Tayeb - IPv6 applications technical & business challenges from the ...

qualtaghblurtingMobile - Wireless

Dec 12, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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12/12/2013

KSA IPv6 Workshop February 8, 2009

IPv6 Applications

Business & Technical challenges

KSA IPv6
Workshop


February 8th
2009


Riyadh


Tayeb Ben Meriem

European IPv6 Task Force

Steering Committee member



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

Agenda

s
European Commission IPv6 background

s
Objective of
IPv6 technical & business Challenges study

s
Home Networking business case

s
IPv6 in Fixed (ADSL) & Mobile (LTE/EPC) Access Networks

s
IPv6 & Internet of Things





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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

European Commission IPv6 initiatives

s
EC's "eEurope2005" initiative
: European Commission invested over
180 M


during
the last six years in numerous IPv6 projects launched in the framework of
"eEurope2005".

Creation of the European IPv6 Task Force in 2001

s
EC's "i
-
2010" initiative

is more focusing on concrete outcomes regarding IPv6
deployment of applications and services. It is seen as the

ROI

of the "eEurope2005"

s
EU 6DISS & 6DEPLOY

projects are dedicated to hands
-
on training on IPv6 for the
"Emerging Countries, to promote widespread adoption of IPv6 by providing IPv6
training and knowledge transfer in developing regions (
Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa
)


Industry
IPv6 input

Universities

Goverments

IPv6 input

IST IPv6 projects

IST IPv6 Infrastructure

eEurope2005

European

Competitiveness

New markets

i
-
2010

Background

Background

Foreground

Foreground

Foreground

Foreground

Background

Background

May 30
th
2008

EC's IPv6

announcement

EC's plan

for IPv6
deployment

2008


2010

(Objective:25%
)



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

Action plan for the deployment of IPv6 in Europe


(European IP6 Day May 30th 2008, Brussels)

s
European Union will require IPv6 support in its procurement
of its ICT


s
Encourages member states to do the same


s
EC called for
25%

European
industry
,
public authorities

and
households

to use IPv6 by
2010



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

2004

2007

IPv6 RoadMap for Europe

European IPv6 Task Force
-
Steering Committee

National IPv6 Task Forces

Mission


-

Consolidate the IPv6 RoadMap for Europe

-

Push IPv6 development in Europe

-

Guide the efforts of National IPv6 Task Forces

-

Focus on deployment

-

Benchmark the IPv6 deployment in Europe

-

Establish a clear IPv6 business case

-

Promote the adoption of IPv6 by governments

National Task Forces



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

IPv6 & Applications study: Methodology

s
Assess/address challenges contributing to slow uptake in Europe
by:

Q
Identifying key industry sectors that can benefit from IPv6

Q
Gathering emerging industry experience and evaluate from a market and
business perspective

Q
It's an Application
-
driven approach

Q
We considered Direct Challenges ie linked to IPv6 and we rated according to 4
critical scales:
Blocking
/
High/
Medium
/
Low




s
Create of "Master Resource" for decision makers
, from a business and
technical perspective, highlighting the main trends and the role of
Applications as an enabler in the acceleration of IPv6 deployment


s
Highlight main issues and make recommendations

to overcome these
challenges
Standardization




Operational





Policies & regulations



Business model

Equipment development




Services


Market






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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

Application Driven Deployment


s
Supply chain management

s
Ad
-
hoc networks

s
Utility sector applications

s
Transport networks

s
Environmental monitoring

s
Sensor networks

s
Public safety and emergency networks

s
Triple Play

s
Home networking

s
Peer
-
to
-
Peer Applications

s
Mobile networking

s
Social applications



(chat, VoIP, messaging, p2p)

s
Digital IP
-
TV

s
SIP
-
based VoIP

s
Online gaming

s
E
-
Health (Home Hospital care)

s
INGNMS services

s
3G, LTE/EPC

s
These applications are projected to be the potential "goldmine" of revenue growth in the coming years for ISPs and associated

pa
rtner
s



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

What can IPv6 bring to Multi
-
play applications

Multi
-
play applications are characterised by very low margins.


In order to build a viable business model, the solution consists of:


s
Implementing all technologies leading to save CAPEX and OPEX;

s
Deploying these services on a very large scale (it's a mass market
characteristic);

s
Bringing innovation to the market by providing new advanced services
easy to deploy and ready to use.


IPv6 is the appropriate scenario to achieve this objective


s
Item 1
: IPv6 will lead to the design and implementation of a very simple
end
-
to
-
end architecture, without NAT boxes, or servers. It is cost effective,
with reduced CAPEX, easy to exploit and maintain with a reduced OPEX.

s
Item 2
: The large penetration of the applications or services needs a huge
number of IP addresses. IPv6 will easily cater for this.

s
Item 3
: The use of IPv6 addresses provides through automatic
configuration mechanisms, giving the flexibility to address this category of
customer and also exploit the seamless mobility.




