DOES DISTANCE/ONLINE/BLENDED LEARNING
BROADEN THE K
Stephanie Kelly and Rosario Lee
Technology in the Classroom
Distance/Online/Blended Learning Presentation
Dr. Devon Duhaney
DISTANCE, ONLINE, AND BLENDED LEARNING
Distance learning is any type of educational
process that extends out of the traditional face to
face classroom experience.
Online learning is an educational experience
where courses can be completed, with all
materials available through the World Wide Web.
Blended learning is a combination of traditional
face to face classroom learning and
technologically based distance learning.
DISTANCE EDUCATION OR “VIRTUAL SCHOOLS”
Distance education in the K
12 arena is often
referred to as “virtual schooling” and learning
through virtual schooling is one of the fastest
growing areas for K
Virtual schools offer distance education
courses in basically two formats: site
part of a traditional brick and mortar school
and virtual high school/charter schools
‘ONLINE’ VERSUS BLENDED LEARNING
A typical ‘online’ blended course might consist of the following elements:
Reading from one or more set books: 18 hours
Browsing and analyzing web resources: 16 hours
Working through materials provided in the virtual classroom: 8 hours
Group work on a collaborative project: 16 hours
mail interaction with tutor: 2 hours
Online discussions: 4 hours
Individual assignment: 16 hours.
A typical blend for a campus
based course might be:
Lectures 2x2 hours per week
Follow up online seminars
Reading from list supplied by lecturer
Web materials from course website
Small group presentation
PERSONALIZED ONLINE LEARNING
In the communities and connections that we create today,
we’re following our own passions, creating our own pace for
learning and assessing it ourselves.
Online learning has to be more than taking the paper texts
and paper assignments and transferring them to a blog or a
wiki or some other content management system.
If we truly want to move learning online, it has to be about
helping kids find their own paths, making their own
connections, and building their own artifacts in the context
of whatever it is they love to learn. And if we don’t show
them how to take advantage of that potential, we’re not
modeling “effective leadership” at all.
WHY THE DEMAND FOR ONLINE SCHOOLS?
The key is individualized learning and flexibility.
Virtual schools are the most public of all public
Offering creative solutions.
And tens of thousands of new students every
year become engaged and excited about
learning, with a renewed sense of ownership of
RECENT NEWS IN
ONLINE AND BLENDED LEARNING
Headsprout Early Reading program
Grades 3 through 5
No Child Left Behind requirements
Available to parents and school districts
Wichita school district
risk, or homebound students
10 full time teachers work as facilitators
One third of students complete work online
RECENT NEWS IN ONLINE AND BLENDED
iNACOL (International Association for K
12 Online Learning
Continuity of Learning Website
Potential long term and short term school closure
National Standards for Quality Online Programs
“…four main skills or duties that every online teacher must have
or perform, based on a review of existing research:
1. Be able to facilitate interaction…
2. Be highly responsive…
3. Know web
4. Be trained in both synchronous and asynchronous
instruction…” (Stansbury, 2009)
DISTANCE LEARNING LESSONS:
IMPLICATIONS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN
While synchronous courses offer real
time interaction with the teacher and,
potentially, with peers, a course taught predominantly through asynchronous
instruction may offer few opportunities for personal interaction.
Like classroom schooling, virtual schooling must address student
including a feeling of isolation and concerns about social development that may
exceed classroom based instruction.
Younger students require more supervision, simpler instructions, and a more
extensive reinforcement system than older students.
The effectiveness of online learning for all grade levels is, at best, unclear. K
instructional designers for distance education need to be aware of the lack of a clear
research agenda and the controversies surrounding this new delivery medium.
Lack of trained professionals where there is a strong need for instructional
designers, specifically trained in distance education technologies and design, who
are ready to tackle distance education challenges at all levels.
3 critical elements for exemplary K
12 online learning: “the features and design of
the course, the role of the teacher or facilitator, and the characteristics that
successful online learners exhibit.”
Blended Learning in K
12/Evolution of Blended Learning. (2006, February).
. Retrieved from
Hale, Nancy Lynch and Sachs, David. (2005, April). Blended Design Improves Core
Course, Introduces Students, Faculty to Online Learning.
Distance Education Report
Headsprout® Reading Comprehension, an online Critical Thinking Program, Offered
to School Districts Nationwide Beginning October 6, 2009. (2009, October).
Newswire United Business Media
. Retrieved from http://www.
Huett, Jason, Moller, Leslie, Foshay, Wellesley R., Coleman, Craig. (2008,
September/October). The Evolution of Distance Education: Implication for
Instructional Design on the Potential of the Web.
, 52(5), 63
iNACOL Announces Launch of Continuity of Learning Website. (2009, October).
newswire United Business Media
. Retrieved from
Mason, Robin. (2005, November). Blended Learning.
Education, Communication &
, 5(3), 217.
WORKS CITED (CONT.)
Nasseh, Bizhan. A Brief History of Distance Education. (1997).
Adult Education in
. Retrieved from
Packard, Ron. (2009, September). Rethinking the Traditional School Model: Online
learning has transformative powers.
Pape, Liz, Wicks, Matthew. (2009, October)
National Standards for Quality Online
. Retrieved from
Richardson, Will. (2009, September). Personalized Online Learning: Taking what
you already do and putting it online doesn’t make it learning.
Stansbury, Meris. Strong communication key to online learning. (2009, October).
Yount, Lori. Web classes help Wichita school district dissuade dropouts. (2009).
The Witchita Eagle. Retrieved from