GIZ Namibia Country Presentation

obnoxiouspotpieManagement

Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

79 views

page
1

/ x


GIZ Namibia


Country Presentation


Overview of Sectors, Objectives and Results achieved

Last update: October 2010

page
2

/ x

The GIZ in Namibia


GIZ has been working in Namibia since Namibian independence in 1990 and

has an office in Windhoek since 1994.


The office is headed by the country director Friedrich von Kenne


The German Development Cooperation in Namibia concentrates on three focal
areas:


Management of Natural Resources


Sustainable Economic Development


Street Transport

as well as the cross cutting project


HIV/Aids Control in Namibia

and the project outside the focal areas:


Archives of Anti
-
Colonial Resistance and Liberation Struggle


page
3

/ x

Framework Conditions:


Natural resources such as soil, water, mineral commodities and biodiversity
form the basis for Namibia’s economic development


Socio
-
economic disparities and the fragility of the natural environment require
targeted but sensitive policies and interventions


An integrated approach needs to preserve ecologically valuable resources and
secure fair resource distribution while promoting sustainable utilisation

Natural Resources Management

Challenges to sustainable natural resources management:


Unequal access to and unproductive utilisation of natural resources, including land and water


Impact of climate change on the resource
-
based economy of Namibia


Need to enhance political decentralisation to promoting self
-
administration specifically in rural areas


Lack of human capacities on all levels and sectors but specifically on regional, local and communal level

Potentials:



Extensive underutilised natural resources including biodiversity potentials (e.g. natural
cosmetics, medical plants), water (irrigation along perennial rivers) and land (in both commercial
and communal areas)


Successful implementation and best practices in land reform (45% of 2020 target reached) and
rural water supply (81% of rural population with access to drinking water)





page
4

/ x


Improvement of legal
framework conditions for
secure land use in
communal areas and
equitable access to land in
commercial areas

Support to Land Reform (SLR)


Project title:

Support to Land Reform


Project partner:





Ministry of Lands and
Resettlement (MLR)


Timeframe:




Planned Duration: 01/03


09/13


Duration Phase III: 02/10


09/13


Contribution to Phase III:



5,5 Mio.


Contact:

Team Leader: Christian Graefen
Christian.Graefen@giz.de,

Martina.Roemer@giz.de

Capacity development
for key stakeholders

of land reform

Development of
strategies and policy
recommendations

for land reform

Conceptualization and
coordination of a
constitutionally
implemented land reform

Project Objectives

Project in Brief

Overall Objective

page
5

/ x

Support to Land Reform (SLR)

A

Land

Reform

Action

Plan

provides

a

coherent

national

strategy

for

land

reform

that

ensures

full

transparency

of

land

reform

targets

and

process

as

well

as

buy
-
in

from

all

relevant

political

stakeholders,

the

Namibian

public

and

the

donor

community
.

Implementation

of

land

reform

is

“on

target”

with

a

total

of

6
,
7

Mio

ha

of

land

redistributed

which

equals

45
%

of

the

2020

target
.

Under

the

policy

leadership

of

the

MLR,

Communal

Land

Boards

have

been

capacitated

to

competently

implement

land

registration

(
22
,
000

titles

issued
;

10
,
000

or

45
%

women

as

beneficiaries)

and

resolve

land

disputes

and

conflicts

(
185

out

of

188

claims

resolved)
.

Namibian

University

of

Science

and

Technology

(Polytechnic)

enabled

to

build

national

training

capacities

through

a

MSc

Program

on

Land

Management

(with

presently

22

students)
.

Innovative

approaches

(as

concerted

effort

of

GIZ,

KfW,

EC)

allow

for

efficient

land

verification

and

registration
;

a

mentorship

program

for

post
-
settlement

support

(with

37

mentors

and

1700

mentees)
.

Revised

national

land

tax

system

based

on

legally

confirmed

land

valuation

criteria

provides

N
$

33

Mio

taxes

p
.
a
.

that

are

dedicated

to

land

reform

/

acquisition
.

