Assistive Technology Tools for Struggling Writers

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Nov 17, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Assistive Technology Tools for
Struggling Writers




“We must not, in trying to think about how
we can make a big difference, ignore the
small daily differences we can make.”


Marian Wright Edelman



Carol
Leynse

Harpold
, MS, OTR/L, ATP


AT Writing Tools Continuum

Writing accommodations

Reducing the written demands:


Circling/stamping answers


Multiple choice


Highlighting answers


Using a scribe


Filling in the blanks (cloze procedure)

Low Technology Writing Tools

Tools for the Mechanics of Writing


Pencils, markers, pens of different
diameters, types of ink or lead


Grippers that enlarge or change standard
writing tools or types of writing tools




Low Technology Tools

Adaptive Paper

Commercially purchased paper


Raised line paper


Cursive ruled notebook paper

Custom created paper


Create lined paper with tables in Word


Earth paper


Grayline

paper


Low Technology Tools

Internet Handwriting Paper Resources


http://www.incompetech.com/graphpaper/



http://do2learn.com/activities/writingtools/in
dex.htm



http://donnayoung.org/penmanship/paper.ht
m


Low Technology Tools

Adaptive Notebooks & Agendas


Coil Notebooks

with special lined paper




Modified agendas to reduce writing
demands




Low Technology Tools

Seating and Positioning Tools


Chairs, cushions, backrests



Clipboards



Easels


Acrylic easels


Four inch binders



Low Technology Tools

Low Tech Alternatives to Writing



Stamps for writing


Name


Letter or number stamps



Labels with pre
-
printed words


Using bingo markers or circling multiple
choice selections

Low Technology Tools

Tools for the Mechanics of Writing


Finger spacers


Spacemen


Finger spacers



Handwriting guides




Low Technology Tools

Tools for Word Choice or Spelling



Word wall





Word lists





Word/picture dictionaries

Low Technology Tools

Supports for Writing Organization


Paper Graphic organizers/concept mapping







Research on use of tools for planning and organizing
composition by students with LD indicated visual
graphic mapping enhanced writing outcomes (2007,
Peterson
-
Karlan
,
Parette
)







Low Technology Tools

Supports for Written Organization & Note
Taking



Sticky notes with lines




Sticky flags



Highlighting tape



Regular or Erasable markers


Low Technology Tools

Supports for Composition


Sentence starters/writing prompts/writing ring








http://www.meddybemps.com/9.700.html




Pictures for background knowledge


Fusion has writing prompts available


Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Portable, battery operated devices to
support the mechanical and composition
writing process

Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Mid tech tools for mechanics of writing


Label Makers

Brother PT
-
1280 Label Maker








Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Handheld Spell Checkers



Spell checkers


Phonetic based (flex spelling)


Non
-
phonetic based


With and without text to speech



Research on use of spell checkers found that they assisted in
the editing process (Peterson
-
Karlan

&
Parette
, 2007):


Helpful when used in conjunction with proof reading strategies.


Spell checker with TTS output were needed


Select spell checkers with phonemic spell check


Teach students to strategically use a spell checker

Low Technology Tools

Supports for Process of Writing


Checklist for strategy instruction










http://www.texasat.net/default.aspx?name=trainmod.writing





Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Spell Checking Strategies


Assess for developmental spelling level


Teaching spell checking strategies


Computer Based Study Strategies


CHECK strategy (Ashton)



Computer Based Study Strategies


Spell checking strategy

http://cbss.uoregon.edu/learn/1pgrpdfs/1pgrspellck.
pdf

http://cbss.uoregon.edu/learn/lrnwrtng.html



Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

The CHECK Strategy


C
heck


Check the beginning sound of the word.


What other letter(s) could make that beginning sound?


H
unt


Hunt for the correct consonants.


Have you included all the consonants in the rest of the word?


E
xamine


Examine the vowels.


What other vowel(s) could make the same sound(s)?


C
hanges


Changes in suggested word lists may give hints.


What words are being suggested?


Is that the one you're looking for?


K
eep


Keep repeating steps one through four.


Need help? Try dictionaries and asking others for assistance.

http://www.ldonline.org/article/6233

Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Handheld Dictionaries and Thesauruses


Franklin Dictionaries & Reading Pen





Handheld Thesauruses


Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Portable Word Processors for Written
Composition


Alphasmart

/ Neo, Fusion, Dana








Research indicates students with adequate computer
literacy demonstrated increased composition length
with word processing when compared to handwriting
(Peterson
-
Karlan

&
Parette
, 2007).




Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Portable Word Processors with Text to Speech for
Written Composition


Dana, Fusion







Research indicates students with adequate computer literacy
demonstrated increased composition length with word
processing when compared to handwriting (Peterson
-
Karlan

&
Parette
, 2007). Word processing is an effective instructional
tool for low achieving writers (Graham &
Perin
, 2007)


Word processing with speech output allowed students to
detect errors when revising their writing.

Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Word Prediction for Mid Tech Tools


Co:Writer Smart Applelet for Neo or
AlphaSmart




WordStorm™
-
Word Prediction Program
for Fusion



Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Word Prediction for Mid Tech Tools


Research shows that word prediction used
with text to speech capabilities when word
processing can increase spelling accuracy and
word legibility


Word prediction can improve written
composition length but not speed when word
processing

(Peterson
-
Karlan

&
Parette
, 2007)



Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Portable Word Processor Utility Software


Get Utility Software


Allows uploading text documents to portable
word processor for
AlphaSmart

and Neo





Tutorials for
AlphaSmart
/Neo/
Co:Writer

Applelet
:

http://montgomeryschoolsmd.org/departments/hi
at/tech_quick_guides/



Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Electronic Writing Pens


Fly Fusion Pen


Writing, note taking pen

Performs math, scheduler,


MP3 player, upload notes to

computer, reads handwriting


Pulse Smart Pen
LiveScribe


New Echo currently is available


Handwriting recognition also available


Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Electronic Writing Pens


Fly World/Livescribe desktop software


Mid Tech AT Writing Tools

Digital Voice Recorders


Digital/cassette recorders




PDA/iPod/
iPad


Voice memo software readily
availble




MP3 player


Digital recording feature



High Tech Writing Tools

Computer Based Tools to Support Writing
Mechanics


Evidence based practices:


Text to speech,


Phonetic spell checking with text to speech


Graphic organizers


Word processing

High Tech Writing Tools

Computer Based Tools to Support Writing


Additional Evidence based practices:


Speech recognition following adequate instruction
showed:


fewer mechanical errors (including spelling errors)


increased length of compositions


increased personal vocabulary use


increased complexity of vocabulary as spelling is less
likely to interfere


positive results with students with reading problems.

High Tech Writing Tools

Computer Based Tools to Support Writing


Additional evidence based practices:


Supports for planning and organizing
components of writing improved student skills
in revising and organization:


Templates with content components


Content prompts


Procedural prompts


High Tech Writing Tools

Kidspiration


Prewriting and organizing software










High Tech Writing Tools























http://www.inspiration.com/productinfo/inspiration/interactive_demo/index.cfm

Inspiration


High Tech Writing Tools


DraftBuilder


High Tech Writing Tools

Pix Writer


Word processor with word banks
generating graphic supported text



High Tech Writing Tools

Intellitalk

3


Word processor with text to speech and
graphic supported text, switch access




High Tech Writing Tools

Intellitalk

3

High Tech Writing Tools

Intellitalk

3

High Tech Writing Tools

Intellitalk

3

High Tech Writing Tools

Intellitalk

3

High Tech Writing Tools

Word Prediction


Co
-
Writer has text to speech, word
prediction, abbreviation expansion, word
bank





Word Q has TTS, word prediction,
abbreviation expansion


High Tech Writing Tools

Talking word processors


Write
Outloud
-

word processing program with
following features:


Text to speech


Talking spell checking


Allows for content and procedure prompts


Talking dictionary


Bibliographer


Tool to assist with determining homophones


Visual and auditory cues for misspelling


Teachers can lock text prompts


High Tech Writing Tools

Write
Outloud






High Tech Writing Tools

Read & Write Gold


scan and read software



Text to speech


Word prediction


Talking spell checker, thesaurus and
dictionary


Highlight main ideas and create summary


Concept mapping and fact gathering tool


High Tech Writing Tools

Kurzweil
-

Scan and Read software


Text to speech


Word prediction


Talking spell checker, thesaurus and
dictionary


Create voice notes within text


Highlight main ideas and create notes


Concept mapping and column note taking
features

High Tech Writing Tools

Kurzweil

High Tech Writing Tools

Dragon NaturallySpeaking


Speech recognition software


Requires time and training for program to
learn the students voice


Need to use a consistent voice pattern


Users much be competence in word
processing




High Tech Writing Tools

Smartboard

Notebook Software


Interactive whiteboard/presentation
software


High Tech Writing Tools

Note Taking Software


One Note







High Tech Writing Tools

Note Taking Software


EverNote








High Tech Writing Tools

WordTalk

is a free

plug in for Word


High Tech Writing Tools

Helpful Tools in Microsoft Word :


Text to Speech (2000/2003) (WIN logo + S)


