Ahmad Fikri Bin Omar B050910094

penredheadManagement

Nov 18, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

74 views

Muhammad Faiz Bin Mohamad Fuad


B050810176

Mohd

Farid

Bin
Saiman




B050810272

Muhammad
Azamuddin

Bin Abdul Aziz


B050810177

Ahmad
Fikri

Bin Omar




B050910094




General System & Design Selection
System


General Implementation Approaches


BAAN IV


SAP

Executive Support System (ESS)

Decision Support System
(DSS)

Management Information System
(MIS)

Transaction Processing System
(TPS)

Office Automation System (OAS)

Knowledge Work Systems (KWS)

M
AJOR

T
YPES

OF

I
NFORMATION

S
YSTEM

Management Information
S
ystem

P
rovides

managers with information and
support for effective decision making, and
provides feedback on daily operations

Output

or reports, are usually generated through
accumulation of transaction processing data

Each MIS is an integrated collection of
subsystems, which are typically organized
by
the

organization

Provides reports with fixed and standard
formats

Hardcopy and softcopy report

Use
transaction processing system

to store in
the computer system

End users can develop custom report

Requires formal request from users
immediately

Central Computer

Sales Reports

POS

Cash

Registers

Customers

EDI

Supplier

Bank

Process Control

Additional

Stores

Strategy

Tactics

Operations

Warehouse


Inventory

Management

CEO Information


A collection of components that work
together to realize some objective forms
a system


Three Major Components:

Design Team

Client
HQ

Finance & Management Team

Consulting
HQ

Design Project

Origination

Design Plans

Changes

Changes

& Corrections

Problems &

Suggestions

Costs & Budgets

Changes &

Costs

Cost Analysis

Cost targets

& comments

Changes &

Suggestions

Message

Supplier

Contact

Database

Design

Proposals

Supplier

Contact

Database

Message

Design

Proposals

Cost

Analysis

1

2

3

4

Message

Internal

database

External

database

Valid

database

Operational

database

Processing

system

(EDI)

MIS

Decision

support

systems

Executive

support

systems

Expert

support

systems

Business

transactions

Invalid

database

Output

Workers

Production

controller

Application

database

Recheck

Scheduled report

Produced periodically

or on
schedule (daily,
weekly, monthly)

Key
-
indicator report

Summarizes the previous day’s critical
activities

Typically available at the beginning of each
day

Demand report

Gives certain information at a manager’s
request

Exception report

Automatically produced when a situation is
unusual or requires management action

Provide support to managers

Enable managers to compare results

immediately

Enable managers to identify problem areas
and opportunities for improvement

Easy to access

data

Universal accomplish

Security and trust management system

Functional Aspects


MIS is an integrated collection of
functional information systems, each
supporting particular functional areas


Financial MIS


Provides financial information to all
financial managers within an
organization.


Financial MIS


Provides financial information to all financial
managers within an organization.


Is an information system that tracks financial
events and summarizes financial
information.


Use of information and communications
technology in financial operations to
support management and budget decision,
fiduciary responsibilities, and the
preparation of financial reports and
statements.

An Organization’s

MIS

Financial

MIS

Marketing

MIS

Human

Resources

MIS

Etc.

Accounting

MIS

Drill down reports

Exception reports

Demand reports

Key
-
indicator reports

Scheduled reports

Databases

of

external

data

Databases

of

valid

transactions

Transaction

processing

systems

Business

transactions

Business

transactions

Extranet

Internet

Etc.

Input to the Financial Information
System


Strategic plan or corporate policies


Contains major financial objectives and often
projects financial needs.


Transaction processing system (TPS)


Important financial information collected from
almost every TPS
-

payroll, inventory control, order
processing, accounts payable, accounts receivable,
general ledger.


External sources


Annual reports and financial statements of
competitors and general news items.


