From Information Management to

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Nov 6, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

IRAS

From Information Management to
Knowledge Creation

Windhoek, August 2003

Barbara Paterson


Transboundary Mammal Project

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

The Transboundary


Mammal Project

Overview

Fulfills Technical

Requirements

Knowledge

Representation

Natural

Language Based

Supports Knowledge

Creation

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Project Aim:

To link local, national and
transboundary strategies for selected
endangered and high value mammal
species



National Strategy

Country wide vision,

targets & general strategy

Regional vision
and targets

Neighbouring

countries


Co
-
operation


Communication

local vision, targets &
specific strategy

Local Management

The Transboundary Mammal Project

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Transboundary

Collaboration

The Transboundary Mammal Project
-

Objectives


Decision

Support System

Prototype


Species
Overviews


Species
Management

Plans



Information
System

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Transboundary Workshop


Progress to date

Wildlife
Translocations

Buffalo,
Roan, Sable,
Tsessebe
Reports

Draft Species
Management
Plans for
Buffalo, Roan,
Sable,
Tsessebe



IRAS

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Structure

Table of Contents

Overview Buffalo:

Non
-
linearity of hypermedia documents requires
explicit structure


Present distribution in
Namibia


Limiting factors


MET vision


Objectives


Strategy

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Fulfills Technical

Requirements

Knowledge

Representation

Natural

Language Based

Supports Knowledge

Creation

Why a Hypermedia System?

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Technical Requirements for Wildlife
Management Information Systems


Compatibility


Ease of use


Affordability


Inclusiveness


Co
-
ownership

WWW standard

As easy to use as a website

No special software required

Any e
-
document can be linked

Reader as author

IRAS

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Fulfills Technical

Requirements

Knowledge

Representation

1.
Compatibility

2.
Ease of Use

3.
Affordability

4.
Inclusiveness

5.
Co
-
ownership

Why a Hypermedia System?

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

DATA

INFORMATION

KNOWLEDGE

Perception

Learning

objective

subjective

Old knowledge

Forms basis of

new knowledge

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Species Documents


Draw on observations


Put these data into meaningful context


Interpret data based on experience and


Knowledge


Are subjective



Require knowledge representation

rather than information processing tool

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Technical

Requirements fulfilled

Knowledge

Representation

Natural

Language Based

Why Hypermedia?

1.
Compatibility

2.
Ease of Use

3.
Affordability

4.
Inclusiveness

5.
Co
-
ownership

Species Documents contain


subjective
interpretations based
on knowledge


expertise

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Wildlife Management Knowledge


Predictive



Prescriptive



Descriptive

Quantitative and

qualitative models

Decision support

systems

Text Documents

Word Processor is de facto

knowledge management tool

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Language based

representations


Multiple definitions


Ambiguous


Implicit meanings
allowed


Robust



Single definitions


Precise


Implicit meanings
not allowed


Brittle


Formal
representations

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Strength of Hypermedia


Multi
-
linear


User can access information in the order
most appropriate for his/her purpose


Each information chunk is self
-
contained


Associative network enhances
comprehension

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Technical

Requirements fulfilled

Knowledge

Representation

Natural

Language Based

Supports Knowledge

Creation

Why Hypermedia?

1.
Compatibility

2.
Ease of Use

3.
Affordability

4.
Inclusiveness

5.
Co
-
ownership

Species Documents contain


subjective
interpretations based
on knowledge


expertise


Great generality


Robust


Allows implicit
meanings

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Knowledge

Communication

Knowledge

Generation

Knowledge

Application

Knowledge

Representation

Adjust

Implement

Monitor

Research

Strategy

Adaptive
Management

Munich Model of Knowledge Management

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Knowledge Management is not only a question of technology

Knowledge

Management

Technology

Organisation

Human

Society

Adapted from Reinmann
-
Rothmeier & Mandl

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Dynamic representation of current
knowledge on species management

comments

presentations

reports

ideas

Non linearity of hypermedia allows dynamic debate
instead of static consensus oriented information
system

New perspectives

New problem
perceptions

I
nformation System for
Ra
re
S
pecies Management

Why Hypermedia?

Technical

Requirements fulfilled

1.
Compatibility

2.
Ease of Use

3.
Affordability

4.
Inclusiveness

5.
Co
-
ownership

Knowledge

Representation

Species Documents contain


subjective
interpretations based
on knowledge


expertise

Natural

Language Based


Great generality


Robust


Allows implicit
meanings

Supports Knowledge

Creation


New knowledge is
based on old
knowledge


Allows user
participation


Provides forum for
dynamic debate