1-The Social Function of Museums Objectives

phloxcharmInternet and Web Development

Dec 4, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

88 views

1





MSc in Museology

1th
/

2nd Semester


Hours

Ects

1
-
The Social Function of Museums

25 (S)

10

2
-
In
-
depth Studies in Museology

10 (S); 15(TC)

10

3
-
Museology and Contemporary Thought

25 (S)

10

4
-
Museology, Heritage and Cultural Development

25 (S)

10

5
-
Museography and Computing Laboratory

50(TC)

10

6
-
Internship/Placement

100 (OT)

10

3th
/

4th Semester

7
-
Research Methodologies in Museology


20(TP)

10

8
-
Research Seminar in Museology

10 (S)

5

9
-
Scientific Dissertation in Museology

/
Advanced
Project Work in
Museology

/
Internship Report

20 (OT)

45

(S)
-

Seminar; TC
-

theoretical/practical; (OT)
-

Tutorial


1
-
The Social Function of Museums


Objectives

The objective of this curricular unit is to
analyze

the theoretical
-
methodological framework of
Contemporary Museology. The main reflection and practice areas of Museology will be addressed: their
relationship with the social contexts where the production conditions of the different museologic
discourses a
re developed
/
their various intervention areas. The general context of the curricular unit will
be presented
/
analyzed

in detail. We will try to define the theoretical
/
practical context of the
national
/
international
Museology
.


Course contents

1


Memory
and power:

The relationships of Museology with the memory contents; Memory as social cohesion element;
Cultural patrimony and memory in museums; Museums: conflicts, memories and identity

2


Museum and Society:

Concepts and Interdisciplinary; The idea of museum; Ways of perceiving the Museum in the
contemporary age

3
-
Modernization of museal institutions:


The cultural and patrimony institutions modernity; New forms of museal action; Innovative processes;
The new

and different functions of the modern museum

The place of the collections and patrimony in contemporary Museology

4


The present museum and the new Museology:

Action and conscientization within a new paradigm; Cultural Identity and Democracy; Open and
in
teractive system; Institutional looks and relationship with UNESCO: Santiago de Chile Declaration,
Quebec Declaration, Oaxtepec Declaration, Caracas Declaration

5
-

The museum’s social operativeness:

The museum and its social surroundings; The museum’s stud
y object


Learning outcomes of the course unit

To bring together museologic theory
/

practice.

To recognize sociomuseologic processes by applying
/

exploring new methodologies in the resolution of
problems, dialoguing with different specialists
/

finding b
alanced solutions concerning the respect for
populations
/

their patrimony.

We intend to prepare the students for the museologic exercise
/

reflection by encouraging them to
reflect, to have a critical and ethical mind and to have professional rigor.


Plan
ed learning activities, teaching methods and assessment methods and criteria

The classes are seminars that enable a comprehensive reflection about the problems under discussion.

2


The assessment is composed of an assignment that is transversal to all curricular units in which all the
addressed themes are related. The assessment is also composed of the
research' p
roject to be
developed with 5 Reading
f
iles


Recommended or required re
ading

ABREU,Regina e CHAGAS,Mário.(org) ,2003. Memória e património: ensaios contemporâneos.
FAPERJ/UNIRIO,R. de Janeior.

BALERDI, Ignácio Díaz (Coord.) (2007); La memoria fragmentada: el museo y sus paradojas, Col.
Museología e Património, Gijón, España,
Ed. Trea.

BOLAÑOS, María, 2005. La memoria del mundo. Cien años de museología (1900
-
2000). Col. Museología
e Património, Gijón, España, Ed. Trea.

MOUTINHO, Mário, 1996. Museus e Sociedade. Cadernos de Património, Monte Redondo

PRIMO, Judite Santos (org) ,
1999. Museologia e Património: Documentos e Depoimentos. In: Cadernos
de Sociomuseologia n15, Centro de Estudos de Sociomuseologia, ULHT, Lisboa.

