DNA & Genetic Engineering Review

polarbearfellowshipBiotechnology

Dec 12, 2012 (4 years and 6 months ago)

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DNA & Genetic Engineering

Review

Scientists &

Experiments

DNA

RNA

DNA

Technology

MISC

100

100

100

100

100

200

200

200

200

200

300

300

300

300

300

400

400

400

400

400

500

500

500

500

500

Scientists & Experiments 100



These 2 scientists performed an
experiment in which bacteriophages were
tagged with radioactive isotopes to prove
that DNA is the hereditary molecule.



a.

Franklin & Wilkins


b.

Hershey & Chase


c.

Watson & Crick




Answer

Scientists & Experiments 200


Which scientist discovered harmless
rough bacteria could be transformed
into deadly smooth bacteria?


a.

Avery


b.

Chargraff


c.

Griffith


d.

Kelly

Answer

Scientists & Experiments 300



These 2 scientists solved the puzzle
of the structure of DNA and built a
model showing it was a double helix.



a.

Franklin & Wilkins


b.

Hershey & Chase


c.

Watson & Crick

Answer

Scientists & Experiments 400



Which scientist discovered DNA was
the molecule that transformed the
rough to smooth bacteria?


a.

Avery


b.

Chargraff


c.

Griffith


d.

Kelly


Answer

Scientists & Experiments 500


This scientist used X
-
rays on a DNA
molecule to show the double helix
pattern.


a.

Oswald Avery


b.

Frederick Griffith


c.

Erwin Chargraff


d.

Rosalind Franklin


Answer

DNA 100



Which sugar does DNA
contain?

Answer

DNA 200



What are the 3 parts
of a nuleotide?

Answer

DNA 300



Where is DNA
located in
eukaryotic cells?

Answer

DNA 400



What is the process called
where DNA is copied?


Answer

DNA 500



What does
semiconservative

replication mean?


Answer

RNA 100



Which sugar does RNA
contain?

Answer

RNA 200



Which type of RNA carries
amino acids?

Answer

RNA 300



In which part of the cell
does translation take
place?

Answer

RNA 400


Which type of
RNA receives
the
information
directly from
DNA?


Answer

RNA 500



Describe the process of
transcription.

Answer

DNA Technology 100


A genetically engineered organism
that contains a gene from another
organism is called a ________.


a.

genetic organism


b.

transgenic organism


c.

bacterial organism


d.

cloned organism


Answer

DNA Technology 200



The process by which desired
traits are selected and passed
on to future generations of
organisms is called ________.

Answer

DNA Technology 300


A DNA molecule containing regions
from different sources is called
________.



a. restriction DNA



b. template DNA



c. DNA ligase



d. recombinant DNA

Answer

DNA Technology 400



What is the term used to
describe the complete genetic
information of a cell or
organism?

Answer

DNA Technology 500



What is the function of gel
electrophoresis in DNA
fingerprinting?

Answer

MISC 100



How many
codons

are
needed to specify 8
amino acids?

Answer

MISC 200


In which type of mutation will
every amino acid after the
mutation be changed?


a.

Frameshift


b.

Point mutation


c.

Substitution


Answer

MISC 300



Arrange the following in order
from
largest

to
smallest

in
size:


nucleotide, chromosome,

cell, DNA, nucleus


Answer

MISC 400



If a sample of DNA contains
32% thymine (T), according to
Chargraff’s

law, what % will
be guanine (G)?

Answer

MISC 500



What happens during
translation?


Answer

Scientists & Experiments

100
-

Answer


b. Hershey & Chase

Game

Board

Scientists & Experiments


200
-

Answer



c.

Griffith



Game

Board

Scientists & Experiments

300
-

Answer



c.

Watson &



Crick


Game

Board

Scientists & Experiments

400
-

Answer



a.

Avery

Game

Board

Scientists & Experiments

500
-

Answer


d.

Rosalind Franklin


Game

Board

DNA 100
-

Answer

Game

Board

DNA 200
-

Answer

1.
5
-
carbon sugar

2.
phosphate group

3.
nitrogenous base


Game

Board

DNA 300
-

Answer


In the
nucleus

Game

Board

DNA 400
-

Answer


Replication



Game

Board

DNA 500
-

Answer




DNA replication results in 2
DNA molecules, each with
one original strand and one
new strand.

Game

Board

RNA 100
-

Answer


ribose


Game

Board

RNA 200
-

Answer

tRNA


Game

Board

RNA 300
-

Answer



At the
ribosomes

Game

Board

RNA 400
-

Answer



mRNA


Game

Board

RNA 500
-

Answer




DNA is copied into a
complementary strand
of mRNA

Game

Board

Chemical Quantities 100
-

Answer


b. transgenic


organism

Game

Board

DNA Technology 200
-

Answer


Selective

breeding

Game

Board

Chemical Quantities 300
-

Answer


d. recombinant

DNA

Game

Board

DNA Technology 400
-

Answer


Genome

Game

Board

Chemical Quantities 500
-

Answer


To separate DNA
fragments

Game

Board

MISC 100
-

Answer


Eight


Game

Board

MISC 200
-

Answer




a.

Frameshift

Game

Board

MISC 300
-

Answer


cell, nucleus,
chromosome, DNA,
nuleotide

Game

Board

MISC 400
-

Answer





18%


Game

Board

MISC 500
-

Answer


The cell uses information
from mRNA to produce
proteins.

Game

Board

Final Jeopardy


Use the following tRNA strand to
write the corresponding DNA strand,
mRNA strand, and amino acid
sequence.


tRNA: GUACGAUGCGUGAAUUAGG



Answer

Final Jeopardy


DNA:

GTACGATGCGTGAATTAGG


mRNA:

CAUGCUACGCACUUAAUCC


Amino

Acid:

meth
-
leuc
-
arg
-
thre
-
stop