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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

Home Networking challenges: From ISPs perspective


s
Most ISP’s are now
under strong pressure to gain market shares

in the
Home Networking


s
Multi
-
play applications
, along with associated services are at the heart of
their broadband strategy.


s
Home gateway

is not only a VoIP, TV over ADSL enabler or internet
WiFi router.



s
Home gateway will be a
new home usage

enabler

for services such as
music sharing,
home automation

with
remote video monitoring
(security),
gaming
, and others related to alternative home devices apart from PC’s,
fixed or mobile devices.



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

Home Networking ecosystem "standards bodies &
industry fora" Role of the EUv6
-
TF
-
SC

technical

marketing

Broadband Forum

UPnP

UMA

DLNA

HGI

CENELEC / EU

Smart House

CoP

ITC Standards

Board

OSGi

ETSI

TISPAN (WG5)

IMS

IPv6

IPv6

IPv6

IPv6

Net@Home

IPv6

s
What the European IPv6 Task Force did?

s
We looked around, made bridge and set up

liaisons with:

Q
CENELEC, Smarthouse Forum, Net
-
atHome, DLNA

s
Other liaisons established

Q
IPv6 Promotion Council China

Q
NAv6 Task Force (US)



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009


* How to allow users to connect and communicate regardless of device type, manufacturer, or network technology ?

* How to do name resolution in the absence of DNS

* How to auto
-
configure services



How to bridge between different network technologies



How to implement QoS?



Multicast



Security

* Multi
-
homing

* Transition & Interoperability

* Home Gateways

Challenges

Home Networking main challenges

IPv4/IPv6 Home Gateway

Prefix delegation

Broadband Access + IPv6




ADSL, Cable, FTTH, ETTH

GPRS/UMTS/HSPDA/Satellite

Multiplay
services

Gaming online

IPv6 Network

Service

Providers

ISPs


Automation

Remote Monitoring &

Management

Security : protecting
(pesons & belongings)

Wi
-
Fi

Bluetooth

PLC

IEEE1394

IPv6

IPv6 protocol as the federative layer for home networking

Sensors Network

(Wired & Wireless)

UWB

IPv6 brings some answers to all these questions

Home
Automation

Entertainment



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

Home Networking extension within "Fixed & Mobile" convergence in
Host & Network IPv6 mobility environment


IPv6 Networks

Wifi

Airport

Hot
-
Spot Wi
-
Fi

Wifi

GPRS/

UMTS

HSPDA







UMA

WiFi

GPRS/

UMTS

HSPDA

ADSL

Cable

FTTH

ETTH

WiFi/UMA

GPRS/

UMTS

HSPDA

-

Home/Apartment/Office/Building
Automation (H/A/O/B:A)

-

Info entertaintment

-

Navigation & Traffic info

-

Whether info

-

Telematic info

-

Outdoor Security (
Pv6 based 802.15.4
sensors)


ADSL

Cable

FTTH

ETTH

WiFi/UMA

GPRS/

UMTS

HSPDA

Host Mobility standard: MIPv6

Network Mobility standard: Nemo

Proxy Mobile IPv6



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

IPv6 addressing mechanisms of the Homenetwork via
ADSL Access Chain: IETF standards

s
IPv6 over PPP in L2TP Tunnel
-

Softwire

s
DHCPv6 with prefix
-
delegation

Q
IPv6CP establishment

Q
DHCPv6 with prefix delegation process

Q
Prefix advertisement in LAN

s
Prefix
-
Delegation as IETF standards

Q
RFC 3315


Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6
.

Q
RFC 3769


Requirements for IPv6 Prefix Delegation
.

Q
RFC 3633


IPv6 Prefix Options for Dynamic Host Configuration

LNSv6

IPv4

Backbone

RADIUS
IPv6

DSLAM

IPv6

Network


BRAS

IPv6/PPP

Core Network

HomeNetwork

Local Loop

Backhaul Network

d
i
g
i
t
a
l
DHCPv
6
server
ICMPv6
-

RA





CPE

HGW



IPv6 prefix /48

Autoconf of
devices

Global IPv6 @

Global IPv6 @



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

IPv6 in 3GPP (LTE/EPC):
architecture reference
model

s
MME
-

Mobility Management Entity:

Q
a control entity for
signaling & security,
authentication, mobility management
(LTE


LTE,
LTE


2G/3G)

s
Serving Gateway:

Q
A user plane entity, being the anchor of
intra
-
LTE
and inter
-
3GPP/LTE
interworking/mobility

Q
terminates 3GPP/LTE access bearers.

s
Packet Data Network (PDN) Gateway:

Q
the anchor of 3GPP and
non
-
3GPP Accesses

Q
terminates 3GPP/non
-
3GPP access bearers

Q
gateway to PDN Accesses.

s
Policy Control and charging Rule Function (PCRF)

Q
the policy server which provides the operators’
policies on charging and QoS per
-
EPC bearer.

s
IETF
:

The

Proxy

Mobile

IPv
6

protocol


Q
defined

in

the

IETF

RFC

5123

as

a

network
-
based

mobility

management

protocol
.