Financial MIS Subsystems and Output


Financial subsystems


Profit/loss and cost systems


Auditing


Internal auditing


External auditing


Uses and management of funds


Quality control reports

Process control reports

JIT reports

Operational

databases


Databases

of valid

transactions

for each

TPS

Transaction

processing

systems

Business

transactions

Business

transactions

Internet
or

Extranet

Manufacturing

MIS

Business

transactions


Databases of

external data


Databases of

internal data

Manufacturing

DSS

Manufacturing

ES


Manufacturing

applications

databases

Customers,

Suppliers

MRP reports

Production schedule

CAD output

Input to the Manufacturing MIS


Strategic plan or corporate policies.


The TPS:


Order processing


Inventory data


Receiving and inspecting data


Personnel data


Production process


External sources


Sales by customer

Sales by salesperson

Sales by product

Operational

databases


Databases

of valid

transactions

for each

TPS

Transaction

processing

systems

Business

transactions

Marketing

MIS


Databases of

external data


Databases of

internal data

Manufacturing

DSS

Manufacturing

ES


Marketing

applications

databases

Pricing report

Total service calls

Customer satisfaction

Manufacturing MIS Subsystems and
Output


Design and engineering


Master production scheduling


Inventory control


Manufacturing resource planning


Just
-
in
-
time inventory and
manufacturing


Process control


Computer
-
integrated manufacturing
(CIM)


Quality control and testing


Marketing MIS


Supports managerial activities in product
development, distribution, pricing
decisions, and promotional effectiveness

Input to Marketing MIS


Strategic plan and corporate policies


The TPS


External sources:


The competition


The market


Marketing MIS Subsystems and Output


Marketing research


Product development


Promotion and advertising


Product pricing


Benefit reports

Salary surveys

Scheduling reports

Operational

databases


Databases

of valid

transactions

for each

TPS

Transaction

processing

systems

Business

transactions

Human

Resource

MIS


Databases of

external data


Databases of

internal data

Manufacturing

DSS

Manufacturing

ES


Human

resource

applications

databases

Training test scores

Job applicant profiles

Needs and planning

reports

Human Resource MIS


Concerned with all of the activities
related to employees and potential
employees of the organization

Input to the Human Resource MIS


Strategic plan or corporate policies


The TPS:


Payroll data


Order processing data


Personnel data


External sources



Human Resource MIS Subsystems and
Output


Human resource planning


Personnel selection and recruiting


Training and skills inventory


Scheduling and job placement


Wage and salary administration


Other MISs


Accounting MISs


Provides aggregated information on accounts
payable, accounts receivable, payroll, and other
applications.


Geographic information systems (GISs)


Enables managers to pair pre
-
drawn maps or map
outlines with tabular data to describe aspects of a
particular geographic region.






Warehousing improves inventory
accuracy, optimizes your warehousing
resources, and helps you boost
customer fulfilment.

Warehousing


Manage your own transportation
needs.


use warehouse capacity more
efficiently with better transportation
planning and execution.

Freight Management


Procurement module provides
centralized and decentralized order
and contract management capabilities,
and supports the full range of
procurement activities.

Procurement


Allowing you to customize order entry procedures for
different items and customers.


provides support for the handling and releasing of
schedules, including push and pull.


Graphical enables you to more easily configure product to
customer order.

Sales


gives you seamless, end
-
to
-
end integration of your entire
service supply chain


up
-
to
-
the minute management information you need to
make clear, confident, strategic decisions.

Enterprise
Service
Management


Project and manufacturing resource management come
together in one environment, with real
-
time control for all
aspects of project manufacturing.

Project


SAP

is

German

software

corporation

that

makes

enterprise

software

to

manage

business

operations

and

customer

relations
.


System, Application and
Product (SAP)


SAP

started

in

1972

by

former

IBM

employees

in

Mannheim,

Germany
.


World’s

largest

inter
-
enterprise

software

company

and

the

world’s

fourth
-
largest

independent

software

supplier
.


SAP

ERP

product
:


SAP

Business

Warehouse



storage

system


SAP

BusinessObjects

software

-

network


Sybase

mobile

products



mobile

computing

technology


In
-
memory

computing

appliance

SAP

HANA



database


SAP

Manufacturing

The 1970s : A
Real
-
Time
Vision

Software
components
R/1 system

The 1980s :
Rapid Growth

SAP R/2
system attains
the high level
of stability

The 1990s : A
New
Approach to
Software and
Solutions

SAP R/3 is
unleashed on
the market by
1996. earned
1089
customer and
has been
installed in
more than
9000 systems
worldwide.

