By:M.Daniyal & Moomna Javed

pucefakeAI and Robotics

Nov 30, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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By:M.Daniyal & Moomna Javed


Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with
the design



construction, operation, structural disposition,
manufacture and application of robots



computer systems for their control, sensory feedback,
and information processing.


The concept and creation of machines that could
operate autonomously dates back to classical times



but research into the functionality and potential uses
of robots did not grow substantially until the 20th
century.



Today, robotics is a rapidly growing field, as we
continue to research, design, and build new robots


There are many types of robots like


Mobile robots


Rolling robot


Animal robot


Walking robot


Human robot


Autonomous Robots


BEAM Robots


Virtual Robots










In todays world robots are used in many ways in
established countries



robots are used like human beings such as useful
humans


Robots are use for


Works ,help, entertainment & basic needs



The word

robotics

was derived from the word

robot
,


which was introduced to the public by

Czech writer

Karle Capek

in
his play

R.U.R.
which premiered in 1921.

According
to the

Oxford English Dictionary
, the word

robotics

was
first used in print by

Isaac Asimov, in his

science fiction

short story
"Liar!", published in May 1941 in

Astounding Science Fiction
. Asimov
was unaware that he was coining the term; since the science and
technology of electrical devices is

electronics
, he
assumed

robotics

already referred to the science and technology of
robots. In some of Asimov's other works, he states that the first use
of the word
robotics

was in his short story

Runaround
(Astounding
Science Fiction, March 1942).However, the original publication of
"Liar!" predates that of "Runaround" by five months, so the former is
generally cited as the word's origin.


The word

robot

was introduced to the public by the Czech
writer

Karle Capek

in his play

R.U.R. (Resume's Universal
Robots)
, published in 1920.

The play begins in a factory that
makes artificial people called robots

creatures who can be
mistaken for humans


though they are closer to the
modern ideas of

androids. Karle Capek himself did not
coin the word. He wrote a short letter in reference to
an

etymology

in the

Oxford English Dictionary

in which he
named his brother

Josef Capek

as its actual originator.


In 1927 the

Maschinenmensch

("machine
-
human")

ganoids

humanoid robot (also called "Parody",





Future", "Robotics", or the "Maria impersonator") was the first
and perhaps the most memorable depiction of a robot ever to
appear on film was played by German actress

Brigitte
Helm

in

Fritz Lang’s

film

Metropolis.


In 1942 the science fiction writer

Isaac Asimov

formulated
his

Three Laws of Robotics

and, in the process of doing so,
coined the word "robotics" (see details in "Etymology" section
below).


In 1948

Norbert Wiener formulated the principles of

cybernetics,
the basis of practical robotics.


Fully

autonomous robots

only appeared in the second half of the
20th century. The first digitally operated and programmable
robot, the Animate, was installed in 1961 to lift hot pieces of
metal from a die casting machine and stack them.