full multi-modal transport business chains

prettyingmelonManagement

Nov 9, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Integrating
environmental data exchange in
full multi
-
modal transport
business chains

Raul Carlson and Sten Lindgren

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Environmental data exchange

”Environmental data exchange” is a generic wording for measuring,
calculating and reporting environmental impact from transports

This presentation is focusing on “CO2 reporting” in
Freight
transports


Starting point

CO2 reporting requirements are becoming more frequent due to:


Voluntary initiatives related to brand image and/or ISO 14000
environmental management

Legal and/or commercial requirements for procurement of
transport services

Legal requirements on CO2 reporting


E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Environmental

responsibility



part
of

brand image
today


Your Volvo complies with strict international

environmental standards and is also manufactured

in one of the cleanest and most
resource efficient

plants in the world. Volvo Car Corporation

has global ISO certification, which

includes the environmental standard
ISO

14001
covering all factories and several of our

other units.
We also set requirements for our

partners so that they work systematically with

environmental

issues
.

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Environmental responsibility


part of brand image today

But,


Reporting requirements are given in many different ways


There are various definitions and calculation methods


Reporting, if done, is often not an integrated of normal
business processes


E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Transport
safety
Transport
efficiency
E
nvi
-
ronmental
influence
E I T
8
Volvo
Technology

EIT
consortium

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Authority

Regulation & Supervision

Authority

Infrastructure Provider

Scope: Processes to be synchronized

6


Concept for ordering and supply of items


Delivery schedule / Order

Goods label / Despatch advice / Invoice

Transport system

4PL

Freight

Forwarder

Operator

Logistics supply concept

R

e

c

e

i

v

e

r

S

e

n

d

e

r

Environmental

impact

Transport
safety

Customs &
import
-
/export
demands

Customs &
import
-
/export
demands

Efficient processes

at Custmers

(OEMs)

Efficient processes

at Suppliers

Efficient transport

processes

Automotive Supply

Chain Concept

Odette

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
Reporting

on
environmental

impact

was

one

of

the
three

aspects

studied

in the EIT
project


E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Analysis made within the EIT project, based on interviews throughout transport chain*

*Interviews made at


DHL


DSV


SKF


Volvo Cars


Volvo


Autoliv

Transport user

Transport service

Provider(,

Carrier,

Terminals,

Port operators

4PL, forwarder, Carrier
(subcontr.)

4PL, forwarder

Katalog, FRIDA,
kollektivstrafik(kolla)

Transport mean

Requirements are communicated and sometimes reformulated from
end customer, through transport value chain to vehicles

Data is compiled, reported and reformulated when necessecary from
vehicle through transport value chain to end customer

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

ISO/TC 207 standards
-

Environmental

The new ISO/TS 14033:2012
-

Quantitative environmental
information

ISO/TS 14048:2002


Data
documentation format

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Scope

Standard

Organizations

Specification with guidance at the
organization level
for
quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and
removals.

ISO 14064
-
1:2006


Quantification and reporting of GHG emissions for organizations
(
Carbon footprint of organizations
)
-

Guidance for the application
of ISO 14064
-
1

ISO/AW1 14069

Projects

Specification with guidance at
the project level
for quantification,
monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emission reductions and
removal enhancements.

ISO 14064
-
2
:2006


Products

Carbon footprint of products


Quantification, Communication.

ISO/CD 14067
-
1,
-
2

People

Competence requirements for
conducting greenhouse gas
validation and verification

engagements with guidance for
evaluation.

ISO/FDIS 14066


Validation and
Verification

S
pecification with guidance for the
validation and verification of
greenhouse gas assertions.

ISO 14064
-
3
:2006


Accreditation

Greenhouse gases
-

Specification for greenhouse gas validation and
verification bodies for use in accreditation
and other forms of
recognition.

ISO 14065
:2007


ISO/TC 207 standards


Climate change

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

prEN

16258
-

Standardisation

of calculation and
declaration on energy consumptions and GHG
emissions in transport
services

An upcoming European standard, that will specify guidelines how to
calculate and declare/report,

on basis of data on:

Type of vehicle and vehicle technology, including fuel alternatives

Route selection/Distance

Cargo load and load optimization

(Implicitly also on: Local and regional environmental impact depending
on geographical and temporal sensitivity)


The standard will provide guidance on how to include fuel life cycle,
infrastructure, allocation onto co
-
transported goods, etc.




E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Measures for reducing
CO2 emissions in
freight transports
and the role of
reporting

Improvement in
environmental impacts
from freight transports depend
on:

Vehicle efficiency
and usage of ‘
green fuels


Eco
-
driving, including various technologies supporting the
driving
style
, also to relate to actual traffic situation

Route

optimization

Improved transport efficiency through higher
filling rate

and improved
planning of freight transport

Applying local regulations
restricting transport
to certain geographical
areas


By enabling access to both aggregated overview as well as detailed data,
decisions about where to make efforts and where to combine efforts may
be optimized


E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Current difficulties

Conflicting methodologies and lack of standards:



Choice of parameters

Choice of level of detail

Choice of calculation principles

Industrially applicable information and reporting models that are
compatible with business models and practices

The complexity of the world of standards, models, tools and stakeholders


Consensus between transport service providers and transport users is
necessary

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Quantification and reporting methodology for
environmental impact of transports



EIT project’s unique approach:

By describing
which data
to capture about a specific transport


By enabling handling and
communication

of these data


By integrating requirements and reporting into the
business processes


It will then be possible to identify which variables to control to reduce
CO2 emissions




E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

System boundaries & Allocation rules

Environmental impact


actual data

Real vehicle data including data on goods,
distance, fuel consumption, etc. allocated
and calculated according to
relevant
standards.

