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BC


UNEP
/
CHW.9/INF/10



Distr.: General

2
9 May

2008



English only

Conference of the Parties to the Basel Convention

on the Control of Transboundary Movements of

Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal

Ninth meeting

Bali, 23

27 June, 2008

Item 7 (
c
) of th
e provisional agenda


Implementation of the decisions adopted by the

Conference

of the Parties at its eight meeting:

Nairobi Declaration on the environmentally sound management

of electrical and electronic waste and decision VIII/2


Partnership for Acti
on on Computing Equipment:
o
verview of global activities on
environmentally
sound management of
used and end
-
of
-
life
computing equipment

Note by the Secretariat

1.

The
present note

presents
, in its annex,

a fi
r
st attempt to
“map”
international, multilatera
l and regional initiatives and activities on used and end
-
of
-
life computing equipment.
This draft should provide the basis for the elaboration of a
Mapping Document
, intended to
facilitate better coordination and collaboration on
key issues, provide opport
unities for information sharing, and prevent costly
duplication of efforts
.

I
nformation
is provided
on initiatives and activities within the
public domain only.


2.

Th
e draft Mapping Document
is considered

as a work in progress
,

and is
,

therefore,
not an e
xhausti
ve list of all relevant initiatives underway, or
of work
in the
regions
listed
.
The
Secretariat
invites

Parties and
all interested stakeholders to
provide additional content via e
-
mail to the following address
:

sbc
@unep.ch
,

with
“Computing equipment partnership”

or

PACE


listed in the subject line.
It is
intended that th
e Mapping Document

will be used as Partners begin to develop in







UNEP/CHW.
9
/1.

0
5
0608




UNEP
/CHW.
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/
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2

detail the work programme for
he Partnership for Action on Computing Equipment
(PA
CE
).

UNEP
/CHW.
9
/
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3

ANNEX


DRAFT
OVERVIEW OF GLOBAL A
CTIVITIES ON ENVIRON
MENTALLY SOUND MANAG
EMENT OF USED AND EN
D
-
OF
-
LIFE COMPUTING EQUIP
MENT
(“
MAPPING DOCUMENT
”)



PART ONE: Key E
-
Waste Initiatives
and Projects


I.

Multilateral
, Bilateral

and International Initiatives



Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope and
Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

Basel Convention

Partnership for Action
on Computing
Equipment (PACE)

ESM
, awareness
raising,
certification




To be confirmed





Multi
-
stakeholder partnership

to address the
environmentally sound management of used and end
-
of
-
life personal computers


www.basel.int





Global e
-
Sustainability
Initiative

S
upply chain,
ESM, energy
efficiency, take
back, cradle
-
to
-
cradle desi
gn

http://www.gesi.org/index.php?
article_id=44

Global partnership of ICT companies that promotes
technologies for a sustainable development.


Fosters global and open cooperation, informs the
public of members’ voluntary actions to improve their
sustainab
ility performance, and promotes technologies
that foster sustainable development.

www.gesi.org


Global e
-
Sustainability
Initiative Supply
Chain Working Group


Supply chain

12 member companies, EICC

To develop and dep
loy a consistent set of tools and
processes to measure, monitor and improve supply
chain corporate responsibility performance across the
ICT sector


Develop

-

Supplier self
-
assessment Questionnaire

-

Risk assessment tools

-

Common audit protocols and a joint
audit
www.gesi.org/index.php?article_id=48


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/CHW.
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Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope and
Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

process

-

Web
-
based data management tool (E
-
TASC)

-

Learning and capability building strategy

International
Development
Research Centre


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h瑴t㨯:睷w.s瑥t
-
楮i瑩慴tv攮org


UNEP
/CHW.
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/
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5

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope and
Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

NGOs.

http://www.step
-
initiative.org/actors/members_
i
nvitees.php#institution
-
40


flows.

StEP's research and pilot projects are meant to
contribute to the solution of e
-
waste problems

Key objectives are:



optimizing the life cycle of electric and
electronic equipment

by



improving supply chains



closing material loops



reducing contamination



increasing utilization of resources and reuse of
equipment



exercising concern about disparities such as
the digital divide between the industrializing
and industrialized countri
es



increasing public, scientific and business
knowledge



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II.

Multilateral, Bilateral and International Projects


Project

Focus / Scope and
Activities

Participants

Brief De
scription

URL address


Global e
-
Sustainability
Initiative Supply
Chain Working
Group



1. Electronics Tool for
Accountable Supply
Chains (E
-
TASC)


2. Study on Extractive
Industries and ICT
Products









1. Supply chain




2. Material
stewardship








1. 12 member companies




2. 12 member companies of
Working Group








1. Web based supply chain data and risk management
tool. Due to be expanded to include end
-
of
-
life
management.


2. Promote ‘material stewardship’ across the ICT
sector based on the

preliminary results of this study and
full life cycle analysis of metals to identify entry and
exit points of metals in the ICT product life cycle,
including the e
-
waste phase









1.
www.e
-
tasc.com






2. n/a


Global e
-
Sustainability
Initiative

Integrated Approach
Road Map






Synergies





Members of GeSI e
-
Waste
Working Group and Supply
Chain Working Group





Road map to link activities of GeSI e
-
Waste Working
Group with those of GeSI Supply Chain Working
Gr
oup






n/a


MakeITFair



List of
Principles on the
extractive phase of the
electronics supply
chain


Sustainable
development


SOMO, IRENE (Netherlands);
Swedwatch; Fair Trade Center;
Church of Sweden Aid;
FinnWatch; Finnish
Association for Nature

Research, meetings and dialogues regarding extractive
phase of the supply chain of consumer electronics. The
list identifies a number of social, environ
mental and
labour issues that require attention, offers a number of
sustainable solutions and suggests practical actions for

http://makeitfair.org/companies/list
-
of
-
principles


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Project

Focus / Scope and
Activities

Participants

Brief De
scription

URL address

Conse
rvation; Germanwatch;
Verbraucher Initiative,
KARAT; ACIDH (DR Congo);
CIVIDEO (India); SACOM
(China)


electronics companies.