RIVIÈRE, Georges Henri, 1993. La museología: Curso de museología/ Textos y testimonios. Arte y
Estética. Edici
ones AKAL, Espanha,.

VARINE
-
BOHAN, H. 1991. L’iniciative communautaire: recherche et experimentation. Paris: W.
MNES,(Collection Muséologie).


2
-
In
-
depth Studies in Museology

Objectives

The main objective of this curricular unit is to develop and reflect about the changes occurred in the
theoretical
-
practical field of Museology in the second half of the 20th century
/

the insertion of the
sociomuseologic work in the 21th century.

To discu
ss the development potential of the museologic institutions, especially in their formats and
scopes (social, territorial, financial).

To reflect about the importance of internal
/

external domain relating to the community in which the
museal institutions i
s inserted


Course contents


From the contemplative museum to the active museum

New formats

/

scopes of museums

Perspectives on the local development: equity

/

difference

A Museology of the development: the roots of the concept

/

their operationalization

Politics

/

museums: the recent investment on museologic institutions, objectives and profitability in the
various scopes

The museums and their direct impact on local communities

The personal development

The reinforcement of identitary links

Knowledge pre
servation

The meaning and the
valorization

of the museum’s action in the internal perspective

The museums and their indirect impact on local communities

The museum as touristic resource

The museum as promotion and viabilization factor of handicraft activ
ities

The museum as instrument of local visibility

The museum as generator of financial flows and qualified employment

The importance of the museums action in the social inclusion

Synthesis of the effective and potential action of museums as development in
struments


Learning outcomes of the course unit


To bring together museologic theory

/

practice.

To recognize sociomuseologic processes by applying

/

exploring new methodologies in the resolution of
problems, dialoguing with different specialists

/

finding

balanced solutions concerning the respect for
populations and their patrimony.

We intend to prepare the students for the museologic exercise and reflection by encouraging them to
reflect, to have a critical and ethical mind and to have professional rigor.


3


Planed learning activities, teaching methods and assessment methods and criteria

The classes are seminars that enable a comprehensive reflection about the problems under discussion.

The assessment is composed of an assignment that is transversal to all
curricular units in which all the
addressed themes are related. The assessment is also composed of the research' project to be
developed with 5 Reading files


Recommended or required reading:

A.A.V.V.(2001) Politique e Musées, L’Harmattan, Patrimoines et S
ocietés, Paris.

Boylan, Patrick (1996). Les Projects de musées liés au tourisme et au développment local, in Musée
gérer autrement : um regard international, La Documentation Française, Paris,

CEFAT (Centro Europeu de Formação Ambiental e Turística) (1993
). El Desarrollo Turístico Sostenible en
el Médio Rural, Futures, Madrid

Estudo "Cultura e Lazer, caracterização e evolução das perspectivas de emprego", IEFP, 1999, Espaço e
Desenvolvimento, Quaternaire, Portugal

Karp, Ivan e Lavine, Stefen (1992), Museum

and Comunities : the politics of public culture, Smithsonian
Press,

Syrett, Stephen (1996); Local Development, Avebury, Aldershot, (2ª Ed)

Théveniaut
-
Muller, Martine (1999); Le développement local, une réponse politique à la mondialisation,
Desclée de Br
ouwer, Paris,

Vachon, Bernard (1991); Le développment local : théorie et prátique, réintroduire l’humain dans la
lógique de développment, Gaetan Morin, Quebeque


3
-
Museology and Contemporary Thought

Objectives

Framing the study of
M
useology and
Sociomuseology in the broader context of contemporary thought.

Relate Sociomuseology theory with different areas of knowledge
.

Understanding the connections of Sociomuseology with different currents of thought


Course contents

1

T
he contempoary thought
: its panorama

Major authors


symbolic books

2

W
hat are the primordial epistems
-
paradigms of contemporary thought

Marx, Freud, Sartre
,

Nietzsche, Darwin, Einstein, Mcluhan:
the Primordial Epistemes
-
Paradigms

3

Science, Technology And Society


Histori
cal
-
structural parameters of Portuguese Society


Humanities vs. Technologies?