Average data (
theoretically calculated data
)
about

vehicle, distance, fuel consumption,
etc. allocated and calculated according to
relevant standards.

Intermediate level, where requirements and
reported data allows for a mixture of ’yellow’
and ’red’ data calculated according to
relevant standards.

Requirements on
environmental
reporting

Environmental
reporting

By including both actual lowest level data ’red’
as well as real, perfect ’
yelllow
’ data in the
same system, the EIT approach allows for
seamless continuous improvement, in line with
ISO 14001 and ISO 9001 certified
management systems
.

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Environmental

impact

(EI)
-

Actual

16

Transport User

Transport

Forwarder 2

4PL

A

B

C

D

E

No
report

Estimation

acc

to

agreed

method

Actual

EI

Calculated

average

EI

Transport Operator

Haulier

2

Actual

EI

Transport Operator

RoRo
-
ferry

Transport

Forwarder 1

Transport Operator

Haulier

3

Transport Operator

Haulier

1

Calculated

average

EI

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

EIT Deliverables

Scenario models describing
business
integration and efficient transport
processes


Quantification and reporting methodology
for
environmental impact of transports


Data model with glossary of terms
for
information exchange between parties in
transport processes


Glossary of terms for definitions of entities


Messages for business data exchange between
parties, in various syntaxes, derived from the data
model


17

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Implementation of EIT results (I)

The EIT project solution concept could be summarized as following:



The cargo owner (Sender) feeds goods related information into the transport
system. Within the transport system this information is then sent to the
contracted forwarder.


This
becomes possible if proposed processes and business communication
tools are
implemented:




Information about the goods sent in a
Transport instruction
message


Package ID
(License Plate), specific handling requirements, correct
weight, volume, for further details see EIT data model


Packages are
labelled

according to License Plate rules


E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Implementation of EIT results
(II
)

Transport Service Providers (TSP) are establishing processes and systems
support for planning and operational management for improving capacity
utilization and secure handling of goods with specific requirements:




TSP

ability to handle information received in
EDI messages
from cargo
owner (Sender)


TSP
ability to read
License Plate labels
and then use the information in
their own handling of transport units and shipments


TSP ability to read and apply information about
specific goods and
handling requirements

in own processes (dangerous goods, food,
medical products, …)


TSP

ability to measure, calculate and report on
environmental impact

from a specific freight movement

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Implementation of EIT results
(III
)

Intelligent Vehicle Systems are integrated and equipped with services for
guiding the vehicle, based on digital map information taking into account the
actual cargo, fuel usage, type of vehicle, etc.



On
board vehicle systems should evolve to become part of an integrated
information chain linking information about
freight
-

transport services
-

vehicles
-

infrastructure


Environmental foot print from the transport is calculated in line with the EIT
project solution
-
concept, using one of three defined methods.

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Transport User

4PL

Transport Operator

Haulier 2

Transport Operator

RoRo
-
ferry

Transport

Forwarder 1

21

A

B

C

D

E

Transport agreement



Reporting
requirements


Qualitative


Quantitative



Transport
Booking



Transport
Instruction



Transport
Unit ID


”Environmental impact footprint



Presentation of
data

Business
information
content


Message
format

Syntax

Data
exchange
Mechanism


Calculations


Information
from earlier transport
leg


In
-
house data
base

External
data
base


Vehicle system data


E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Next steps


EIT



Demonstration
-

and pilot
project

Conceptualization
and testing of methodology for
quantifying environmental impact from freight transport
movements

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

Next steps


Odette International


European automotive industry



CO2 Reporting & Management

“This project is aimed at providing the European automotive industry with clear
and easy to follow guidelines on the requirements surrounding the data
acquisition and reporting of CO2 and other emissions as they relate to transport
in the supply chain”



Principal Work Streams

1.
A general background paper

2.
Main recommendation on how CO2 (and other gases) should be reported

3.
Means of electronically communicating data (via EDI, web
-
EDI, auto
-
gration

etc.)

www.Odette.org


E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
A project in the Swedish FFI program

FFI


Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation

transporteffektivitet.se

E I T
Efficient & Integrated Transport
Processes
8
24

24

Efficient and integrated

transport processes

Sten Lindgren

Odette
Sweden

AB

+46 8 700 41 20

sten.lindgren@odette.se

Raul Carlson

Viktoriainstitutet,Göteborg

+
46 704
85 65 63

raul.carlson@viktoria.se