Solving the E
-
waste
Problem (StEP)

1.
E
-
waste
management in Africa



2. Best of Two
Worlds



3. DfR case studies
library


4. International expert
workshop on e
-
waste




1. E
-
waste
management



2. Eco
-
efficiency,
recycling,
dismantling


3.

Green design



4. Networking,
problem
-
solving




1. EMPA, StEP





2. StEP Project (Taskforce 4),
TU Delft



3. StEP Project (Taskforce 2),
Fraunhofer IZM


4. German Ministry for
Environment, United Nations
University




1. Assess e
-
waste management in
Kenya, Morocco,
Senegal, Tunisia and implementation of replicable pilot
project for e
-
waste processing in South Africa


2. Investigate eco
-
efficiency of manual dismantling of
domestic e
-
waste in China



3. Overview on current approaches and case studies i
n
the field of Design for Recycling


4. Foster high level connections between various
stakeholders in the e
-
waste problem.


It aims at (i) working out a common problem definition
and identifying the significant problem fields (ii) and
-

in a joint approac
h


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-
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III.

Regional Initiatives


Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

REGION
AL GROUP

-

ASIA GROUP


Basel Convention
Par
tnership on the
ESM of Electrical and
Electronic Wastes for
the Asia
-
Pacific
Region



ESM, producer
responsibility,
awareness
raising and
training




BCRC SEA, BCRC
-
China,
BCRC
-
South Pacific, Cambodia,
China, India, Indonesia,
Malaysia, New Guinea, the
Ph
ilippines, Singapore, Sri
Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam,
South Pacific Regional
Environment Programme

Donors
-

Japan, Canada



Assess the situation (national inventories, establish
information sharing and impact monitoring
mechanisms); prevent illegal traffic an
d minimise e
-
waste generation; achieve ESM of e
-
waste (promote
use of recycling technologies, develop methods for
evaluation, testing, characterising and classifying e
-
waste; raise awareness and training (establish clearing
house)



www.bcrc
-
sea.org


REGIONAL GROUP
-

AFRICA GROUP


UNIDO/Microsoft
Partnership

Refurbished
Computer Initiative





UNIDO/Micros
oft Partnership

Refurbishment




UNIDO/Microsoft Partnership

Burkina Faso, UNIDO,
Microsoft



UNIDO/Microsof
t Partnership

Establish a local refurbishment centre of excellence
based on a sustainable business framework, providing
affordable hardware, relevant software and ICT
training for small and medium enterprises




UNIDO/Microsoft Partnership

http://download.microsoft.com/download/6/
9/f/69f8c76b
-
198e
-
4114
-
9c12
-
f0b13e4d7e4e/PartnerProfile_UNIDO.pdf

REGIONAL GROUP


EASTERN EUROPE GROUP


Regional
Environmental Centre
for Central and Eastern
Europe


Awareness
raising, capacity
building


Hungary, the United States and
the Commission of the European
Communities


Not
-
for
-
profit, independent international organisation
whose mission is to ass
ist in solving the environmental
problems in new EU Member States, Candidate
Countries, South Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe,

http://www.rec.org/

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Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

Caucasus and Central Asia and Turkey


Promotes
:


-

cooperation among NGOs, governments,
businesses and other environmental
stakehol
ders,

-

free exchange of information

-

public participation in environmental
decision
-
making

REGIONAL GROUP


LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN GROUP


MERCOSUR

Policy of
Environmental
Management of
Special Universal
Wastes and Post
-
Consume
r
Responsibility


MERCOSUR

Awareness
raising; ESM


MERCOSUR

Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay,
Uruguay; Venezuela;
manufacturers/ importers in
MERCOSUR member states


MERCOSUR

Ensure end of life products are collected, reused,
recycled, recovered or eliminat
ed; increased consumer
awareness; waste inventories, regional information
systems, clean production; producer /importer take
-
back plans


REGIONAL GROUP


WESTERN EUROPE AND OTHERS GROUP


European Union


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h瑴t㨯⽥挮europ愮敵⽥/瑥tpr楳支散o_d敳楧n⽩n
d數_敮.htm

UNEP
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Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address


European Union:
WEEE & RoHS
(Directives
2002/95/EC and
2002/96/EC)


Green design;
producer
responsibility;
recycling;
takeback


E.U. member States


Compl
ement measures on landfill / waste incineration;


Producer responsible for take back and recycling


Provide incentives to design electrical and electronic
equipment in an environmentally more efficient way,
which takes waste management aspects fully into
account.


Free consumer take back schemes


Substitution of various heavy metals / brominated
flame retardants in new electrical and electronic
equipment.



http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee
/index_en.htm


North American Clean
Electronics Pollutio
n
Prevention Programme
(CEP3)


Eco
-
design


U.S. Pollution Prevention
Roundtables, North American
Commission for Environmental
Cooperation, Canada, Mexico,
USA


Objective


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-
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IV.

Regional
Projects



Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

REGIONAL GROUP
-

ASIA GROUP


Basel Convention

1. Development of
Technical Guide
lines
for Electronic and
Electrical Waste
Inventory (E
-
Waste)
and ESM 5R (Reduce,
Reuse, Recycle, Repair
and Refurbishment)


2
.
Proposed
Pilot
Project
s

for the ESM
of Electrical and
Electronic Waste in
Asia and the Pacific


Basel
Convention

1. ESM and
in
ventory of e
-
waste






2
.
Various




Basel Convention

1
.

