Vocational Technical Education Framework

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Nov 29, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Vocational Technical Education Framework



Construction

Occupational Cluster


Plumbing

(VPLUM)

CIP Code
460503


August 2013





Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

Office of Career/Vocational Technical Education

75 Pleasant Street, Malden, MA 02148
-
4906

781
-
338
-
3910

www.doe.mass.edu/cte/


Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education

Office for Career/Vocational Technical Education















This document was prepared by the

Massachusetts Department of
Elementary and Secondary
Education

Mitchell D. Chester, Ed.D
.

Commissioner



Board of Elementary and Secondary Education Members

Ms. Maura Banta, Chair, Melrose

Ms. Beverly Holmes, Vice Chair, Springfield

Dr. Vanessa Calderón
-
Rosado, Milton

Ms. Harneen
Chernow, Jamaica Plain

Mr. Gerald Chertavian, Cambridge

Mr. Daniel Brogan, Chair, Student Advisory Council

Ms. Karen Daniels, Milton

Ms. Ruth Kaplan, Brookline

Dr. Matthew Malone, Secretary of Education, Roslindale

Dr. Pendred E. Noyce, Weston

Mr. David Ro
ach, Sutton


Mitchell D. Chester, Ed.D., Commissioner and Secretary to the Board



The Massachusetts Department of
Elementary and Secondary
Education, an affirmative action
employer, is committed to ensuring that all of its programs and facilities are acce
ssible to all members
of the public.

We do not discriminate on the basis of age, color, disability, national origin, race, religion, sex, gender
identity, or sexual orientation.


Inquiries regarding the Department’s compliance with Title IX and other civ
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© 2013 Massachusetts Department of
Elementary and Secondary
Education

Permission is hereby granted to copy any or all parts of t
his document for non
-
commercial educational
purposes. Please credit the “Massachusetts Department of
Elementary and Secondary

Education.”


This document printed on recycled paper


Massachusetts Department of
Elementary and Secondary
Education

75 Pleasant
Street, Malden, MA 02148
-
4906

Phone 781
-
338
-
3000 TTY: N.E.T. Relay 800
-
439
-
2370

www.doe.mass.edu






i

Table

of Contents


Acknowledgements

................................
................................
................................
................................
..................

1

Foreword or Commissioner’s Letter

................................
................................
................................
.......................

2

Guiding Principles

................................
................................
................................
................................
....................

3

Construction Occupational Cluster

................................
................................
................................
...........................

4

Plumbing Framework (VPLUM)

................................
................................
................................
...........................

4

Strand 1: Safety and Health Knowledge and Skills

................................
................................
...........................

4

Strand 2: Technical Knowledge and Skills

................................
................................
................................
.............

6

Strand 3: Embedded Academics

................................
................................
................................
.......................

11

Strand 4: Employability Knowledge and Skills

................................
................................
...............................

12

Strand 5: Management and Entrepreneurship Knowledge and Skills

................................
..........................

14

Strand 6: Technology Literacy Knowledge and

Skills

................................
................................
.....................

16

Appendices

................................
................................
................................
................................
..............................

18

Embedded Academic Crosswalks

................................
................................
................................
......................

19

Embedded English Language Arts and Literacy

................................
................................
..............................

19

Embedded Mathematics

................................
................................
................................
................................
....

21

Embedded Science and Technology/Engineering

................................
................................
...........................

23

Earth and Space Science

................................
................................
................................
............................

23

Physical Science (Chemistry)

................................
................................
................................
.....................

23

Physical Science (Physics)

................................
................................
................................
..........................

24

Technology/Engineering

................................
................................
................................
...........................

24

DESE Statewide Articulation Agreements

................................
................................
................................
............

25

Industry Recognized Credentials (Licenses and Certifications/Specialty Programs)

................................
...............

26

Other

................................
................................
................................
................................
................................
........

27

Reference Materials

................................
................................
................................
................................
....

27

Bibliography

................................
................................
................................
................................
................

27

Related National, Regional, and State Professional Organizations

................................
............................

27

Student Organizations

................................
................................
................................
................................

27

Selected Websites

................................
................................
................................
................................
.......

27



Construction

Occupational Cluster


Plumbing Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

1

Acknowledgements


The

Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Office of Career/ Vocational Technical
Education, launched the Vocational Technical Education Framework Revision Project in April 2012. This Framework
is the result of that effort and of the
contributions of many educators across the state. The Department of Elementary
and Secondary Education wishes to thank all of the Massachusetts groups that contributed to the development of
these standards and all the individual teachers, administrators,
and private sector advisory committee members who
took time from their busy schedules to provide valuable employer validation of the standards for
the
Plumbing

Framework of the Construction Occupational Cluster.

Contributors to the 2012
Plumbing

Framework

(VPLUM)
:

Project Administrator
:

David Norkiewicz, Vocational Director, Shawsheen Valley Technical High School


Framework Team Leader
:

James Sullivan, Construction Department Chair
, Shawsheen Valley Technical High School


Technical Teachers
:

Martin Henry,

Plumbing Teacher, Assabet Valley Regional Vocational School District

Steve Bradham, Plumbing Teacher, Diman Regional Vocational Technical School

Scott Paterson, Plumbing Teacher, Smith Vocational High School

Jarrod Lussier, Plumbing Teacher, Southeastern
Regional Vocational Technical School

Robert Brazeau
,

Plumbing Teacher Nashoba Valley Technical High School

Academic Teachers
:

Mary Colburn
-
O’Neill, Math Teacher, Shawsheen Valley Technical High School

Kevin Bloom, English Department Chair,
Shawsheen

Valley Technical High School

Angel Hardy, Science Teacher, Shawsheen Valley Technical High School

Program Advisory Members
:

Edward Sullivan, Business Owner
, EJS Plumbing
/Town Inspector,

Michael Muise, Business Owner
, Muise Mechanical



Massachusetts
Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

Patricia Gregson, Associate Commissioner

Vocational, Workforce and College Readiness Programs

Office of Career/Vocational and Technical Education

Lisa Sandler, Acting State Director of Career/Vocational
Technical Education


Maura Russell

Ramona Foster

Karen DeCoster


Lisa Weinstein

Margie Roberts

Janice Crocker

Consultants

Dr.
Frank Llamas

Maura McMahon

CVTE
Frameworks Project Advisory Committee

Roger Bourgeois, Superintendent/Director

Peter Dewar, Direct
or of Professional Development


Essex Agricultural and Technical High School


Massachusetts Association of Vocational Administrators

Christine Shaw
,
Executive Director

John McDonagh, Grants Coordinator


Northeast Regional Readiness Center


Southeastern Regional Vocational Technical High School



Construction

Occupational Cluster


Plumbing Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

2

Foreword or Commissioner’s Letter



Construction

Occupational Cluster


Plumbing Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

3

Guiding Principles




Construction

Occupational Cluster


Plumbing Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

4

Construction Occupational Cluster

Plumbing
Framework

(VPLUM)

Strand 1: Safety and Health Knowledge and Skills

1.A

Fundamentals of Health and Safety

1.A.01

Define health and safety regulations.

