MLA Citation Guide

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Oct 24, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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MLA Citation Guide

**In MLA, if the required information is not available, leave it out and move on
to the next bit of information in the entry. For example, if there is no author,
start with the title. In the instance of electronic resources,
placeholders are
now being used. Those will be listed with the website example below.

Please
note that to save space, these entries are single
-
spaced. All entries on an
actual paper should be double
-
spaced.


Book


Last, First M.
Title of Book
. City Pub
lished: Publisher, Year Published. Print.


Ex
:

Carley, Michael J.
1939:

The Alliance That Never Was and the Coming of World War II
.
Chicago: Ivan R. Dee Publishing, 1999. Print.



Chapter/Anthology


Last, First M. “Section Title.”
Boo
k/Anthology
. Ed. First M.Last. Edition. City
Published: Publisher, Year Published. Page range of entry. Medium of
Publication.


Ex:

Melville, Herman. “Hawthorne and His Mosses.”
The Norton Anthology of American
Literature
. Ed. Nina Baym
. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1989. Print.




Article In Reference Book


“Article title.”
Name of Reference Book
. Edition. Year Published. Print.


Ex:

"Ideology."
The American Heritage Dictionary
. 3rd Edition. 1997. Print.




Newspaper/Magazine/Periodical



Last, First M. “Article Name.”
Newspaper

Day Month Year: Page(s). Print.


Ex:

Campoy, Ana. "Gasoline Surges in Southeast After Ike."
The Wall Street Journal

23
Sept. 2008: A14. Print.



Book Editor


Journal


Last, First M., and First

M. Last. “Article.”
Journal Name

Volume.Issue (Year): Page(s).
Print.


Ex:


Bharadwaj, Parag, and Katerine T. Ward. "Ethical Considerations of Patients with
Pacemakers."
American Family Physician

78
.3

(2008): 398
-
99. Print.



Website

**Electronic
sources now use placeholders for some missing information. If there is
no author, one wi
ll still begin with the title;
however, if there is no publisher, date,
or pages given, one must use placeholders. Use
n.p.

to indicate there is no publisher
or spons
or. Use
n.d.

when the source does not provide a publication date, and use
n.
pag.

when there are no specified page numbers.

MLA does not require web
addresses; however, if your teacher requires it, put it at the end of the entry inside
brackets.




Last, First M. “Website Article.”
Website
. Publisher, Day Month Year. Web. Day
Month Year.



Ex:

Friedland, Lois. "Top 10 Natural and Wildlife Adventure Travel Trips."
About.com
.
New York Times Company, 22 Sept. 2008. Web. 25 Sept. 2008.


“Costumes of the Middle Ages.”
The Middle Ages.

n.p. n.d. Web. 07 Aug. 2011.

http://www.middleages.com/
.


Online Database (Jour
nal)



Last, First M. “Article
.” Journal

Volume.Issue (Year): Pages.
Database.

Web. Day
Month Year.


Ex:


Ahn, Hyunchul, and Kyoung
-
jae Kim. "Using Genetic Algorithms to Optimize Nearest
Neighbors for Data Mining."
Annals of Operations Research

263.1 (2008): 5
-
18.
Academic Search Premier
. Web. 25 Sept. 2008.


McKenzie, Julie. “The Unseen Dangers of Student Loans.”
Education Today

5.2
(2011): n. pag.
JSTOR
. Web. 05 Sept. 2011.



This handout provides examples based on the information from the
OWL at Purdue University and EasyBib.com.

Date

Published

Date

you accessed

Date

you accessed