Army Electronic Warfare

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Oct 24, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK • PROTECT • SUPPORT

Army Electronic Warfare

Way Ahead

LTC James Ross

Product Manager Prophet

Jim.ross@us.army.mil

732
-
427
-
1479

EW Planning
&
Management
Tools

Defensive
Electronic
Attack

Multi
-
Function
Electronic Warfare

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

Who We Are

Acknowledged

Special Access
Program

Project Manager
Electronic Warfare

PM


COL Rod Mentzer

DPM


Michael Ryan

PM EW
Staff

Tech
Mgmt

Readiness Mgmt

Business Mgmt

Operations

Product Manager
PROPHET

PdM


LTC James Ross

DPdM



Dan Tartaglia

Product Manager
Information Warfare

PdM


LTC Marty Hagenston

DPdM



Matthew Maier

Product Director
Tactical Data Terminals
(Space)

PD


LTC Craig
Besaw

DPD


Daryl
Gorff

Product Manager

CREW

PdM


LTC Bruce Ryba

DPdM



Ken Evans

Acknowledged

Special Access
Program



Duke V2 / V3



MMBJ 2.1
*



CVRJ 2.1
*



QRD
*



Fixed Site
*

* Quick Reaction Capability (QRC)



Prophet Spiral 1



Prophet Enhanced



Prophet Control



TUAV SIGINT Payload (FY12)



Wolfhound
*

Tactical,
forward
deployed ,
mobile space
control
platform

EAC
Information
Warfare
Systems

Counter
RCIED Force
Protection



Platforms



Personnel



Facilities

Ground Based
SIGINT



Mobile



Dismounted



Manpack

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

EWO Toolkits

Jun 2010

Evolution of Army CREW Systems

Legacy CREW Systems De
-
Fielded

Current Fielded Systems

CREW TODAY


Operation New Dawn


defield

assets in Iraq by FY13


OEF


“Pure Fleet” with Duke V3s ~ 20,000 systems


Reset/Store/Maintain


TBD residual Qty of Dukes and CVRJs


Duke Tech Insertion (DTI)


Maintain relevancy and mitigate obsolescence

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

First

Warlock Fielding

Warlock
-
Green

Apr 2003

Warlock
-
Red

Apr 2004

Warlock
-
SSVJ

Assumed SSVJ

from the REF

Nov 2004

Fielded Dec 2004

Warlock
-
LX

Apr 2005

Warlock
-
Blue

Oct 2005

Warlock
-
Red/Green Combo

Jun 2005

Warlock
-
MMBJ

Mar 2005

Warlock
-
ICE

Initial Fielding to USMC

Oct 2004

Warlock
-
Duke

Feb 2006

Duke V2

Mar 2007

MMBJ 2.1

Feb 2008

CVRJ

Feb 2008

Duke V3

Mar 2009

2003

2010

2011

Universal Test
Set (UTS)

Oct 2011

THOR III

Jan 2010

QRD

Oct 2009

Fixed Site

Oct 2010

105LX / 119L
Antennas

Dec 2010

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

Expanding EW Target Set

Potential BCT Targets of Interest

RCIED


mmW

/ UWB Fuses


Wireless
Networks

Surveillance Radars


Fire Finders


Fire Directing

ISR Sensors

Manpads

/MANPAD C2

military and commercial
C2 communications (
Military C2, Cellular, and
wireless

Electronic components
of vehicle, equipment,
and infrastructure

Fused Projectiles (Rocket, Artillery, mortars)

HPM

Personnel

Media

Deep and
buried targets

Ground & Air
Data Links

IADS/IADS C2

EW is
More than
Just
CREW!

“Every enemy weapons system or article of equipment that transmits, receives or is
susceptible to EM energy is a potential EW target.”





