PROJECT MESA GLOSSARY

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Draft

PROJECT MESA
GLOSSARY

Technical Report

August 2002



Foreword

This Technical Report (TR) has been produced by Project Mesa.


Introduction

The present document presents a list of the definitions, abbreviations, and symbols to
be used

in the documents prepared by Project MESA. It is intended as an explanatory
dictionary, which may assist the MESA Partnership Project in maintaining a common,
cross
-
regional understanding of applied acronyms defining service concepts, technical
terms and

other commonly used expressions and symbols.

This document is an update of Draft ETSI TR SA002 Vo. 1.1 (2001
-
06). It is the
intention to keep this document updated at regular intervals to support the Technical
Specification Groups and Service Specificati
on Groups of Project MESA.

The definitions, abbreviations, and symbols given are not intended to be exclusive.
Definitions, abbreviations and symbols different from those given within the present
document may be found in some Project MESA documents. Howe
ver, the
definitions, symbols, and abbreviations given in the present document are generally to
be preferred.


1 Scope


The present document defines the basic applied terms, symbols, and abbreviations as
required by Project MESA to produce MESA Specifica
tions and MESA Reports. It is
also intended as a guidance document for other external bodies such that
misunderstandings can be minimized in situations of liaison and cooperation.

The present document is applicable to deliverables produced by Project MESA
.



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2.

References


The following documents contain provisions that, through reference in this text,
constitute provisions of the present document.




References are shown in square brackets following the quoted definition.



Copyrighted references are shown

with the symbol
©

following the source
citation.
These definitions
may not

be used verbatim.



References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition
number, version number, etc.) or non
-
specific.



For a specific reference, subsequent re
visions do not apply.



For a non
-
specific reference, subsequent revisions do apply.

[1] ISO 31
-
0: “Quantities and units; Part 0; General principles”.

[2] ITU
-
T Recommendation Z.100: “CCITT Specification and
description language (SDL).”

[3] T1. … Docum
ents with a source citation beginning “T1.” can be
found on the Web at
http://www.atis.org


[4] (U.S.) FED
-
STD
-
1037C,
Glossary of Telecommunication Terms,
1996. This U.S. Federal standard is in the public domain (no
t
copyrighted), and can be accessed at

http://www.its.bldrdoc.gov/fs
-
1037/

However, for the latest edition of the glossary see
http://www.atis.org/tg2k/


[5] T1.523
-
2001,
Telecom Glossary 2000,
2001. This U.S. and
international glossary
is

copyrighted. The public can view this glossary
free on the Web at
http://
www.atis.org/tg2k/

[6]
NFPA1221:
Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use of
Public Emergency Service Communications Systems
, 2002 Edition.
PASS
systems are defined in
NFPA 1982,
Standard on
Personal Alert Safety
Systems PASS,

1998 Edition.]

[7] 47CFR: ...
Code of Federal Regulations,

Sec. 47, Telecommunications
(rev. Oct. 1, 1987, Oct. 1988 & ff.). One convenient Web reference to 47
CFR is
http://wireless.fcc.gov/rules.html



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[8] Q731,1
(00): ITU
-
T. Details of this and other Recommendations can
be found on the Web page:
http://www.itu.int/ITU
-
T/publications/index.html


[9] E.161, ITU
-
T…. Details of this and other Reco
mmendations can be
found on the Web page:
http://www.itu.int/ITU
-
T/publications/index.html

[10] Z.100: ITU
-
T…

Details of this and other Recommendations can be
found on the Web page:
http://www.itu.int/ITU
-
T/publications/index.html

[11] ISO 31
-
0 … details of this and other ISO standards can be found at

http://w
ww.iso.ch/iso/en/ISOOnline.openerpage


[12] Web
-
based source citations: Several definitions hold source citations

that are simply the web address for the organization or entity defined.

[13] Part 1: Introduction & General Model, ver. 2.1, August 1999,

Common

Abbreviations.

[14] “Glossary” …..?

[15] MESA Statement of Requirements.



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3. Definitions, symbols and abbreviations


3.1

Definitions


Term Name




Meaning / Definition


access control

The prevention of unauthorized use of a resou
rce,
including the prevention of use of a resource in an
unauthorized manner. [H.235(00), 3.1; X.800 (91), 3.3.1]

access network

The network that provides the link between the terminal
function and the access function. [T1.103 (93), 3.1. T.105
(94), 3.1
]

AFIS

See

IAFIS


AGILE

Advanced Generation of Interoperability Equipment for
Law Enforcement: A program within the U.S. Department
of Justice that was formed to assist state and local law
enforcement agencies to effectively and efficiently
communicate
with one another across agency and
jurisdictional boundaries.

http://www.agileprogram.org/justnet.html


AM

amplitude modulation: Modulation in which the amplitude
of a carrier wave is varied in a
ccordance with some
characteristic of the modulating signal. Note: Amplitude
modulation implies the modulation of a coherent carrier
wave by mixing it in a nonlinear device with the
modulating signal to produce discrete upper and lower
sidebands, which are

the sum and difference frequencies of
the carrier and signal. The envelope of the resultant
modulated wave is an analog of the modulating signal. The
instantaneous value of the resultant modulated wave is the
vector sum of the corresponding instantaneous
values of
the carrier wave, upper sideband, and lower sideband.
Recovery of the modulating signal may be by direct
detection or by heterodyning. [4]

analog modulation

A modulation technique whereby message signal, which is
the analog of some physical quan
tity, is impressed on a
carrier signal for transmission through a channel (e.g.,
FM). [4]

analog modulation
technique

A process whereby message signal, which is the analog of
some physical quantity, is impressed on a carrier signal for
transmission throu
gh a channel (
e.g.,

FM) [14]

ANSI

American National Standards Institute: The U.S. standards

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organization that establishes procedures for the
development and coordination of voluntary American
National Standards. [4]

APCO

Association of Public
-
Safety Comm
unications Officials: is
the world’s oldest and largest not
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protected by the network. Wh
en this requirement is
requested in a connection
-
oriented association, it is known
as peer entity authentication; when it supports a
connectionless association, it is known as data origin
authentication.

authentication data

Information used to verify the
claimed identity of a user.
[13]

authorized user

A user who may, in accordance with the TOE security
policy, perform an operation. [13]

bridge

1.

The action of transmitting identical traffic on both
the working and protection channels [G.841 (98),
3.15]

2.

In
communications networks, a device that (a) links
or routes signals from one ring or bus to another or
from one network to another, (b) may extend the
distance span and capacity of a single LAN system,
(c) performs no modification to packets or
messages, (d
) operates at the data
-
link layer of the
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A functional unit that interconnects two local area
networks th
at use the same logical link control
procedure, but may use different medium access
control procedures.

BS

base station:

1.

A land station in the land mobile service. [47CFR]

2.

In personal communication service, the common
name for all the radio equipment

located at one
fixed location, and that is used for serving one or
several cells. [4]

CDMA

code division multiple access: A coding scheme, used as a
modulation technique, in which multiple channels are
independently coded for transmission over a single
wideband channel. Note 1: In some communication
systems, CDMA is used as an access method that permits
carriers from different stations to use the same
transmission equipment by using a wider bandwidth than
the individual carriers. On reception, each carri
er can be
distinguished from the others by means of a specific
modulation code, thereby allowing for the reception of
signals that were originally overlapping in frequency and
time. Thus, several transmissions can occur simultaneously
within the same bandw
idth, with the mutual interference

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reduced by the degree of orthogonality of the unique codes
used in each transmission. Note 2: CDMA permits a more
uniform distribution of energy in the emitted bandwidth.
[4]

cellular digital packet
data (CDPD)

An open t
ransmission control protocol/Internet protocol
(TCP/IP) standard for cellular data communications. It
offers the capability to use file transfer protocol (FTS) to
send files (e.g., documents and images) over the air. [14]

CELP

code
-
excited linear predict
ion (CELP): An analog
-
to
-
digital voice coding scheme. [4]

CITEL

Comision Internamericana de Telecomunicaciones:
CITEL,an entity of the Organization of American States, is
the main forum in the hemisphere in which the
governments and the private sector mee
t to coordinate
regional efforts to develop the Global Information Society
according to the mandates of the General Assembly of the
Organization and the mandates entrusted to it by Heads of
State and Government at the Summits of the Americas.

class

A grou
ping of families that share a common focus. [13]

component

The smallest selectable set of elements that may be
included in a PP, and ST, or a package. [13]

COMPUSEC

computer security:

1.

Measures and controls that ensure confidentiality,
integrity, and av
ailability of information
-
system
(IS) assets including hardware, software, firmware,
and information being processed, stored, and
communicated. [4]
Synonym

automated
information systems security.

2.

The application of hardware, firmware and
software security
features to a computer system in
order to protect against, or prevent, the
unauthorized disclosure, manipulation, deletion of
information or denial of service. [T1.523]
©

3.

The protection resulting from all measures to deny
unauthorized access and exploitati
on of friendly
computer systems. [4]

COMSEC

communications security: Measures and controls taken to
deny unauthorized persons information derived from
telecommunications and ensure the authenticity of such
telecommunications. Note: Communications securit
y
includes cryptosecurity, transmission security, emission
security, and physical security of COMSEC material. [4]

connectivity

The property of the TOE that allows interaction with IT
entities external to the TOE. This includes exchange of
data by wire o
r by wireless means, over any distance in

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any environment or configuration. [13]

conventional radio
system

Nontrunked, similar to telephone party
-
line in that the user
determines availability by listening for an open channel.
[14]

converged network

IP
-
ba
sed networks that generally make use of various
telecommunications technologies to support a range of
multimedia services such as voice, data, still image, and
video. [E.417 (01), 3.5]

content confidentiality

This element of service allows the originator

of a message
to protect the content of the message from disclosure to
recipients other than the intended recipient(s). Content
confidentiality is on a per
-
message basis, and can use
either an asymmetric or a symmetric encryption technique.
[F.400/X.400
Amd. 1 (98), B.26]

core network

1.

A portion of the delivery system composed of
networks, systems equipment, and infrastructures,
connecting the service providers to the access
network. [Y.101 (00), 24]

2.

