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Dec 16, 2012 (4 years and 10 months ago)

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The Cuban Internet


past, present and future


Larry Press,
lpress@csudh.edu




32% of Caribbean international traffic

More accounts than the rest of the Caribbean combined




CENIAI


Soviet connection


Tinored



Youth computer clubs


CIGBnet



Center
for Genetic Engineering and
Biotechnology


InfoMed




National
System of Health
Information

Pre
-
Internet networking

“I
have great satisfaction to
announce that our beloved
Cuba, our
‘caiman
of the
Indies
,’
has been connected to
the Internet

A new era has
just begun for
us”


Jesus Martinez, Director, CENIAI

September 9, 1996

Mosaic Group analysis framework
--

Cuba

Cuban ICT indicators

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

PCs (1,000)

377.0

430.0

509.0

630.0

700.0

724.0


PCs on the Internet (1,000)

243.3

258.0

330.0

400.0

455.0

434.4

Users of Internet services (1,000)

1,090.0

1,250.0

1,310.0

1,450.0

1,600.0

1,790.0

Internet (Web) sites (1,000)

2.5

2.9

3.4







偃猠P敲 1ⰰ00 灯灵lati潮













Internet
users

per 1,000 population

97

111

117

129

142

159

Number of names in the .cu domain

1,351

1,389

1,431

2,168

2,331

2,225

Mobile phone
subscriptions
(1,000)

135.5

152.7

198.3

330.0

621.2

1 003,2

Population with mobile coverage (%)

71.0

71.0

77.2

75.8

77.5

78.0

The Cuban Internet today

Slow

Restricted

Expensive

International links

Access network

Domestic backbone

Ping times from the

US

www.jovenclub.cu

.634 sec

www.uchile.cl

.199 sec

www.ford.com

.079 sec

www.google.com

.023 sec

www.ucla.edu

.019 sec

Ping times from Cuba to Google

Within

Cuba

.110

Cuba

to Florida

.580

Florida

to Google

.020

CUC per

hour

ETECSA Internet centers

6

Cybercafés

6
-
12

Hotel
WiFi

8

Embassy

Free

Work or school

Free

Hourly rates

1 CUC = $1.08



CUC per

month

10

hours, dial up Internet

15

15

hours international email and national Web

15

10

hours national email and Web

20

Selected home prices

Speed

National

International

19.2

120

330

28.8

160

475

64.0

340

1,030

128.0

630

1,800

144.0

680

2,020

256.0

1,070

3,560

512.0

2,075

6,015

1,024.0

3,930

12,500

2,048.0

7,295

24,170

Dedicated Internet connections

Post
Office

YCC

Univ.

Work

Hotel

Home

Domestic email

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

International email

Y

N

Y

Y/N

Y

Y

Visit domestic Web pages

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

International access

N

N

N

N

N

N

Restricted international access

Y

N

Y

Y

Y

Y

Access restrictions

No mobile Internet

Web 1.0

What went wrong?

US embargo

Dictator’s dilemma

Soviet collapse

Year

US $

Change

1990

2,706

1991

2,279

-
16%

1992

2,056

-
10%

1993

2,070

1%

1994

2,620

27%

1995

2,789

6%

1996

2,284

-
18%

1997

2,307

1%

1998

2,334

1%

Cuban GDP per capita

Cyberwar

Undersea cable

Aging leaders

Chinese role

Cuban values

Shaping the future

Total

Clinics

Hospitals

Institutes

Health centers

730

498

219

13

Number of computers

12,684

8,796

3,264

624


In fundamental activities

12,684

8,796

3,264

624


With Internet access

4,291

2,600

1,236

455


In information projects

12,684

8,796

3,264

624

Number

of c
omputer

using workers

133,705

74,505

53,000

6,200


With Internet access

131,805

74,505

53,000

4,300


Access from home

58,920

30,400

24,900

3,620

ICT use in the health sector

The Cuban Internet


past, present and future


Larry Press,
lpress@csudh.edu



For more detail and references, see:

Press, Larry, The
state of the Internet in Cuba, January 2011

http
://
som.csudh.edu/fac/lpress/cuba/chapters/lpdraft2.docx


For updates on the state of the Cuban Internet, subscribe to the blog at:

http://laredcubana.blogspot.com