Learning outcomes of the course unit

Framing the study of
M
useology and Sociomuseology in the broader context of contemporary thought.

Relate Sociomuseology theory with
different areas of knowledge
.

Understanding the connections of Sociomuseology with different currents of thought


Planed learning activities, teaching methods and assessment methods and criteria

The classes are seminars that enable a comprehensive reflection about the problems under discussion.

The assessment is composed of an assignment that is transversal to all curricular units in which all the
addressed themes are related. The assessment is a
lso composed of the research' project to be
developed with 5 Reading files


Recommended or required reading

NEVES, Fernando Santos et alii.(2007), Introdução ao Pensamento Contemporâneo, Tópicos, Ensaios e
Documentos, Edições Universitárias Lusófonas.

SEDA
S, Nunes A.(1971) Questões preliminares sobre as Ciências Sociais, Ed. Presença,.

PARSONS, T., et alli, (1981). Ed. Theories of Society, Foundations of Modern Sociological Theory, com
PIAGET, J., dir. de, Lógica e conhecimento científico, tr. port., 2 vls.
, Porto, Ed. Civilização.

FOUCAULT, M. (1989). As palavras e as coisas, tr. port., Ed. 70.

PARSONS, T., et alli, (1965). Ed. Theories of Society, Foundations of Modern Sociological Theory,
complete in one volume, Free Press, Nova Iorque, Londres.

4


TOURAINE,

A. (1970). A sociedade post
-
industrial, tr. port., Ed. Moraes.

Mc. LUHAN, M. (1977). A galáxia de Gutenberg, tr. port., S. Paulo.

MARCUSE, H., (1984). O homem uni
-
dimensional, a ideologia da sociedade industrial, tr. port., Ed. Zahar.

MOREIRA, Adriano (19
84). Ciência política, Coimbra, Ed. Almedina.


4
-
Museology, Heritage and Cultural Development

Objectives

The objective of this curricular unit is to
analyze

the major issues that started to be discussed and
analyzed

in the museologic context in the second half of the twentieth century. We also intend to
analyze

the organization, influences and importance of the new typologies of museums that appeared in
that period based on some of their paradigms.

Facilitate knowled
ge that enables to critically participate in the sociomuseologic planning within an
interdisciplinary framework.

To
analyze

the development potential promoted by the museums, especially their new formats and
geographic scopes (from the national museum to
the local museum).

To prepare the students for the development problems related with the urban social
-
economic, local
and regional contexts.

To facilitate theoretical and methodological knowledge for the analysis of the different development
contexts in th
eir various dimensions and scales


Course contents

1.Problematic, concepts and methodologies in the construction of the notion of patrimony.

2.Social practices and collective memories:

Patrimony in its dimensions: human, spatial and time dimensions

3.Patrimony in the identitary construction process

The relation of temporality with the territoriality in the identitary contexts:

4.Cultural patrimony in social
-
cultural contexts

interculturality, multiculturality, cultural hybridation and the transnatio
nal problematic.

7 Patrimony Musealization

8.The role of Sociomuseology in the cultural and patrimonial asset.

9.Patrimony and Sociomuseology as development vectors.

10.Development models and policies: replacement of imports, "green revolution”, promotion
of
exports, structural adjustment, social contract

11.Dimensions of present globalization in economy, culture and politics

12.Theoretical debate: “Globalization


since when?” social organization vs. territoriality; the classic,
modern and recent authors

1
3.Realities and alternatives: what is really new?; “low” globalization and “high" globalization


Learning outcomes of the course unit

To deepen the knowledge of the different theoretical perspectives in the approach to the problematic of
Development in its

multiple dimensions and scales.

To hold recurrent discussions of the research experience done in the scope of museums.

To prepare for the discussion of the new concepts and paradigms of Museology, museums and
Patrimony.