1.A.01.01

Identify and apply
Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (
OSHA
)

and other health and safety regulations that apply to specific tasks and jobs
in the occupational area.

1.A.01.02

Identify and apply
Environmental Protection Agency (
EPA
)

and other
environmental protection regulations that apply to specific tas
ks and jobs in
the occupational area.

1.A.01.03

Identify and apply Right
-
To
-
Know (Hazard Communication Policy) and
other communicative regulations that apply to specific tasks and jobs in the
occupational area.

1.A.01.04

Explain procedures for documenting and reporting hazard
s to appropriate
authorities
.

1.A.01.05

List penalties for non
-
compliance with appropriate health and safety
regulations.

1.A.01.06

Identify contact information for appropriate health and safety agencies and
resources.

1.A.02

Demonstr
ate health and safety practices
.

1.A.02.01

Identify, describe and demonstrate the eff
ective use of Material Safety Data
Sheets (MSDS)
.

1.A.02.02

Read chemical, product, and equipment labels to determine appropriate
health and safety considerations.

1.A.02.03

Identify, describe and demonstrate personal, shop and job site safety
practices and procedures
.

1.A.02.04

Demons
trate safe dress and use of relevant safety gear and personal
protective equipment (PPE), including (where appropriate) wrist rests,
adjustable works
paces and equipment, gloves,
boots, earplugs, eye
protection, and breathing apparatus.

1.A.02.05

Demonstrate

appropri
ate safe body mechanics, including proper lifting
techniques and ergonomics.

1.A.02.06

Locate emergency equipment in your lab, shop, and classroom, including
(where appropriate) eyewash stations, shower facilities, sinks, fire
extinguishers, fire blankets, telephone
, master power switches, and
emergency exits.

1.A.01

Performance Example
s
:



List and define OSHA Health and Safety Regulations, EPA and other environmental protection
regulations to occupational area.



List and define Right to Know regulations and reporting of hazards and contact information for
appropriate health and safety agenc
ies.



List the laws and rules of regulatory agencies governing sanitation and safety.


Construction

Occupational Cluster


Plumbing Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

5

1.A.02.07

Demonstrate the safe use, storage, and maintenance of every piece of
equipment in the lab, shop, and classroom.

1.A.02.08

Describe safety practices and procedures to be followed when working with
and around electricity
.

1.A.02.09

Properly handle, store, dispose of, and recycle hazardous, flammable, and
combustible materials.

1.A.02.10

Demonstrate proper workspace cleaning procedures.


1.A.03

Demonstrate resp
onses to situations that threaten health and safety.

1.A.03.01

Describe

First Aid procedures for potential injuries and other health
concerns in the occupational area.

1.A.03.02

Describe the importance of emergency preparedness and an emergency
action plan.

1.A.03.03

Describe

procedure
s used to handle emergency situations and accidents,
including identification, reporting, response, evacuation plans, and follow
-
up procedures.

1.A.03.04

Identify practices used to avoid accidents.

1.A.03.05

Identify and describe fire protection, precautions and response proc
edures
.

1.A.03.06

Discuss the role of the individual and the company/organization in ensuring
workplace safety.

1.A.03.07

Discuss

ways to identify and prevent workplace/school violence.


1. A.02

Performance Example
s
:



Identify, describe and demonstrate the use of MSDS.



List and demonstrate shop dress code, safety procedures and location of emergency equipment
in labor classroom.



Define and demonstrate safe storage and maintenance of equ
ipment and proper disposal or
recycling of hazardous, flammable and combustible materials.

1. A.03

Performance Example:



Define first aid procedures, procedures used to handle emergency situations and practices used
to avoid accidents.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

6

Strand 2: Technical Knowledge and Skills

2.A

Shop Safety &

Regulations

2.A.01

Define and demonstrate s
afety

techniques and methods with tools & shop procedures
.


2.A.01.01

Describe

and demonstrate sa
fety procedures and
techniques using hand and
power

tools
.

2.A.01.02

Describe
and demons
trate methods of safely using acetylene and other
gases
.

2.A.01.03

Describe
and demonstrate methods of safely working
with sewage and
contaminated soil
.

2.A.01.04

Describe
and demonstrate
basic safety procedures

that apply to

ladder
safety
.

2.A.01.05

Describe and
apply regulations

for

wo
rking in

confined space
.

2.B

Reading Technical Drawings and Blueprints

2.B.01

Read and interpret prints.

2.B.01.01

Describe
the basic layout of a set of prints as well as the importance of the
accompanying job specifications document.

2.B.01.02

Recognize and identify basic print terms,
abbreviations, line types, symbols
and notes.

2.B.01.03

Interpret and follow drawing dimensions.

2.B.01.04

Convert

measurements from a print using an architect’s scale.

2.B.01.05

Define and interpret
floor
plans
,
elevations
,
sections
,
details
, ceiling
plans
,
and finish
schedules
.

2.B.01.06

Expla
in
and implement estimating methods in pricing jobs using
drawings/prints
.

2.B.01.07

Describe
, develop and complete material quantity takeoff sheets
.

2.B.01.08

Explain
how state and/or local code requirements apply to

prints
.


2.C

Plumbing Social Principles and

Standards

2.C.01

Describe
the fundamentals of
the plumbing industry
.

2.C.01.01

Describe

the historical d
evelopment of the
plumbing industry
.

2.C.01.02

Discuss the effects

of
plumbing
on

modern society
.


2.C.01.03

Identify career opportunities available in the
plumbing industry.

2.C.01.04

Identify and describe
the types of regulato
ry codes & licens
ure

in the
plumbing industry
.