The 2000s :
Innovation for the
New Millennium

More than 12
million users each
day, 121000
installations
worldwide, more
than 1500 SAP
partners over 25
industry solution
and more than
41200 customers
in 120 countries.


SAP

AG's

approach

to

using

client/server

by

constructing

a

computing

solution

that

could

be

divided

into

three

discrete

layers

or

tiers
.


Among

these

issues

were

scalability,

the

need

to

easily

upgrade

business

application

logic

and

the

desire

for

technical

flexibility
.



To

this

last

point,

the

engineers

at

SAP

wanted

to

abstract

the

database

layer

so

that

many

different

databases

could

be

supported

without

having

to

go

back

and

recode

existing

programs
.



Financial

Accounting

:

A

wide

performance

which

includes

cash

management,

financial

controlling

and

cash

budget

management
.


Controlling

:

Closed

cost

accounting

from

cost

center

accounting

and

cost

element

accounting

to

profitability

analysis
.


Asset

Management

:

The

complete

management

of

all

fixed

assets

which

is

technical

asset


Project

System

:

The

integrated

cooperation

of

all

service

areas

for

the

project

planning,

processing

and

control
.


Sales

and

Distribution

:

The

solution

for

the

integrated

handling

of

all

tasks

for

sales,

shipping

and

billing
.


Materials

Management

:

The

integrated,

closed

procurement

process

with

system
-
supported

integration

of

production

planning
.


Production

Planning

:

The

PPC

system

suitable

for

all

types

of

production

with

system
-
supported

integration
.


Quality

Management

:

The

system

for

quality

assurance

in

all

areas

of

the

logistics

chain
.


Plant

Maintenance

:

The

industry
-
neutral

solution

for

the

administration

and

repair

of

technical

systems
.


Human

Resources

Management

:

From

the

integrated

processing

of

applicants,

personnel

administration

and

time

management
.


Human

Resources

Planning

:

Organization

and

position

planning,

personnel

development

with

education

and

training

administration
.

1.
Integration


The

only

real

project

aim

for

implementing

ERP

is

reducing

data

redundancy

and

redundant

data

entry
.

Integrated

with

all

the

other

operational

areas

of

a

company

and

ensures

that

the

accounting

data

is

always

complete

and

accurate
.

2.
Efficiency



Generally,

ERP

software

focuses

on

integration

and

efficiency

can

suffer

by

implementing

ERP
.

The

benefit

of

integration

and

cooperation

can

make

up

for

the

loss

in

personal

efficiency
.

3.
Accuracy



Provides

real
-
time

information,

reducing

the

possibility

of

redundancy

errors
.

Actual

individual

transactional

can

be

checked

at

any

time

in

real
-
time

posting
.



1.
Expensive


This

entails

software,

hardware,

implementation,

consultants

and

training
.

Or

you

can

hire

a

programmer

or

two

as

an

employee

and

only

buy

business

consulting

from

an

outside

source,

do

all

customization

and

end
-
user

training

inside
.

That

can

be

cost
-
effective
.


2.
Not

flexible


It

depends

on

SAP

system

software
.

Other

software

may

not

be

flexible
.

3.
Not

profitable
.


Return

on

Investment

may

take

too

long

to

be

profitable
.

SAP

implementations

have

a

risk

of

project

failure
.


What is MIS?



Give two other
approches

that
usually use in MIS with their
schematic diagram?



Besides BAAN IV and SAP, find the
other ERP method that usually use in
MIS with suitable schematic
diagram?


SAP

is

German

software

corporation

that

makes

enterprise

software

to

manage

business

operations

and

customer

relations
.


System, Application and
Product (SAP)


SAP

started

in

1972

by

former

IBM

employees

in

Mannheim,

Germany
.


World’s

largest

inter
-
enterprise

software

company

and

the

world’s

fourth
-
largest

independent

software

supplier
.


