if wordpress satisfies a simpler project's requirements ... - Codez Blog

obtainablerabbiData Management

Jan 31, 2013 (4 years and 5 months ago)

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What is Drupal?


Open Source software written in php.


A CMS or content
-
management system.


A sophisticated web application building tool.

What can Drupal be?


blog


Forum


Online newspaper, Portal / Directory


Brocure

site, portfolio,
flickr

like photo drop


Social community site, job post board


Video site like
youtube


Project management site


CRM, ERP, SCM, Wiki


Shopping cart system


E
-
learning, training site


Dating site


Anything you can think of…

Why use a CMS?

It helps manage complexity.


It provides a user interface (UI) for adding,
editing and publishing content.


It provides a means for collaboration among
many to perform the above tasks.

Why use Drupal over Wordpress?


Wordpress

was designed only to be a blog with some easy add
-
ons.



Drupal

was designed to be more of a generalist: it’s for making ‘anything’
and is far more robust.



Wordpress

could be the better choice for blogs since it is better at being a
blog than
Drupal
. This is something of debate.



Wordpress

is still a sound choice of CMS for SEO and security; so
if
wordpress

satisfies a simpler project’s requirements then by all means
use it
-

it is easier and faster to set up than
Drupal
.



Wordpress

is not designed to be highly scalable to many simultaneous
users, nor does it have flexible roles, permissions, extensible content
types, nor does it have plentiful well
-
tested, quality add
-
ons. It has a
few and a lot of really poor
plugins
.



Caveat: Trying to force
Wordpress

to do something it cannot do easily
with very popular plug
-
ins can be worse than suffering the learning curve
of
Drupal
.

Open Source CMS


Content Management Systems manage
website (or intranet) content


Open Source Content Management Systems
have become one of the real open source
success stories


The three most popular open source CMS in
the nonprofit sector are:


Joomla


Drupal


Plone

Drupal


Drupal is an open source CMS based on PHP
and MySQL


It can be installed and run on any server with
Apache, MySQL and PHP (including
Linux/UNIX, Windows and Macintosh)


It also runs on PostgreSQL (another open
source Database system)


It has an extremely active developer
community, with lots of resources available


It has become arguably the most popular
open source CMS for nonprofits

Drupal, cont.


Drupal is more developer friendly than it is
user friendly (for site building, primarily)


This makes it extremely flexible and powerful


It makes it possible for developers to create
feature rich sites


It makes it very difficult for nonprofits to
build websites on Drupal on their own (unless
they have staff who know it or can learn it.)


However, organizations can maintain Drupal
sites quite well once trained

Brief History of Drupal


It was created originally as a bulletin board
system, and open sourced in 2001


It has had broad adoption since version 4


It is now on version 6.6 (point upgrades
happen every few months)


Version 5.x is also maintained (now at 5.12)


Many sites are still built with Drupal 5
because some modules haven't caught up.

Brief Interlude: Drupal vocabulary


Node: a piece of content stored in the database.
Basically a page


Content Type: types of content by how they are
displayed and organized


Module: an add
-
on to provide new functionality


Theme: a set of templates and stylesheets that
determine the look and feel of the site


Permissions: access to specific Drupal content and
features


Roles: sets of user permissions


Taxonomy: the way Drupal categorizes content


Views: ways to customize presentation of content.

Basic Drupal Features


Drupal can be used for all sorts of sites


Standard sites, members only sites, blogs,
intranets


Has a strength is in community sites


where
people can log in and create content


It has blogs and commenting built in


Drupal has a granular permissions system


It has a robust and flexible theming system


Drupal is modular, and there are tons of
modules available

Basics of Drupal Implementation


Do it yourself? Get help?


Once it is set up, administration of a Drupal
site is a lot easier than it used to be


But setting up a Drupal site requires
expertise

Requirements for installation of
Drupal


It is a web application, so
it requires a server
running web server
software (like apache).
Also requires PHP and
MySQL (or PostgreSQL)


Can be installed on most
standard web hosts. Some
have “one click” install of
Drupal


Installation of Drupal


Download from
http://drupal.org


Expand file to a directory in your webserver
that is accessible


Set up a new database


Go through the installation procedure

Building and Customizing a Drupal
Site


Once installed, the Drupal site is very basic


Additions to your Drupal site will be made
using themes and modules

Blocks

Blocks allow the placement of secondary
content in various regions on the page

Out
-
of
-
the
-
box Drupal allows 5 regions (left
column, right column, header, footer and
content)

Modules can provide blocks with specific
functionality

Custom blocks can be created


Content Types

‘Node’ is the basis for all content types

All ‘nodes’ contain title, body, create date,
published, etc.

CCK Module allows the addition of any kind of
field (text, radio, select, checkbox, image,
date, etc)

New modules can be created for content types
by using the Node API.



Themes


Themes change the
look and feel of your
site


If you have someone
else do your site, they
will likely design a
custom theme for you


Lots of themes are
available at:
http://drupal.org/proj
ect/Themes

Modules

Modules are extensions or add
-
ons to Drupal
that add a specific feature or features

Modules can easily integrate with Drupal core or
other modules by using the Drupal API
(
http://api.drupal.org/
)


Drupal Modules to use


There are some great modules included in
the basic Drupal install that you should use
(depending on site function)


Blogging module


Comment module


Forum


Taxonomies (categorizing content)


Profile (user profiles)

Modules to add


Drupal out of the box is very basic. You'll
almost definitely want to add modules


WYSIWYG editors


Content Construction Kit (CCK)


Allows you to add custom fields to a node in
Drupal


Views


allows for customized view of content


like
pages with particular kinds of categorized
content organized in a particular way

Users, Roles, Permissions

Drupal provides a very flexible authentication
system (far above other CMS’s)

Users can be created by an admin or can self
-
register

Each user can be placed into 1 or more groups
called a ‘Role’

Each role can define very specific permissions
for users

Drupal Resources


htttp://drupal.org
-

main Drupal website


http://drupal.org/forum

-

forums


http://www.lullabot.com/

-

podcast,
instructional video, articles, etc. (geared
towards developers)

Drupal Overview

Sandipan

Codez It solution

www.codez.
in