MLA Citation Guide
**In MLA, if the required information is not available, leave it out and move on
to the next bit of information in the entry. For example, if there is no author,
start with the title. In the instance of electronic resources,
now being used. Those will be listed with the website example below.
note that to save space, these entries are single
spaced. All entries on an
actual paper should be double
Last, First M.
Title of Book
. City Pub
lished: Publisher, Year Published. Print.
Carley, Michael J.
The Alliance That Never Was and the Coming of World War II
Chicago: Ivan R. Dee Publishing, 1999. Print.
Last, First M. “Section Title.”
. Ed. First M.Last. Edition. City
Published: Publisher, Year Published. Page range of entry. Medium of
Melville, Herman. “Hawthorne and His Mosses.”
The Norton Anthology of American
. Ed. Nina Baym
. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1989. Print.
Article In Reference Book
Name of Reference Book
. Edition. Year Published. Print.
The American Heritage Dictionary
. 3rd Edition. 1997. Print.
Last, First M. “Article Name.”
Day Month Year: Page(s). Print.
Campoy, Ana. "Gasoline Surges in Southeast After Ike."
The Wall Street Journal
Sept. 2008: A14. Print.
Last, First M., and First
M. Last. “Article.”
Volume.Issue (Year): Page(s).
Bharadwaj, Parag, and Katerine T. Ward. "Ethical Considerations of Patients with
American Family Physician
sources now use placeholders for some missing information. If there is
no author, one wi
ll still begin with the title;
however, if there is no publisher, date,
or pages given, one must use placeholders. Use
to indicate there is no publisher
when the source does not provide a publication date, and use
when there are no specified page numbers.
MLA does not require web
addresses; however, if your teacher requires it, put it at the end of the entry inside
Last, First M. “Website Article.”
. Publisher, Day Month Year. Web. Day
Friedland, Lois. "Top 10 Natural and Wildlife Adventure Travel Trips."
New York Times Company, 22 Sept. 2008. Web. 25 Sept. 2008.
“Costumes of the Middle Ages.”
The Middle Ages.
n.p. n.d. Web. 07 Aug. 2011.
Online Database (Jour
Last, First M. “Article
Volume.Issue (Year): Pages.
Ahn, Hyunchul, and Kyoung
jae Kim. "Using Genetic Algorithms to Optimize Nearest
Neighbors for Data Mining."
Annals of Operations Research
263.1 (2008): 5
Academic Search Premier
. Web. 25 Sept. 2008.
McKenzie, Julie. “The Unseen Dangers of Student Loans.”
(2011): n. pag.
. Web. 05 Sept. 2011.
This handout provides examples based on the information from the
OWL at Purdue University and EasyBib.com.