephemeris,
precise GPS ephemeris, Tracking problems








(8)



UNIT
II


GPS

MEASUREMENTS:

GPS Observable
-
Measurement types(C/A Code,P
-
code,L1 and L2 frequencies for
navigation, pseudo ranges),atmospheric delays(tropospheric and ionospheric),data format(RINEX),data
combination(narrow/wide lane combinations, ionosphere
-
free com
binations single, double, triple differences),
undifferenced models, carrier phase Vs Intergrated Doppler, integer biases, cycle slips, clock error.

(16)


UNIT
III


PROCESSING TECHNIQUES:
Pseudo range and carrier phase processing, ambiguity removal, Least

square
methods for state parameter determination, relation positioning, dilution of precision.



(8)



GPS APPLICATIONS
: Surveying, Geophysics, Geodsey, airborne GPS, Ground transportation, Spaceborne GPS

orbit determination, attitude control, meteorological and climate research using GPS.



(8)


Re
commended Books
:

1.

B. Hoffman
-

Wellenhof, H. Lichtenegger and J. Collins, "GPS: Theory and Practice ", 4th revised


edition, Springer, Wein, New york, 1997

2.

A. Leick,"GPS Satelite Surveying",2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons, NewYork,1995

3.

B. Parkinson, J. Spilker, Jr.(Eds),"GPS: Theory and Applications", Vol.
I & Vol.II,AIAA,370 L 'Enfant
Promenade SW,Washingto
n,DC20024,1996

4.

A. Kleusberg and P. Teunisen (Eds),GPS for Geodesy,Springer
-
Verlag,Berlin,1996

5.

L. Adams, "The GPS.A Shared National Asset, Chair, National Accademy Press, Washington, DC, 1995.



ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.































ELECTIVE
VI

















ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
603
MICROWAVE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To
facilitate the student with the understanding
of radio wave pr
opoogation.



To understand various concepts, calculations and techniques used in microwave communication.



To provide an introduction to mobile communication systems.

UNIT I

Characteristics of Radio Wave Propagation
: Attenuation and absorption, interference
and nois e, ground
wave propagat ion, line of s ight s pace wave propagat ion and
effective earth radius, ionosphere
propagation and critical frequency, troposphere
scatter propagation.





(8
)


Line of Sight Microwave Relay Systems
: Mobile radio propagation la
rge
-
scale path
loss, Fraunhofer region,
Fresnel Zone geometry, modulation technique, multi
-
path
fading, frequency divers it y, s pace divers it y, link
calculat ion, s ys t em gain, fade
margin, outage probability.






(8
)

UNIT II



Satellite Microwave Systems
: Sa
tellite orbits and dynamics, Frequency allocation and
satellite footprints, Earth
stations and satellite transponders, Noise considerations.
Link budget calculations. Multiple access methods,
Mobile satellite systems, their
uses and illustrative systems.






(16)


UNIT III


Mobile Communications
: Cellular mobile phones: basic network structure, multiple
acces s t echniques,
frequency reus e, capacit y of cellular net works, s ignal t o
interference ratio, channel allocation techniques,
location management, handof
f management, quality of services (QoS).





(16
)

Recommended
Books:

1.

Microwave Mobile Communications by William

2.

Digital Communications: Microwave Applications by Kamilo Feher C Jakes

3.

Theodore S. Rappaport, "Wireless Communication Principles & Practice",
PHI, 21d Edition, 2008

4.

DC Aggarwal, "Satellite Communication", 2
nd
Edition, PHI, 2
nd
Edition, Khanna Publishing, 2006

5.

T.Pratt and CW Bostian, "Satellite Communication", John Wiley & Sons, 2
nd
Edition, 2006




ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
604

S
MART ANTENNAS

L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To
facilitate the student with the understanding and design aspects of
Smart
Antennas.



To understand
the concepts behind radiation and antenna analysis & synthesis.



To understand smart antenna techniques for wireless and mobile networks.


UNIT I


Basic concepts of Radiation


Radiation mechanism


Basic sources of Radiation
-

Current distribution on antennas, Basic antenna parameters
(8)



Analysis and synthesis of antennas

Vector potential, Antenna theorems and definitions, dipole, loop, reflector, slot antennas. Types of linear arrays,
current distribution in linear arrays, Antenna synthesis techniques.






(8
)


UNIT II



Smart antennas

Spatial processing for wirel
ess systems: Introduction, Vector channel impulse response & the spatial signature.
Spatial processing receivers, fixed beamforming Networks, switched beam systems, Adaptive antenna systems,
Wide band smart antennas, Digital radio receiver & software radi
o for smart antennas.




(16
)


UNIT III



Smart antenna techniques for CDMA

Non
-
coherent & coherent CDMA spatial processors, spatial processing rake receiver, Multi
-
user spatial processing,
dynamic resectoring, downlink beam forming for CDMA, MIMO






(16
)



Recommended Books:

1.

Balanis A., “Antenna Theory Analysis and Design”, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1982.

2.

Joseph C. Liberti, Theodore S. Rappaport


“Smart Antennas for Wireless Communications: IS95 and
third generation CDMA Applications”, Prentice Hall, Communications Engineering and Emerging
Technologies Series.



3.

Kraus J.D., “Antennas”, II edition, John Wil
ey and Sons, New York, 1977.

4.

Collin R.E. and Zucker F.


“Antenna theory” Part I, Tata Mc Graw Hill, New York, 1969.



ME ECE (HONS), COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
60
5

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION




L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours:48

Course Objectives



To
facilitate the student with the basics of embedded systems

and development process.



To understand the concepts of OS and various related terms.



To provide idea about windows mobile PC and related case
study.
.

UNIT

I


Introduction to an embedded systems design (ESD): Introduction to Embedded system, classification of Embedded
Systems, issues in ESD and Co
-
design, development phase of an embedded systems, Languages for embedded
systems development, Proce
ssors for ES, tools for an ES development.





(1
6
)


UNIT


II


Operating systems: Inter
-
process Communication and Synchronization of Processes Tasks and Threads, Problem of
Sharing Data by Multiple Tasks, Real Time Operating Systems, Basic Concepts, OS Se
rvices, I/O Subsystems,
Interrupt Routines in RTOS Environment, RTOS Task Scheduling model, Interrupt Latency and Response times of
the tasks.











(1
6
)



UNIT


III


A case study of Windows CE RTOS for mobile applications.


Introduction to windows mobile PC and development environment.





(16
)


Recommended Books
:


1.

Programming Microsoft windows CE, .Net, Douglas boling, wp publishers & Distributors.

2.

An Embedded Software Primer by David E. Simon, Pearson Education, 2001

3.

Embedded Systems Design by Frank Vahid, Tony Givargis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc,

4.

Programming Embedded Systems by Michael Barr, O’reilly, 2002