ROBOTICS CAAAAAAR awesomeamit.com

pillowfistsAI and Robotics

Nov 13, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Awesomeamit.com


11/13/2013

11/13/2013

“ ROBOTICS CAR”



“ TECHNOLOGY :
-

The spice of

Life ”




Introduction

Definition

-

:

Hands free ROBOTIC CAR is an adjective
describing equipment

that can be used without the use of hands.


All of us like to drive our car with a mobile in one hand,
talking to the other person. But we shouldn’t.


Because here any mistake means,

‘ No Turning Back ’!


So,

There comes the tomorrow’s technology.

Hand free driven car
.


LIDAR



“Heart of our system“




LIDAR (Light Detection And Ranging, also LADAR) is an
optical remote sensing technology that can measure the
distance to, or other properties of a target by
illuminating the target with
light
, often using pulses
from a
laser
.



Scanning distance of 60 meters (~197 feet)

Google Driverless Car

5

History



The history of autonomous vehicles starts in 1977 in Japan.

It achieved
speeds of up to 30 km/h, by tracking white street markers.



In the 1980s a vision
-
guided Mercedes
-
Benz robot van,

designed by Ernst
Dickmanns at the University der Bundeswehr, Germany,

achieved

100

km/h.



In 1995, Dickmanns
´

re
-
engineered autonomous S
-
Class Mercedes
-
Benz
took a 1600 km trip from Munich to Copenhagen and back, using computer
vision and transputers to react in real time. The robot achieved speeds
exceeding 175 km/h, with 95% autonomous driving. Again it drove in
traffic, executing manoeuvres to pass other cars.



In 1995, the Carnegie Mellon University Navlab project achieved 98.2%
autonomous driving on a 5000 km "No hands across America" trip. This car,
however, was semi
-
autonomous by nature: it used neural networks to
control the steering wheel, but throttle and brakes were human
-
controlled.


Existing Technologies


In order to drive a car, a system would need to
:



Understand its immediate environment (Sensors)



Know where it is and where it wants to go (Navigation)



Find its way in the traffic (Motion planning)



Control of vehicle (Actuation)



Arguably, 2 1/2 of these problems are already solved: Navigation and
Actuation completely, and Sensors partially, but improving fast. The main
unsolved part is the motion planning.


Sensors



Sensors employed in driverless cars vary from the minimalist ARGO project's
monochrome stereoscopy to mobileye's inter
-
modal (video, infra
-
red, laser,
radar) approach.



Road
-
sign recognition



Self
-
Steering GPS System for Cars

Navigation

The ability to plot a route from where the vehicle is to where the
user wants to be has been available for several years

Motion Planning

This system helps to finds its way in traffic

Control of vehicle

Automatic Stability Control (ASC): It control the vehicle automatic.

Work done in simulation

While developing control systems for real cars is very costly in terms
of both time and money, much work can be done in simulations of
various complexity.

Recent Projects


Fully autonomous vehicles




Infrastructure




Assistance systems


There are three approaches for the
Recent Projects
:

Fully Autonomous Vehicles

They require a car to drive itself to pre
-
set target using un
-
modified infrastructure.



Vehicles for paved roads:



The 800 million Euro EUREKA Prometheus Project on autonomous vehicles
(1987
-
1995).


The third competition of the DARPA Grand Challenge held in November 2007.



Free
-
ranging military vehicles:


There are three cluster activity relating to free
-
ranging. Some of these projects
are military
-
oriented.



US military DARPA Grand Challenge


European Land
-
Robot Trial (ELROB)


The Israeli Military
-
Industrial Complex


Pre
-
built Infrastructure

The following projects were conceived as practical attempts to use
available technology



Dual mode transit
-

monorail




Automated highway systems



Free
-
ranging on grid


Electric vehicles locate themselves using readings & recalibrating themselves
occasionally using a "maze" of magnets embedded in the environment



Dual mode transit
-

monorail

Centrally managed, fully computerized transport system





Automated Highway Systems


An effort to construct special lanes on existing highways

Driver
-
assistance

Driver
-
assistance mechanisms are of several distinct types
,



Sensorial
-
informative



Actuation
-
corrective



Systemic


Warn or inform the driver about events that may have passed unnoticed


Sensorial
-
informative


Actuation
-
corrective


Anti
-
lock braking system (ABS)



Traction control (TCS)



Four wheel drive (AWD)



Electronic Stability Control (ESC)



Dynamic steering response (DSR)


Systemic



Automatic parking



Follow another car on a motorway



Nissan's "Distance Control assist"



Death Brake

In film



In 1989 film
Batman


In 1994 film
Time cop


In 2000

film
The 6th Day



In 2004 film
I, Robot



In 2004
Tarzan
-
The wonder car

This technology is very known in film industrie.


Conclusion

As we are going searching and searching new technology we
becomes a member advance society.


As we found new technology for the

ROBOTICS CAR
”,

which made our life more easier that finally means:
-

“Technology
-

The spice of

Life”

Thank You