BCRC


SEA, SBC, Japan,
Laboratory of Solid and
Hazardous Waste


Faculty of
Civil

and Environment
Engineering

Bandung Institute
of Technology,




2
.

BCRC


SEA,
Cambodia,
Indonesia, Malaysia,
T
hailand,
the Philippines, Sri
-
Lanka,
Vietnam


Basel Convention

1. As part of the Basel Convention Partnership on the
ESM of Electrical and Electronic Wastes in the Asia
-
Pacific Region, 2 sets of technical guidelines were
completed under the leadership of

the BCRC for South
East Asia (BCRC
-
SEA) on the methodology of e
-
waste
inventory and environmentally sound management and
“3R” (reduce, reuses, recycle) of end
-
of
-
life e
-
products.


2
. Identify and document existing sources of e
-
waste
streams along the lif
e
-
cycle; identify improved
practices based on 3R principles; awareness raising


Basel Convention

1.

www.bcrc
-
sea.org/?content=publication&cat=2










2
.
www.basel.int



http://www.basel.int/meetings/cop/cop9/doc
s/09e.pdf


REGIONAL GROUP
-

AFRICA GROUP


Basel Convention
Programme of
activities for the ESM
of e
-
waste in Africa









Basel
Convention

ESM









Basel Convention

SBC,










Basel Convention

3
-
year programme of activities aimed at reviewing the
issues currently facing African countries relating to the
ESM of e
-
waste.

Objectives:

(a) Obtain a more precise description of e
-
waste
-
related
trade and management issues in West Africa,;

(b) Evaluate existing e
-
waste management practices in
1 pilot country, provide guidance for the development
of environmentally sound recycling capacity;


Basel Convention

www.basel.int









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Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address











UNIDO/Microsoft
Partnership

Cooperation agreement
between Government
of Uganda and
Microsoft












UNIDO/

Microsoft
Partnership

Social
responsibility











UNIDO/Microsof
t Partnership

Government of Uganda,
Microsoft, UNIDO

(c) Carry out pilot training and demonstra
tion projects
on the community basis for establishing ESM systems
for collection, refurbishment or recycling of e
-
wastes
to address the issue of poverty reduction and
environmental sustainability;

(d) Develop an enforcement training programme, in
cooperat
ion with the European Union Network for the
Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental
Law, including peer matching of developed countries.


UNIDO/Microsoft Partnership

Agreement to cooperate on the development of a
sustainable local software economy

in Uganda for 12
months from September 2007











UNIDO/Microsoft Partnership

http://download.microsoft.com/download/6/
9/f/69f8c76b
-
198e
-
4114
-
9c12
-
f0b13e4d7e4e/PartnerProfile_UNIDO.pdf

REGIONAL GROUP


EASTERN EUROPE GROUP


Electronic Tools Task
Force


Awareness
raising


Regional Environment Centre

for Central and Eastern Europe,
Aarhus Convention (UNECE
Convention for Access to
Information, Public Participation
in Decision
-
making and Access
to Justice in Environmental
Matters)


Forum of
p
an
-
European governments and experts,
international and non
-
g
overnmental organisations
established by the Meeting of the Signatories to the
Aarhus Convention, with the endorsement of the
UNECE's Committee on Environmental Policy.

Commitments towards exploring opportunities and
benefits offered by ICTs; and sharing r
elated
experiences, know
-
how and information, on the
region's and countries' needs.

Users
workshops, e
-
fora, good practice documentation

http://www.rec.org/e
-
aarhus


UNEP
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13

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

and its website to explore new mechanisms to improve
public access to environmental information and to
enhance the opp
ortunities for community participation
in decision
-
making.

REGIONAL GROUP


LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN GROUP


Basel Convention
Inventory of Electronic
Wastes in the Latin
Ameri
can Region



BCRC
-
Argentina, Regional
Focal Points, Secretariat of Basel
Convention


Assist participating countries to prepare, draft and
update national inventory and establish different
technical directives to deal with e
-
waste in order to
achieve inte
rnational standards on ESM


http://crsbasilea.inti.gov.ar/


International
Development Research
Centre


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䑏aqlmfC.html



UNEP
/CHW.
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14

V.

National and sub
-
national Initiatives:


Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

REGION


ASIA GROUP


China

China Compulsory
Certification (“
3C”)
Scheme














Republic of Korea

1. Commission on
Reviewing Producers’
Environmental
Performance and
Product Recyclability


2. Information Centre



China

Certification
















Republic of
Korea

1. Green design





2. Awareness
raisin
g


China

State General Administration for
Quality Supervision and
Inspection and
Quarantine(AQSIQ);
Certification and Accreditation
Administration (CNCA)

Ministry of Commerce,

Ministry of Finance, State
Administration of Taxation,
AQSIQ, Ministry of Sci
ence and
Technology,

Ministry of Information
Industry, Ministry of
Construction and SEPA



Republic of Korea

1. Republic of Korea


producers
of electrical and electronic
products




2. Republic of Korea


China

Compulsory quality and safety certificatio
n mark for
products following inspection; establishment of China
National Regulatory Commission for Certification and
Accreditation













Republic of Korea

1. Commission judges products’ design for the
environment and control o use of heavy metals






2. Records treatment data of WEEE received from and
systematically managed by recyclers and transporters



China

http://www.ccc
-
mark.com

UNEP
/CHW.
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15

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

REGION


AFRICA GROUP



South Africa

Green e
-
waste
Channels




Uga
nda

e
-
Waste Assessment in
Uganda


South Africa

Reuse, recycling





Uganda

E
-
waste
management /
generation


South Africa

Nationwide programme for use
by all members of society




Uganda

UNIDO, Microsoft, EMPA
(Swiss Materials Science and
Technology I
nstitute), Uganda
Cleaner Production Centre


South Africa

Re
-
use and recycling system whereby e
-
waste is
handled only by authorised stakeholders of the Channel
and when material goes out of the Channel, partners
choose a partner who respects the ideals of

the Channel


Uganda

Make secondary PCs available to SMEs in developing
economies in a safe and sustainable way.