2.C.01.05

Identify

and define

jurisdictional boundaries of utiliti
es, fire department,
and local
inspectors.

2.C.01

Performance
Example:



The student will construct a table indicating a progression of career paths in the Plumbing and
Piping Industry.

2.B.01

Performance Examples:



Student will perform shop/job site projects/work from appropriate sets of
prints/drawings.



Student will

d
evelop

a material quantity takeoff for given project/job.



Student will

d
evelop

a cost estimate from materials from material quantity takeoff for given
project/job.



Student will

p
repare

an application for an appropriate plumbing permit.

2.A.01

Performance Examples:



Student will participate in daily /weekly “Toolbox Safety T
alks
” and

pass a written and
performance test for all shop tools and equipment before using them



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

7

2.D

Pipe
Joining Techniques

2.D.01

Demonstrate

techniques in measuring,
cut
ting
, and join
ing steel pipe &

fittings.

2.D.01.01

Identify the common types and schedules of steel pipe and fittings.

2.D.01.02

Identify the names, classification and sizing of fittings used with steel pipe.

2.D.01.03

M
easure, cut, support and join steel
pipe in all sizes using pipe dies.

2.D.01.04


M
easure, cu
t, support and join steel pipe using the rolled groove method.

2.D.02

Demonstrate techniques in measuring
, cut
ting
, and join
ing copper pipe &

fittings.

2.D.02.01

Identify the common types and schedules of copper pipe and fittings.

2.D.02.02

Identify the names, classification and siz
ing of fittings used with copper
pipe.

2.D.02.03


M
easure, cut,

ream, support and join copper pipe for solder, braze,
compression, roll groove, press fit, and flare type

fittings
.

2.D.03

Demonstrate techniques in measuring
, cut
ting
, and join
ing cast iron pipe &

fittings.

2.D.03.01

Identify the common types and schedules of cast iron p
ipe and fittings.

2.D.03.02

Identify the names, classifications, and sizing of fittings used with cast iron
pipe
.

2.D.03.03

Properly measure, cut, ream, support and join cast iron pipe for lead &
oakum, no
-
hub, and resilient gasket type fittings.

2.D.04

Demonstrate techniques in measuring, cutting, and joining plastic pipe &
fittings.

2.D.04.01

Identify

the common types and schedules of plastic pipe and fittings.

2.D.04.02

Identify the names, classifications, and sizing of fittings used with plastic
pipe and fittings.

2.D.04.03

Properly measure, cut, ream, support and join plastic pi
pe for solvent weld

and compression type fittings.

2.D.05

Demonstrate techniques in measuring, cutting, and
joining

CSST (Corruga
ted Stainless
Steel Tubing) &

fittings.

2.D.05.01

Identify the common types and of CSST and fittings.

2.D.05.02

Identify the names, classifications, and sizing of fittings used with tubing.

2.D.05.03

Measure, cut, support and join CSST tubing for a gas installation.

2.D.01

Performance Example:



The student will select

the

appropriate
materials for
a given
pr
oject and write a material list,
a
ssemble the pr
oject to the specified dimensions, and p
ressure test the project.

2.D.02

Performance Example:



The student will select

the
appropriate
material for
a given

pr
oject and write a material list,
a
ssemble th
e project to specified dimensions and p
ressure test the project.

2.D.03

Performance Example:



The student will select

the correct material for the pr
oject and write a material list, a
ssemble th
e
project to correct
dimensions and p
ressure test the project.

2.D.05

Performance Example
s:



Student will e
xplain the need for the bonding requirements of Corrugated Stainless Steel Tubing.



S
tudent will s
ize the gas lines in a residential or commercial building using the branch method.



Install the gas piping system for a small residential home using a CSST ma
nifold system.



Test the installed system in accordance with the Massachusetts State Gas Code.

2.D.04

Performance Example:



The student will select

the correct material for the pr
oject and w
rite a material list, a
ssemble th
e
project to correct dimensions and p
ressure test the project.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

8

2.D.06

Demonstrate techniques in measuring, cutting, and joining
Cross

Linked Polyethylene
(PEX) tubin
g &

fittings
.

2.D.06.01

Identify the common types of PEX tubing and fittings
.

2.D.06.02

Identify the names, classifications, and si
zing of fittings used with PEX
tubing and fittings.

2.D.06.03

Measure, cut, support, connect, and install
PEX tubing.

2.E

Water Su
pplies & State Code

2.E.01

Identify, define and demonstrate the features and the regulations
relating to water
supplies.

2.E.01.01

Identify the major components of a public and private water supply system,
and describe the function of each component.

2.E.01.02

Design and size a pot
able water system referencing the Massachusetts State
Plumbing Code.

2.E.01.03

Install a water piping system according to the Massachusetts State Plumbing
Code.

2.E.01.04

Test a water supply system according to the Massachusetts State Plumbing
Code.

2.E.01.05

Identify methods of
protecting the potable water system as described in the
Massachusetts State Plumbing Code.

2.E.01.06

Identify means of producing hot water and the protection of these systems
as described in the Massachusetts State Plumbing Code.

2.E.01.07

Identify
and define
pipe and fitting materials allowed on water supply
systems as described in the Massachusetts State Plumbing Code.

2.F

Venting & Drain Systems

2.F.01

Install drainage, waste, and v
ent piping

systems
.

2.F.01.01

Describe
how waste moves from a fixture through the drainage system to
environment.

2.F.01.02

Identify the major components of a drainage system and describe their
functions.

2.F.01.03

Id
entify types and parts of traps;

describe
the
operation and function

of
traps;

and how t
hey

lose their seals.

2.F.01.04

Identify types of fittings that are allowed to be used for a sanitary waste
system.

2.F.01.05

Install a system of waste piping using supports
and pitched according to
the
Massachusetts State Plumbing Code.

2.F.01.06

Design and size a
sanitary waste system
according to
the Massachusetts
State Plumbing Code.

2.F.01.07

T
est
a
sanitary waste
according to
the Massachusetts State Plumbing Code.

2.F.01.08

Identify
and describe
the parts and

sizing
of
an indirect waste pipe system.

2.F.01.09

Identify
and define
special was
te systems as described in the Massachusetts
State Code.

2.D.06

Performance Example
s
:



Student will e
xplain PEX installation limitations.