In a data session roaming environment, the anchor
core

network is the network where the data session
is initiated and a packet service gateway is assigned
to the mobile terminal. The anchor core network
may be either the home or the visited network.
[Q.1721 (00), 3.1; Q.1751 (00), 3.1]

corporate
telecommun
ications
network (CN)

Consists of sets of equipment (Customer Premises
Equipment (CPE) and/or customer premises network
(CPN), and/or public network providing VPN services)
which are located at geographically dispersed locations
and are interconnected to p
rovide networking services to a
defined group of users. Note 1: The ownership of the
equipment is not relevant to this definition. Note 2: Even
equipment that is not geographically dispersed (e.g., a
single PINX or a Centrex providing service to users at

a
single location) may form a CN.

coverage

The geographic area included within the range of, or
covered by, a wireless radio system. Two systems cannot
be made compatible through patching unless the coverage
areas overlap. [14]

CPE

customer premises eq
uipment: Terminal and associated
equipment and inside wiring located at a subscriber’s
premises and connected with a carrier’s communication
channel(s) at the demarcation point (“demarc”). Note 1
:

The demarc is a point established in a building or complex

to separate customer equipment from telephone company
equipment. Note 2
:
Excluded from CPE are over
-
voltage

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protection equipment and pay telephones. [4]

CQPSK

compatible differential offset quadrature phase shift
keying: A form of digital modulation.

C
S

circuit
-
switched:

1.

A method of routing traffic through a switching
center, from local users or from other switching
centers, whereby a connection is established
between the calling and called stations until the
connection is released by the called or ca
lling
station.

2.


A process that, on demand, connects two or more
data terminal equipments (DTEs) and permits the
exclusive use of a data circuit between them until
the connection is released. [4]

CSU

customer service unit: A device that provides an acces
sing
arrangement at a user location to either switched or point
-
to
-
point, data
-
conditioned circuits at a specifically
established data signaling rate. Note: A CSU provides
local loop equalization, transient protection, isolation, and
central office loop
-
ba
ck testing capability. [4]

CTIA

Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association:
The international organization that represents all elements
of wireless communication
-

cellular, personal
communication services enhanced specialized mobile
radio, an
d mobile satellite services
-

serving the interests of
service providers, manufacturers, and others.

http://www.rhsmith.umd.edu/ces/Center%20Alliances.html


data security

A generic te
rm designating methods used to protect data
from unauthorized access (
e.g
., encryption). [14]

DCE

data circuit
-
terminating equipment:

1.

In a data station, the equipment that performs
functions, such as signal conversion and coding, at
the network end of t
he line between the data
terminal equipment (DTE) and the line, and that
may be a separate or an integral part of the DTE or
of intermediate equipment.

2.

The interfacing equipment that may be required to
couple the data terminal equipment (DTE) into a
trans
mission circuit or channel and from a
transmission circuit or channel into the DTE.
Synonyms

data communications equipment
(deprecated), data set (deprecated). [4]


dependency

A relationship between requirements such that the
requirement that is depended
upon must normally be

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satisfied for the other requirements to be able to meet their
objectives. [13]

DGLS

differential global location system: A system that will
allow the user to accurately identify and locate their capital
resource and other inventorie
s. Accuracy for all of these
requirements depends on the availability of DGLS in any
given area since DGLS is provided by many means,
including transmission over dedicated public safety
frequencies. [15]

digital modulation
technique

A technique for placi
ng a digital data sequence on a carrier
signal for subsequent transmission through a channel. [14]

digital voice scrambling

See

scrambling.

direct link

[In the EC]: Direct subscriber
-
to
-
subscriber
communications. [ETSI TR SA002 VO. 1.1 (2001
-
06)]
Synony
m (in the U.S.):

talk
-
around. [ETSI TR SA002 VO.
1.1 (2001
-
06)]

DS
-
0

digital signal 0 (DS0): In T
-
carrier, a basic digital signaling
rate of 64 kb/s, corresponding to the capacity of one voice
-
frequency
-
equivalent channel. Note 1: The DS0 rate forms
the
basis for the North American digital multiplex
transmission hierarchy. Note 2: The DS0 rate may support
twenty 2.4
-
kb/s channels, or ten 4.8
-
kb/s channels, or five
9.67
-
kb/s channels, or one 56
-
kb/s channel, or one 64
-
kb/s
clear channel. [4]

DS
-
1

digital
signal 1: A digital signaling rate of 1.544 Mb/s,
corresponding to the North American and Japanese T1
designator. [4]

DS
-
1C

digital signal 1C: A digital signaling rate of 3.152 Mb/s,
corresponding to the North American T1C designator. [4]

DS
-
2

digital
signal 2 (DS2): A digital signaling rate of 6.312
Mb/s, corresponding to the North American and Japanese
T2 designator. [4]

DS
-
3

digital signal 3 (DS
-
3)

1.

A digital signal rate of 44.736 Mb/s, corresponding
to the North American T3 designator. [4]

2.

2. A dig
ital signaling rate of 32.064 Mb/s,
corresponding to the Japanese T3 designator. [4]

DS
-
4

digital signal 4 (DS4):

1.

A digital signal rate of 274.176 Mb/s,
corresponding to the North American T4
designator. [4]

2.

A digital signaling rate of 97.728 Mb/s,
corr
esponding to the Japanese T4 designator. [4]

DSL

digital subscriber line: Equipment that provides full
-
duplex service on a single twisted metallic pair at a rate

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11

sufficient to support ISDN basic access and additional
framing, timing recovery, and operat
ional functions. Note:
The physical termination of the DSL at the network end is
the line termination; the physical termination at the
customer end is the network termination. [4]

DTE

data terminal equipment:

1.

An end instrument that converts user inform
ation
into signals for transmission or reconverts the
received signals into user information. [4]

2.

The functional unit of a data station that serves as a
data source or a data sink and provides for the data
communication control function to be performed in
accordance with link protocol. Note 1: The data
terminal equipment (DTE) may be a single piece of
equipment or an interconnected subsystem of
multiple pieces of equipment that perform all the
required functions necessary to permit users to
communicate. Not
e 2: A user interacts with the
DTE, or the DTE may be the user. The DTE
interacts with the data circuit
-
terminating
equipment (DCE). [4]


ECMA

European Computer Manufacturers Association: An
organization that actively contributes to worldwide
standardiz
ation in information technology and
telecommunications.
http://www.ecma.ch/


EEG

Electroencephalogram: A record on a strip of paper, made
without opening the skull, that graphically depicts the
feeble electric curre
nts generated on the brain.

EIA

Electronic Industries Alliance: A national trade
organization that includes the full spectrum of U.S.
manufacturers in the electronics industry. The Alliance is a
partnership of electronic and high
-
tech associations and
co
mpanies whose mission is promoting the market
development and competitiveness of the U.S. high
-
tech
industry through domestic and international policy efforts.

http://www.eia.org


element

An indivisible security requ
irement. [13]

encryption

1.

An encoding scheme that produces meaningless
information to all observers except those with the
decoding key. [Y.101 (00), 32]

2.

The process of scrambling signals to avoid
unauthorized access. [J.93 (98), 39; J.95 (99), 4.9;
Sup.

4 to J Ser (99), 76]

ETSI

European Telecommunications Standards Institute:

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12

International, not
-
for
-
profit organization (of 54 nations
inside and outside Europe) whose mission is to produce
enduring standards in telecommunications, broadcasting,
and inform
ation technology to support global
harmonization.
http://www.etsi.org/aboutetsi/home.htm

evaluation

Assessment of a PP, an ST, or a TOE, against defined
criteria. [13]

evaluation assurance
level (
EAL)

A package consisting of assurance components from Part 3
that represents a point on the central controller (CC)
predefined assurance scale. [13]

evaluation authority

A body that implements the central controller (CC) for a
specific community by means

of an evaluation scheme and
thereby sets the standards and monitors the quality of
evaluations conducted by bodies within that community
[13]

evaluation scheme

The administrative and regulatory framework under which
the central controller (CC) is applied

by an evaluation
authority within a specific community. [13]

extension

The addition to a security target (ST) or protection profile
(PP) of functional requirements not contained in Part 2
and/or assurance requirements not contained in Part 3 of
the centr
al controller (CC). [13]

external IT entity

Any IT product or system, untrusted or trusted, outside of
the TOE that interacts with the TOE. [13]

family

A grouping of components that share security objectives
but may differ in emphasis or rigor. [13]

FBI

[U.S.] Federal Bureau of Investigation: The principal
investigative arm of the United States Department of
Justice.
http://www.fbi.gov


FCC

[U.S.] Federal Communications Commission: An
independent U.S. government ag
ency that regulates wire
and radio telecommunications in the United States.
http://www.fcc.gov


FDMA

frequency division multiple access:

1.

The use of frequency division to provide multiple
and simultaneous transmissio
ns to a single
transponder. [4]

2.

A channel access method in which different
conversations are separated onto different
frequencies. FDMA is employed in narrowest
bandwidth, multiple
-
licensed channel operation.
[14]

FIFO

first
-
in, first
-
out: A queuing dis
cipline in which entities in
a queue leave the queue in the same order in which they
arrive. Note 1: Service, when available, is offered to the

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13

entity that has been in the FIFO queue the longest. Note 2:
FIFO techniques are used in message switching. [4]

formal

Expressed in a restricted syntax language with defined
semantics based on well
-
established mathematical
concepts. [13]

frame relay

An interface protocol for statistically multiplexed packet
-
switched data communications in which (a) variable
-
sized
p
ackets (frames) are used that completely enclose the user
packets they transport, and (b) transmission rates are
usually between 56 kb/s and 1.544 Mb/s (the T
-
1 rate
).
Note 1
:

In frame relay, (a) there is neither flow
-
control nor
an error
-
correction capabi
lity, (b) there is information
-
content independence, (c) there is a correspondence only to
the ISO Open systems Interconnection

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-
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潦⁦a獴
-
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-
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瑩浥
-
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ijf⤠獴)湤a牤⁡n搠楳d
獰sc楦楥搠楮⁁乓f⁔ㄮ㘱㜮†T㑝





fixed sat
ellite (service): A radiocommunication
service between Earth stations at given positions
when one or more satellites are used; the given
position may be a specified fixed point or any fixed
point within specified areas; in some cases this
service includes

satellite
-
to
-
satellite links, which
may also be effected in the inter
-
satellite service,
the fixed
-
satellite service may also include feeder
links for other space radiocommunication services.
[
Radio Regulations
] [4]

2.

fixed station: A station in the fixed
service. [4] The
term "fixed station" in the fixed public or fixed
public press service includes all apparatus used in
rendering the authorized service at a particular
location under a single instrument of authorization.
[4]

FSK

frequency shift keying: F
requency modulation in which
the modulating signal shifts the output frequency between
predetermined values. Note 1: Usually, the instantaneous
frequency is shifted between two discrete values termed
the “mark” and “space” frequencies. This is a noncohere
湴n

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14

form of FSK. Note 2: Coherent forms of FSK exist in
which there is no phase discontinuity in the output signal.
Synonyms

frequency
-
shift modulation, frequency
-
shift
signaling. [4]

full
-
motion

In television, a video frame rate that provides the
appeara
nce of full motion without smearing or flicker
problems. Note: Picture motion appears to be full at greater
than 16 fps (frames per second). North American
television at broadcasts at 30 fps
.
[T1.523
-
2001

浯摩晩f摝

gate睡y

1.