Support the establishment of local sustainable e
-
waste
material recovery facilities; carried out e
-
waste
assessment study;


Provide necess
ary data to define a solution for handling
e
-
waste associated with the refurbishment project in
Kampala and provide general data about the e
-
waste
situation.



South Africa

http://drupal.e
-
waste.org.z
a/?q=node/8

REGION


LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN GROUP


Argentina

1. Law 1.854 (Zero
Waste Law)





2. Decree No. 639
(Implements Zero

Argentina

1. End of life
management





2. End of life
management


Argentina

1. City of Buenos Aires






2. City of Buenos Aires



Argentina

3 options for end
-
of
-
life management responsibilities (i)
taking charge of the management of end
-
of
-
life
products directly: (ii) participating in an organised waste
management system: (iii) contributing economically to
the City
to cover management costs


2. Special management wastes must be covered by
specific management programmes and plans with goals

UNEP
/CHW.
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Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

Waste Law)



Mexico

1. General Law for
Prevention and
Integrated
Management of
Hazardous Wastes







2. Law of Sol
id
Wastes




Mexico

1. Waste
management










2. Take back




Mexico

1. Producers, importers,
exporters and distribu
tors of
listed hazardous wastes;
Generators of hazardous wastes;
Large quantity generators and
producers, importers, exporters
and distributors of products that
when discarded become urban
solid wastes or special
management wastes


2. States of Nuevo Leon

and
Queretero

of selection, storage, transport, valorisation or treatment
and disposal in an adequate manner


Mexico

1. Entities involved (pl
ease see to left) are responsible
for preparing management plans for special
management wastes including technological wastes i.e.
those from the information sector and manufacturers of
electronic products







2. Special management wastes are subject to
take back
management plans. Non hazardous special management
wastes include technological wastes and electronic
products, urban solid wastes


REGION


WESTERN EUROPE AND OTHERS GROUP


New Zealand

Product Stewardship
scheme



United States of
America

1
. Electronics Product
Environmental
Assessment Tool

New Zealand

Product
stewardship



United States of
America

1. Green
procurement,



New Zealand

Open to any interested
stakeholder from IT equipment
and TV sector


United States of America


1. USEPA, Green Electronics
Co
uncil



New Zealand

Implement compulsory and voluntary accredited
product stew
ardship schemes for priority products



United States of America


1. EPEAT and EPEAT Registry aim to help purchasers
evaluate, compare and select desktop computers, laptops
and monitors based on environmental attributes.


New Zealand

http://www.mfe.govt.nz/issues/waste/





United States of America


1.

http://www.epeat.net/




UNEP
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17

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

(EPEAT)


2. Federal Electronics
Challenge (FEC)










3. National Centre for
Electronics Recycling

(NCER)



4
.

Design for the
Environment
Programme





5
. Energy Star
Programme






6
. USEPA Wastewis
e



2. Green
procurement,
ESM









3. Recycling





4
. Life cycle
assessment,
green design





5
. Eco
-
labelling;

green purchasi
ng






6
. Waste


2. USEPA, other federal
government agencies and
departments


FEC is managed by the U.S.
EPA and U.S. Office of Federal
Environmental Executive.





3.
MARCEE,
Polymer
Technology Park




4
. USEPA, US Department of
Energy, partnerships with public

and private sector organisations





5
. DfE; Center for Clean
Products and Clean
Technologies





6
. U.S. Office of Solid Wastes



2. Federal government partnersh
ip program
-

encourages
U.S. federal facilities and agencies to:

• Purchase greener electronic products.

• Reduce impacts of electronic products during use.

• ESM of obsolete electronics.


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S

h瑴t㨯:睷w.数愮gov/w慳瑥睩w支


UNEP
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18

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address






7
. US Office of Solid
Wastes

reduction; eco
-
labelling;
awareness
raising


7
. Awareness
raising,
coordination;
reuse/ recycling






7. OSW, please see website
for
further details

through labelling and education programme





7
. Supports multi
-
stakeholder dialogu
es, collection
pilots, public education and international cooperation to
foster greater awareness and coordination of electronics
reuse / recycling issues







7
.
http://www.epa.gov/osw/







VI.

Na
tional and sub
-
national
Projects
:


Initiative /Forum

Focus / S
cope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

REGION


ASIA GROUP


China

Recycling task force



China

Recycling


China

State General Administration for
Quality Supervision and
Inspection and
Quarantine(AQSIQ);
Certification and Acc
reditation
Administration (CNCA)

Ministry of Commerce,

Ministry of Finance, State
Administration of Taxation,
AQSIQ, Ministry of Science and
Technology,


China

A recycling task force i
s being created. Further details
to follow.




UNEP
/CHW.
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19

Initiative /Forum

Focus / S
cope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

Ministry of Information
Industry, Ministry of
Construction and SEPA


REGIONAL GROUP


AFRICA GROUP


South Africa

1. Green Scorpions


2. Information
Technology
Association of South
Africa e
-
waste
subcommittees



South Africa

1. Enforcement


2. Recycling,
reuse



South Af
rica

1. South African government


2. Involves various diverse
sectors of society



South Africa

1. National Environment Management Inspectorate


2. Committee on R&D: Research best practices and
provide a guideline for local use; Committee on Re
-
Use: De
velop replicable and sustainable
reuse/refurbishment/spare parts development systems;
Committee on Recycling Technology and Skills
Development: Grow and enhance infrastructures,
systems and technologies to realise sustainable e
-
waste
collection and recycli
ng by implementing the ITA e
-
waste Management System; Committee on Business
and Financing: Investigate, negotiate, implement and
manage appropriate financing mechanism to ensure
sustainability of national e
-
waste management strategy;
Committee on Marketing
, Awareness Creation and
Education; Committee on Certification and Auditing

out e
-
waste assessment study;



South Africa

1.
www.emi.gov.za



2.
http://drupal.e
-
waste.org.za/?q=node/68


REGIONAL GROUP


WESTERN EUROPE AND OTHERS GROUP


New Zealand

eDay





New Zealand

Collection and
recycling




New Zealand

Community
-
led event, managed
by Computer Access New
Zealand



New Zealand

Annual free computer collection and recycling ev
ent
held across NZ.




