MVM_Europalia_October_5_2011.pptx

porcupineideaBiotechnology

Dec 16, 2012 (4 years and 11 months ago)

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Brussels– 05 October 2011
: Belgium and Brazil Partners in research
, Brussels October 5
th
 2011
 
Institute of Plant Biotechnology
For Developing Countries
Plant BiotechnologyCooperation
1977 - 2011


. . Prof Em Marc Van Montagu

, Chairman IPBO
:Websites
://...http wwwipbougent be

://...http wwwpsbugent be
://.-.http wwwefb central org

://..http wwwpubresregorg
- : E mail
..marcvanmontagu@ugent be

Brussels– 05 October 2011
Biotech crop history
1904,
Agrobacterium
tumefaciens
1974, Ti
Plasmid, Gent
1990’s
genomics
1996
Commercial
launch
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Field trial GE virus tolerant common bean
F. Aragão
The Brazilian way
Brussels– 05 October 2011
2011 Laureates
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
John Agyekum Kufuor
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Systems Biology: Outstanding Developments

Metagenomics

Functional genomics

Transcriptomics

Proteomics

Metabolomics
Explosion of new information
Creation of new knowledge
Generation of new
products
POLITICAL,
FINANCIAL,
PRIVATE
SECTOR
SUPPORT
PUBLIC
SECTOR
VISION
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Public perception
of GM crops
restrains
innovations in
agriculture
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Confusionof arguments
GM crops
Arguments
against the
science
Arguments
against the
commercialised
GM crops
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Major public concerns
Safety Issues

Human and Animal Health
§
No adverse effect reported with the
-approved GMcrops

Environmental
§
Already a long list of beneficial effects
§
No alarming scenario was confirmed
§
Long term ecological effects can be
lower than those of traditional
agriculture
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Social concerns on GM crops

Science

It is unnatural

Can you prove it is not dangerous

Can you prove it will not become
(, dangerous later Asbestos Cell Phone
)radiation

Product

Nobody needs it

It is a privilege of the multinational
agrochemical companies
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Lessons from Molecular Evolution

The living world is one
- large gene pool of
functional and
pseudogenes

- This gene pool  is
, permanently evolving
this is the base of
evolution

Nature is one big genetic
laboratory

It is very misleading to
talk about human
, , gene pig gene rat
. gene etc
Brussels– 05 October 2011
The danger of misinformation
Brussels– 05 October 2011
The real threats

It is important to keep a sense of proportion when thinking about the safety of genetically modified food


It is important to keep a sense of proportion when thinking about the safety of genetically modified food


- Wasting our attention on risks that are minuscule will distract us from fight the most likely sources of food based harm globally


- Wasting our attention on risks that are minuscule will distract us from fight the most likely sources of food based harm globally


- Disease causing
microorganisms

Dietary shortages of
vitamins and
minerals such as
iron

A lack of access to
, food leading to
starvation and
malnutrition
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Phytophthora
tolerant potatoes

Breeding of resistant
( cultivars introgression
of 2 resistance genes
took 35 years


17 resistance genes
have been cloned


GM potatoes
expressing resistance
genes show excellent
disease tolerance in
.field trials   

                            


Brussels– 05 October 2011
Field trials Phytophtera tolerant GM potatoes
Brussels– 05 October 2011

Only GM can save banana”

By IITA Image Library
As soon as
we can get a new
fungi
cide, the disease becomes
more
resistance. Replacing the
Cave
ndish banana (dominant
varie
ty today) for another type,
by ge
netic engineering, is the
only a
nswer
Emile Frison, International Network for the
Improvement of Banana and Plantain (INIBAP)
The banana, a plant which is threatened by the Black
Sigatoka, will be extinguished within about ten years,
if a genetically modified hybrid is not created
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Social concerns onGMcrops

Science

It is unnatural

Can you prove it is not dangerous

Can you prove it will not become
(, dangerous later Asbestos Cell Phone
)radiation

Product

Nobody needs it

It is a privilege of the multinational
agrochemical companies
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Costs of regulation
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Price Tag for Introducing
GM Plants
Overregulationandunnecessarytesting
make that

no Small MediumEnterprise

no ThirdWorldcountry
.canaffordto introduce a GMcrop
.Onlymultinationals canproceed
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Speakers from 
Embrapa, UGent, Vale Technological 
Institute, KULeuven, Petrobras, Quinvita, Braskem, 
CAPES
Date & location: 
7 October 2011, 9:30 AM ­ Oude 
Vismijn, St. Veerleplein 5, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Info and registration: 
www.vib.be/brazil­belgium­biotech
Sustainable agriculture for an 
innovative economy
Opportunities for Brazil and Belgium
Symposium 7 october 2011, Ghent, Belgium
Brussels– 05 October 2011
Molecular tools
Molecular tools
for capturing the
for capturing the
value
value
of the tropical rain
of the tropical rain
forest
forest