Malnutrition is indicated by impairment to physical and/or mental health

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THE EFFECTS OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS TO THE ACADEMIC
PERFORMANCE OF GRADE I
I

PUPILS


Introduction



Malnutrition is indicated by
impairment

to physical and/or mental health
resulting from failure to meet nutrient requirements. The deficiency of nutrient is
a result from lack of nutrient consumption. Most of the effects of Malnutrition
include low birth weight, impaired growth, high infant mor
tality, anemia and
other specific nutrient deficiencies.


Malnourished children often experience loss of mental capacities. They
become sickly and loss their presence of mind. Because of this children that are
malnourish often have low performance in schoo
l.


School feeding program is done to reduce the number of malnourished
children and improve their nutritional status and at the same time improving
their performance inside the class.


CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK



Every human being has the right to health. This is a basic right which is
guaranteed under the Philippine Constitution of 1987 Article 11, Section 15 stated
that
“the

state shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and
instill consciousne
ss among them”.

Casson (1998) says, “Every person who has good health is sure to excel in an
endeavor while a person with poor health generally has problems in life.”


Kasilak/Jollibee Foundation sponsored the Busog Lusog Talino Program.
This program is ex
pected to be able to eliminate “Short Term Hunger” by
providing lunch in the schools made up of low cost with high nutrient food.


Some Grade I pupils in Kilabong Elementary School are having poor
nutrition. Most of them are underweight which one of the s
ign that the child is
malnourished. If this continues, the effect may be harmful to child’s growth and
development.










NORMAL

WASTED

SEVERELY WASTED





HIGH 90
-
100%

AVERAGE

80
-
89%

LOW

70
-
79%




FIGURE 1

A diagram showing the BLT Feeding Program as the Independent Variable and
Nutritional Status and Academic Performance as the Dependent Variable.



STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM


This research deals with the
effect of BLT feeding program to the nutritional
status and academic performance of Grade I
I

pupils in Kilabong Elementary School.
Specifically, it answered the following questions:

BLT Feeding
Program

NUTRITIONAL STATUS

ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

1.

What is the
effect of the BLT feeding program o
n the nutritional status
before
and after administering to Grade II pupils?

2.

What is
effect of the BLT feeding program on the academic program
before and after administering?

3.

Is there any significant effect of the feeding program on nutritional
status and a
cademic performance of grade I pupils?


HYPOTHESIS


This study will determine two null hypotheses:

1.

There is no significant relationship between the feeding program and
N
utritional
S
tatus

of Grade
two

Pupil.

2.

There is no significant relationship between the
feeding program and
the academic performance of grade
two

pupils.

3.

There is no significant relationship between nutritional status and
academic performance before and after the administering the feeding
program.


DEFINITION OF TERMS


Nutrition
is the
process of absorbing nutrients from food and processing them in
the body in order to keep healthy or to grow.(Encarta Dictionary)

Food

is the source of nutrients that provides living things with the nutrients they need
for growth and energy.

Nutritional St
atus


Is defined by using the following indicators, weight, height
and age as classified.

Feeding Program

is feeding the children to improve their body condition and
reach the normal level of nutritional status.

Severely wasted

referred to the malnourished

children

who needs to be feed
properly
.

Normal

is referred to

healthy in terms physical, mental and emotional
.

Wasted

is referred to the partially malnourished.

Academic Performance

refers to how students deal with their studies and how
they cope with or

accomplish different tasks given to them by their teachers.


SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY



The result of the study will be significant because it determine the effect of the
BLT feeding program of Kilabong Elementary School on the nutritional status and
aca
demic performance of the pupils.


To the pupils
,

the result will
aid them to practice good eating habit.
This will also
teach them to eat healthy

food
s

that are low cost and are found

in their backyard

to
improve their health condition and perhaps improve
their academic performance
.



To the parents, the result will motivate and guide them to give their children the
proper foods that will enhance the physical and mental development of their children.


To the teachers, the result will help them determine the

body condition of the
pupils
. It will also help them organize classroom feeding program asking the
help/support from each pupils and parents.



School

administrators, the result is very important because it will
notify the
administrators to source out or
find
support

for fund to stakeholders and organizations

so that the program will continues
.