New Zealand

http://www.eday.org.nz




UNEP
/CHW.
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Initiative /Forum

Focus / S
cope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

United States of
America


1
.
Maryland Statewide
Computer Recycling
Pilot Program




2.
NCER: Centralized
Data Repository
(CDR)





3
. Plug
-
In to eCycling












United States of
America


1
. Recycling






2. Recycling







3
. Collection;
recycling











United States of America



1
.
State of Maryland,
Department for the
Environment, computer
equipment manufacturers



2.
Polymer Alliance Zone, EPA
Plug
-
in to eCycling, National
Centre for Electronics Recycling





3
. US EPA, Electronic
manufacturers and

retailers (AT&T Wireless, Bes
t
Buy, Dell, HP, Intel, JVC,
Lexmark, NEC Display
Solutions, Nokia, LG, Motorola,
Office Depot, Panasonic,
Philips, Samsung, Sharp, Sprint,
Sony, Ericsson, Staples,
Toshiba, T
-
Mobile,

Wal
-
Mart)

United States of America



1.
Computer manufacturers ma
y

not sell a new
computer unless the manufactu
r
er has registered its
brands and paid a fee to the Maryland Department for
the Environment. Covers computer equipment
(desktops, la
ptops, computer monitors)


2.
National clearing house for e
-
recycling data
supporting public and private electronics recycling
system development and operations. Open, collaborative
public/private data sharing project built around the
creation of several X
ML standards to aid sharing of data
and results from e
-
recycling efforts


3
.
National clearing house for e
-
recycling data
supporting public and private electronics recycling
system development and operations. Open, collaborative
public/private data sharing

project built around the
creation of several XML standards to aid sharing of data
and results from e
-
recycling efforts


Partnership to offer consumers more opportunities to
donate or recycle their used electronics;

-

Pilot innovative on
-
the
-
ground soluti
ons that can be
expanded to sustainable local, regional and national
collection and recycling infrastructures
.


United States of America



1.
http://mlis.state.md.us/2005rs/chapters/Ch_
384_HB0575T.pdf





2.
www.electronicsrecycling.org








3
.
http://www.epa.gov/plugin














UNEP
/CHW.
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21

VII.

Volunta
ry Initiatives:


Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address


A
DVANCED
MICRO DEVICES


(AMD)

AMD Green


Energy
efficiency,
product
stewardship,
green design



AMD, consumers


Several projects to develop energ
y efficient products,
reduce impacts in all stages of product lifecycle,
practice sustainable manufacturing and reduce waste


http://www.amd.com/us
-
en/0,,3715_14217_14202,00.html



APPL
E

1. Apple and the
Environment

2. Recycling

3. Responsible
Manufacturing

4. Material Safety
Data Sheets


Energy
efficiency;
producer
responsibility;
green design


Apple, consumers, NGOs,
recyclers,


Reduce energy consumption, minimise use of raw
mate
rials, optimise product longevity; restrict use of
harmful chemicals in production; provide information
about substances contained in some products,
instructions on storage and handling, regulatory
information.


http://www.apple.com/environment/



Basel Action Network
(BAN) e
-
Stewards
Initiative and
Electronics Recyclers
Pledge of True
Stewardship


Recycling


http://www.ban
.

org/pledge

/Locations.html


Pledge by electroni
cs recyclers to follow certain
practices and standards


http://www.ban.org/pledge/electronics_recy
cler_pledge.pdf



Canon Global
Collection and
Recycling System


Recovery,
collect
ion;
recycling


Canon Europa N.V./ Canon
Europe Ltd; Canon Huyesen
GmbH; Canon Bretagne S.A.S. ;
Canon Asia Marketing Group;
Canon Dalian Business
Machines Inc; Canon Ecology

Global recovery system for used and end
-
of
-
life
computing equipment


http://www.canon.com/environment/recycle
/recycle.html


UNEP
/CHW.
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22

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

Industry Inc.; Top Business
Machines Co. Ltd; Canon
Australia Pty. Ltd; Canon
V
irginia Inc.; Industrial
Resource Technologies Inc.


Cent
re for Clean
Products and Clean
Technologies


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UNEP
/CHW.
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23

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address


Computer Aid
International


Refurbishment


Please see website


Refurbishment for use by educational, health
,

not
-
for
-
profit organisations in developing countries


http://www.computeraid.org/



Consortium on Green
Design and
Manufactur
ing


Green design


http://cgdm.berkeley.edu/cgdmS
ponsors.html


University initiative to e
ncourage multi
-
disciplinary
research and education on environmental management,
design for the environment and pollution prevention
issues


http://cgdm.berkeley.edu/



DELL COMPUTERS

1. Environmental
Product Design
-

Design for the
Environment



2. Dell Recycling





3. ReGeneration


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UNEP
/CHW.
9
/
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24

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address


Electronic Product
Stewardship Ca
nada


Product
Stewardship


http://www.epsc.ca/a_members.
html



Multi
-
stakeholder n
ot
-
for
-
profit organization working
to design, promote and implement sustainable solutions
for Canada's electronic waste pr
oblem.