In a
communications network
, a network
node

equipped for interfacing with another network that
uses different protocols. Note 1: A gateway may
contain devices such as
protocol

translators,
impedance matching

devices, rate converters,
fault

isolators, or
signal

translators as necessary to
pro
vide
system

interoperability
. It also requires that
mutually acceptable administrative procedures be
established between the two networks. Note 2: A
protocol translation/ma
pping gateway interconnects
networks with different network protocol
technologies by performing the required protocol
conversions. [4]

2.

A type of network relay that attaches two networks
to build a larger network. A translator of message
formats and addre
sses, gateways typically make
connections through a modem to other mail
systems or services. [14]

GIS

Geographic Information System: GIS is a computer system
capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and
displaying geographically referenced informatio
n, i.e. data
identified according to their locations. Practitioners also
regard the total GIS as including operating personnel and
the data that go into the system.
http://www.usgs.gov/research/g
is/title.html


GLS

Global Location System: A system that will allow the user
to accurately identify and locate their capital resource and
other inventories. Accuracy for all of these requirements
depends on the availability of DGLS in any given area
sin
ce DGLS is provided by many means, including
transmission over dedicated public safety frequencies.
[MESA SoR]

GPS

global positioning system: A satellite
-
based global
navigation system that consists of (a) a constellation of 24
satellites in orbit 11,00
0 nmi above the Earth, (b) several

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15

on
-
station (i.e., in
-
orbit) spares, and (c) a ground
-
based
control segment. The satellites transmit signals that are
used for extremely accurate three
-
dimensional (latitude,
longitude, and elevation) global navigation (po
sition
determination), and for the dissemination of precise time.
GPS
-
derived position determination is based on the arrival
times, at an appropriate receiver, of precisely timed signals
from the satellites that are above the user’s radio horizon.
x吱⸵㈳
-
㈰〱O
©

䝓d

䝬潢d氠ly獴敭⁦潲⁍潢 le⁃潭o畮楣u瑩潮猠

originally
Groupe Speciale Mobile).


A public all
-
digital cellular
network using TDMA techniques for multiplexing and
using a transmission band around 900 MHz. GSM
formerly identified the Groupe Specia
le Mobile of the
European Telecommunication Standards Institute (ETSI);
today it is a worldwide standard. A GSM network can
provide, besides telephony services, short messaging
services (SMS) and data communication, in circuit
-

and/or
packet mode. GSM sign
aling uses specific channels and
protocols; voice is compressed at about 13 kb/s and error
correcting algorithms (FEC) are used. The core network is
based on a 64 kb/s circuit
-
switching technology. A more
recent version uses an 1800 MHz band; modern termin
als
currently used in Europe can access both networks
depending on traffic conditions and other parameters.
[T1.523
-
2001]
©

HF

high frequency: Frequencies from 3 MHz to 30 MHz. [4]

high
-
speed data

data rates > 2 Mb/s

human user

Any person who interact
s with the TOE. [13]

IACP

International Association of Chiefs of Police:

An organization of police executives, with over 19,000
members in over 100 different countries. IACP’s
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桴h瀺p⽷睷⹴桥楡c瀮潲g


fAcfp

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fC䕁

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桴h瀺p⽷睷⹩捥a⹮.琯



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identity

A representation (
e.g
., a string) uniquely identi
fying an
authorized user, which can either be the full or abbreviated
name of that user or a pseudonym. [13]

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission: An
organization that prepares and publishes international
standards for all electrical, electronic
and related
technologies. These serve as a basis for national
standardization and as references when drafting
international tenders and contracts. Through its members,
the IEC promotes international cooperation on all
questions of electrotechnical standard
ization and related
matters, such as the assessment of conformity to standards,
in the fields of electricity, electronics and related
technologies.
http://www.iec.ch


IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engine
ers: An
international, voluntary organization, which, among other
things, sponsors standards committees and is accredited by
ANSI.
http://www.ieee.org


IETF

Internet Engineering Task force: One of the task forces
(
with more than 40 working groups) of the Internet
Architecture Board, responsible for solving short
-
term
engineering needs of the Internet.
http://www.ietf.org


IFAST

International Forum on AMPS Standards Technology:

An
international, technical forum with voluntary participation
of wireless carriers, network service providers, and
infrastructure vendors that provide intersystem operations
implementing the Advanced Mobile Phone Service
(AMPS) family of standards. IFAS
T facilitates
interoperation of wireless systems around the world using
the ANSI
-
41 (Analog, NAMPS, CDMA, TDMA)
interworking protocol.
http://www.atis.org


IMT

International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT
-
2000):
The b
asic global third generation (3G) mobile system
developed by the International Telecommunications Union
(ITU). IMT
-
2000 will provide enhanced services such as
email, web browsing, video conferencing and multimedia
services on the move.
http://www.itu.int/home/imt.html


informal

Expressed in natural language. [13]

INFOSEC

Information Systems Security: The protection of
information systems against unauthorized access to or
modification of information, whet
her in storage,
processing or transit, and against the denial of service to
authorized users or the provision of service to unauthorized
users, including those measures necessary to detect,
document, and counter such threats. [4]


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17

intelligent network (IN)

1.

A
network

that allows functionality to be
distributed flexibly at a variety of nodes on and off
the network and allows the architecture to be
modified to control the services.

2.

In North America, an advanced networ
k concept
that is envisioned to offer such things as (a)
distributed
call
-
processing capabilities across
multiple network modules, (b)
real
-
time

authorization
code

verification, (c) one
-
number
services, and (d) flexible private network services
[including (1) reconfiguration by
subscriber
, (2)
traffic

analyses, (3) service restrictions, (4)
routing

control, and (5)
data

on call histories]. Levels of IN
development are identified below:



IN/1

A proposed intelligent
network

targeted
toward services that allow increased customer
control and that can be provided by centralized
switching

vehicles serving a large customer base.



IN/1+

A propose
d intelligent
network

targeted
toward services that can be provided by centralized
switching

vehicles,
e.g.,

access

tandems, servi
ng a
large customer base.



IN/2

A proposed, advanced
intelligent
-
network

concept that extends the distributed IN/1
architecture to accommodate the concept called
"service independence."
Note: Traditionally,
service

logic has been localized at individual
switching

systems. The IN/2 architecture provides
flexibility in the placement of service logic,
requiring the use of advanced techniques to manage
the distribution of both n
etwork
data

and service
logic across multiple IN/2 modules. [4]

interface

1.

A shared boundary, for example, the boundary
between two subsystems or two devices. Note 1:
An interface is used to specify once the
inte
rconnection between the two sides of it. The
specification includes the type, quantity, and
function of the interconnecting means and the type,
form, and sequencing order of the signals to be
interchanged via those means. Note 2.
Recommendation G.703, a
s an example, refers to
physical functional, and electrical characteristics of
interfaces that are necessary to interconnect digital

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18

network components to form a digital path or
connection [Q.9 (88), 4001] [ETSI TR SA002 Vol.
1.1 (2001
-
06)]

2.

A shared bounda
ry between two functional units,
defined by specific attributes, such as functional
characteristics, common physical interconnection
characteristics, and signal characteristics.

3.

A point of communication between two or more
processes, persons, or other phy
sical entities.

4.

A point of interconnection between user terminal
equipment and commercial communications
facilities.

5.

To interconnect two or more entities at a common
point or shared boundary. [4]

internal communication
channel

A communication channel be
tween separated parts of
TOE. [13]

internal TOE transfer

Communicating dta between separated parts of the TOE.
[13]

interoperability

1.

The ability of network management products and
services from different suppliers to work together
to manage communication
s between managed
object classes. . [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

2.

The ability of systems, units, or forces to provide
services to and
accept

services from other systems,
units or forces and to use the services
so exchanged
to enable them to operate effectively together.

3.

The condition achieved among
communications
-
electronics

systems or items of communications
-
electronics equipment when
information

or services
can be exchanged directly and satisfactorily
between them and/or their users. The degree of
interoperability should be defined when referring to
specific cases. [4]

interoperability
standards

Established protocols that prov
ide common interface. [14]

inter
-
TSF transfers

Communicating data between the TOE and the security
functions of other trusted IT products. [13]

IP

Internet Protocol: A standard protocol designed for use in
interconnected systems of packet
-
switched compu
ter
communication networks. Note: The internet protocol
provides for transmitting blocks of data called datagrams
from sources to destinations, where sources and
destinations are hosts identified by fixed
-
length addresses.
The internet protocol also provid
es for fragmentation and

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reassembly of long datagrams, if necessary, for
transmission through small
-
packet networks [T1.523
-
2001

浯摩晩f摝



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-
睡ve汥lg瑨⁥t瑲t浥m⁴桥⁶ 獩扬e
獰sc
trum (approximately 0.7 μm) and the shortest
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a湤⽯爠fp伮

fp䑎

f湴n杲g瑥搠卥牶楣e猠䑩g楴a氠乥瑷潲t㨠W



An integrated digital network in which the same
time
-
division switches and digital transmission
paths are used to establish connections for different
services. Note 1: ISDN services include telephone,
data, electronic mail, and facsimile. Note 2: The
metho
d used to accomplish a connection is often
specified: for example, a switched connection, a
nonswitched connection, an exchange connection,
an ISDN connection. [4]

2.

ISDN: A network that provides or supports a range
of different telecommunication services a
nd
provides digital connections between user
-
network
interfaces. [SANCHO]

ISO

International Organization for Standardization: An

international organization that (a) consists of member
bodies that are the national standards bodies of most of the
countries
of the world, (b) is responsible for the
development and publication of international standards in
various technical fields, after developing a suitable
consensus, (c) is affiliated with the United Nations.
http://www.iso
.org


ISP

Internet Service Provider: A commercial firm or
organization that provides connections to the Internet to
companies or individuals via dial
-
up, cable, ISDN, T1, or
other connection. [T1.523

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a渠潮ne 睩瑨⁶慲y楮i
潰o牡瑩潮献⁛ㄳN

fqr

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-
o⁡湤nfqr
-
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桴h瀺p⽷睷⹩.甮楮u


步ya湡geme湴



The generation, storage, distribution, archiving,
accountability, destruction/deletion, revocation,

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20

registration, and de
-
registration of cryptographic
keys.[ESTI TR SA002 Vol. 1.1 (2001
-
06)]

2.