To deepen the knowledge of the different approaches and notions of
Museology
;

To facilitate tools that allow for the analysis and organization of new categories/typologies of museums;

Theoretical and practical preparation to research and teach in Museology
, Patrimony and Cultural
Policies fields;

To use
Museology

as support to learning processes.


Planed learning activities, teaching methods and assessment methods and criteria

The classes are seminars that enable a comprehensive reflection about the problems under discussion.

The assessment is composed of an assignment that is transversal to all curricular units in which all the
addressed themes are related. The assessment is a
lso composed of the research' project to be
developed with 5 Reading files


Recommended or required reading

5


A.A.V.V. (2002). Cidadania e novos poderes numa sociedade global. (Col. Nova Enciclopédia). Lisboa:
Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian e Publicações Dom
Quixote.

ANDERSON, B. (2005). Comunidades imaginadas: Reflexões sobre a origem e a expansão do
nacionalismo. (Col. Perspectiva do Homem). Lisboa: Edições 70.

APPADURAI (1988) Modernity at large, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.

AUGÉ, Marc (199
4) Não
-
lugares, Introdução a uma antropologia da sobremodernidade, Venda Nova,
Bertrand.

CANCLINI, N. G.(2005) Diferentes, desiguais e desconectados: mapas e interculturalidades. Rio de
Janeiro: EdUFRJ

CHOAY, Françoise (2000) A alegoria do património, Lisb
oa, Edições 70,

CONNERTON, Paul (1999) Como as sociedades recordam, Lisboa, Celta.

DESVALLÉES, A. (Coord.). (2003) Que futuro para os museus e para o património cultural na aurora.

ELKINGTON, John, 2001. Canibais com garfo e faca. São Paulo: Makron Books.

SANTOS, Milton, 2005. Da totalidade ao lugar. São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo.


5
-
Laboratory and computing
museographer

Objectives

1.

The

student should become familiar

with terminology,

techniques and

methodologies presented

on
each

module.

2.

The
student should acquire

the knowledge to become active in

a

working environment,
for

developing and coordinating projects with

interactive installations,

augmented reality,

multi
-
touch

interfaces

with 2D and 3D contents

and

3D

scanning.

3.

The student

shoul
d be able to establish

a

more effective dialogue

with other

professionals

such
as

graphic designers, exhibition

designers, programmers,

web

designers

and

3D

modelers.


Course contents

Museology and Computation Lab consists of 5 units where different
subjects and technological
resources are presented by guest speakers of each specific area. The coursework is based on practical
exercises, building prototypes and study visits. The practical exercises are organized in a sequential way
allowing a progressi
on in the understanding of technical procedures necessary for designing interactive
modules in an exhibition.


Lab Units Description


1st

Unit. Audio
-
visual skills

In this module the student will be

introduced
to

audio
-
visual

terminology,

camera

operation,

audio

capture,

editing and

post
-
production.

During this
session

the student

will have to create

a narrative

and build

a

3 to

5 minutes video.


2nd

Unit.

Creation of

3D files with 3D Scanning

This module will

p
resent the

methods

and techniques to

build

a

3D scanner.

The

student will

build a

3D
scanner

and scan

a selected

object, that will be used in the following modules.


3rd

Unit. Introduction to Multi
-
touch Interfaces

This module will

present the

methods and

techniques to build

a

multi
-
touch

surface.

Students

will have
to

build a

multitouchsurface

LLP

(Laser

Light

Plane)

and test it with 2D and 3D contents.


4th

Unit. Augmented Reality and Exhibition Design

This module

will presented Augmented Reality (AR)

as

a

technology for museums expography.

The
student should

understand the process

of

AR, different

markers and

types of

software

that allow
creating AR applications.

In this session

the student

will have to build

a prototype

in

augmented
reality

with a

3D obj
ect

and construct

a narrative

around the

selected object.


5th

Unit. Body as Interface

On this module the students will work with kinect camera and build a prototype using Unity 3D.


6th

Unit. Create a Website

6


In this module the

students will create

a

webs
ite, in

a

free domain,

through a

content
management

system

(Joomla

or Drupal).The student

will have to

define the layout and

menu for
their

"Online

Portolio"

and put

it online.


