Input and Output

parathyroidsanchovyAI and Robotics

Nov 17, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)

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Input and Output

What is input?

Input is any data and instructions entered
into the memory of a computer


Instructions can be entered into the
computer in the form of programs,
commands, and user responses

An input device is any hardware component
that allows users to enter data and
instructions into a computer


A keyboard

A keyboard is an input device that contain
keys users press to enter data and
instructions into a computer


Type of keyboard

Wired keyboards


USB port

Wireless keyboard


Bluetooth, IrDA

Ergonomic keyboard

reduces the change
of wrist and hand injuries

Keyboard for mobile devices typically are
smaller and/or have fewer keys


Mouse

A mouse is a pointing device that fits under
the palm of your hand comfortably

A mouse can be wired of wireless


Other pointing devices

Trackball


Touchpad


Pointing Stick


Touch Screens and Touch
-
Sensitive
Pads

A Touch screen is a touch
-
sensitive display
device


Microsoft surface

Touch
-
Sensitive Pad

Pen input

With pen input, you touch a stylus or digital
pen on a flat surface to write, draw, or make
selection

Other input for smart phones

Game controllers

Video games and computer games use a
game controller as the input device that
directs movements and actions of on
-
screen
objects


Gamepads


Joysticks and wheels


Light guns


Dance Pads


Motion
-
sensing controllers

Digital cameras

A digital camera is a mobile device that
allows users to take pictures and store them
digitally

Two factors affect the quality of digital
camera photos


Resolution


Number of bits stored in each pixel



Voice input

Voice input is the process of entering input
by speaking into a microphone

Voice recognition is the computer’s
capability of distinguishing spoken words


Video input

Video input is the process of capturing full
-
motion images and storing them on a
computer’s storage medium


A web cam is a type of digital video camera
that enables a user to


Capture video and still images


Send e
-
mail messages with video attachments


Add live images to instant messages


Broadcast the images over the Internet


Make video telephone calls

Video conference is a meeting between two
or more geographically separated people


Scanners and Reading devices

Flatbed

Pen or Handheld

Sheet
-
fed

Drum


Optical character recognition (OCR)
involves reading characters from ordinary
documents

Optical mark recognition (OMR) read hand
-
drawn marks such as small circles or
rectangles

An OMR device scans the documents and
matches the patterns of light


A bar code reader, also called a bar code
scanner uses laser beams to read bar codes


RFID (radio frequency identification) uses
radio signals to communicate with a tag
placed in or attached to an object

An RFID reader reads information on the
tag via radio waves


Magnetic stripe card readers read the
magnetic stripe on the back of cards such as


Credit cards


Entertainment cards


Bank cards


Other similar cards


MICR (magnetic ink character recognition)
devices read text printed with magnetized
ink

An MICR reader converts into a form the
computer can process

Banking industry uses MICR for check
processing

Biometric input

Biometrics authenticates a person’s identity
by verifying a personal characteristic


Fingerprint reader


Face recognition system


Hand geometry system


Voice verification system


Signature verification system


Iris recognition system

What is output?

Output is data that has been processed into a
useful form

An output device is any type of hardware
component that conveys information to one
or more people


Display devices

A display device visually convey text,
graphics, and video information

A monitor is packaged as a separate
peripheral


Widescreen


Liquid crystal display (LCD)

Liquid crystal display (LCD) uses a liquid
compound to present information on a
display device

Plasma monitors are display devices that
use gas plasma technology and offer screen
sizes up to 150 inches


A CRT monitor is a desktop monitor that
contains a cathode
-
ray tube


Have a much larger footprint than do LCD
monitors


Printers

A printer produces text and graphics on a
physical medium


Printed information is called a hard copy, or
printout


Landscape or portrait orientation


Nonimpact printer

A nonimpact printer forms characters and
graphics on a piece of paper without
actually striking the paper


Ink
-
jet printers


Laser Printers


Thermal printers


Plotters


Mobile printers


A multifunctional peripheral (MFP) is a
single device that prints, scans, copies, and
in some cases, faxes


Sometimes called an all
-
in
-
one device


A thermal printer generates images by
pushing electrically heated pins against the
heat
-
sensitive paper


Thermal wax
-
transfer printer


Dye
-
sublimation printer


Impact printer

Impact printers form characters and
graphics on a piece of paper by striking a
mechanism against an inked ribbon that
physically contacts paper


Dot
-
matrix printer


Line printer


Speakers, Headphones, and Earbuds

An audio output device produces music,
speech or other sounds


Other output devices

Other output devices are available for
specific uses and applications


Data projectors




Interactive whiteboards

Other output devices are available for
specific uses and applications


Force
-
feedback game controllers



Tactile output