USSTRATCOM Operational Concept for EW, 29 June 2006

Networked
Comms

C2
Comms

Mortars

RCIED

RPG

ADA

Missiles

Infrastructur
e

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

A

Family of Systems
designed to provide Electronic Warfare capabilities to the Army and
Joint Force Commander. The IEWS is developed along three lines of effort: Multi
-
Function
EW (MFEW), EW Planning & Management (EWPMT), and Defensive Electronic Attack (DEA).
Building blocks of IEWS will be modular, scalable and interoperable to allow tailored
responses to a variety of threats and scenarios.

Integrated Electronic Warfare System

Plan, Coordinate and Integrate
EW Activities

EW Planning &
Management Tools
(EWPMT)

Protect Personnel, Platforms
and Systems

Defensive EA (DEA)

Attack and Exploit

Personnel, Platforms and Systems

Multi
-
Function EW
(MFEW)

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

Program/System Characteristics

Description

Characteristics

Benefits to the Warfighter

IEWS Concept



Increases a commander’s ability to shape and control
the EMS to his advantage




Reduces the risk of “frequency fratricide” through
enhanced situational awareness and system
compatibility




Enhances Joint coordination through a networked
planning and battle management capability




Reduces Army dependency on high demand low
density Joint EW systems (e.g., Prowler, Growler,
Compass Call)




Addresses a portion of 13 of 29 Army EW CBA Gaps
and of 17 of 34 Joint EW CBA Gaps are
addressed



Provides networked capabilities to plan, manage and execute
EW operations within a highly complex operational environment




Gives organic air and ground EA capabilities to select units




Enhances the Army’s ability to protect personnel, equipment
and facilities against EMS based threats






Provides integrated and coordinated Electronic
Attack (EA), Electronic Protection (EP) and
Electronic Warfare Support (ES) capabilities to
select units (e.g., Brigade Combat Teams)




Gives commanders the ability to leverage and
synergize both organic and external EW resources
via networked and interoperable planning and
battle management capabilities




Develops modular, scalable capabilities along
three lines of effort:
EWPMT
, MFEW and DEA



UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

Increment

Number

Multi
-
Function EW
(MFEW)

EW Planning &
Management Tools
(EWPMT)

Defensive
Electronic
Attack (DEA)

1

(FY12
-
17)

Electronic Protection and Electronic Warfare Support
inherent in all three capabilities.



Offensive capabilities

o

Ground
FoS

(Mounted/
Dismounted / Fixed)

o

Air



Planning Tools



Battle Management
Tools



Personnel



Platform



Fixed Site
(Combined with MFEW
-
Fixed)

Key Assumptions, Constraints and Dependencies:



Prioritized EW gaps; consider integrated capabilities


Fieldable

capabilities
within
3
-
5 years


Select threat priorities (tiered approach)


ARFORGEN 1 Corps/4 Division/15 BCTs/ 70,000 Enabling Units


Leverage Army’s CREW investment


Affordability rigor:


Requirements baseline informed by cost drivers


Established unit cost targets refined by subsequent
AoAs

Incremental Capability Strategy

Acquisition
Program
Responsibility
Assigned to PEO
IEWS by AAE on
7 Jan 2011

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

Multi
-
Function EW (MFEW)

Description

Characteristics

Initial Distribution Estimate



Offensive EA organic to the BCT



Family of Systems (
FoS
) that provides decisive
non kinetic attack capability to deliver scalable
non
-
lethal effects



Offensive EW operations in support of Full
Spectrum Operations.