Student
will i
nstall water lines to a domestic water heater
.



Install domestic water lines using a PEX manifold system
.



Test the installed system as described in the Massachusetts State Plumbing Code.

2.E.01

Performance Example:




Student will i
dentify the major components of a public and private water supply system and
describe the function of each component.



Size the water pipe in a residential and commercial building.



Install water lines in a small residential home.



Test the inst
alled system as described in the Massachusetts State Plumbing Code.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

9

2.F.01.10

Identify
and define
pipe and fitting materials allowed on DWV systems as
descri
bed in the Massachusetts State Plumbing Code
.

2.F.02

Define and demonstrate

the fundamentals of venting

a plumbing system
.

2.F.02.01

Define and demonstrate

the scientific principles of venting.

2.F.02.02

Identify the following types of venting: individual vent, common vent, stack
vent, wet vent, bow vent,
c
ontinuous waste and vent, battery (circuit and
loop) and future vent.

2.F.02.03

Size a venting system according to the Massachusetts State Plumbing Code.

2.F.02.04

Identify pipe and fitting materia
ls allowed on venting systems described by
the Massachusetts State Plumbing Code.

2.F.03

Demonstrate techniques in sizing and installing

roof and area drains.

2.F.03.01

Size a roof or area drain using the tables supplied from the Massachusetts
State Plumbing Code.

2.F.03.02

Set the elevation of a floor or area drain using a surveyor’s level or transit.

2.G

Installation and Service
Plumbing Components

2.G.01

Demonstrate techniques in selecting and installing

plumbing
fixtures.

2.G.01.01

Read and interpret manufacturer fixture roughing in sheets.

2.G.01.02

Identify the types and styles of plumbing fixtures.

2.G.01.03

Describe the procedures for the installation and maint
enance of plumbing
fixtures.

2.G.01.04

Describe the operation and assembly of flushometers, ballcocks, and water
closet discharge systems.

2.G.01.05

Describe the types, assembly, and repair of shower valves.

2.G.01.06

List
the reasons for installing anti
-
scald shower valves.

2.G.01.07

Install an
d repair kitchen and lavatory faucets.

2.G.01.08

Install commercial and residential dishwashers.

2.G.01.09

Install commercial and residential a garbage disposers.

2.H

Troubleshooting & Servicing

Water System

2.H.01

Demonstrate techniques in

s
ervic
ing

a plumbing system.

2.H.01.01

Diagnose water supply problems.

2.H.01.02

Diagnose water quality problems.

2.H.01.03

Identify and s
ervice various types of valves.

2.G.01

Performance Example:



The student will

install a bathroom fixture group consisting of a water closet, lavatory, and tub &

shower combination, and a kitchen group consisting of a kitchen sink, garbage disposer and
dishwasher
.

2.F.03

Performance Example:



The student will s
ize and install a roof drain according to Massachusetts State Plumbing Code
using cast iron no hub pipe.

2.F.0
2

Performance Example:



The student will i
dentify the major components of
a designated
vent system
and describe its
function. S
ize
, install, and test the vent system
in accordance with the Massachusetts State
Plumbing Code.

2.F.01

Performance Example:



Identify the major components of a public and private drainage system, and describe the function
of each component.



Size the drainage and waste lines in a residential
and commercial building.



Install the drainage and waste system for a small residential home.



Test the installed system in accordance with the Massachusetts State Plumbing Code.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

10

2.H.01.04

Identify and define
different types of corr
osion and their effects on piping
services.

2.H.01.05

Troubleshoot and repair water supply problems.

2.H.01.06

Troubleshoot and repair drainage problems.

2.I

Installation of
Fuel Gas

2.I.01

Demonstrate techniques in s
izing and installing

fuel gas systems.

2.I.01.01

Identify the components of

fuel gas
systems
(natural
and

LP) and describe
the function of each component.

2.I.01.02

Identify the physical properties of natural and LP gases.

2.I.01.03

Identify

and
describe
potential hazards associated wi
th each type of fuel and
system
and follow
safety precau
tions
.


2.I.01.04

Connect appliances to the fuel gas system.

2.I.01.05

Apply the Massachusetts State Fuel Gas Code in the installation of fuel gas
systems.

2.I.01.06

Size all piping in a fuel gas system using the Massachusetts Sta
te Fuel Gas
Code.

2.I.01.07

Diagnose and repair problems with the fuel gas system and its connected
appliances.



2.H.01

Performance Example:



Given several different types of valves the student will dismantle each, identify the major parts
and reassemble each to working condition.

2.I.01

Performance Example:



The student will i
dentify the major component of a gas piping system, and describe the function
of each component.



The students will s
ize the gas lines in a resi
dential and commercial building, i
nstall the g
as piping
syst
em for a small residential home, and t
est the installed system in accordance with the
Massachusetts State Gas Code.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

11

Strand 3: Embedded Academics

Strand 3: Embedded Academics, a critical piece of a Vocational Technical Education Framework, are
presented as Crosswalks between the Massachusetts Vocational Technical Edu
cation Frameworks and the
Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks. These Crosswalks are located in the Appendix of this Framework.

Academic Crosswalks

Appendix A:

English Langua
ge Arts

Appendix B:

Mathematics

Appendix C:

Science and Technology/Engineering

Earth and
Space Science

Life Science (Biology)


Physical Science (Chemistry and Physics)


Technology/Engineering





Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

12

Strand 4: Employability Knowledge and Skills

4.A

Employability Knowledge and

Skills

4.A.01

Develop employability skills to secure and keep employment in chosen field.

4.A.01.01

Evaluate industries, organizations, and careers based on multiple sources of
research and information.

4.A.01.02

Assess interest areas to determine potential career pathways, includi
ng
career ladders.

4.A.01.03

Develop a career plan with alternatives.

4.A.01.04

Complete job applications and related employment documents (e.g. W
-
4).

4.A.01.05

Create professional cover letters, resumes, and portfolios in a variety of
formats (print and electronic).

4.A.01.06

Apply job search s
kills to seek, evaluate, apply for, and accept employment.

4.A.01.07

Demonstrate good interviewing skills.

4.A.01.08

Demonstrate employability skills needed to get and keep a job.

4.A.01.09

Assess alternative occupational choices (e.g. working conditions, benefits,
and opport
unities to change).