[The] Process by which key is generated, stored,
protected, transferred, loaded, used, and destroyed.
[4]

KTS

key telephone system: In a local environment, terminals
and equipment that provide immediate access from all
terminals to a variety of telephone

services without
attendant assistance
.
Note: A KTS may interface with the
public switched telephone network. [T1.523
-
2000]
©

LAN

local area network A data communications system that (a)
lies within a limited spatial area, (b) has a specific user
group,
(c) has a specific topology, and (d) is not a public
switched telecommunications network, but may be
connected to one. Note 1: LANs are usually restricted to
relatively small areas, such as rooms, buildings, ships, and
aircraft. Note 2: An interconnection

of LANs within a
limited geographical area, such as a military base, is
commonly referred to as a campus area network. An
interconnection of LANs over a city
-
wide geographical
area is commonly called a metropolitan area network
(MAN). An interconnection o
f LANs over large
geographical areas, such as nationwide, is commonly
called a wide area network (WAN). Note 3: LANs are not
subject to public telecommunications regulation. [4]

laptop

A small portable computer. [14]

latency

The delay between an action
and the corresponding
reaction. Different elements of an overall system may
contribute to the overall latency of an action. Latency is
very much implementation specific, and may vary with
system load. [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

local area network
(LAN)

A network of multiple interconnected data terminals or
devices within a local area to facilitate data transfer. Most
notable of LAN topologies are Ethernet, token ring, and
FDDI. [14]

logical interface

An interface where the semantic, syntactic, an
d symbolic
attributes of information flows is defined. Logical
interfaces do not define the physical properties of signals
used to represent the information. A logical interface can
be an internal or an external interface. It is defined by a set
of inf
ormation flows and associated protocol stacks. [ETSI
TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

messaging services

Messaging services offer user
-
to
-
user communication
between individual users via storage units with store
-
and
-
forward, mailbox and/or message handling (
e.g.
,


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information editing, processing and conversion) functions.
Examples of broadband messaging services are message
handling services and mail services for moving pictures
(films), high
-
resolution images and audio information.
[I.211 (93), 1.3]

mobile data

terminal
(MDT)

A small computer
-
like system usually installed in a patrol
car that allows the officer to receive and transmit a limited
range of information between the officer and
communications center. [14]

mobile terminal

1.

Radio equipment that includes

both the
radiocommunication equipment, specific service
equipment (
e.g.,
telephone (handset), fax machine)
and user identity module (UIM). Several types of
terminal equipment (
e.g
., ISDN TE) may be
connected to a mobile terminal. [SANCHO]

2.

Any portable, tr
ansportable, or handheld terminal
supporting mobility services. [SANCHO]

mobile satellite service

A service for land mobile radio systems that use satellites
in a geosynchronous orbit to communicate with mobile
units. [14]

mobility

Seamless and transpare
nt operation between home and
visitor networks. [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

modulation scheme

The technical process used for transmitting messages
through a wireless radio channel. [14]

multipoint controller

An H.323 entity on the network that provi
des for the
control of 3 or more terminals participating in a multipoint
conference. it may also connect two terminals in a point
-
to
-
point conference which may later develop into a
multipoint conference. The MC provides for capability
negotiation with al
l terminals to achieve common levels of
communications. It may also control conference resources
such as who is multicasting video. The MC does not
perform mixing or switching of audio, video, and data.
[H.323 (99), 3.30]

mutual aid channel

A national
or regional channel that has been set aside for
use only in mutual aid interoperability situations, usually
with restrictions and guidelines governing usage. [14]

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement: The NAFTA
Secretariat, comprised of the Canadian,

U.S. and Mexican
Sections, established by the Free Trade Commission of the
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
http://www.nafta
-
sec
-
alena.org


NCC

National Coordination Committee: A U.S. committee

responsible for looking at the technical solutions and
operational standards usable for inter
-
operability.

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http://wireless.fcc.gov/publicsafety/ncc.html


NCIC

National Crime Information Cente
r: A computerized
index of criminal justice information (
i.e
.
-

criminal record
history information, fugitives, stolen properties, missing
persons). It is available to Federal, state, and local law
enforcement and other criminal justice agencies and is
ope
rational 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/ncic.htm


NEMA

National Electrical Manufacturers Association:
A forum
for the standardization of electrical equipment, enabling
c
onsumers to select from a range of safe, effective, and
compatible electrical products.
http://www.nema.org


NENA

National Emergency Number Association: An association
for the technological advancement, availability,

and
implementation of a universal emergency telephone
number system.

http://www.nena9
-
1
-
1.org


network termination
(NT)

The functional group on the network side of a user
-
network interface. Note: In Recommendat
ions I.430 and
I.431, “NT” is used to indicate network terminating layer 1
a獰sc瑳映乔ㄠa湤⁎n㈠晵湣瑩潮o氠杲潵灳⸠l䕔bf 呒q
p䄰〲⁖伮ㄮㄠl㈰〱
-
〶Mz

kfg

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周q⁲e獥a牣栠a湤n
摥癥汯灭e湴⁡gency映 桥⁕⹓⸠䑥灡牴浥湴映n畳瑩ce

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kfg⁰牯 楤敳扪ic瑩癥ⰠI湤n灥湤n湴Ⱐ湯n
-
pa牴楳慮Ⱐ
e癩摥湣e
-
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a湤潣n氠le癥汳⸠

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ki䕔b

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e⁡湤⁰畢汩c⁳ 晥ty
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ki䕔匠睩b氠慳獩l琠t桯獥
湡瑩潮o氠慮搠楮瑥l湡瑩潮ol⁧潶o牮浥湴慬⁡来湣楥猠a湤n
潴桥o ga湩na瑩潮猠睩o栠獩浩污l 獳s潮猠睨漠o湦潲ce
潲⁡楤⁩渠n湦潲c楮i ca氬l獴慴sⰠ晥摥牡氠潲⁩湴e牮a瑩潮o氠
污l猠潲s摩d
ance献
†††
桴瑰t⼯睷眮湬w瑳⹯牧L


乐km䅃⁧畩摥汩湥u

x售匮z⁎ 瑩潮o氠l畢汩c⁓a晥ty⁐污湮楮g⁁摶楳潲y
Committee’s nationwide public safety plan in the United
p瑡瑥猠景s⁴桥‸㈱
-
㠲㐠U䡺⁡湤‸㘶
-
㠶㤠䵈U⁢ 湤献⁛ㄴN


p呃

乡瑩潮o氠l畢汩c⁓a晥ty qe汥l潭o畮楣u瑩潮猠o潵湣楬㨠⁁W
晥摥ra瑩潮o⁡獳潣楡瑩潮o⁲ 灲pse湴n湧⁰畢汩c⁳a晥ty
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異渠瑨攠uec潭oe湤a瑩潮猠潦⁴桥⁐畢汩c⁓a晥ty t楲i汥獳l

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23

Advisory Committee (PSWAC). In add
ition, NPSTC acts
as a resource and advocate for public safety
telecommunications issues.
http://www.npstc.org/


NTIA

National Telecommunications and Information
Administration: An agency of the U.S. Department of
C
ommerce, is the Executive Branch’s principal voice on
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楮景i浡瑩潮⁴ec桮潬hgy⁩獳略献†
桴h瀺p⽷睷⹮瑩a⹤潣⹧潶o


潢橥ot

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瑨慴⁣潮瑡楮猠
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潰o牡瑩潮献⁛ㄳN


-
N

潰瑩ca氠捡r物r爠汥ve氠ㄠ⡏C
-
ㄩ㨠周N灴 ca氠獩gna氠l桡琠
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-
ㄠ獩g湡氩⸠f琠t猠瑨s猠獩gna氠l
桡琠睩t氠
景f洠m桥⁢ 獩s映瑨 ⁩湴e牦ace⸠.吱⸵㈳
-
㈰〱O
©

潲条湩na瑩潮o氠獥l畲楴y
灯汩c楥i

佮l爠浯 e⁳ec畲楴y⁲畬e猬⁰牯se摵牥猬⁰sac瑩ce猬爠
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xㄳN

佔䅒

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-
瑨t
-
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-
e煵楰qe湴⁢y
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-
e煵楰ie湴n
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灡c歡来

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c潭灯湥湴猠⡥.g⸬⁡渠nA
i⤬)c潭扩湥搠瑯ge瑨敲⁴漠獡瑩獦y⁡
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xㄳN

灡来r

佮l
-
way⁣潭o畮楣u瑩潮猠摥癩捥⁩渠睨楣栠瑨 ⁩湴e湤n搠
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ca汬⸠.ㄴN

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䄠潮A
-
way⁣潭o畮楣u瑩潮猠獥o癩捥⁦牯洠r
扡se⁳瑡瑩潮⁴漠
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楮景i浡瑩潮⁴牡湳晥爠ry⁳畣栠浥h湳⁡猠瑯湥Ⱐ瑯se
-
癯楣vⰠ
瑡t瑩汥Ⱐ潰瑩捡氠牥a摯畴Ⱐ
etc
. [4]

PASS

Personal Alert Safety Systems. Devices that are certified
as being compliant with this sta
ndard, that sense
movement or lack of movement, and that automatically
activate an audible alarm signal

(which can also be
manually activated) to alert and to assist others in locating
a fire fighter or emergency services person who is in
danger. [NFPA122
1]

patch

A control center subsystem that permits a mobile or
portable radio on one channel to communicate with one or
more radios on a different channel through the control
center console. [14]

PBX

private branch exchange:

1.

A subscriber
-
owned telecommun
ications exchange

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that usually includes access to the public switched
network.

2.

A switch that serves a selected group of users and
that is subordinate to a switch at a higher level
military establishment.

3.