REVIEW
OF THE

LITERATURE


Good nutrition is important to supporting growth and maximizing learning
potential. Due to current research, we are becoming increasingly educated on the role
nutrition plays on the body’s and mind’s ability to grow and the performance of our
potential lea
rning capacity. Nutritional intake affects energy levels, physical stamina,
mood, memory, mental clarity, and emotional and mental well
-
being. Research is
proving good nutrition is pertinent for the brain, so the old adage, “You are what you
eat” is provin
g to be true. Parents and educators need to educate today’s youth to make
healthier food choices because they are being raised in a culture of fast food (Meyer,
2005). Because today’s children are being raised during a time when many meals are not
being pr
epared at home, America is seeing the negative outcomes of poor nutritional
choices.

Elementary students that have a positive perception of school meals tend to be
more satisfied with the school foodservice and nutrition program; therefore they are
more li
kely to participate in the school food program (Meyer, 2005). As student
progress their tastes change and to keep up with those changes the school food
environment tends to become increasingly less healthy (Finkelstein et al., 2008). These
less healthy cho
ices are more options for food opportunities that compete with the main
lunch line that provides healthier options.

Providing quality food that is appealing to students will help promote healthy
eating among students as will limiting students’ access to l
ow
-
nutrient, high
-
energy
foods. School meal programs play an important role in the nutritional adequacy of
students’ diets. Dietary adequacy is of the utmost importance for students with their
nutrient requirements to sustain normal growth and development.

Even mild nutrient
deficiencies can end with negative long
-
term effects on growth and function (Sampson
et al., 1995).

According to the World Health Organization, most of the elementary children
are lack if energy
-
protein nutritional elements that help in

boosting the children’s
weight and height.


More than this, the most prevailing health problems of the
elementary pupils are anemia, Vitamin A deficiency, goiter and impairment of vision
and hearing from different regions in a particular country.

In this

connection, in the Philippines, all the public schools have been required
by the Department of Health to have a regular health and nutritional program for the

children.


Aside
from

this advocacy; there is also a habitual growth monitoring and
feeding prog
ram.


Furthermore, there are also nutritional education schemes for the
concerned pupils, parents, teachers and school heads in how to eliminate the habitual
absenteeism, dropping out of schools and failures of grades of many elementary
students.


Likewis
e, many other factors are being given focus by the health
organizations together with the Department of Education and they include the
academic performance of the pupils that is under the satisfactory level.


Besides, most of
the students, especially in th
e lower sections; do not have the ability to give focus and
concentration in the class discussion.


It has been also revealed that most elementary
students do not
have study

habits at home.


They could not study their lessons
independently without the guid
ance of their parents or tutors.



METHODOLOGY




The study will be conducted in Kilabong Elementary School. This school is
located at Sitio Kilabong, Vista Villa, Bukidnon. It is 4 km away from the high way of
Dalirig, Manolo, Fortich Bukidnon
. The school is surrounded by Pineapple Plantation.
Most of the residents are farmers or laborers who work for the big
-
time land owners.



The respondent of the research will be
the grade two

pupils

in Kilabong
Elementary School, Kilabong, Vista Villa, S
umilao, Bukidnon for School Year
2012
-
2013
.

Total enumeration among the grade two

pupils constitute the
subject of the study.


The researcher will
use documentary design in conducting the study like nutritional

status and the average grade of the pupil. Be
fore administering the BLT feeding
program, the researcher will the get first quarter average grade of the pupils as the
basi
s
study and after the BLT feeding program the researcher will get the average grade
of the 2
nd

to 4
th

quarter for comparison. The

same with the nutritional status, the
researcher will get the nutritional status before and after administering the BLT feeding
program.




The data were tabulated and computed in the following manner:

Table
1

Nutritional status
before and after the BLT
program


BMI

Before

After

Difference

Remarks

Normal

54%

82%

28%

Increased

Wasted

20%

18%

-
2%

Decreased

Severely
Wasted

26%

0%

-
26%

Decreased

Total






T
able
2
Academic Performance

of grade II pupils before and after administering the
feeding program.


Before

after

difference

R
emarks






M

75.7

79.1

3.4

Increased

F

77.7

80.3

2.6

Increased



Treatment of Data


The mean and quantitative

description was

used to answer the problems on this
study. The mean was solved using the following formula:

X=
x(no. of responses
)


N(actual no. of respondents)


RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS


Table 1 show
s

the
mean of the nutritional status classified as normal, wasted
and
severely wasted before and after administering the BLT feeding program.