MFEW
-
GND: Qty 74 per variant



2 per IBCT; 2 per HBCT; 3 per SBCT; 3 per
ACR; 4 per MI BN in
BfSB
; 6 per Special
Forces Group; 2 per Ranger Battalion



MFEW
-
AIR: Qty 34
(x 3 payloads/system)
on
GreyWolf

UAV or other designated
platform



2 per BCT



Training: Qty Estimate



6 MFEW
-
GND / 4 MFEW
-
AIR for TRADOC



2 each AIR/GND variant for USASOC

Attack and Exploit

Personnel, Platforms and Systems

Multi
-
Function EW
(MFEW)



Attacks threat military/commercial
comms



Detect/locate/identify/deny enemy use of
spectrum



FoS

with variants:



MFEW
-
GND Mounted, Dismounted, and Fixed Site



MFEW
-
AIR on unmanned platform



Networked
for
dynamic
retasking

/cooperative EA



Rapidly reprogrammable

Addresses 4 Army EW CBA gaps and 8 Joint EW CBA Gaps

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

EW Planning & Management Tools

Description

Characteristics

Initial Distribution Estimate



EW Planning


tools to coordinate,
manage, and
deconflict

unit EW activities;
produces EW orders and estimates, local
EME SA/visualization to employ EW
assets



EW Battle Management


offensive EW
targeting, dynamically task and
reprogram EW assets; synchronize EW
spectrum operations; support EOB
development ; and conduct EW battle
damage assessment



Effects cell within Mission Command



Software applications and tools; relies on
existing hardware



Networks Army IEWS and Joint EW systems



Integrates with existing databases: fires,
intelligence support, and spectrum management



Operates at the Secret (non
-
collateral) level
through SIPRNET
comms

and network interfaces



One set of tools per each BN and
higher HQs authorized a 29 Series
Soldier


Plan, Coordinate and Integrate
EW Activities

EW Planning & Management
Tools (EWPMT)

Addresses 11 Army EW CBA gaps and 12 Joint EW CBA Gaps

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

Defensive Electronic Attack

Description

Characteristics

Initial Distribution Estimate



Force protection to ground forces
operating in convoys, dismounted units,
and fixed locations



Integrated with EWPMT for exploitation
and analysis of Electromagnetic
Environment (EME)



RCIED and potentially non
-
RCIED threats



Protects against global RCIED threat



Three variants: Mounted/Dismounted/Fixed Site


Fixed site co
-
located w/MFEW
-
GND FIXED



Post
-
mission & limited real
-
time data analysis



Dynamic allocation of EA/ES resources within
convoy



Networked within convoy and to EWPMT



Blue Force
comms

compatibility



Emitter mapping for convoy SA



DEA
-
Mounted: IAW CREW distribution



1 per vehicle



DEA
-
Fixed: combined with MFEW
-
Fixed
for offensive/defensive EA capability



2 per BN HQs; 4 per BDE HQs, 6 per DIV HQs



DEA
-
Dismounted: Qty 1380



1 per HQs CO, 1 per PLT



Training: Qty Estimate



10 DEA
-
Mounted; 2 DEA
-
Fixed; and 10 DEA
-
Dismounted systems for TRADOC.

Protect Personnel, Platforms and Systems

Defensive EA (DEA)

Addresses 2 Army EW CBA gaps and 5 Joint EW CBA Gaps

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

Description

Characteristics

Benefits/Capabilities


Scalable, flexible,
and open
architecture;
Technology
Insertion (TI) to counter dynamic threat


High
-
speed
Wideband Beyond
Line
-
Of
-
Sight
(BLOS
) data
communications provide
NSAnet/Global SIGINT Enterprise
access at point of collect that enables processing,
collaboration, and dissemination of intelligence


Collaborative audio and data file
-
sharing via the Real Time
Regional Gateway (RTRG)


Up
-
armored and environmental controls improve
sustainability and survivability


Supports the Warfighter in New Dawn, Enduring
Freedom,
and other
worldwide
missions


Prophet currently
exploiting signals internals for
intelligence and immediate combat information in
support of Counter Insurgency/Irregular Warfare
operations


Precision geolocation supports High Value Target/High
Value Individual (HVT/HVI)
targeting


Supports the Integrated Sensor Coverage Area (ISCA):
Persistent Area Assessment, Situational Development,
and Mission Overwatch


Provides combat information and actionable intelligence
in support of force protection and maneuver operations