A private telephone switchboard that provides on
-
premises dial service and may provide connections
to local and trunked communications networks
.
Note 1: A PBX operates with only a manual
switchboard; a private automatic exchange (PAX)
does not have a switchboard, a private automatic
branch exchange (PABX
) may or may not have a
switchboard. Note 2: Use of the term “PBX” is far
more common than “PABX,” regardless of
a畴潭a瑩潮⸠o㑝

mCCA

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䅮A
潲条湩na瑩潮⁦o牭r搠瑯⁰牯癩摥⁡⁦潲畭渠u湴n牯灥牡扬攠
浯扩汥⁣潭灵o楮i

a湤⁣o浭畮楣u瑩潮猠
桴h瀺p⽷睷⹰.ca⹯.g



mCj

灵汳攠p潤o潤畬a瑩潮㨠o
䵯摵ja瑩潮

楮⁷桩捨⁡
獩s湡l

楳i
獡浰me搬⁡湤⁴桥ng湩n畤u
 楴栠牥獰ec琠t漠o⁦楸e搠
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瑲t湳浩獳s潮

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m浯渠
瑲t湳浩獳s潮敤極m
⸠乯瑥
ㄺNf渠n潮癥湴n潮o氠
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a湡汯g
摡瑡

浡y⁢ ⁰牯ce獳敤sE
e.g.,

compressed), but once
digitized, the PCM signal is not subjected to further
processing (
e.g.,

digital

compaction
) before being
multiplexed into the aggregate
data
stream
. Note 2: PCM
pulse

trains may be interleaved with pulse trains from
other channels. [T1.523
-
200
1]
©

PCS

Personal Communications Service:

1.

A set of capabilities that allo
ws some combination
of terminal mobility, personal mobility, and service
profile management. Note 1: The flexibility offered
by PCS can supplement existing
telecommunications services, such as cellular radio,
used for NS/EP missions. Note 2: PCS and UPT
ar
e sometimes mistakenly assumed to be the same
service concept. UPT (Universal Personal
Telecommunications) service allows complete
personal mobility across multiple networks and
service providers. PCS may use UPT concepts to
improve subscriber mobility in
allowing roaming to
different service providers, but UPT and PCS are
not the same service concept. [4]

2.

Mobile radio technology used in cellular, advanced

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digital wireless services. [14]

personal communication
services (PCS)

See PCS.

physical interface

A
n interface where the physical characteristics of signals
used to represent information and the physical
characteristics of channels used to carry the signals are
defined. A physical interface is an external interface. It is
fully defined by its physical

and electrical characteristics.
Logical information flows map to signal flows that pass
through physical interfaces. [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1
(2001
-
06)]

port

1.

An abstraction used by transport protocols to
distinguish among multiple destinations associated
w
ith particular applications running on a host
computer; an application can specify the ports it
wants to use; some ports are reserved for standard
applications/services such as e
-
mail (also known as
well
-
known ports). [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1
(2001
-
06)]

2.

Of
a device or network, a point of access where
signals may be inserted or extracted, or where the
device or network variables may be observed or
measured.

3.

In a communications network, a point at which
signals can enter or leave the network en route to or
f
rom another network. [4]

pre
-
emption

The seizure of the communications channel or facilities by
standing order of priority. Note: “ruthless pre
-
emption” is
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ede搠景d 桩h栠
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-
p呄
-
㄰㌷N

浯摩晩f摝

灲楶pcy

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c潭灯湥湴猠o渠瑨攠ny獴s洮⁛䕔卉⁔删 䄰〲⁖伮‱⸱
⠲〰E
-
〶⥝

灲楶p瑥⁎p⽅L
瑥汥co
浭畮楣u瑩潮猠
獥牶楣es

乯k
-
c潭o潮
-
ca牲楥爠瑥汥c潭o畮楣u瑩潮猠獥o癩捥sⰠ
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獷楴捨s搠湥瑷潲t⁳e牶楣e献†s吱⸵㈳
-
㈰〱O
©

product

A package of IT software, firmware, and/or hardware,
providing functionality

designed for use or incorporation
within a multiplicity of systems. [13]

Project 25 standards

A joint Federal, State and local government/industry
standards
-
setting effort to develop technical standards for
the next generation of public safety radios, bo
th voice and
data.
http://www.project25.org



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protection profile (PP)

An implementation
-
independent set of security
requirements for a category of TOEs that meet specific
consumer needs. [13]

protocol

1.

A formal set

of conventions governing the format
and control of interaction among communicating
functional units. Note: Protocols may govern
portions of a network, types of service, or
administrative procedures. For example, a data link
protocol is the specification o
f methods whereby
data communications over a data link are
performed in terms of the particular transmission
mode, control procedures, and recovery procedures.

2.

In layered communications system architecture, a
formal set of procedures that are adopted to
f
acilitate functional interoperation within the
layered hierarchy. [4]

3.

A set of message formats (semantic, syntactic, and
symbolic rules) and the rules for message exchange
between peer layer entities (which messages are
valid when invoked). [ETSI TR SA00
2 VO. 1.1
(2001
-
06)]

PSTN

public switched telephone network: A domestic
telecommunications network usually accessed by
telephones, key telephone systems, private branch
exchange trunks, and data arrangements. Note: Completion
of the circuit between the c
all originator and call receiver
in a PSTN requires network signaling in the form of dial
pulses or multifrequency tones. [4]

PSWAC

Public Safety Wireless Advisory Committee [U.S.]: A
committee formed to provide advice and recommendations
on operational,

technical, and spectrum requirements of
Federal, state, and local public safety entities through the
year 2010.

http://ntiacsd.ntia.doc.gov/iopwhit2/white2.htm


PSWN

Public Safety Wireless

Network: A program established in
the United States to assist its city, county, state, and
Federal agencies in their efforts to implement new wireless
technology and improve interoperability.

http://www.pswn.gov


pub
lic safety
organization

A Federal, State, or local organization that helps furnish,
maintain, and protect the infrastructures (
e.g.,

highways
and utilities) that promote the public’s safety and welfare.
xㄴN

灵扬pc⁳ 晥ty⽰畢L楣i
灲潴pc瑩潮

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services for the protection/preservation of life and
property. [ETSI TR SA002 Vol. 1.1 (2001
-
06)]

public service

Secondary services that support public safety/public
pr
otection services. [ETSI TR SA002 Vol. 1.1 (2001
-
06)]

public service
organization

A Federal, State, or local organization that helps furnish,
maintain, and protect the infrastructures (
e.g.,

highways
and utilities) that promote the public’s safety and we
汦lre⸠
xㄴN

兯n



The performance specification of a
communications channel or system. Note: QoS
may be quantitatively indicated by channel or
system performance parameters, such as signal
-
to
-
noise ratio (S/N), bit error ratio (BER), message
throughput rate
, and call blocking probability.

2.

A subjective rating of telephone communications
quality in which listeners judge transmissions by
qualifiers, such as excellent, good, fair, poor, or
unsatisfactory. [4]

3.

QoS classes are



best effort



interactive,



streaming



broadcast

[ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

QSIG

The signaling protocol used at the Q
-
interface between two
switches in a private network. ECMA/ISO have defined a
set of QSIG standards.

refarming

[U.S.] An FCC effort to develop a strategy for using
priva
te land mobile radio (PLMR) spectrum allocations
more effectively so as to meet future communications
requirements. This is to be accomplished primarily by
dividing channel bandwidths (
i.e
., narrow banding). [14]

reference monitor

The concept of an abstr
act machine that enforces TOE
access control policies. [13]

reference validation
mechanism

An implementation of the reference monitor concept that
possesses the following properties: it is tamperproof,
always invoked, and simple enough to be subjected to

thorough analysis and testing. [13]

refinement

The addition of details to component. [13]

relay

1.

To retransmit a received
message

from one station
to another station. [4]

2.

An electromechanical or semiconductor s
witch
(
i.e.,

solid
-
state relay) in which a current or voltage
applied across one
port

or
terminal

controls
electrical currents or voltages that appear across

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another termin
al or terminals. [4]

3.

A base station receiver that typically receives
signals on one frequency, processes, and
retransmits them out on another frequency, in order
to extend talk
-
out range. [14]

RCC

[U.S.] Rescue Coordination Centers: Rescue Coordination
C
enters (RCC) in the United States are operated by the
Coast Guard and the Air Force. The geographic areas of
responsibility are divided among nine Coast Guard District
commands and two Rescue Sub
-
Centers (RSC).

District 1

B潳瑯oⰠ䵁

䑩獴物r琠㔠


m潲瑳浯
畴栬u噁

䑩獴物r琠㜠


䵩慭jⰠIi

䑩獴物r琠㠠


乥眠w牬ea湳ⰠiA

䑩獴物r琠㤠


C汥癥污湤Ⱐle

䑩獴物r琠ㄱt


䅬A浥摡ⰠIA

䑩獴物r琠ㄳt


pea瑴汥ⰠlA

䑩獴物r琠ㄴt


䡯湯汵汵Ⱐef

䑩獴物r琠ㄷt


g畮ua甬⁁u

m略牴漠剩c漠opC


pa渠䩵g測⁐o

䵡物r湡猠spC


䝵d洠

f湬慮搠area猠
楮捬畤i㨠

䅆oCC
-

i䅎di䕙 AcBⰠ噁


a湤n

䅋oCC
-

c吠qfC䡁oap低Ⱐ䅋



桴h瀺p⽷睷⹳.牳r琮湯慡.杯瘯牣c⹨瑭l


牥晥牥湣e⁰潩湴

䄠獥琠潦⁩湴e牦ace猠se瑷te渠nny⁴睯⁲ela瑥搠扬潣歳⁴桲潵 栠
睨楣栠楮景h浡瑩潮⁦汯睳m晲潭湥⁢汯o欠瑯⁴桥瑨e爮†r
牥晥牥湣e⁰潩湴⁣潭灲楳o猠潮s爠浯 e g楣i氠
⡮潮Ehy獩sa氩⁩湦潲浡瑩mn
-
瑲t湳晥爠楮瑥牦ace猬sa湤n潮o爠
浯牥⁰ y獩ca氠獩gnal
-
瑲tn獦s爠楮瑥牦ace献⁛䕔bf⁔ ⁓䄰〲A
噏⸠ㄮㄠ.㈰〱
-
〶⥝



牡摩漠晲e煵e湣y㨠䅮y 晲e煵q湣y⁷楴桩渠瑨攠n汥c瑲t浡mne瑩c
獰sc瑲畭潲浡汬y⁡獳潣sa瑥搠t楴栠牡摩漠睡ve
灲潰pga瑩潮⸠⁛㑝

牯r浩湧

瑨攠灯獳楢t汩ty映a潢 汥⁵獥爠瑯潶r⁢ 瑷ee渠n楦ie牥湴n
汯捡瑩潮
猠s湤⁥湶楲潮浥湴猠晲潭⁷桥牥 c潮湥c瑩癩vy⁴漠愠
晩fe搠湥瑷潲t

e.g.,

corporate Intranet, ISP, etc.) can be
established and authorized. [ETSI TR SA002 VO. 1.1
(2001
-
06)]

role

A predefined set of rules establishing the allowed
interactions between a user an
d the TOE. [13]

Rx

receiver: The
sink

or terminator of any
signal

on a
transmissio
n medium
. [T1.523
-
2001]


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SAE

Society of Automotive Engineers: [International] An
affiliation of more than 83,000 engineers, business
executives, educators, and students from more than 97
countries form our network of
membership

who share
information and exchange ideas for advancing the
engineering of mobility systems.

http://www.sae.org


SATCOM

satellite communications:

1.

