Nursing Simulations - Personal.Psu.Edu

quartercircleAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)

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BY JESSICA CRAKER, LAURA BINDEMAN,
HEATHER LINDSTROM

Nursing Simulations

Objectives


Describe trend



Software / Hardware



Evaluate System Used



Advantages / Disadvantages

What is Virtual Patient Case Scenario?


Computer based simulation training


Realistic and interactive virtual patients


Medical, dentistry, and pharmacology


2 Types






Problem Solving


Reasoning or diagnosis


History, lab tests, physical exams


No cues from the program



Narrative Approach


Often found in VP systems


Cause and effect


Time element/ personal story line



75% of studies show positive effect of simulation


(Raverst,2002)

Hardware Involved


Computers



Web
-
based



Software
-
based



Simulation Manikins



Example
-

SimMan®



Fit every situation

SimMan®



Builds decision
-
making skills



Portable



Lifelike


Software Involved


Computer Programs



VCE


Virtual Clinical
Excursions



Anesoft


Simulations for
any situation /
specialization



Internet Sites



Second Life



Youtube (really!)

Second Life


Online Social Avatar Site (
www.secondlife.com
)



Virtual multi
-
user environments




Offers communal learning



Guided mentoring



Offers interactive buildings / sites



New way to teach students



Nursing Implications


SIMULATIONS



Psychomotor skills



Critical thinking


Staff downsizing


Shorter hospital stays


Fewer opportunities to learn



Implications Cont.


Learning in risk
-

free environment



Interactive learning



Repeated practice of skills



Immediate feedback

Implications Cont.



Realism



Transferability



Value


Continued research into effectiveness / potential


Advantages


Can focus on specific areas


Presents serious/ uncommon situations


Learn at own pace


Develop higher level of thinking


Retention of knowledge


Absence of patient risk

Disadvantages



Issues of copyrights and legality


Who did you get your simulation from?




Lack of realism and patient responses


Not really hands on




Software / hardware issues


Slow internet, viruses, hackers




Cost of hardware, software and supportive features


Computers aren’t cheap!


References

Bradley, P. (2006). The history of simulation in medical education and possible future directions.
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254
-
262.

Effken, J. A., Doyle, M. (2001). Interface design and cognitive design in learning an instructional computer simulation.
Computers in Nursing
, 19(4), 164
-
171.

Feingold, C.E., Calaluce, M., Kallen, M.A. (2004). Computerized patient model and simulated clinical experiences:
evaluation with baccalaureate nursing students.
Journal of Nursing Education
, 43(4), 156
-
163.

Jeffries, P. (2000). Development and test of a model for designing interactive CD
-
ROMS for teaching nursing skills.
Computers in Nursing
, 18(3), 118
-
124.

Maran, N.J., Glavin, R. J. (2003). Low
-
to high
-
fidelity simulation
-

a continuum of medical education?.
Medical Education
,
37(Suppl. 1), 22
-
28.

Medley, C.F., Horne, C. (2005). Using simulation technology for undergraduate nursing education.
Journal of Nursing
Education
, 44(1), 31
-
34.

Merril, G.L., Barker, V.L. ( 1996). Virtual reality debuts in the teaching laboratory in nursing.
Journal of Intravenous
Nursing
, 19(4), 182
-
187.

Ravert, P. (2002). An integrative review of computer
-
based simulation in the education process.
Computers, Informatics,
Nursing
, 20(5), 203
-
208.


Simpson, R. (2003). Welcome to the virtual classroom: how technology is transforming nursing education in the 21st
century.
Nurs Admin Q
, 27(1), 83
-
86.

Skiba, D. Nursing education 2.0: second life.
National League for Nursing
, 28(3), 156
-
157.

Zary, N., Johnson, G., Boberg, J. Foras, U.G. H. (2006). Development, implementation and pilot evaluation of web
-
based
virtual patient case simulation environment
-

web
-
SP.
BMC Medical Education
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-
10.