Study Guide For Exam 3

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Dec 11, 2012 (4 years and 10 months ago)

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Biology 100
Exam 3 Study

Guide



Chapter 8:


Key Terms: Karyotype, Chromosomes, Genes, Alleles, Gene Locus,
Homozygous, Heterozygous, Genotype, Phenotype, Codominance, Incomplete
Dominance, Epistasis, Genetic Abnormality, Genetic Disorder, Nondisjunction,

Aneuploidy




Key Concepts:



Know how to draw a Punnett Square and use it to determine the
probibility of certin genotypes and phenotypes.



Understand how the ABO blood typeing works.



Understand why disease alleles remain in the population.





Chapte
r 9:



Key Terms: DNA, Double Helix, Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine, DNA
Helicase, DNA Ligase, DNA Polymerase



Key Concepts:



Understand how early researchers discovered that DNA was
responsible for inheritance.



Know the basic process of DNA replicat
ion.



Know what cloning really is.




Chapter 10:


Key Terms: Transcription, Translation, Messenger RNA, Ribosomal RNA,
Transfer RNA, Promoter, Framshift Mutations, Genetic Engineering



Key Concepts:



Know the steps between gene and protein.



Know some co
mmon causes of mutations.




Chapter 11:



Key Terms: Recombinant DNA, Genetic Engineering, Transgenic Food, Human

Gene therapy, DNA Fingerprinting, Bacterial plasmids



Key Concepts:



U
nderstand how the cutting and pasting of DNA can lead to new
phenotyp
es.



Know some examples of plants and animals that have been genetically
engineered.



N
ame some important uses for DNA fingerprinting.




Understand how DNA can be inserted into humans for gene therapy




Chapter 12:


Key Terms: Comparative Morphology, Repr
oductive Capacity, Natural Selection,

Adaptation,

Evolution,

Morpholo
gical Divergence, Morphological
Convergence
,


Directional Selection, Stabilizing

Selection, Bottleneck, Founder
Effect,


Inbreeding



Key Concepts:



Know the basic evidence for the theor
y of evolution.



Understand the natural limits placed on population increase.



Understand how natural selection can lead to adaptations




Chapter 13:


Key Terms: Intelligent Design, Stratification, Radiometric Dating
, Taxonomic

Classification


Key
Concepts
:



Understand the
Intelligent

design
hypothesis

and its problems.



Know the six major kingdoms in the taxonomic system