Barrios Laura 09-10935 Bigott Dairet 10-10953

ovariesracialUrban and Civil

Nov 25, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Barrios Laura 09
-
10935

Bigott

Dairet

10
-
10953









Vertical

structure


Solid


Defines

an

area


Delineates

a

building

Types

of

walls
:



Load
-
bearing

wall
:

supports

the

weight

of

floors

and

roofs



N
on
-
bearing

wall
:

supports

its

own

weight


Walls carry the structural weight


Exterior
walls

support the roof


Front and back walls bearing walls

T
he

load
-
bearing

wall

of

masonry

is

thickened

in

proportion

to

the

forces

it

has

to

resist



Its thickness can often be reduced at the top


resist

lateral

forces

thickened

either

along

the

whole

length

Buttressing

Doors and windows weaken the
resistance of the wall

thickened in proportion to the width of
the opening


vertical masses of wall transfer loads
directly to the ground


N
umber

of
openings

strength

of

the

masonry

and

the

stresses

in

the

wall


The

nature

of

the

material

admits

other

means

of

resisting

forces

than

the

increase

of

mass
.


Walls in light


wood
-
framed structures


reinforced
-
concrete


Placement

of
walls

the type of support for floors
and roofs


beam

which must be jointed to walls
at both ends

Is

a

wall

construction

that

only

has

the

purpose

of

supporting

the

weight

of

itself



It

must

be

braced

to

resist

minimum

5

psf

lateral

loads






Traditional materials are often used light walls of glass,
plastic, metal alloys, wood products, etc.


can be equally efficient



Appears only when loads are carried



other members as in heavy timber
and other skeletal structures


Bearing

wall

will

have

a

difference

purpose

that

relates

to

the

structure

of

the

building


A

bearing

wall

could

be

put

in

place

to

help

uphold

the

ceiling


A

non

bearing

wall

is

interior

and

supports

nothing

to

do

with

the

structure

It simply divides an area



A

non

bearing

wall

is

actually

relatively

easy

to

build
.

All

that

is

required

is

a

simple

on
-
center

frame

structure

and

some

drywall
.



Load bearing walls carry the load
of the ceiling and roof structure to
the foundation.



Non
-
load bearing walls carry their
own weight.


Load bearing walls must be capable to carry
the load of "live" loads that are anticipated to
be placed upon the system without deflection
that can degrade or negatively impact
structural integrity.


Non load bearing walls provide no structural
support and may be interior or exterior walls.

http://www.globalspec.com/reference/34711/203279/part
-
6
-
internal
-
construction
-
and
-
finishes

http://www.home
-
building
-
answers.com/walls.html

http://howtobuildahouseblog.com/using
-
a
-
suitable
-
beam
-
size
-
for
-
removing
-
load
-
bearing
-
wall/

http://www.woodspec.ie/sectionadesignguidance/a3overallstability/

http://www.mosbybuildingarts.com/blog/2010/01/21/identify
-
remove
-
a
-
load
-
bearing
-
wall/