UE

not

involved

in

mobility

signalling

as

opposed

to

Mobile

IPv
6
.


s
3
GPP
:

GTP

or

MAP

protocols


Q
designed

for

the

GPRS

system

and

for

some

interfaces
.


Q
EPC

network

was

supposed

to

be

an

all
-
IP

network

(AIPN)

and

3
GPP

has

considered

re
-
use

of

IETF

technologies

such

as

PMIPv
6
.


Source: Orange



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

Proxy Mobile IPv6

in 3GPP (LTE/EPC): Support
of non
-
3GPP access networks

Roaming
architecture with
home
-
routed
traffic and
non
-
3GPP

access
anchored to the HPLMN

via
S2a/S2b directly connected to (PDN
-
GW) PIMP tunnel


2G

3G

LTE

3GPP

Non
-
3GPP

PMIPv6

Source: Orange

It's network
-
based mobility, the UE is

not involved in the Mobility Management



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

DSMIPv6

in 3GPP (LTE/EPC): Support of non
-
3GPP access networks

Roaming
architecture with
home
-
routed
traffic and
non
-
3GPP

access
anchored to the HPLMN

via
S2c directly connected to (PDN
-
GW) DSIMPv6 tunnel


DMSMIPv6

2G

3G

LTE

3GPP

Non
-
3GPP

Source: Orange

It's host mobility, the UE is involved


in the Mobility Management



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

IPv6 applications in Emergency & crisis context

s
Recent catastrophes and crises like the Tsunami at the end of 2004 and the Katrina
hurricane September 2005 dramatically showed the importance of communication to
prevent the death of thousands of people.


s
High availability and flexible communication would help rescue teams coming from all
over the world to support each other more effectively.


s
In the context of this project, the 3 following applications/scenarios are considered:


s
Montain Rescues scenario

UK:Lancaster


s
Fire brigade (Fire in Tunnel)


scenario

Luxembourg


s
Monitoring system of

radioactivity and chemical



dangerous substances


scenario


Slovakia

u
-
2010 IST project (FP6
-
2005
-
IST
-
5) Ubiquitous IP
-
centric Government & Enterprise Next Generation Networks (Vision 2010)






ISP

Mountain
Rescue

Application

Fire
Brigade

Application

Health/Cris
is

Application



-





-



Network

Infrastructur
e





Internet



Content



Home
Agent



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

IPv6 Wireless Sensor Network in the home: challenges

s
Technological challenges

Q
Sensors are constrained devices in terms of energy and CPU

Q
We need to include these devices and sensor networks

Q

How to port to IPv6 these constrained communication sensors.

Q
Some early implementations were released in 2006; Industry: Arch Rock, RUNE,
U
-
2010 European projects, Tiny6 project (France, China, India, Korea)

s
Routing challenges

Q
Existing routing protocols not adapted

Q
AODV
: Ad
-
hoc On Demand Vector Routing

Q
DSDV
: Destination Sequenced Distance Vector

Q

DSR
: Dynamic Source Routing OLSR: Optimized Link State Routing

Q
Design Routing protocols for WSNv6 to the

Home
:

RL2N

(Routing in Low
power and Lossy Networks)
(IETF WG)

s
Router Auto
-
configuration

Requirements & challenges to overcome




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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

Internet of Things & IPv6: How to pave the way
(challenges)

Internet of Things

Current Internet IPv4
-
based

Global Internet IPv6
-
based

Solid experience gained by Operators

-

Network management

-

Services management

-

Operation/maintenance

-

Addressing, routing, Naming

-

Security

-

QoS

-

Billing

-

Standards

-
-

Standalone & isolated WSNs

-

Need experience from operator
s

GW

Wireless Sensor

Networks

100s Billon of smart objects

-

Need to be connected via Internet



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

Conclusion

s
IPv6 should be deployed along with Broadband (xDSL, FTTX,
WiMAX, HSDPA, LTE, NGN/IMS….) for Internet Access
Services


s
IPv6 should be a key driver of advanced applications
development


s
Internet of "Things" through WSNs (Wireless Sensor Networks)
is a new driver of IPv6 deployment


s
Huge number of applications and use cases in (Health, Habitat,
Agriculture, Environment, Car Industry, Transportation..) based
on WSNv6 will open a new market



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KSA IPv6 Workshop 8th February 2009

Thank you