The BCT and BfSB dedicated, all weather, 24/7 tactical
Signals Intelligence (SIGINT)
and
Electronic
W
arfare
(EW) system; and is an integral part of
expeditionary
Army
full spectrum operations



Enhanced ground
-
based capability to detect, identify,
precision locate, and exploit enemy communications
from Mobile At
-
the
-
Halt
(ATH
),
Stationary Fixed Site, and
Manpacked configurations



Prophet Control


technical
s
teerage
,
SIGINT analysis
,
and actionable intelligence until DCGS
-
A migration
strategy and MI Rebalance final decision implemented

Linked to ARFORGEN reflecting
the G8 Equipping Strategy



Data Analysis, Central
AN/MSW
-
24

Communication

Central AN/TSQ
-
248

Prophet Control

T
-
LITE*

AN/MLQ
-
40 (
v)4 AN/MLQ
-
40(v)5

Prophet Electronic Support

1/1+

With WB/BLOS

Without WB/BLOS

POR

Prophet Enhanced

QRC
-

Panther
XM
-
1229


[AN/MLQ

44 (V)1]

Prophet
Control

*
TROJAN
-
Lightweight Integrated Telecommunications Equipment

Prophet (SIGINT)

Electronic Support

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED


Why POR (RCON)?



Investment based on Lessons Learned, constant change of vehicle for mobile ops, and opportunity to
provide additional capability with lifecycle cost savings


Designed to better enable Technical Insertion/P3I

-
Low coupling between modules; modular, scalable, open architecture allows insertion of new
capability packages without impacting existing modules


Reduced complexity/
SWaP
, improved usability, increased reliability/maintainability

-
80% less power, 40% less weight, 63% less volume, 43% less cabling

-
Supports Multi
-
INT vehicle integration

-
Hookup is simplified using visual cable and chassis markers; easier access to LRUs

-
Use of common components reduces training costs


Improved modularity/flexibility to support multiple simultaneous missions

-
Mission
-
Tailorable



take only necessary equipment for specific mission

-
Dismount & Man
-
pack; Dismount & Mobile; Mobile & Man
-
pack

-
Functional capabilities fully contained in independent modules


SATCOM, Sensor, and Network/Server functions are independent

-
Transit cases/modules powered independently

-
Enables mobile (without A
-
kit) operations on various military platforms

Enables a non
-
vehicle specific solution and
simultaneous ops with
significant reductions
in integration time,
integration
design cost and
per
system integration costs

UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED


Prophet Network Convergence WG



Goal: Migrate Prophet from TROJAN transport architecture into the Common Army
Tactical Architecture (WIN
-
T)



Requirements: Due to Prophet’s unique mission, Prophet sensor and control nodes
require low latency connectivity directly to NSA via
NSANet
, as well as access to JWICS,
plus help desk and NETOPS support

-
WG has met three times (Aug and Oct 10, Jan 11) to refine requirements for Prophet,
e.g., Number of Nodes, Bandwidth by Enclave, Latency Constraints

-
ATH requirements are now threshold; OTM requirements moved to objective



PM WIN
-
T and TCM N&S COA development has identified a proposed way
-
ahead that
leverages WIN
-
T
Incr

1 Modems at NSC
-
T and RHN’s as notional architecture.

-
Notional Architecture addresses
QoS

for Prophet Sensors as part of a Mesh Sub
-
Net
that assures at minimum 512Kbs threshold requirement



Way Ahead for 2011:

-
Conduct “Face to Face” meeting with major stakeholders

-
Identify resources needed (funding, equipment, SATCOM bandwidth and
NSANet
/JWICS connectivity) and coordinate schedule and draft test plan

-
Conduct Proof of Concept in CONUS using the NSC
-
T as a SATCOM
PoP

with direct
connectivity to the TNCCs or GISA.










UNCLASSIFIED

ATTACK


PROTECT


SUPPORT

UNCLASSIFIED

QUESTIONS?

14