4.A.02

Communicate in multiple

modes to address needs within the career and technical field
.

4.A.02.01

Apply strategies to enhance effectiveness of all types of communications in
the workplace.

4.A.02.02

Apply reading skills and strategies to work
-
related
documents.

4.A.02.03

Locate information from books, journals, magazines, and the Internet.

4.A.02.04

Apply basic writing skills to work
-
related communication.

4.A.02.05

Write work
-
related materials.

4.A.02.06

Explain information presented graphically.

4.A.02.07

Use writing/publishing/presentation applicat
ions.

4.A.02.08

Apply basic skills for work
-
related oral communication.

4.A.02.09

Explain proper telephone etiquette and skills.

4.A.02.10

Lead formal and informal group discussions.

4.A.02.11

Demonstrate effective negotiation and conflict management.

4.A.02.12

Apply active listening skills to obtain and
clarify information.

4.A.02.13

Communicate with others in a diverse workforce.


4.A.03

Solve problems using critical thinking.

4. A.01

Performance Example
s
:



Research positions open within a variety of companies and compa
re/contrast their descriptions,
duties, and expectations.



Prepare responses to standard interview questions.



Participate in a mock
-
interview with industry professionals.

4. A.02

Performance Example
s
:



Review a professional journal; choose one article to summarize.



Call the publisher for free products in journal.



Develop an oral presentation regarding an article in a journal. Summarize trends presen
ted in a
graph.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

13

4.A.03.01

Demonstrate skills used to define and analyze a given problem.

4.A.03.02

Explain the importance and dynamics of individual and teamwork
approaches of problem
solving.

4.A.03.03

Describe methods of researching and validating reliable information
relevant to the problem.

4.A.03.04

Explain strategies used to formulate ideas, proposals and solutions to
problems.

4.A.03.05

Select potential solutions based on reasoned criteria.

4.A.03.06

Implement and eval
uate solution(s).


4.A.04

Demonstrate positive work behaviors
.

4.A.04.01

Identify
time management

and task prioritization skills.

4.A.04.02

Explain the importance of following workplace etiquette/protocol.

4.A.04.03

Demonstrate willingness to learn and further develop skills.

4.A.04.04

Demonstrate
self
-
management skills.

4.A.04.05

List causes of stress and effective stress management techniques.

4.A.04.06

Describe the importance of having a positive attitude and techniques that
boost morale.

4.A.04.07

Show initiative by coming up with unique solutions and taking on extra
respons
ibilities.

4.A.04.08

Explain the importance of setting goals and demonstrate the ability to set,
reach, and evaluate goals.

4.A.04.09

Explain the importance of taking pride in work accomplished and extrinsic
and intrinsic motivators that can be used to increase pride.

4.A.04.10

Value t
he importance of professionalism, including reliability, honesty,
responsibility, and ethics.

4.A.04.11

Demonstrate a respect for diversity and its benefit to the workplace.




Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

14

Strand 5: Manage
ment and Entrepreneurship Knowledge and Skills

5.A

Management and Entrepreneurship Knowledge and Skills

5.A.01

Analyze basic business practices required to start and run a company/organization
.

5.A.01.01

Define entrepreneurship.

5.A.01.02

Describe the relationship between suppliers,
producers, and consumers.

5.A.01.03

Compare and contrast types of businesses, including sole proprietorships,
small businesses, companies, corporations, governmental agencies, and
non
-
profit organizations.

5.A.01.04

Describe practices that ensure quality customer service.

5.A.01.05

Explain the value of competition in business/field.

5.A.02

Manage all
resources related to a business/organization
.

5.A.02.01

Identify a company’s/organization’s chain of command and organizational
structure.

5.A.02.02

Define and demonstrate leadership and teamwork skills.

5.A.02.03

Explain ways a company or organization can market itself, including
choo
sing a name, designing logos and promotional materials, advertising,
and the importance of word
-
of
-
mouth.

5.A.02.04

Identify methods to track inventory, productivity, income, expenses, and
personnel.

5.A.02.05

Explain the importance of written operating procedures and
policies.

5.A.02.06

Identify professional organizations and their benefits.

5.A.02.07

Exp
lain methods to effectively run a meeting.

5.A.03

Describe methods for managing, organizing, retrieving and reporting financial data
.

5.A.03.01

Explain the role of small businesses in the economy.

5.A.03.02

Extract and extrapolate data from financial documents, such as a pay
-
stub,
b
udget, tax statement, and financial report.



5. A.01

Performance Example
s
:



Prepare a business plan for a new company in your community.



Participate in a discussion with members of a local small
-
business incubator or chamber of
commerce, identifying opportunities and summarizing best practices of new

companies.



Create an equipment list, with costs, of equipment required for doing specific tasks.



Identify local zoning and environmental laws that apply to businesses in your industry
.

5. A.02

Performance Example
s
:



Create a plan to keep track of tools and supplies in your classroom/shop.



Work as a team to complete a project, including running and participating in problem
-
solving
meetings.



Contact a relevant professional orga
nization and request information about its benefits,
membership requirements, and costs.



Clip print advertisements from local companies, identifying common themes and contrasting
different styles.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

15

5.A.04

Apply labor and civil rights law and guidelines to business practice and decisions.

5.A.04.01

List federal and sta
te mandated employee rights.

5.A.04.02

Describe proper working conditions for your industry.

5.A.04.03

Explain the role of labor organizations.

5.A.04.04

Discuss the importance of diversity and list methods of encouraging
diversity in the workplace.

5.A.04.05

Describe standard forms of employmen
t contracts applicable to your
industry.

5.A.04.06

State the current minimum wage, as well as wages for common jobs found
within the field.

5.A.04.07

List opport
unities for continual professional development.

5.A.05

Evaluate the effects of community relations on companies and the industry.

5.A.05.01

Describe the role that the industry/organization plays in different
communities.

5.A.05.02

Describe the role that community interests play in a
company’s/organizations decision
-
making process.

5.A.06

Apply legal requirements and ethical considerations to business practice and decisions.

5.A.06.01

Identify laws that re
gulate businesses/organizations in your field.

5.A.06.02

Define the requirements for and protections given by copyright and
trademark law.

5.A.06.03

Define the impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act and other civil
rights legislation on your business/organization, empl
oyees, and customers.

5.A.06.04

Define ethical business practices for your field.