Developing national electronics end
-
of
-
life programme
for Canada



http://www.epsc.ca



GATEWAY

1. Gateway and the
Environment



2. Trade
-

In and
Recycle Programme



1. End
-
of
-
life
management;
recycling



2.
Take back,
recycling



1. Gateway, customers, recyclers




2. Gateway and customers



1. Environmental policy; end
-
of
-
life management
options for customers; ESM battery recycling;
disposition of components


2. Take back and recycling program for previous

customers




1.
http://www.gateway.com/about/corp_respo
nsibility/environment.php



2.
http://gateway.eztradein.com/gat
eway/



Green 21 Awards
Programme


ESM


Hitachi Group


Award program focusing on advanced environmental
activities, products, and services to e
nergise
environmental activities and share successful examples

within Hitachi Group
.


Evaluate and rate item
s under ‘sustainability compass’
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‘Guide to Greener
Electronics’


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-
the
-
捯mpan楥i
-
汩ne
-



UNEP
/CHW.
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25

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address


HEWLETT
PACKARD

1. Africa Sustainable
E
-
Waste Recycling
Project




2.
Product Return and
Recycling



3. Global Citizenship






4. Planet Partne
rs
Recycling Program



5. HP Trade in




1. Recycling






2.
Take back,
recycling



3. Energy
efficiency,
product reuse,
return and
recycling


4. Recycling




5. Reuse,
recycling




1. HP, Global Digital Solidarity
Fund, Swiss Institute for
Materials
Science and
Technology (EMPA)



2. HP, customers




3. HP, supply chain, customers,
shareholders, employees,
partners




4. HP, consumers, National
Cristina Foundation (for US
only)


5. HP, customers




1. Find sustainable recycling processes for developin
g
countries; develop safe and workable solutions for
electronic recycling in Africa in partnership with
industry
-
leading experts with experience in similar
projects in Asia


2.
Takeback and recycling services, including online
tool to request recycling ser
vices



3. Numerous projects relating to reduction of
environmental impact and improved social
accountability /corporate responsibility




4. Global responsible recycling programme for
computer hardware and printing supplies



5. Offers market value of
aging technology and
upgrade to new technology




1.

http://h41111.www4.hp.com/globalcitizens
hip/uk/en/bulletin/18/news1.html




2.
http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/globalci
tizenship
/environment/recycle/index.html


3.
http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/globalcitizenship
/?jumpid=reg_R1002_USEN





4.
http://www.hp
.com/hpinfo/

globalcitizenship/environment

/recycle/index.html


5.
http://hp.tradeups.com/

Customers/19/GetQuote.

aspx?promo=HPDonation

&outletid=

UNEP
/CHW.
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26

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address


IBM

Global Environmental
Management System

1.
Product
Stewardsh
ip





2.
Environment
Supply Chain





1.
Product
Stewardship





2. Supply chain






1.
IBM






2.
IBM, suppliers





1.
Extend product life; reuse and recyclability
considerations; safe disposal; use of recycled
materials; energy efficiency; reduce
d energy
consumption; minimize resource use / environmental
impact; product recycling


2.
Environmental management focus for suppliers





1.
http://www.ibm.com/ibm/environment/prod
ucts/





2.

http://www.ibm.com/ibm/environment/supp
ly/index.shtml



INSTITUTE FOR
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARDS

(IPC)

1.
IPC Designers
Council




2.
Certification for
RoHS Lead Free
Electronics Assembl
y
Process Capability
Programme




3.
Lead
-
free labelling
and Component
Suppliers Lead
-
free




1.
Certification,
education




2.
Facility
Certification







3.
Labelling





1.
Open for all PCB Designers





2.
Any facility may request
c
ertification.







3.
IPC





1.
Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Designer Certification
-

for PCB Designers and Instructors, licensed training
centres and schools, certification workshops and
examinations


2.
IPC certification audit programme to audit an
el
ectronics assembly facility to determine if the
company’s facility is capable of producing products to
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UNEP
/CHW.
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27

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

Web pages list




INTEL

1. AIM Corporate
Responsibility

Awards


2. Product Ecology
and Recycling



1. Corporate
responsibility



2. ESM



1.
Intel; Asian Institute of
Management



2. Intel



1. Recognise CSR projects in 1 or more selected areas
through providing innovative use of information
computer technology


2. Reduce environmental impact, energy efficiency;
reduce and reuse packing; reus
e/recycling options



1.
http://www.asianforumcsr.com/awards/Intel
%20AIM.htm



2.
http://www.intel.com/intel/other/e
hs/produc
t_ecology/



International
Association of
Electronics Recyclers
(IAER) Third Party
audited Certification
Electronics Recycler
Programme


Certification
(facility),
recycling


IAER, Bureau Veritas Quality
International, Lifespan
Technology Recyc
ling, Metech
International, UNICOR, Earth
Protection Services, Cascade
Asset Management, Global
Electric Electronic Processing,
Supply Chain Services Inc.,
open to all IAER Member
companies


Certification process designed to conduct third party
audits of e
lectronics recycling facilities to achieve
designation of Certified Electronics Recycler


http://www.iaer.org/communications/certifi
cationview.htm



International Electro
-
technical

Commission
(IEC) Conformity
Assessment schemes


Certification


Providers of services or products
covered by the IEC scheme, IEC


Certification that equipment, systems or components
conform to IEC standards


http://www.iec.ch/helpline/sitetree/conformi
ty/



IT Eco
-
Declarations


Certification


Acer, APC, Apple, Bodehoff,
Brother, Canon, Carl
Lamm/Ricoh; Comex; Danka;
Dell; DGC System; Doro; Eizo;
Epson; Ericsson; EUD; Fujitsu
-