Based on the
table it shows that there is a difference between before and after

results. Normal status
increased the number of wasted decreased and so with the severely wasted. The
refore it
answers question number one where in there is an effect of BLT program to the
nutritional status. In addition feeding program is a good intervention for improving the
nutritional status of the pupils.

Table 2 shows the mean of the academic perfo
rmance of grade II pupils. And it
answers question number two wherein there is a difference to academic performance
between before and after administering the BLT program. After the program it shows
that the performance of the pupils increases. Therefore t
here is a significant relationship
between the BLT program and academic performance.

The
results also show

that there is a significant relationship between the nutritional
status and academic performance.


RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION


Research increasing
ly supports the important link between nutrition and
learning potential. Healthy eating is essential for students to achieve their full academic
potential, mental growth, and lifelong health and well
-
being. When children are not
receiving proper nutrition
they are unable to reach their full potential. Schools need to
educate parents and children on how to live a healthy lifestyle that includes proper
nutrition. Schools can help school
-
aged children develop healthy eating habits by
emitting a consistent heal
th message by ensuring that healthy food choices are offered
at school. School administrators need to provide opportunities for staffs to receive
education on good nutrition and health in the school environment. Schools should
establish committees that inc
lude parents and community members to promote a
healthy school atmosphere by focusing on nutrition and vending policies.

Schools need to make the commitment to offer quality meals that provide the
energy and nutrients students need to achieve their maximu
m potential. Meals should
be served in a comfortable, friendly atmosphere. Since environment does play a role in
students’ eating behaviors, students may be more apt to eat a healthy meal if they have
enough time to eat, relax, and converse with their frie
nds. Making the cafeteria pleasing
to the eye and having pleasant food service workers can appeal to the overall sense of
ease and encouragement of consuming a healthy meal.

Nutrition education makes a difference in making healthy eating choices.
Students

at all levels should receive nutrition education that will teach them the skills to
make healthy choices not only at school but at home as well. Families should also
receive nutrition bulletins throughout the school year to help them reinforce what is
bei
ng learned at school.

Making healthy food choices available to students is important as is educating
students, parents, teachers, food service staff, administrators, and the community.
Schools need to promote a healthy eating environment and seek out stud
ent input to be
used when planning a healthy menu. The goal is to meet the dietary needs so that
students are able to reach their potential physically and cognitively.

Due to the considerable amount of time children spend at school more attention needs
to

be paid to the food options that are available if we want healthy eating to become a
normal lifelong behavior. Schools can’t ignore the importance of supporting healthy
habits since about 35% of a student’s daily calories are consumed at school (Neumark
-
S
ztainer et al., 2005). More research needs to be done to gather more information to
show a correlation between nutrition and cognitive function and academic
performance. with healthy eating opportunities and the tools to make healthy choices
no matter wher
e they are. Intense pressure has been placed on schools to have students
demonstrate high performance on state mandated test and nutrition plays a key role in
this success. Nutrition should be taken off the back
-
burner and place front and center to
help st
udents reach their full learning potential. Our goal must be to teach all children
the meaning and importance of good nutrition so they are able to develop good eating
habits that will support a lifetime of maximizing their full potential




REFERENCES:

Su
rfing the net

http://www.nmu.edu/sites/DrupalEducation/files/UserFiles/Files/Pre
-
Drupal/SiteSections/Student
s/GradPapers/Projects/Ross_Amy_MP.pdf

(http://docs.schoolnutrition.org/newsroom/jcnm/05spring/fns.asp)

(http://docs.schoolnutrition.org/newsroom/jcnm/05spring/fns.asp)

(http://docs.schoolnutrition.org/newsroom/jcnm/05spring/fns.asp)

(http://docs.schoolnutrition.org/newsroom/jcnm/05spring/fns.asp)





















THE EFFECT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS TO THE ACADEMIC
PERFORMANCE
OF GRADE

II PUPILS

_____________________________________

An Action Research

Submitted to

MRS. LYNN REMO

Professor



Graduate School

BUKIDNON STATE UNIVERSITY

Malaybalay City


________________________________________

In Partial fulfillment for the Course

STATISTICAL METHOD

(ED 202)

________________________________________


EASTER GLOU P. SUMBALAN

SUMMER 2013