A telecommunications service provided v
ia one or
more satellite relays and their associated uplinks
and downlinks. [4]

2.

The organization providing such services.

scrambling

A method of converting an input waveform to a digital
representation, which is then encrypted and transmitted.
The receiv
er decrypts the received data and regenerates the
original analog signal. [14]
Synonym

digital voice
scrambling. [14]

secret

Information that must be known only to authorized users
and/or the TSF in order to enforce a specific SFP. [13]

security

1.

A broad

term that includes, but is not limited to, the
protection of information and systems through
encryption, privacy, redundancy, and physical
protection/security. [ETSI TR SA002 VO. 1.1
(2001
-
06)]

2.

A condition that results from the establishment and
maintenan
ce of protective measures that ensure a
state of inviolability from hostile acts or influences.

3.

With respect to classified matter, the condition that
prevents unauthorized persons from having access
to official information that is safeguarded in the
inter
ests of national security.

4.

Measures taken by a military unit, an activity or
installation to protect itself against all acts designed
to, or which may, impair its effectiveness. [4]

5.

(An aspect of service that) involves functions like:
authentication, encr
yption, levels, privacy, SIM
card. [ETSI TR SA002 VO. 1.1 (2001
-
06)]

security attribute

Information associated with subjects, users, and/or objects
that is used for the enforcement of the TSP. [13]

security function (SF)

A part or parts of the TOE that h
ave to be relied upon for
enforcing a closely related subset of the rules from the
TSP. [13]

security function policy
(SFP)

The security policy enforced by an SF. [13]

security objective

A statement of intent to counter identified threats and/or

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satisfy
identified organization security policies and
assumptions. [13]

security target (ST)

A set of security requirements and specifications to be
used as the basis for evaluation of an identified TOE. [13]

selection

The specification of one or more items from

a list in a
component. [13]

semiformal

Expressed in a restricted syntax language with defined
semantics. [13]

server

1.

Any service
-
providing system. [ETSI TR SA002
VO. 1.1 (2001
-
06)]

2.

A network device that provides service to the
network users by managing

shared resources. Note
1: The term is often used in the context of a client
-
server architecture for a local area network (LAN).
Note 2: Examples are a printer server and a file
server. [4]

session

An interval during which a logical, mutually agreed
corre
spondence between two objects exists for the transfer
of related information. A session defines a relationship
between the participating users in a service instance.
[ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

session control

Is responsible for establishing and te
rminating the
environment in which an application will operate. This
environment may include the quality of service
requirements for both the application and product entities.
[ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

session mobility

The possibility of geograph
ically moving a terminal, from
which different TCP sessions have been established, and
maintain those sessions irrespective of the terminal move
(or, in other words, without the need for releasing those
sessions due to the moving of the terminal). [ETSI T
R
SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

slow scan TV

still images sent through voice transceivers over a period
of a few seconds to a couple minutes.
[draft]

SMPTE

Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers: an
international technical society for theory and a
pplication of
film, television, video, computer imaging,
telecommunications, and the related arts and sciences.
http://www.smpte.org


SMS

short message service (SMS): A
service

in GSM mobile
telephony

systems that allows the
user

to send and receive
short (maximum 160
-
character
) messages independently of
voice calls; a nearly real
-
time

service that stores messages
in
message

centers if the receivi
ng mobile telephone
cannot be contacted. [T1.523
-
2001]


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socket

A communications transport application programming
interface (API) that provides applications interprocess
communication services using the underlying services
provided by TCP/IP; the API allow
s an application to open
a socket, request delivery services, and bind the socket to
the desired destination and then send or receive data.

SOF
-
basic

strength of function
-
basic: A level of the TOE (target of
evaluation) strength of function where analysis

shows that
the function provides adequate protection against casual
breach of TOE security by attackers possessing a low
attack potential. [13]

SOF
-
medium

strength of function
-
medium: A level of the TOE (target of
evaluation) strength of function where a
nalysis shows that
the function provides adequate protection against casual
breach of TOE security by attackers possessing a moderate
attack potential. [13]

SOF
-
high

strength of function
-
high: A level of the TOE (target of
evaluation) strength of functio
n where analysis shows that
the function provides adequate protection against casual
breach of TOE security by attackers possessing a high
attack potential. [13]

SONET

synchronous optical network: an interface standard for
synchronous 2.46
-
Gb/s optical
-
f
iber transmission,
applicable to the Physical Layer of the OSI Reference
Model. Note 1: SONET uses a basic data rate of 51.840
Mb/s, called OC1 (optical carrier 1). The SONET
hierarchy is defined in multiples of OC1, up to and
including OC48, for a maximum

data rate of 2.48832 Gb/s.
Note 2: SONET was developed by the Exchange Carriers
Standards Association (ECSA). [4]

spectrum

The usable radio frequencies in the electromagnetic
distribution.

specialized mobile radio
system (SMRS)

A radio system in which
licensees provide land mobile
communications services in the 800 MHz and 900 MHz
bands on a commercial basis. [14]

strength of function
(SOF)

A qualification of a TOE security function expressing the
minimum efforts assumed necessary to defeat its expecte
d
security behavior by directly attacking its underlying
security mechanisms. [13]

subject

An entity within the TSC that causes operations to be
performed. [13]

sub
-
network

1.

For LCS, a sub
-
network represents the SP
topological component that provides rou
ting of
LCS of the same service characteristics. Sub
-
network may be partitioned into smaller sub
-

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networks that represent regions (for routing
purposes) of the SP. [M.3208.1 (97), 1.4.3.2]
[ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

2.

A functional abstraction of a set

of one or more
intermediate systems which provide relaying and
through which end systems may establish network
connection, only related to the lower three layers of
the OSI model (see Rec. X.200). [ETSI TR SA002
VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

3.

A collection of equipmen
t and physical
transmission

media that forms an autonomous
whole and that can be used to interconnect systems
for purposes of communication. [4]

symbol

A bit or a defined sequence of bits. [ETSI TR SA002
VO.1.1
(2001
-
06)]

system

1.

Any organized assembly of resources and
procedures united and regulated by interaction or
interdependence to accomplish a
set

of specific
functions.

2.

A collection of personnel, equipment, and met
hods
organized to accomplish a set of specific functions.

3.

A collection of interacting objects that serves a
useful purpose; typically, a primary subdivision of
an object of any size or composition (including
domains). [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

4.

A spe
cific IT installation, with a particular purpose
and operational environment. [13]

system integration

The progressive linking and testing of system components
to merge their functional and technical characteristics into
a comprehensive, interoperable syst
em. Note: Integration
of data systems allows data existing on disparate systems
to be shared or accessed across functional or system
boundaries. [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)] [4]


system interoperability

Interoperability of any MESA subscriber unit w
ith any
MESA network. [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

talk
-
around

[In the U.S.] direct subscriber
-
to
-
subscriber
communications.
Synonym (in the E.C.)

direct link.

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol: Two
interrelated protocols tha
t are part of the Internet protocol
suite. Note: TCP operates on the OSI Transport Layer and
breaks data into packets. IP operates on the OSI Network
Layer and routes packets.. [4]

target of evaluation

See

TOE

TDMA

time division multiple access:


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1.

A commu
nications technique that uses a common
channel (multipoint or broadcast) for
communications among multiple users by
allocating unique time slots to different users. Note:
TDMA is used extensively in satellite systems,
local area networks, physical security

systems, and
combat
-
net radio systems. [T1.523
-
2001]
©

2.

A multiple access technique whereby users share a
transmission medium by being assigned and using
(one at a time) for a limited number of time
division multiplexed channels; implies that several
tran
smitters use one channel for sending several bit
streams. [4]

TE

terminal equipment:

1.

Represents the customer’s access equipment used
瑯⁲t煵q獴⁡湤⁴s牭楮rte 湥瑷潲t⁡獳潣sa瑥搠
c潮湥c瑩癩vy⁳e牶楣e献⁛p䅎C䡏z



Equipment that can exchange coded bit
combin
ations by means of telecommunication or by
physical interchange of storage media. [SANCHO]

3.

Represents the customer’s access equipment used
瑯⁲t煵q獴⁡湤⁴s牭楮rte 湥瑷潲t⁡獳潣sa瑥搠
c潮湥c瑩癩vy⁳e牶楣e献⁛p䅎C䡏z



This functional group includes functions
belonging
to the functional group TE, and which are
connected to a Private Telecommunication
Network(PTN) via an S reference point as defined
in Recommendation I.570. Note:
-

Terminals
connected to Private Telecommunication Networks
(PTNs) via an S interfa
ce are called TEs in
Recommendation I.570 and not E1s. [SANCHO]

5.