5.A.06.05

Identify trade
-
specific practices that support clean energy technologies and
encourage environmental sustainability.


5. A.03

Performance Example
s
:



Create and follow a budget for an in
-
class project.



Identify equipment in your shop/lab that is considered capital.



From a pay
-
stub, determine gross salary, deductions, and net
pay for a calendar year.



Create a rate card or other list of standardized costs for services provided, based on research of
local rates and practices.




5. A.04

Performance Example
s
:



Participate in and summarize a discussion with a member of a labor organization.



Participate in and summarize a discussion with a member of a civil rights organization.



While partici
pating in a group project, write and follow job descriptions for each member of the
team.



Evaluate a shop/lab in terms of safety, ergonomics, and workflow.

5. A.05

Performance Example:



Participate in a
service project or community
-
centered event.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

16

Strand 6: Technology Literacy Knowledge and Skills


6.A

Technology Literacy Knowledge and Skills (Grades 9 through 12)

6.A.01

Demonstrate proficiency in the use of computers and applications, as well as an
understanding of the concepts underlying hardwar
e, software, and connectivity.

6.A.01.01

Use online help and other support to learn about features of hardware and
software, as well as to assess and resolve problems.

6.A.01.02

Install and uninstall software; compress and expand files (if the district
allows it).

6.A.01.03

Explain e
ffective backup and recovery strategies.

6.A.01.04

Apply advanced formatting and page layout features when appropriate (e.g.,
columns, templates, and styles) to improve the appearance of documents
and materials.

6.A.01.05

Use editing features appropriately (e.g., track change
s, insert comments).

6.A.01.06

Identify the use of word processing and desktop publishing skills in various
careers.

6.A.01.07

Identify the use of database skills in various careers.

6.A.01.08

Define and use functions of a spreadsheet application (e.g., sort, filter, find).

6.A.01.09

Explain how various formatting options are used to convey information in
charts or graphs.

6.A.01.10

Identify the use of spreadsheet skills in various careers.

6.A.01.11

Use search engines and online directories.

6.A.01.12

Explain the differences among various search engines and how

they rank
results.

6.A.01.13

Explain and demonstrate effective search strategies for locating and
retrieving electronic information (e.g., using syntax and Boolean logic
operators).

6.A.01.14

Describe good practices for password protection and authentication.

6.A.02

Demonstrate the

responsible use of technology and an understanding of ethics and safety
issues in using electronic media at home, in school, and in society.

6.A.02.01

Demonstrate compliance with the school’s Acceptable Use Policy.

6.A.02.02

Explain issues related to the responsible use of t
echnology (e.g., privacy,
security).

6.A.02.03

Explain laws restricting the use of copyrighted materials.

6.A.02.04

Identify examples of plagiarism, and discuss the possible consequences of
plagiarizing the work of others.

6.A.03

Design and implement a personal learning plan that includes the use of

technology to
support lifelong learning goals.

6.A.03.01

Evaluate the authenticity, accuracy, appropriateness, and bias of electronic
resources, including Web sites.

6.A.03.02

Analyze the values and poin
ts of view that are presented in media messages.

6.A.03.03

Describe devices, applications, and operating system features that offer
accessibility for people with disabilities.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

17

6.A.03.04

Evaluate school and work environments in terms of ergonomic practices.

6.A.03.05

Describe and use s
afe and appropriate practices when participating in
online communities (e.g., discussion groups, blogs, social networking sites).

6.A.03.06

Explain and use practices to protect one's personal safety online (e.g., not
sharing personal information with strangers, bein
g alert for online
predators, reporting suspicious activities).

6.A.03.07

Explain ways individuals can protect their technology systems and
information from unethical users.

6.A.04

Demonstrate the ability to use technology for research, critical thinking, problem solving,
decision making, communication, collaboration, creativity, and innovation.

6.A.04.01

Devise and demonstrate strategies for efficiently collecting and organizing
information from electronic sources.

6.A.04.02

Compare, evaluate, and select appropriate electronic resources to lo
cate
specific information.

6.A.04.03

Select the most appropriate search engines and directories for specific
research tasks.

6.A.04.04

Use a variety of media to present information for specific purposes (e.g.,
reports, research papers, presentations, newsletters, Web sites,
podcasts,
blogs), citing sources.

6.A.04.05

Demonstrate how the

use of various techniques and effects (e.g., editing,
music, color, rhetorical devices) can be used to convey meaning in media.

6.A.04.06

Use online communication tools to collaborate with peers, community
member
s, and field experts as appropriate (e.g., bulletin boards, discussion
forums, listservs, Web conferencing).

6.A.04.07

Plan and implement a collaborative project with students in other
classrooms and schools using telecommunications tools (e.g., e
-
mail,
discussion f
orums, groupware, interactive Web sites, video

conferencing).






Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

18

Appendices





Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

19

Embedded Academic
Crosswalks


Embedded English Language Arts and Literacy

CVTE
Learning
Standard
Number

Strand Coding Designation
Grades ELAs

Learning Standard Number

Text of English Language Arts Learning Standard

2.C
.01
.03


WHST.6
-
12.5
-
8

Writing Standards for
Literacy in History/Social
Studies, Science, and
Technical Subjects

Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning,
revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach. Use
technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish
writing and to

interact and collaborate with others. Conduct
short as well as more sustained research projects based on
focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject
under investigation. Gather relevant information from
multiple print and digital sourc
es, assess the credibility and
accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while
avoiding plagiarism.


Performance Example:



The student will construct a table indicating a progression of career paths in the Plumbing and Piping
Industry.


2.B
.01.08

RI.6.3

Reading Standards for
Informational Text



Analyze in detail how a key individual, event, or idea is
introduced, illustrated, and elaborated in a text



Performance Example:



Student will discuss how state and/or local code requirements apply to prints.

2.C.01.02

SL.9
-
12.1
-
3

Speaking and Listening
Standards

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative
discussions (one
-
on
-
one, in groups, and teacher
-
led)
with
diverse partners on grades 9

12 topics, texts, and issues,
building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and
persuasively. Integrate multiple sources of information
presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually,
quantitatively,
orally) in order to make informed decisions and
solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each
source and noting any discrepancies among the data. Evaluate
a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and
rhetoric, assessing
the stance, premises, links among ideas,
word choice, points of emphasis, and tone used
.