Assessment

Online Portfolio

The student

will have to create

an

Online

Portfoli
o,

hosted on a server. This prototype will have to
present each prototype with 300 words followed by edited videos and images for each module. (Only
mandatory for MSc and PhD students in Museology)

Students who wish to attend the laboratory, must have
current knowledge of computing, including the
use of basic tools for image manipulation and text. Must use a laptop and a digital camera with video
recording capability. Students may request advice on the technical characteristics of these two devices.
The

remaining equipment and materials will be provided by the laboratory.


Recommended or required reading

AMERIKA, Mark (2007), META/DATA, A digital poetics, Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology.

BOLTER, Jay David e GROMALA, Diane (2005), Windows

and Mirrors, Interaction Design, Digital Art, and
the Myth of Transparency, Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

BOLTER, Jay David (2000) Remediation: Understanding New Media, Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute
of Technology.

DELEUZE, Gilles
(2006), A imagem
-
tempo, cinema 2, Tradução e introdução Rafael Godinho, Lisboa,
Assírio
/

Alvim, Título original: L'image
-
temps.
Cinéma 2, Paris, Éditions Minuit, 1985.

GAUT, Berys and LOPES, Dominic McIver Ed. (2005), The
Rutledge

companion guide to aesthetics, Oxon,
Routledge.

HANSEN, Mark B. N. (2004), New Philosophy for New Media, Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology.


6
-
Internship

Internship/Museum Placement

-

During their first year, all masters students undertake
supervised work
experience in a professional environment. The Museology Department ensures internships in a wide
network of museums in Portugal with which has agreements and works in collaboration since 1991. It
also has protocols with some museums in Braz
il, in particular São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador.


Objectives

Introduction to professional practice through the study of the institution Identify and characterize the
main vectors of structural student intervention in the institution where the
internship is accomplished

Identify issues and problems specific to different contexts internship;

Analyze and systematize the knowledge acquired in the internship, reflecting theoretical,
methodological and critically about the experiences observed and ex
perienced.

Select and train certain methods and techniques (observation, study, planning, implementation and
evaluation) to allow carrying out a planning internship and make an approach to the problems in
different intervention contexts


Planed learning ac
tivities, teaching methods and assessment methods and criteria

This
assessment

offers a systematic supervision by field staff and teachers . The academic supervision
sessions aimed at monitoring the student in learning, programming, implementation and eva
luation of
internship activities. Each student must submit internship records weekly or biweekly

Recommended or required reading

The bibliography will be the responsibility of each advisor / student through the subject matter in your
research project



7
-
Research Methodology in Museology

Objectives

To present the main stages of scientific research in Museology;

To analyze the theoretical
-
methodological Framework of Contemporary Museology;

7


To problematize relevant distinctions between concepts
/

categories as tools of scientific research;

To clarify the role played theory, methodologies
/

research technique in the Museology field;

To hold recurrent discussions of the research experience, especially in the field of museums.


Course content
s


I.
Research in Museology

1. The disciplinary statute of Museology and the place of research: the different perspectives of research
applied to Museology

2. Research in Museology in international and national context: balance and perspectives of knowledge
prod
uction in Museology

II. Research in Social Sciences: Theoretical
-
methodological issues and the research process

1. The Dynamics of the construction of knowledge in Social Sciences: a debate on the research strategies

2. Research strategies and research d
esigns in Museology

3. Research methods and main techniques in Social Sciences


a reflective revision in order to design
and apply to research in Museology by focusing on the research qualitative methodologies

4. The museologic collections as research obj
ect: methods and procedures


Learning outcomes of the course unit


To bring together museologic theory
/

practice.

To recognize sociomuseologic processes by applying and exploring new methodologies in the resolution
of problems, dialoguing with different
specialists and finding balanced solutions concerning the respect
for populations and their patrimony.

We intend to prepare the students for the museologic exercise and reflection by encouraging them to
reflect, to have a critical and ethical mind and to h
ave professional rigor.

