Key Elements of an EMS

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Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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Key Elements of an EMS


17 key elements of an EMS


Follows ISO 14001 standard


Aligned with ISO 9001


Page 15 in manual

Part 1


Planning


Element #1: write an
environmental policy



Top management must define the
organization’s environmental

policy:

1.

Environmental regulations

2.

Continual improvement

3.

Pollution prevention (P2)

4.

Appropriate to the organization

5.

Provides framework

6.

Documented and communicated to all

employees

7.

Available to the public

Three Pillars of an Environmental Policy

Example of P2 (Source
Reduction):

Aspects

and

impacts

definition


Element

#
2
:

identify

environmental

aspects

and

determine

which

ones

have

significant

impacts

1.
procedures to identify the environmental
aspects


2.
look beyond activities covered by
regulations.

3.
take significant aspects into account when
setting environmental objectives.

4.
identifying significant environmental
aspects is one of the most critical steps in
EMS implementation

Aspects and impacts example
from coal
-
fired power plant:


Aspect: stack emissions


Impacts: soil, water, air, plants, animals,
other (human health, aquatic food
chain, global warming.)

Activity or
Service

Aspect

Impact

Compliance

Risk

Frequency


Control

TOTAL

SCORE

Chemical Storage

Potential for Spills

Envir.

Contamination

0

3

4

4

11

Chemical Usage

Hazardous Waste
Disposal

Envir.

Contamination

1

4

3

3

11

Fuel Usage

Air Emissions,
Energy
Consumption

Use of Natural
Resources, Air
Pollution

1

2

2

2

7

Operation of
Machinery/ Power
Tools

Energy
Consumption

Use of Natural
Resources

1

1

3

1

6

Report Generation

Use of Paper

Use of Natural
Resources

0

0

2

3

5

Example


St. Joseph Mercy Hospital


Michigan


Mercury in widespread use


Professional environmental response
company contracted


Clean up mercury spills


Discard mercury
-
containing equipment


EMS implemented


Identified mercury as an environmental aspect


Developed Mercury Reduction Initiative


save
$20,000/year

Element

#
3
:

identify

legal

requirements

(environmental

regulations)

and

other

requirements


Your organization must have a procedure to
identify and obtain all applicable
environmental regulations and requirements
that apply to it based on the environmental
aspects of its activities, products, or
services.

Examples of other requirements are:


industry codes of practice


agreements with public authorities


non
-
regulatory guidelines

Commonly Applicable
Federal Environmental Laws
in the U.S.


Clean Air Act (CAA)


Clean Water Act (CWA)


Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
(FIFRA)


Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)


Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)


Comprehensive Environmental Response,
Compensation and Liability (CERCLA)


Emergency Planning and Community Right
-
to
-
Know
Act (EPCRA)


Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA)


Ways to identify
applicable regulations


KSU SBEAP (800
-
578
-
8898, or www.sbeap.org)


regulatory agencies (federal, state and local)


trade groups and associations


the Internet


public libraries


seminars and courses


newsletters / magazines


consultants and attorneys


customers, vendors, and other companies


commercial services (with updates offered on
-
line, on CD
-
ROM or in paper form)

Element #4: establish objectives
and targets


Objectives and targets help an organization
translate policy into action.


The objectives and targets must reflect:


legal and other requirements


significant environmental aspects


technological options


financial, operational, and business
requirements


views of “interested parties”

Element #5: establish an environmental
management program


Your

environmental

management

program

must

include
:


assigning

responsibility

for

meeting

the

objectives

and

targets



methods

and

time

frame


allocation

of

resources


Environmental

management

programs

must

be

dynamic

and

revised

as

needed

to

reflect

internal

and

external

changes