Tool for product environmental attrib
utes


http://www.aeanet.org/Forums/ECOPROC
URA05092003.ppt#1


UNEP
/CHW.
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28

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

Siemens; Hewl
ett Packard; IBM;
Kyocera Mita; Lexmark;
Minolta; Network Technical;
NRG; Oce; OKI; Olivetti;
Panasonic; Samsung; Scribona;
Sekvencia; Sharp;Skanova;
Solid; Steria; Sun; Toshiba;
Unisys; Vice; West Int.; Wolber;
Xerox


LENOVO

1. Product Recycling
Programmes




2. Global Supply
Chain



1. Recycling





2. Social
responsibility



1. Cons
umers and commercial
clients of Lenovo; reuse and
treatment centres



2. Lenovo; Electronics Industry
coalition



1. Recycling programmes, advice to reuse and
treatment centres in countries with WEEE regulations;
reusable bulk packaging



2. Monitor sup
plier performance across several areas of
social responsibility



1.
http://www.pc.ibm.com/ww/lenovo/about/s
ustainability/environment/Product_R
ecyclin
g_Program.html



2.
http://www.pc.ibm.com/ww/lenovo/about/s
ustainability/supply
-
chain/



LEXMARK

1. Cartridge
Collection
Programme



2. WEEE Equipment
Collection
and
Recycling Programme
and Operations



1. Reuse and
recycling




2. Collection, end
of life
management



1. Lexmark





2. Lexmark



1. Take back, reuse and collection of used ink
cartridges




2. Collection and recycling of WEEE products



1.
http://www.lexmark.co.uk/uncomplicate/seq
uentialem/home/0,7070,252735_424427909
_426048930_en,00.html



2.
http://www.lexmark.co.uk/uncomplicate/seq
uentialem/home/0,7070,252735_424427909
_534429203_en,00.html



Roadmap for
Commercialisation of

Green design


JEI
TA, with input from sister
trade organisations


Roadmap for companies in the electronics industry to
stop using lead soldering materials


tsc.jeita.or.jp/tsc/org/c003/7_EASM/japanes
e/english/leadfree/data/roadmap
-
v21
-
UNEP
/CHW.
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29

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address

Lead
-
free Solder

eHP.ppt



SAMSUNG

1. Eco
-
Partner
Ce
rtification
Programme




2. Green Procurement
system





3. Laboratories for
environmental impact
analysis



1. Certification






2. Green
purchasing





3. Environmental
impact
assessment



1. Samsung employees and
suppliers





2. Samsung






3. Sam
sung factories



1. Environmental quality system for subcontracted
suppliers, audited by trained Samsung staff





2. Internal data management system
-
control
information concerning all hazardous substances used
by vendors who work with Samsung Electronic
s




3. Screening of product composition and detection of
hazardous RoHS substances



1.
http://www.samsung.com/AboutSAMSUN
G/ELECT
RONICSGLOBAL/SocialCommi
tment/Greport/02_management/echo_01_01
.htm



2.
http://www.samsung.com/AboutSAMSUN
G/ELECTRONICSGLOBAL/Socia
lCommi
tment/Greport/02_management/echo_01_02
.htm



3.
http://www.samsung.com/AboutSAMSUN
G/ELECTRONICSGLOBAL/SocialCommi
tment/Grepor
t/02_management/echo_01_04
.htm


TCO Development
and Labelling


Eco
-
labelling


Tjänstemännens
Centralorganisation (the
Swedish Confederation of
Professional Employees),
regional representatives in USA,
Taiwan, Germany, Austria and
Norway. Network consis
ts of
strategic partners, experts, users,
scientists


Certification and eco
-
labelling of electronic products


http://www.tcodevelopment.com/

UNEP
/CHW.
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30

Initiative /Forum

Focus / Scope
and Activities

Participants

Brief Description

URL address


UNISYS

1. End of Life Product
Disposition Program
&




2. Design

for
Environment Program




3. Clean Air Program



1. Green design






2. Energy
conservation,
packaging



3. Hazardous
chemical
minimisation



1. Unisys






2. Unisys Product Development
organisations




3. Unisys employees



1. Product reuse and r
ecycling programmes,
environmentally safe packaging





2. Guideline, energy conservation programme,
environmentally safe packaging.




3. Reduction in use of ozone depleting substances and
replacement with non ODS, inventory of equipment
using ODS and tr
ack ODS use



1.
http://www.unisys.com/about__unisys/com
mitments/environmental__stewardship/end_
_of__life__product_
_disposition__program.
htm



2.
http://www.unisys.com/about__unisys/com
mitments/environmental__stewardship/clea
n__environmen
t__product__program.htm



3.
http://www.unisys.com/about__unisys/com
mitments/environmental__stewardship/clea
n__air__program.htm


Waste Management
‘Think Green’


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UNEP
/CHW.
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31

PART TWO: Guidelines, Standards and Guidance


Initiative /Forum

Category

User

Brief Description

URL address


Basel Convention Regional
Centre for South East Asia


1.
T
echnical guidelines for
electrical and electronic waste
inventory






2. Development of Technical
Guidelines for 3 R (Reduce,
Reuse, Recycle) of End
-
o
f
-
Life Electrical and Electronic
Products







1. Guidelines








2. Guidelines





1. South
-
East Asian
countries,

Cooperating Agencies
-

BCRC
-
SEA, SBC,
National Focal Points
and other stakeholders



2. South
-
East Asian
countries,

Cooperating Agencie
s
-

BCRC
-
SEA, SBC,
National Focal Points
and other stakeholders





1.
G
uidelines and information
for
Parties
in the
South East Asia
Region
on the
methodology of
designing and
implementing a national e
-
waste inventory
program.