To prepare students to teach in the fields of Museology, patrimony and cultural policies.


Planed learning activities, teaching methods and assessment methods and criteria

The classes are seminars that enable a comprehensive reflect
ion about the problems under discussion.

The assessment is composed of an assignment that is transversal to all curricular units in which all the
addressed themes are related. The assessment is also composed of the research' project to be
developed with 5

Reading files


Recommended or required reading:

CRESWELL, John W. (2003), Research Design


qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches,
Sage, Londres.

DOLBEC, André (2003),”A Investigação
-
Acção”, Investigação Social


da problemática à
colheita de
dados, GAUTHIER, Benoît (ed), Loures, Lusodidáctica, 483
-
512

FLICK, U. (2005). Métodos Qualitativos na Investigação Científica. Lisboa: Monitor

FORTIN, Marie
-
Fabienne (2003), O processo de investigação, Loures: Lusociência

GAUTHIER, Benoît (ed)

(2003), Investigação Social


da problemática à colheita de dados, Loures,
Lusodidáctica

MACKIEWICZ. Marie
-
Piere (ed.) (2001), Practien et chercheur, Paris: L’Harmattan

PERETZ, Henri (2000), Métodos em Sociologia, Lisboa, Temas e Debates

REY, Fernando (20
05), Pesquisa Qualitativa e Subjectividade, São Paulo: Thomson

SHAW, I.
/

Gould, N. (2001). Qualitative research in social work. Londres: Sage


8
-
Research Seminar in Museology

Objectives

Research Seminar introduces students to the process of academic research and allow them a moment of
reflection and sharing of the research undertaken through a presentation and debate of each thesis
project.

Since this is a time of sharing and presentati
on of the research conducted for thesis and dissertations,
the curriculum of this course is dependent on each student research route. In this sense, the choice of
content and materials to be presented is made with each supervisor.

Research Seminar suppor
t the students to conducted literature review relevant to each research topic,
to deal with ethical approaches and present the research proposal orally in seminar. Students must
develop a timeline for the proposed research

and elaborate a Gantt chart and

a Pert charts
.



8



Recommended or required reading

The bibliography will be the responsibility of each advisor / student through the subject matter in your
research project


9
-
Dissertation Scientific Museology

Objectives

The dissertation must guarantee the

respect for the objectives treated by the Dublin Descriptors

regarding the Master's Programme.


Qualifications that signify completion of the second cycle are awarded to students who:

Cycle Knowledge and understanding:

Have demonstrated knowledge and
understanding that is founded upon and extends and/or enhances
that typically associated with the first cycle, and that provides a basis or opportunity for originality in
developing and/or applying ideas, often within a research context;

Applying knowledge

and understanding:

C
an apply their knowledge and understanding, and problem solving abilities in new or unfamiliar
environments within broader (or multidisciplinary) contexts related to their field of study;

Making judgements:

H
ave the ability to
integrate knowledge and handle complexity, and formulate judgements with
incomplete or limited information, but that include reflecting on social and ethical responsibilities linked
to the application of their knowledge and judgements;

Communication

C
an co
mmunicate their conclusions, and the knowledge and rationale underpinning these, to specialist
and non specialist audiences clearly and unambiguously;

Learning skills

Have the learning skills to allow them to continue to study in a manner that may be large
ly self
-
directed
or autonomous.


Research lines

Dependant on a theme chosen to develop their research, the students have the option to choose the
following lines of research:



Museologic Theory



Museology and Cultural Policy



Museology, SSME, Quality and
Evaluation in Museums



Museographies: Documentation, Curatorship and Expography, Cultural and Educational Action



Museology and New Technologies



Musealization and Society: Expressions of Memory, Ethnographic Collections and Archaeology



Local Museology, Patri
mony and Social Representations

The research lines are duly described and were defined according to the syllabi and they are
coordinated by duly qualified lecturers. In justified situations and whenever the coordination quality is
guaranteed, new lines may

be created..