The functional group on the user side of a user
-
network interface. Note:
-

In recommendations
I.430 and I.431, “TE” is used to indicate terminal
瑥t浩湡瑩湧 ye爠ㄠr獰ec瑳映呅ㄬ⁔t⁡湤⁎n㈠
f
畮u瑩潮o氠杲潵灳⸠lp䅎C䡏z

qfA

呥汥l潭o畮楣u瑩潮of湤n獴物敳⁁獳潣楡瑩潮㨠⁁⁴牡摥
a獳潣楡瑩潮⁩渠o桥⁣潭o畮楣u瑩潮猠o湤⁩湦潲浡瑩m渠
瑥t桮潬潧y⁩湤畳瑲y⁦ 爠r瑡湤t牤猠摥ve汯灭e湴⸠

桴h瀺p⽷睷⹴.a潮汩湥⹯牧


呏b


牧r琠潦⁥va汵慴楯渺†䅮 f吠q牯摵r琠潲⁳y獴敭⁡湤⁩ 猠
a獳潣楡瑥搠t摭d湩獴牡瑯爠a湤⁵獥爠g畩摡uce⁤潣畭e湴慴楯渠
瑨慴⁩t⁴桥⁳畢橥c琠潦⁡渠n癡汵慴楯渮⁛ㄳN

呏䔠be獯畲ce

䅮y瑨tng⁵獡扬攠b爠r潮o畭慢汥⁩渠 桥⁔ 䔮⁛ㄳN

呏䔠獥c畲楴y⁦畮c瑩潮猠
䄠獥琠捯湳楳
瑩湧映a汬⁨ 牤rareⰠ獯晴睡牥ⰠI湤n晩f海m牥映

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(TSF)

the TOE that must be relied upon for the correct
enforcement of the TSP. [13]

TOE security functions
interface (TSFI)

A set of interfaces, whether interactive (man
-
machine
interface) or programmatic (applica
tion programming
interface), through which TOE resources are accessed,
mediated by the TSF, or information is obtained from the
TSF. [13]

TOE security policy
(TSP)

A set of rules that regulate how assets are managed,
protected, and distributed within a TO
E. [13]

TOE security policy
model

A structured representation of the security policy to be
enforced by the TOE. [13]

TRANSEC

transmission security: The component of communications
security that results from the application of measures
designed to prote
ct transmissions from interception and
exploitation by means other than cryptanalysis. [4]

transfers outside TSF
control

Communicating data to entities not under control of the
TSF. [13]

transparency

1.

The property of an entity that allows another equity
t
o pass through it without altering either of the
entities. [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

2.

In telecommunications, the property that allows a
transmission system

or
channel

to
accept
, at its
input
, unmodified
user information
, and deliver
corresponding user information at its
output
,
unchanged in form or information content. Note:
The user information may be changed internally
within the transmission system, but it is restored to
its original form prior to the output without the
involvement of the user. [ETSI
TR SA002 VO.1.1
(2001
-
06)]

3.

The quality of a
data

communications system

or
device that uses a
bit
-
oriented
link protocol

that
does not depend on the bit
sequence

structure used
by the data source. [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1
(2001
-
06)]

transparent access

access without user action or operator intervention.

[ETSI
TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

transparent data

1.

TS
-
user data that is transferred intact between
transport entities and which is unavailable for use
by the transport entities. [X.224 (95), 3.2.27]
[X.634 (96), 3.2.10] [ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1
(2001
-
06)]

2.

NS
-
user data that in transferred intact between
network entities and which is unavailable for use
by the network entities. [X.633 (96), 3.2.10] [ETSI

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TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

transparent information

Information that is not significant sematically to an ob
ject
used to transport the information. [ETSI TR SA002
VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

transparent interface

An interface that allows the connection and operation of a
system, subsystem, or equipment with another without
modification of system characteristics or operat
ional
procedures on either side of the interface. [ETSI TR
SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)] [4]


transport system

A protocol stack comprising some or all the OSI layer 1
(physical layer) to 4 (transport layer). [T.180 (98), 1.2.3.2]
[ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)
]

Triple DES

triple data encryption algorithm (TDEA): An encryption
algorithm whose key consists of three DES (Data
Encryption Standard) keys, which is also referred to as a
key bundle. Note 1: A DES key consists of 64 binary digits
(“0”s or “1”s) of whic
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湯琠畳e搠dy⁴桥 a汧o物瑨rⰠ浡y⁢e⁵獥搠景爠rr牯r
摥瑥t瑩潮⸩⁎潴攠㈺⁅ac栠呄䕁⁥湣ry灴p潮⽤散ryp瑩潮o
潰o牡瑩潮
o猠獰ec楦楥搠楮⁁ pf 堹⸵㈩⁩猠愠 潭灯畮搠
潰or
a瑩潮o⁄ p⁥ncryp瑩潮⁡湤⁤ncry灴p潮灥ra瑩潮献†
x㑝

瑲畳瑥搠t桡湮nl

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ca渠n潭o畮楣u瑥t睩瑨散e獳sry⁣潮晩oe湣e⁴漠獵灰潲琠瑨攠
呓m⸠.ㄳz

瑲畳瑥搠灡瑨

䄠浥a湳⁢y⁷桩 栠a⁵獥r⁡湤⁡⁔ c ca渠n潭o畮uca
瑥⁷楴栠
湥ce獳sry⁣潮晩oe湣e⁴漠 異灯u琠t桥⁔ m⸠.ㄳz

呓c⁤ 瑡

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潰o牡瑩潮o⁴桥⁔l䔮⁛ㄳN

呓c⁓c潰o映䍯湴牯氠
⡔pC)

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a湤⁡牥⁳畢 ec琠t漠瑨o

牵re猠潦⁴桥⁔ m⸠.ㄳN

呓m

See

TOE security policy

Tx

transmit, transmitter: The source or generator of any
signal on a transmission medium [T1.408
-
1990]
©

Type 1 product

Classified or controlled cryptographic item for securing
classified and sensitive

U.S. Government information,
when appropriately keyed. The term refers only to
products, and not to information, key, services, or controls.
Type 1 products contain classified algorithms. They are
available to U.S. Government users, their contractors, and

federally sponsored non
-
U.S. Government activities
subject to export restrictions in accordance with
International Traffic in Arms Regulation. [4]


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Type 2 product

Unclassified cryptographic equipment, assembly, or
component, endorsed by the National Secur
ity Agency, for
use in national security systems as defined in Title 40
U.S.C. Section 1452. Note: The term refers only to
products, and not to information, key, services, or controls.
Type 2 products may not be used for classified
information, but contain

classified National Security
Agency algorithms that distinguish them from products
containing the unclassified data algorithm. Type 2 products
are subject to export restrictions in accordance with the
International Traffic in Arms Regulation. [4]

Type 3
algorithm

A cryptographic algorithm that has been registered by the
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
and published as a Federal Information Processing
Standard (FIPS) for use in protecting unclassified
sensitive, information or commerc
ial information. [4]

Type 4 algorithm

Unclassified cryptographic algorithm that has been
registered by the National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST), but not published as a Federal
Information Processing Standard (FIPS). [4]

UDP

User Datagra
m Protocol (IETF): In the
Internet Protocol

suite, a
standard
, low
-
overhead, connectionless,
host
-
to
-
host protocol that is used over
packet
-
switched
computer

communicat
ions

networks, and that allows an
application
program

on one computer to send a
datagram

to an
application program on another comput
er. [T1.523
-
2001]
©

UIM

user identity module: A standard device or functionality
providing secure procedures in support of user or terminal
registration, authentication, and privacy for wireless access
to IMT
-
2000. It may also contain application data t
o be
used to facilitate telecom services and other services (
e.g.,

UPT, banking). [SANCHO]

UPT

Universal Personal Telecommunications service: A
telecommunications service that provides personal
mobility and service profile management. Note 1: UPT
service
involves the network capability of identifying
uniquely a UPT user by means of a UPT number. Note 2:
The general principles of UPT are given in ITU
-
T
Recommendation F.850. Note 3: UPT and PCS are
sometimes mistakenly assumed to be the same service
concept.

UPT allows complete personal mobility across
multiple networks and service providers. PCS may use
UPT concepts to improve subscriber mobility in allowing
roaming to different service providers, but UPT and PCS
are not the same service concept. [4]


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user

1.

A
ny entity (human user or external IT entity)
outside the TOE that interacts with the TOE. [13]

2.

A person, organization, or other entity (including a
computer

or
computer syst
em
), that employs the
services provided by a
telecommunication

system,
or by an
information

processing system, for
transfer

of in
formation. Note: A user functions as a source
or final destination of
user information
, or both.
Synonym

subscriber
.
[4]

user access point

The location to where a service

is requested and is
necessary for service invocation. [Q.831.1 (00), 1.3.8]

user data

Data created by and for the user, that does not affect the
operation of the TSF. [13]

user terminal (UT)

1.

A system component that accepts the input of
information from
and presents the output of
information to a human operator. [ETSI TR SA002
VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

2.

The terminal that a user actually utilizes to
participate in multimedia conferences. [ETSI TR
SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

VESA

Video Electronic Standard Association
: association to
develop open display and display interface standards,
ensuring interoperability..
http://www.vesa.org/


video

1.

An electrical signal containing timing
(synchronization), luminance (intensity), and ofte
n
chrominance (color) information that, when
displayed on an appropriate device, gives a visual
image or representation of the original image
sequences.

2.

Pertaining to the sections of a television system that
carry television signals, either in unmodulated

or
modulated form.

3.

Pertaining to the bandwidth or data rate necessary
for the transmission of real
-
time television pictures.
Note: In practice, the baseband bandwidth required
for the transmission of television pictures (not
including the audio carriers
) is approximately 5
MHz. [4]


WAN

wide
-
area network: A physical or logical network that
provides data communications to a larger number of
independent users than are usually served by a local area
network (LAN) and is usually spread over a larger
geograp
hic area than that of a LAN. Note 1: WANs may

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38

include physical networks, such as Integrated Services
Digital Networks (ISDNs), X.25 networks, and T1
networks. Note 2: A metropolitan area network (MAN) is a
WAN that serves all the users in a metropolitan ar
ea.
WANs may be nationwide or worldwide. [4]

wireless access

Terminal access to the network using wireless technology.
Examples are: digital mobile phones, digital cordless
phones, and FPLMTS personal stations. [G.174 (94), 3]
[ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (200
1
-
06)]

wireless node

The hub of an IP
-
based wireless ad
-
hoc infrastructure.
[ETSI TR SA002 VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

wireless terminal

A general term used for any mobile station, personal
station ,or personal terminal, with which non
-
fixed access
to the network
is used. [G.174 (94), 3] [ETSI TR SA002
VO.1.1 (2001
-
06)]

WWW

World Wide Web : An international, virtual
-
network
-
based
information service composed of Internet host computers
that provide on
-
line information in a specific hypertext
format. Note 1: WWW se
rvers provide hypertext
metalanguage (HTML) formatted documents using the
hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP). Note 2: Information
on the WWW is accessed with a hypertext browser. Note
3: No hierarchy exists in the WWW, and the same
information may be found

by many different approaches.
[4]



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39

3.2 Symbols



The star (or asterisk) on the standard 3
x
4 keypad array, see ITU
-
T Rec. E.161.

#

The Square on the standard 3
x
4 keypad array, see ITU
-
T Rec.
E.161. The # symbol is also known as the
hash, sharp

or
nu
mber sign

(“pound sign” in the U.S.A.).

Ω

Ohm, the symbol for resistance

dBm

Absolute power level expressed in decibels relative to 1mW.

dBV

Absolute voltage level expressed in decibels relative to 1 volt.