Results: What has been achieved so far

Component 1

Component 2

Component 3

Development of strategies

and policy recommendations

for land reform

Capacity development for

key stakeholders
of land reform


Conceptualization &

coordi
nation of a constitutionally
implemented land reform

page
6

/ x

Namibian Water Resources Management Project (NWRM)


Project title:

Namibian Water Resources
Management Project


Complemented by:

EC co
-
funded: Sustainable IWRM
in the Cuvelai
-
Etosha Basin


Project partner:





Ministry of Agriculture, Water
and Forestry


Timeframe:




Planned Duration: 01/99


03/12


Duration Phase III: 08/06


03/12


Contribution to Phase III:



4,1 Mio (complemented by EC:



3,2 Mio).


Contact:

Team Leader: Martin Neumann,
Martin.Neumann@giz.de

Project Objectives

Project in Brief

Capacity development for
national IWRM decision
makers and key
stakeholders

Creation of decentralized

water user groups and
support to IWRM
application

Supporting MAWF in

coordinating the

implementation of IWRM


Improvement of the
management of the
Namibian Water
Resources, on the basis of
Integrated Water Resource
Management (IWRM)

Overall Objective

page
7

/ x

Namibian Water Resources Management Project (NWRM)

Results: What has been achieved so far

Demarcation

of

Namibia

into

12

hydrological

basins

.

Improved

management

of

the

disastrous

floods

in

the

densely

populated

areas

of

Northern

Namibia,

through

satellite

based

forecasting

and

monitoring
.

Namibian

University

of

Science

and

Technology

(Polytechnic)

enabled

to

develop

curricula

for

Natural

Resources

Management

master

studies
.

Component 1

Enhancing the capacities of
national IWRM decision makers
and key stakeholders

Eight

Basin

Management

Committees

(BMCs)

effectively

enhance

the

demand

oriented

and

sustainable

water

resource

management,

specifically

in

the

Cuvelai

Basin

in

the

north

of

Namibia
.

Model

developments

in

the

Kuiseb

and

the

Cuvelai

basin

promote


self
-

administration

and

decentralized

water

resource

management

in

the

country
.

Component 2

Creation of decentralized

water user groups and

support to IWRM application

MAWF

adapts

organizational

structure

and

water

legislation

to

requirements

of

IWRM

implementation,

e
.
g
.

Creation

of

Basin

Management

Unit

at

Ministry

level

and

the

adequate

resourcing

of

decentralized

BMC’s

for

integrated

water

resources

management
.

Both

MAWF

and

regional

BMCs

plan

integrated

water

management

based

on

scientific

data

(including

BGR

exploration

of

groundwater

resources)
.

Component 3

Supporting MAWF in

coordinating the

implementation of IWRM

page
8

/ x

Biodiversity and Sustainable Land Management (BSLM)


Project title:

Biodiversity and Sustainable Land
Management


Project partner:




Ministry of Environment and
Tourism (MET)


Timeframe:



Planned Duration: 08/04


12/12

Duration Phase II: 07/08


12/12



Contribution to Phase II:



3,57 Mio.


Contact:

Team Leader: Konrad Uebelhoer,
konrad.uebelhoer@giz.de

Project Objectives

Project in Brief

Strengthen institutional
capacity and service
delivery of MET

Implementation of
Environmental

Management Act

Sustain use of biodiversity

through biotrade

and bio
-
prospecting

Overall Objective


Improved framework for
sustainable management
of natural resources
through private and public
users

page
9

/ x

Biodiversity and Sustainable Land Management (BSLM)

Results: What has been achieved so far

Strategic

Plan

of

Ministry

of

Environment

and

Tourism

(MET)

finalized,

which

led

to

improved

annual

planning,

transparency

and

donor

coordination
.

New

structure

for

MET’s

reorganization

and

decentralization

approved

and

required

budget

provided
.