2.
G
uidelines and informa
tion to Parties in
the
South East Asia
Region
on the ESM of
“3R” (Reduce, reuse, recycle)
of end
-
of
-
life e
-
products





1.
http://www.bcrc
-
sea.org/?content=publication&cat=2








2.
http://www.bcrc
-
sea.org/?content=publication&cat=2



BIR Tools for
Environmentally Sound
Management for an ISO
Compliant Environment
Management System


Guidance


BIR members; public
documen
t aimed at
recyclers


Tools to assist recyclers demonstrate their
environmentally sound management


http://www.bir.org/pdf/GuideESM.pdf

or

http://www.basel.int/industry/compartn
ership/GuideESMBIR.pdf



Centre québécois de
développement durable
-

Implementation Guide for
Information Technology
Equipment Disassembly and
Sorting Centres


Guidance


Intended for all kinds
of or
ganisations
engaged in
disassembly work


Help organisations get the tools needed to
set up IT equipment disassembly and
sorting centres.


O
verview of issues involved in recycling
used IT equipment; methods of collecting

http://www.recycle.nrcan.gc.ca/documen
ts/CFER%20implementation%
20guide%
20EN.pdf


UNEP
/CHW.
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32

Initiative /Forum

Category

User

Brief Description

URL address

equipment and advantages /
disadva
ntages; provides tools to facilitate
implementation of best workplace health
and safety practices; identifies
equipment/resources needed to set up an
IT equipment disassembly and sorting
centre


Electronics Industry Code of
Conduct


Guidelines


Code for voluntary
adoption by any
business in the
electronics sector


Outlines standards to ensure that working
conditions in the electronics industry
supply chain are safe, workers a
re treated
with respect and dignity an manufacturing
processes are environmentally responsible


http://www.eicc.info/downloads/EICC_E
nglish.pdf


Electronic Product
Stewardship Canada(EPSC)

-

Recycling Vendor
Qualification Guidance
Document


Guidelines


Canada
-

Recyclers


Educational document on environmental,
legal, health and safety hazards associated
with end of life electronics. Allows
recyclers to develop environmentally
sound recycling processes. Provides
environmental auditors with a knowledge
bas
e for conducting assessments of
electronics recyclers.


http://www.ccme.ca/assets/pdf/eps_princ
iples_e.pdf



http://www.epsc.ca
/pdfs/March2006_RV
QP_GD.pdf



http://www.rpec.ca/pdfs/RVQP_GD_fr.p
df



H
ewlett
P
ackard



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UNEP
/CHW.
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33

Initiative /Forum

Category

User

Brief Description

URL address


Information Technology
Sec
urity Guide



Guide


Canada


Data security Information Technology
Security Guide

Lead Agency Publication: RCMP Hard
Disk Overwrite Software (DSX) User
Manual (June 2001 / rev. May 2004)


http://www.rcmp
-
grc.gc.ca/tsb/pubs/it_sec/dsx
-
userguide_e.pdf



International Electrotechnical
Commission (IEC)


Standards


Manufacturers,
providers,
distributors, vendors,
consumers and users,
all levels of
government agencies,
professional

societies
and trade associations,
standards developers


International standardisation activities in
relation to electro
-
technical matters


IEC TC 111


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/



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g慰慮


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h瑴t㨯:睷w.j敤散.org⽤own汯慤⽳敡r捨/A
C䘲TS.pdf


UNEP
/CHW.
9
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INF/
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34

Initiative /Forum

Category

User

Brief Description

URL address


North American Commission
for Environmental Cooperation
-

Pollution Prevention
Partnership Voluntary Clean
Electronics Challenge


Guidance


Canada, Mexico,
USA


Gu
idance for
small and medium
-
sized
enterprises on
product design and
international trade


www.cec.org



OECD

-

Council
Recommendation


Guidance


OECD member
States
, other
stakeholders may
apply on a voluntary
bas
is



End
-
of
-
life:
-

Council Recommendation on
the ESM of Waste (9 Jun 2004)


www.oecd.org


OECD
-

Guidance Manual for
the Implementation of the
Council Recommendation on
ESM of Waste


Guidance Manual



OECD member
St
ates, other
stakeholders may
apply on a voluntary
basis



End
-
of
-
life:
-

Guidance Manual for the
Implementation of the Council
Recommendation on the ESM of Waste
(14 March 2007)


www.oecd.org


OECD



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f
Cqs 慮d bnv楲onmen瑡氠
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-
2M1M
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睷w.o散d.org

UNEP
/CHW.
9
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INF/
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35

Initiative /Forum

Category

User

Brief Description

URL address


OECD
-

Technical Guida
nce
for the ESM of Specific Waste
Streams


Guidance


OECD member
States, other
stakeholders may
apply on a voluntary
basis



Recycling:
-

Technical Guidance for the
ESM of Specific Waste Streams: Used and
Scrap PCs (23 January 2003)


www.oecd.org


Solving the E
-
waste Problem
(StEP)

1.
Best E
-
waste Policies







2. SustainECycles




1. Policies







2. Practices




1. United Nations
University,
TELECOM &
Management
SudParis, Philips
Consumer Lifestyle


2. UNU, Fraunhofer
IZM




1. Comparatively evaluate different
national policies and legislation on e
-
waste and come up with legal and political
recommendations for “best e
-
was瑥t
policies”



2. 佶敲
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-
was瑥tpo汩捩敳Ⱐ
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h瑴t㨯:睷w.s瑥t
-
楮i瑩慴tv攮org/proj散瑳/


UNEP
/CHW.
9
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INF/
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36

Initiative /Forum

Category

User

Brief Description

URL address


United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural
Organization (UNESCO) Draft
Guide pra
tique pour la création
d’une structure de recyclage
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䝵楤攠


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楮 dr慦琠
form)


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瑲慮s楴楯n



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____________________