Genetically Modified Organisms: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

porcupineideaBiotechnology

Dec 16, 2012 (4 years and 10 months ago)

180 views

Justin Ross

Biochemistry658

Kenick Spring 2012


GMOs, using biotechnology, is an
emerging science that combines the
biological sciences with the development
of modern technology to strive for an
enhanced biological world. Biotechnology
has changed the landscape for agriculture
and has created genetically modified
foods. Using genetic engineering
techniques to alter an organism through
direct human manipulation represents the
basis for GMOs. The implementation of
recombinant DNA modification techniques
represents the chief alteration method
.

By
transplanting splices of DNA into a host
organism in the hopes to alter that
organism for the desired changes can
create many needed additions to the crops
of today.



As the world’s food demand increase,
the need for increased production of
high yield crops are ever more
demanding.


To assist the demand the following
techniques have been utilized to
increase yield or prevent loss.


Disease resistance
: Bt Gene
Bacillus
Thuringensis
inserted into crops.


Increased production:
recombinant
DNA (r
-
DNA) techniques to block
predators from consuming product.


Longer shelf life
: Flavr Savr tomato,
modifying its own genes to increase time
before spoilage.


If a company creates a genetically
altered organism, can that lifeform
be patented ?



Does that life form then become a
copyrighted product for its creator?



If it is genetically engineered can it
then be commercialized and sold on
the open market?



Are GMO’s considered to be genetic
inventions that can be bought/sold ?



Or are life forms outside the scope
of US patents?


As you can imagine, with the advent of
this new field of biotechnology, it will
be the courts to decide the fate of
many aspects of the GMO debate.


Monsanto Corporation:

Roundup Ready products


Public domain vs. imminent domain of
commercial product.


US Supreme Court:

Monsanto v. Geerston Seed



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