The

institutional

strengthening

contributes

significantly

to

increasing

efficiency

and

effectiveness

of

METs

service

delivery

and

therewith

to

a

more

sustainable

use

of

natural

resources

in

Namibia
.


Component 1

Strengthen institutional

capacity and service delivery

of MET

Environmental

Management

Act

(EMA)

passed

by

parliament

and

gazetted

in

2007
.

Regulations

for

Environmental

Impact

Assessment

(EIA)

and

Strategic

Environmental

Assessment

(SEA)

approved

by

Attorney

General

and

ready

to

be

gazetted

when

new

structure

in

place
.

The

enforcement

of

the

EMA

contributes

to

the

reduction

of

negative

environmental

impacts

and

secures

the

sustainability

of

new

developments
.

Component 2

Implementation of Environmental
Management Act

Value

chains

developed

and

promoted

with

public

and

private

partners,

e
.
g
.

opening

up

new

market

opportunities

for

Marula

oil

value

chain

(primary

beneficiaries
:

over

5000

women

producers

in

north

central

Namibia)
.

Improved

framework

for

regulating

access

to
-

and

benefit

from

genetic

resources

developed

and

Namibia

actively

co
-
facilitated

the

decision

on

an

International

ABS

Regime

under

CBD
.

Incentives

are

created

for

income

diversification

through

sustainable

use

of

biodiversity
.

Component 3

Sustainable use of

biodiversity through biotrade &
bio
-
prospecting

page
10

/ x

Framework Conditions:


Despite a relatively high GDP per capita of US$ 6,388 (2009), approx. 28%
of Namibia`s inhabitants live below the poverty line. Officially,
unemployment stands at over 51%.


Pronounced disparities remain a characteristic feature of the Namibian
economy and society. Namibia is amongst the countries with the largest
income disparities worldwide (Gini coefficient 2009: 0.6).

Partnership for Economic Growth

Challenges to sustainable and equitable private sector
-
led growth:



Cumbersome administrative procedures and regulations and inequitable land rights allocation



Lack of coordination within government and between government and the private sector



Weak organisation of private sector



Access to financial services



Low productivity and skill level, further threatened by HIV/AIDS pandemic



Lack of diversification of the economy



Small domestic market dominated by South African imports

Potentials:


Improved economic policy, administrative and legal framework conditions on local and national level as
well as increased access to finance improves competitiveness of enterprises o a broad base.

page
11

/ x

Project title:


Partnership for Economic Growth (PEG)

Project partners:


Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI)


Ministry of Local and Regional
Government, Housing and Rural
Development (MLRGHRD)


Ministry of Finance (MoF)


National Planning Commission (NPC)

Timeframe:


Planned Duration: 04/05


12/13


Duration Phase III: 04/11


12/13


Contribution


Overall:


10 M


Phase III:


4 M

Contact:


Daniel Bagwitz, daniel.bagwitz@giz.de

Project Objectives

Financial systems
development

Enabling environment
at local level / Local
and regional economic
development

Enabling environment
at national level

Project in Brief

Improvement of the
conditions for

private sector growth

and employment

Overall Objective

page
12

/ x

Results: What has been achieved so far

Component 1

The

project

has

supported

the

development

of

a

White

Paper

on

Local

Economic

Development
.

The

White

Paper

has

been

adopted

by

the

Namibian

cabinet

in

March

2009
.

On

the

basis

of

this

White

Paper,

a

Local

Economic

Development

Agency

(LEDA)

has

been

set

up
.

The

LEDA

will,

amongst

others,

build

up

local

capacities

in

Local

Economic

Development

(LED),

establish

and

operate

a

competition
-
based

funding

system

for

LED

activities

and

provide

practical

assistance

to

the

policy

making

process

of

the

national

government

in

respect

of

LED
.


Public

private

dialogues

have

been

conducted

nationwide

in

order

to

identify

and

prioritize

obstacles

to

business

growth
.