Within Project MESA’s documents the symbols us
ed within Specification and
Description Language (SDL) figures or diagrams are defined in ITU
-
T
Recommendation Z.100.

In Project MESA’s documents, the symbols and abbreviations defined by ISO 31
-
0
for units in the international system of units and measures

(SI) are used. They are
therefore not included in the above list.



3.3

Abbreviations


For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:





AAR

American Association of Railroads

ACELP

adaptive code
-
excited linear prediction

ADSL

asymmetric digital subscriber line

AFIS

automated fingerprint information system

AGILE

Advanced Generation of Interoperability Equipment
for Law Enforcement.

AIS

automated information system

AM

amplitude modulation

ANSI

American National Standard
s Institute

APCO

Association of Public Safety Communications
Officers

API

application programming interface

APT

Asian Pacific Telecom

ATIS

Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions

ATM

asynchronous transfer mode

AVL

automatic vehicle locatio
n

BAPCO

British Association of Public safety Communications
Officers


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BS

base station

CALEA

Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement
[Act]

CC

central controller; common criteria

CDMA

code division multiple access

CDMV

Canadian Department of Motor

Vehicles

CDPD

cellular digital packet data

CEBUS

customer electronics bus

CELP

code
-
excited linear prediction

CEPT

European Conference of Postal and
Telecommunications Administrations

CITEL

Comision Interamericana de Telecomunicaciones
(Inter
-
America
n Telecommunications Commission)

CN

corporate telecommunications network

COMPUSEC

computer security

COMSEC

communications security

CPE

customer premises equipment

CQPSK

compatible differential offset quadrature phase shift
keying

CS

circuit
-
switched

CSU

customer service unit

CTIA

Cellular Telecom. Industry Association

DCE

data circuit
-
terminating equipment

DEC

Decisions


C䕐吠䕒qL䑅C


C䕐吠qc桥c欩

䑆mA

䑥晥湳e⁆楲e⁐牯瑥c瑩潮o䅳獯A楡瑩潮

䑇ip

摩晦e牥湴na氠g汯扡氠汯la瑩潮⁳y獴敭

䑍a

䑥灡牴浥湴

潦⁍潴潲 噥桩捬hs

䑏a

售匮⁄r灡牴浥湴映nefe湳n

䑏a

售匮⁄r灡牴浥湴映n畳瑩ce


-
M

digital signal 0 (also written “DS0”)


-
N

digital signal 1 (also written (“DS1”)


-
O

摩d楴a氠獩gna氠l


-
P

摩d楴a氠獩gna氠l


-
Q

摩d楴a氠獩gna氠l

䑓i

摩d楴a氠l
畢獣物扥爠汩湥

䑔b

摡瑡⁴t牭楮r氠敱畩灭敮l

䕁i

e癡汵慴楯渠慳獵lance敶el

䕃䵁

䕵b潰oa渠n潭灵oe爠䵡n畦uc瑵te牳⁁獳潣楡瑩潮

䕃bm

e汥l瑲潮楣 c潭o畮楣u瑩潮猠獥o癩捥⁰牯 楤er

䕄䅃A

e湨n湣e搠摩d楴a氠lcce獳⁣潭o畮楣u瑩潮猠oy獴em

䕅b

e汥l瑲潥nce灨a汯杲lm

b
䝐dp

e湨n湣e搠ge湥牡氠灡c步琠牡摩漠dy獴e洮

bfA

e汥l瑲潮楣 f湤畳n物r猠䅬汩a湣e

䕋d

e汥l瑲潣a牤楯gram


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EMS

emergency medical services

EPP

ETSI Partnership Project

ERC

European Radiocommunications Committee

ESD

electrostatic discharge

ESN

electronic ser
ial number

ESNX

expanded electronic serial number

ESRD

emergency services routing digits

ETSI

European Telecommunications Standards Institute

EU

European Union

EUROPOL

European Police Office

EVRC

enhanced variable rate codec

FBI

Federal Bureau of In
vestigation

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

FDD

Frequency Division Duplex (Fiber Distributed Data)

FDMA

frequency division multiple access

FIFO

first
-
in, first
-
out

FLEWUG

Federal Law Enforcement Wireless Users Group

FS

fixed satellite

FSK

freq
uency shift keying

FTP

file transfer protocol

GDMO

Guidelines for the Definition of Managed Objects

GIS

geographical information system

GLS

Global Location System

GMR

Geostationary Mobile Radio

GPS

Global Positioning System

GSM

Global System for Mo
bile Communications

HAZMAT

hazardous materials

HF

high frequency

HSDLA

high speed down link architecture

IACP

International Association of Chiefs of Police

IAFIS

Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification
System

ICEA

Insulated Cable Engineers As
sociation

ID

identification

IDWCS

Integrated Digital Wireless Communications System

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

IFAST

International Forum on

AMPS Standards Technology
(CTIA)

IMSA

International Mobile Signal Association

IMSI

International Mobile Station Identity

IMT

International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT
-
2000)


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INFOSEC

Information Systems Security

INTERPOL

International Police Organiz
ation

IP

Internet protocol

IPR

intellectual property rights

IR

infrared

IR

infrared

IS

Interim Standard, International Standard

ISC

Interoperability Subcommittee (of the Public Safety
Wireless Advisory Committee)

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Net
work

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISP

Internet Service Provider

ISTEA

Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act

ISUP

ISDN user part

IT

information technology

ITS

Intelligent Transportation System

ITU

International Teleco
mmunications Union

JTC

Joint Technical Committee

KTS

key telephone system

LAN

local area network

LLC

logical link controller

LMP/PLMR

land Mobile Radio/Private Land Mobile Radio

LVDS

low
-
voltage differential signaling

MAC

media access control, med
ium access control

Mb/s, Mbps

megabits per second

MC

message center

MCS

multipoint control services

MDBS

mobile data base station

MDLP

mobile data link protocol

MDN

mobile director number

MES

Mobility for Emergency and Safety Application

MESA

Mobi
le Emergency Safety Applications

MFP

multi
-
function peripheral

MIB

management information base

MIN

mobile identification number

MNLP

mobile network location protocol

MPC

mobile positions center

MPEG

Motion Picture Experts Group

MRA

mutual recognitio
n agreements

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

MSC

mobile switching center

MT

mobile terminal

NABER

National Association of Business Education Radio

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement


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NAMPS

Narrowband AMPS

NASNA

National Association of State 9
-
1
-
1 Administrators

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NCC

National Coordinating Committee

NCIC

National Crime Information Center

NEMA

National Electrical Manufacturers Association

NENA

National Emergency Number Association

NIJ

National Institute
of Justice

NIUF

North American ISDN Users Forum

NLECTC
-
RM

National Law Enforcement Corrections Technology

NLETS

National Law Enforcement Telecommunications
System

National law Enforcement Teletype System

NPSPAC

[U.S.] National Public Safety Planning Ad
visory
Committee

NPSTC

[U.S.] National Public Safety Telecommunications
Council

NT

network termination

NTIA

National Telecommunications and Information
Administration

OC
-
1

optical carrier level 1 (OC
-
1)

OC
-
3

optical carrier level 3 (OC
-
3)

OP

organiz
ational partners (ETSI and TIA)

OS

operating system

OTAR

over
-
the
-
air rekeying

OTASP

over
-
the
-
air service provisioning

PACS

personal access communications system

PAN

personal area network (example: Bluetooth)

PASS

Personal Alert Safety System

PBX

pr
ivate branch exchange

PC

personal computer

PCCM

Portable Computer Communications Association

PCM

pulse code modulation

PCS

Personal Communications Service

PDA

personal digital assistant

PDE

position
-
determining entity

PHY

physical layer

PICS

protoc
ol implementation conformance statement

PP

protection profile

PPDR

public protection and disaster relief

PPP

point
-
to
-
point protocol

PSPP

Public Safety Partnership Project

PSTN

public switched telephone network

PSWAC

Public Safety Wireless Advisory C
ommittee (U.S.)


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PSWN

Public Safety Wireless Network

PTN

Private Telecommunications Network

PWT

personal wireless telecommunications

QoS

quality of service

RA

radio access

RCC

Rescue Coordination Centers

RCP

radio control protocol

RF

radio frequency

RLP

radio link protocols

RTT

radio transmission technologies

Rx

receiver

SAE

Society of Automotive Engineers

SAR

search and rescue

SATCOM

satellite communications

SBC

Southern Building Code

SC

steering committee

SCADA

Supervisory Control and Data

Acquisition

SDO

standards development organization

SERS

special Emergency Radio Service

SF

security function

SFP

security function policy

SG

study group

S/I

signal to interference ratio (SIR)

SIM

subscriber identity module

SIR

signal to interferen
ce ratio (S/I)

SMD

short message delivery

SMPTE

Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers

SMR

specialized mobile radio

S/N

signal to noise ratio (SNR)

SNDCP

subnetwork dependent convergence protocol

SNR

signal to noise ratio (S/N)

SOC

syste
m operator code

SOF

strength of function

SONET

synchronous optical network

SOR

statement of requirements

SP
-

standards proposal
-

SRD

system reference document

SSG

services specification group

SSG

Service Specification Group

ST

security target

STQ

speech transmission quality

TBD

to be defined (written)

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol


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TDMA

time division multiple acc4ess

TE

terminal equipment

TETRA

Terrestrial Trunked Radio

TIA

Telecommun
ications Industry Association

TOE

target of evaluation

TR

technical report

TRANSEC

transmission security

Triple DES

triple data encryption algorithm

TS

technical specification

TSB

Telecommunications Systems Bulletin

TSC

TOE security functions

TSG

t
echnical specification group

TSFI

TSF interface

TSP

TOE security policy

Tx

transmit

UBC

Uniform Building Code

UDP

Uniform Datagram Protocol, user datagram protocol
(IETF)

UIM

user identity module

UPT

Universal Personal Telecommunications service

UR
L

uniform resource locator

USAR/TSAR

Urban Search and Rescue/Technical Search and
Rescue

UTC

Utilities Telecommunication Council

VESA

Video Electronic Standard Association

VLR

visitor location register

VPN

virtual private network

VSELP

vector sum exc
ited linear predictive coding

WAN

wide
-
area network

WP

Working Party (ITU)

WRC

Word Radiocommunication Conference

WT

wireless terminal

WUPE

wireless user premises equipment

WWRF

Wireless World Research Forum

WWW

World Wide Web

xDSL

all of the diffe
rent digital subscriber lines