SAP

ERP

product
:


SAP

Business

Warehouse



storage

system


SAP

BusinessObjects

software

-

network


Sybase

mobile

products



mobile

computing

technology


In
-
memory

computing

appliance

SAP

HANA



database


SAP

Manufacturing

The 1970s : A
Real
-
Time
Vision

Software
components
R/1 system

The 1980s :
Rapid Growth

SAP R/2
system attains
the high level
of stability

The 1990s : A
New
Approach to
Software and
Solutions

SAP R/3 is
unleashed on
the market by
1996. earned
1089
customer and
has been
installed in
more than
9000 systems
worldwide.

The 2000s :
Innovation for the
New Millennium

More than 12
million users each
day, 121000
installations
worldwide, more
than 1500 SAP
partners over 25
industry solution
and more than
41200 customers
in 120 countries.


SAP

AG's

approach

to

using

client/server

by

constructing

a

computing

solution

that

could

be

divided

into

three

discrete

layers

or

tiers
.


Among

these

issues

were

scalability,

the

need

to

easily

upgrade

business

application

logic

and

the

desire

for

technical

flexibility
.



To

this

last

point,

the

engineers

at

SAP

wanted

to

abstract

the

database

layer

so

that

many

different

databases

could

be

supported

without

having

to

go

back

and

recode

existing

programs
.



Financial

Accounting

:

A

wide

performance

which

includes

cash

management,

financial

controlling

and

cash

budget

management
.


Controlling

:

Closed

cost

accounting

from

cost

center

accounting

and

cost

element

accounting

to

profitability

analysis
.


Asset

Management

:

The

complete

management

of

all

fixed

assets

which

is

technical

asset


Project

System

:

The

integrated

cooperation

of

all

service

areas

for

the

project

planning,

processing

and

control
.


Sales

and

Distribution

:

The

solution

for

the

integrated

handling

of

all

tasks

for

sales,

shipping

and

billing
.


Materials

Management

:

The

integrated,

closed

procurement

process

with

system
-
supported

integration

of

production

planning
.


Production

Planning

:

The

PPC

system

suitable

for

all

types

of

production

with

system
-
supported

integration
.


Quality

Management

:

The

system

for

quality

assurance

in

all

areas

of

the

logistics

chain
.


Plant

Maintenance

:

The

industry
-
neutral

solution

for

the

administration

and

repair

of

technical

systems
.


Human

Resources

Management

:

From

the

integrated

processing

of

applicants,

personnel

administration

and

time

management
.


Human

Resources

Planning

:

Organization

and

position

planning,

personnel

development

with

education

and

training

administration
.

1.
Integration


The

only

real

project

aim

for

implementing

ERP

is

reducing

data

redundancy

and

redundant

data

entry
.

Integrated

with

all

the

other

operational

areas

of

a

company

and

ensures

that

the

accounting

data

is

always

complete

and

accurate
.

2.
Efficiency



Generally,

ERP

software

focuses

on

integration

and

efficiency

can

suffer

by

implementing

ERP
.

The

benefit

of

integration

and

cooperation

can

make

up

for

the

loss

in

personal

efficiency
.

3.
Accuracy



Provides

real
-
time

information,

reducing

the

possibility

of

redundancy

errors
.

Actual

individual

transactional

can

be

checked

at

any

time

in

real
-
time

posting
.



1.
Expensive


This

entails

software,

hardware,

implementation,

consultants

and

training
.

Or

you

can

hire

a

programmer

or

two

as

an

employee

and

only

buy

business

consulting

from

an

outside

source,

do

all

customization

and

end
-
user

training

inside
.

That

can

be

cost
-
effective
.


2.
Not

flexible


It

depends

on

SAP

system

software
.

Other

software

may

not

be

flexible
.

3.
Not

profitable
.


Return

on

Investment

may

take

too

long

to

be

profitable
.

SAP

implementations

have

a

risk

of

project

failure
.


What is MIS?



Give two other
approches

that
usually use in MIS with their
schematic diagram?



Besides BAAN IV and SAP, find the
other ERP method that usually use in
MIS with suitable schematic
diagram?


END…


Thank You…



Q & A????