Auto text


Macros


Concept mapping with draw tools


Highlighters



High Tech Writing Tools

Text to Speech Tools


WordTalk

(
www.wordtalk.org.uk/

)


Read Please (
www.readplease.com/

)


Natural Reader (
www.naturalreaders.com/

)


CLiCk

Speak (for MAC) (
www.clickspeak.clcwork.net/

)

iPad

iPad
/iPod apps for writing:


Concept mapping tools


Dragon Dictation (requires Internet
connectivity due to cloud computing)


Voice recorders

Web 2.0 Writing Support


Ginger
-

Spell checking and grammar help







Ghotit
-

Spell checker for individuals with
dyslexia

Web 2.0 Writing Tool


Webspiration



free


for individual users






Paper Rater
-

Assists writer with review and
suggestions for improving their
compositions

Web 2.0 Writing Tool


Dictionary.com


Citation generator


Visual Thesaurus








High Tech Writing Tools

Dictionaries/Thesauruses

http://www.pdictionary.com/english/brows
e.php?db=animals

http://visual.merriam
-
webster.com/


http://www.merriam
-
webster.com/

www.visualthesaurus.com/

www.dictionary.com



High Tech Writing Tools

Internet Resources


http://www.texasat.net/docs/Writing_Tec
h_Links_for_Writing_July_07.pdf




http://www.gpat.org/GPAT%20Resource%
20Topic%20Pages/Writing_Chart.pdf


Resources

AT Resource Guides

http://www.wati.org/Products/pdf/resource%20guide%20
-
%20general.pdf

http://www.texasat.net/docs/Writing_Tech_Links_for_Writing_July_07.pdf

http://www.techmatrix.org/


http://www.ataccess.org/resources/atk12/default.html


http://www.wati.org/Products/pdf/resource%20guide%20
-
%20general.pdf


http://www.gpat.org/


http://olms.cte.jhu.edu/olms/output/page.php?id=9517


http://teachingeverystudent.blogspot.com/2007/06/free
-
technology
-
toolkit
-
for
-
udl
-
in
-
all.html


Citation Generators

http://www.easybib.com/



Dictionaries/ Thesaurus

http://www.pdictionary.com/english/browse.php?db=animals

http://visual.merriam
-
webster.com/


http://www.merriam
-
webster.com/

http://thesaurus.reference.com/


http://www.mfwi.org/ronb/dictionary/dictionary.htm

(Google pictures
associated with listing of words alphabetized)

http://wordweb.info/free/

www.visualthesaurus.com


Electronic Pens

http://www.flyworld.com/

(Fly Fusion Pen)

http://www.livescribe.com/



Graphic Organizers

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/graphicorganizers/

http://www.teachervision.fen.com/graphic
-
organizers/printable/6293.html


http://www.eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/

http://www.edhelper.com/teachers/Miscellaneous_graphic_organizers.htm

http://interactives.mped.org/view_interactive.aspx?id=127&title
=

http://www.inspiration.com/diagrams/index.cfm?id=469&color=green


http://www.inspiration.com/productinfo/inspiration/interactive_demo/index.cfm

http://www.mindomo.com/mindomodemo.php

Mindomo

http://bubbl.us/edit.php

Bubbl.us


Note Taking

http://zoho.com/



Portable Word Processors

http://www.writerlearning.com/fusion.html





Spell Checking Strategies

1pgrspellck CBSS.pdf


http://www.ldonline.org/article/6233


Study Strategies

http://cbss.uoregon.edu/learn/lrnwrtng.html


http://www.studygs.net/



Writing Prompts

http://www.edhelper.com/teachers/Miscellaneous_graphic_organizers.htm


http://www.meddybemps.com/9.700.html


Tutorials

http://montgomeryschoolsmd.org/departments/hiat/tech_quick_guides/

http://atto.buffalo.edu/registered/Tutorials.php




Writing Process/Strategies/ Six Trait

http://writingfix.com/index.htm


http://readwritethink.org/


http://owl.english.purdue.edu/


http://www.write101.com/




Writing Matrixes

http://www.texasat.net/default.aspx?name=trainmod.writing

http://www.techmatrix.org/



References

Graham, Steve, and Dolores Perin.
Writing Next
. Carnegie Corportation of New
York. New Your: Alliance for Excellent Education, 2007. 1
-
66.

Peterson
-
Karlan, George R., and Howard P. Parette. "Supporting Struggling
Writers Using Technology: Evidence
-
Based Instruciton and Decision
-
Making."
TechMatrix
. 8 Jan. 2008
<http://www.techmatrix.org/resources/tech_support_writing.pdf>.