Performance Example:



Student will participate in a discussion describing the importance of the plumber in modern society
.


2.F.01.02

SL.9
-
12.4
-
6

Speaking and Liste
ning
Standards

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence,
conveying a clear and distinct perspective, such that listeners
can follow the line of reasoning, alternative or opposing
perspectives are addressed, and the organization,
development,
substance, and style are appropriate to purpose,
audience, and a range of formal and informal tasks.

Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical,
audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to
enhance understanding of findings, reasoning, and evidence
and to add interest.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

20

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, d
emonstrating
a command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

Performance Example:



Student will identify the major components of a public and private drainage system, and describe the
function of each component.

2.E.01.05

L.6
-
12.4(c
-
d)

Language Standards

Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g.,
dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find
the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise
meaning, its part of speech, its
etymology, or its standard usage.
Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or
phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a
dictionary).



Performance Example:




Student will identify methods of protecting the pota
ble water system as described in the Massachusetts
State Plumbing Code
.


2.D.06.03

WHST.6
-
12.8

Writing Standards for
Literacy in History/Social
Studies, Science, and
Technical Subjects

Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print
and di
gital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess
the strengths and limitations of each source in terms of the
specific task, purpose, and audience; integrate information
into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding
plagiarism

and overreliance on any one source and following a
standard format for citation
.


Performance Example:



Student will assess the use of PEX after studying PEX installation limitations
.


2.F.01.06



WHST.6
-
12.2(a
-
f),4

Writing Standards for
Literacy in
History/Social
Studies, Science, and
Technical Subjects

Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration
of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or
technical processes. Introduce a topic and organize ideas,
concepts, and info
rmation to make important connections and
distinctions; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g.,
figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding
comprehension. Develop the topic with well
-
chosen, relevant,
and sufficient facts, extended

definitions, concrete details,
quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to
the audience’s knowledge of the topic. Use varied transitions
and sentence structures to link the major sections of the text,
create cohesion, and clarify the rel
ationships among ideas and
concepts. Use precise language and domain
-
specific
vocabulary to manage the complexity of the topic and convey a
style appropriate to the discipline and context as well as to the
expertise of likely readers. Establish and maint
ain a formal
style and objective tone while attending to the norms and
conventions of the discipline in which they are writing.
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from
and supports the information or explanation presented (e.g.,
articu
lating implications or the significance of the topic).
Produce clear and coherent writing in which

the development,
organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and
audience.


Performance Example:



Students will design and size a sanitary wa
ste system as described in the Massachusetts State Plumbing
Code.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

21

Embedded Mathematics

CVTE
Learning
Standard
Number

Math Content Conceptual
Category and Domain Code

Learning Standard
Number

Text of Mathematics Learning Standard

2.F.01.06

7.G.2

Geometry
-

Draw,
construct, and describe
geometrical figures and
describe the relationships
between them

Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with
technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on
constructing triangles from three measures of angles or
sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique
triangle, more than one tria
ngle, or no triangle.

(MA 2011 specifies constructing triangles given measures of
angles


Performance Example:



Student will design, size and draw a sanitary waste system as described in the Massachusetts State
Plumbing Code system using different geomet
ric shapes
.



2.D.01.04

2.D.02.03

2.D.03.03

2.D.04.03

2.d.05.03

2.D.06.03

8.EE.7

Expressions and
Equations/

Analyze and solve linear
equations and pairs of
simultaneous linear
equations



8.EE.7a

Expressions and
Equations/

Analyze and solve linear
equations and pairs of
simultaneous linear
equations


8.EE.7b

Expressions and
Equations/

Analyze and solve linear
equations and pairs of
simultaneous linear
equations


7.RP.2

Ratios and Proportional
Relationships/

Analyze proportional
relationships and
use them
to solve real
-
world and
mathematical problems
.

8.EE.7
-

Solve linear equations in one variable.








8.EE.7a
-

Give examples of linear equations in one variable
with one solution, infinitely many solutions, or no solutions.
Show which of these
possibilities is the case by successively
transforming the given equation into simpler forms, until an
equivalent equation of the form
x = a, a = a,
or

a = b
results
(where
a

and
b

are different numbers).


8.EE.7b
-

Solve linear equations with rational n
umber
coefficients, including equations whose solutions

require expanding expressions using the distributive property
and collecting like terms.




7.RP.2
-

Recognize and represent proportional relationships
between quantities.

Performance Example:



Student will solve linear equation
s

to identify missing dimensions on steel, copper, and/or plastic projects.

2.E.01.02

6.NS.6

The Number System/
Apply and extend previous
understandings of
numbers to the system of
rational numbers

6.NS.6
-

Understand a rational number as a point on the
number line. Extend number line diagrams and coordinate
axes familiar from previous grades to represent
points on the
line and in the plane with negative number coordinates.





Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

22


6.NS.6c

The Number
System/
Apply and extend previous
understandings of
numbers to the system of
rational numbers


6
.S.6
c. Find and position integers and other rational numbers
on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram; find and
position pairs of integers and other rational numbers on a
c
oordinate plane.

Performance Example:



Student will design and size a potable water system referencing the Massachusetts State Plumbing Code
using friction loss flow charts.

2.B.01.06


7
Expressions and
Equations 3

Solve real
-
life and
mathematical problems
using numerical and
algebraic expressions and

Equations.

Solve multi
-
step real
-
life and mathematical problems posed
with positive and negative rational
numbers in any form
(whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools
strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with
numbers in any form; convert between forms as appropriate;
and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental
compu
tation and estimation strategies.
For example: If a
woman making $25 an hour gets a 10% raise, she will make an
additional
1
/
10

of her salary an hour, or $2.50, for a new salary
of $27.50. If you want to place a towel bar 93⁄4 inches long in the
center of
a door that is 271⁄2 inches wide, you will need to place
the bar about 9 inches from each edge; this estimate can be used
as a check on the exact computation

Performance Example:



Student will estimate a material take
-
off and the cost of an installation
from a g
iven print
/drawing.

2.E.01.02

9
-
12.A.SSE.1

Algebra/
Seeing Structure
in Expressions/

Interpret the structure of
expressions.


9
-
12.A.CED.4

Algebra/
Creating
Equations/

Create equations that
describe numbers or
relationships.



