Exam 3 Study
Key Terms: Karyotype, Chromosomes, Genes, Alleles, Gene Locus,
Homozygous, Heterozygous, Genotype, Phenotype, Codominance, Incomplete
Dominance, Epistasis, Genetic Abnormality, Genetic Disorder, Nondisjunction,
Know how to draw a Punnett Square and use it to determine the
probibility of certin genotypes and phenotypes.
Understand how the ABO blood typeing works.
Understand why disease alleles remain in the population.
Key Terms: DNA, Double Helix, Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine, DNA
Helicase, DNA Ligase, DNA Polymerase
Understand how early researchers discovered that DNA was
responsible for inheritance.
Know the basic process of DNA replicat
Know what cloning really is.
Key Terms: Transcription, Translation, Messenger RNA, Ribosomal RNA,
Transfer RNA, Promoter, Framshift Mutations, Genetic Engineering
Know the steps between gene and protein.
Know some co
mmon causes of mutations.
Key Terms: Recombinant DNA, Genetic Engineering, Transgenic Food, Human
Gene therapy, DNA Fingerprinting, Bacterial plasmids
nderstand how the cutting and pasting of DNA can lead to new
Know some examples of plants and animals that have been genetically
ame some important uses for DNA fingerprinting.
Understand how DNA can be inserted into humans for gene therapy
Key Terms: Comparative Morphology, Repr
oductive Capacity, Natural Selection,
gical Divergence, Morphological
Directional Selection, Stabilizing
Selection, Bottleneck, Founder
Know the basic evidence for the theor
y of evolution.
Understand the natural limits placed on population increase.
Understand how natural selection can lead to adaptations
Key Terms: Intelligent Design, Stratification, Radiometric Dating
and its problems.
Know the six major kingdoms in the taxonomic system