9
-
12.ASSe.1
-

Interpret expressions that represent a quantity





9
-
12.ACED.4
-

Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of
interest, using the same reasoning as in solving equations.
For
example, rearrange Ohm’s law V = IR to highlight re
sistance R.*

Performance Example:




Student will define concepts in calculating the ratio between pipe size and volume output.

2.F.01.08

9
-
12.A.CED.3

Algebra/
Creating
Equations/

Create equations that
describe numbers or
relationships.




8.EE.8

Expressions and
Equations/

Solve real
-
life and
mathematical problems
9
-
12.A.CED.3
-


Represent constraints by equations or
inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities,
and interpr
et solutions as viable or non
-
viable options in a
modeling context.
For example, represent inequalities
describing nutritional and cost constraints on combinations of
different foods.


8.EE.8
-


Analyze and solve pairs of simultaneous linear
equations.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

23

using numerical and
algebraic expressions and
equations.


Performance Example:



Student will size polyvinyl chloride pipe (PVC) for an indirect waste pipe system
-

find the expansion of PVC
piping using the formula for "linear expansion”.

2.B.01.04

MA.9
-
12.G.MG.4

Geometry/
Modeling with
Geometry/

Apply geometric
concepts
in modeling situations



9
-
12.A
-
SSE.1


Algebra/
Seeing Structure
in Expressions/

Interpret the structure of
expressions.

MA.9
-
12.G.MG.4
-

Use dimensional analysis for unit
conversions to confirm that expressions and equations make
sense. *




9
-
12
.A
-
SSE.1
-


Interpret expressions that represent a quantity
in terms of its context.*

Performance Example:




Student will convert measurements with decimal numbers to feet, inches and fractions from architectural
and mechanical drawings.


Embedded
Science and Technology/Engineering


Earth and Space Science

CVTE
Learning
Standard
Number

Subject Area,

Topic Heading and

Learning Standard Number

Text of
Earth and Space Science

Learning Standard

2.F
.01.01

Earth process and Cycles
3.4

3.4 Explain how
water flows into and through a watershed.
Explain the roles of aquifers, wells, porosity, permeability,
water table, and runoff
.

Performance Example:



Student will identify the major components of the earth’s water cycle and explain the process of each
.





Physical Science (Chemistry)


CVTE
Learning
Standard
Number

Subject Area,

Topic Heading and

Learning Standard Number

Text of Chemistry Learning Standard

2.H.01.04

Rates of Reactions

7.5


7.5

Identify the factors that affect the rate of a chemical
reaction (temperature, mixing, concentration, particle size,
surface area, catalyst
).

Performance Example:



Student will identify the effect of chemicals and temperatures on specific piping.

2.I.01.01

Chemical Bonding 4.6

4.6

Name and write the chemical formulas for simple ionic
and molecular compounds, including those that contain the
polyatomic ions: ammon
ium, carbonate, hydroxide, nitrate,
phosphate, and sulfate
.



Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

24

Performance Example:



Student will discuss the components which make up fuel gas (natural gas).

2.I.01.02

Properties of Matter 1.1

1.1

Identify and explain physical properties (e.g.,
density,
melting point, boiling point, conductivity, malleability) and
chemical properties (e.g., the ability to form new substances).
Distinguish between chemical and physical changes
.

Performance Example:



Student will recognize the chemical formula of n
atural ga
s and its physical properties.



Physical Science (Physics)


CVTE
Learning
Standard
Number

Subject Area,

Topic Heading and

Learning Standard Number

Text of Physics Learning
Standard

2.F.02.01

Science Inquiry SIS1 and SIS2

SIS1.

Make observations, raise questions, and formulate
hypotheses.

SIS2.

Design and conduct scientific investigations.

Performance

Example:



Student

will design a venting system and conduct a discussion on the principles of
venting with

the use of
posters, and or multi
-

media.



Technology/Engineering


CVTE
Learning
Standard
Number

Subject Area,

Topic Heading and

Learning Standard Number

Text of Technology/Engineering Learning Standard

2.B.01.05

Engineering Design 1.5


1.5 Interpret plans, diagrams, and working drawings in the
construction of prototypes or models.

Performance
Example:



Student will interpret plumbing designs project individually and/or with teams of students. Student will be
accountable for different aspects/components including elevation, section and detail views, and schedules


2.B.01.08

Materials, Tools, a
nd
Machines 2.6

2.6 Recognize the purposes of zoning laws and building codes in the
design and use of structures.

Performance Example:



Student will present to the class how federal, state, and local codes apply to prints.






Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

25

DESE Statewide Articulation Agreements


No Statewide Articulation Agreements at this time.






Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

26

Industry Recognized Credentials

(
Licenses and Certifications/Specialty Programs
)

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

(OSHA) 10 Hour Card


Construction

Hours
credit toward
Massachusetts Journeyman Plumber License

requirements.


A student who successfully completes a
CHAPTER 74 Plumbing

program

approved by
the
Board of State Examiners of
Plumbers and Gas Fitters may be granted a maximum of
330 hours of educational theory credit and 1,700

hours of experience credit from that
program

towards their journeyman
license
.

Th
e related theory classes
must
follow the
scope and sequence outlined in the tiers, designed and approved by the Board of State
Examiners of Plumbers and Gasfitters, in order for students to receive credit toward
licensure
.





Construction

Occupational

Cluster


Plumbing

Framework

Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Framework

27

Other

Reference Materials



Massachusetts Plumbing & Gas Fuel Code

248 CMR 11.00:

Educational and Experience Standards and Requirements for Licensure

Program’s Scope & Sequence is Tier 1


Tier 2


Tier 3



Quarterly
publication


New England Progress PHCC of Massachusetts


B
ibliography



Related National, Regional, and State
Professional
Organizations



Plumbing, Heating & Cooling Contractors (PHCC) 781
-
843
-
3800


Student Organizations

Skills USA

www.maskillsusa.org


Selected Websites



http://www.mass.gov/ocabr/licensee/dpl
-
boards/pl/educational
-
requirements/licensure
-
tier
-
program/plumbing
-
tier
-
program/tier
-
5
-
pl
-
fifth
-
year
-
lessons.html



www.
mass
.gov/ocabr/
licensee/dpl
-
boards/pl/



www.
plumbingcode
articles.com



www.
mass
.gov/ocabr/licensee/dpl
-
boards/pl/




www.phccma.org