Component 2

Sub national environment /
Local economic

development

With

the

aid

of

the

project,

the

Ministry

of

Trade

and

Industry,

together

with

other

government

institutions

has

con
-
ducted

its

first

ever

National

Enterprise

Census

and

is

currently

supported

in

analyzing

and

publishing

the

data
.


Establishing

the

basic

population

of

businesses

in

Namibia

will

allow

government

to

better

plan

and

monitor

their

policy

interventions
.

Moreover

the

data

will

provide

valuable

information

for

potential

investors
.


The

component

has

also

supported

NCCI

and

NMA

in

developing,

con
-
ducting

and

branding

an

annual

busi
-
ness

and

investment

climate

survey

with

the

first

Survey

published

in

2010
.

On

the

basis

of

this

data,

the

project

now

focuses

on

concrete

business

environment

reforms
.



Component 3

Enabling environment

on national level

The

project
-
initiated

Microfinance

Initiative


Koshi

Yomuti”

in

the

northern

regions

of

Namibia

provides

almost

12500

people



over

90
%

of

them

women



with

loans

to

sustain

their

livelihoods

or

to

engage

in

small

businesses
.

Their

economic

activities

enable

the

clients

to

take

care

for

8
.
4

people

on

average

within

their

households
.


With

support

of

the

German

Financial

Cooperation,

this

pilot

project

has

been

transformed

into

Namibia’s

first

Microfinance

bank

-

Fides

Bank

Namibia
.


Further,

increasing

access

to

responsible

financial

services,

support

is

given

to

introduce

mobile

payment

solutions,

reduce

banking

charges

and

increase

financial

literacy
.

Financial systems

development

page
13

/ x

Framework Conditions:


Unbalanced development of the transport infrastructure during colonial rule

and apartheid


Access to transport routes and opportunities for participating in social and
economic life are very unevenly distributed


While more than 50% of Namibia’s population lives in communal areas in the
northern part of the country, this region has only 10% of the entire road network


Especially during the rainy season, access to local markets as well as to
educational, health care and administrative facilities is not ensured






Transport Sector


Strengthening of Institutional

Development in the Road Sector of Namibia

Challenges to the institutional development in the road sector:


Lack of qualified personnel, especially in the public sector organizations


Coordination and involvement of various stakeholders in political processes


Potentials:

The Namibian Government implemented an exemplary Road Sector Reform containing two elements:


Creation of State owned Enterprises (SoE) to ensure sufficient funding through Road User Charges
(through RFA) and to increase the efficiency in managing the Road network (through Roads Authority)

page
14

/ x


Project title:


Strengthening of Institutional
Development in the Road Sector


Project partners:


Ministry of Works and Transport
(MWT)


Timeframe:


Planned Duration: 07/04
-

06/16


Duration Phase I: 07/04


10/11



Contribution to Phase I:




4,0 Mio.


Contact:


Prof. Dr. Ing. Heinrich Semar
, Team
Leader: heinrich.semar@giz.de


Project Objectives

Strengthen an enabling
environment for the
consolidation of the road
sector reform

Enhance the human
resource capacities

and human resource
development

Project in Brief

Overall Objective


The Planning, coordination
and financing of the road
sector is in line with
economic and sustainability
principles
.

page
15

/ x

Results: What has been achieved so far

Component 1

Consolidation

of the reform

-

The

Polytechnic

of

Namibia,

the

University

of

Namibia

and

several

German

partner
-
universities

entered

into

a

cooperation

agreement

-

development

of

an

international

acknowledged

demand

oriented

curricula

in

civil

engineering

geared

towards

international

requirements
.


-

exchange

program

with

lecturers

from

Germany

helps

to

relieve

personnel

shortages

at

the

local

Universities

and

helps

training

Namibian

lecturers

to

ensure

a

sustainable

improvement

the

academic

staff
.


By

making

the

degree

program

more

attractive

to

prospective

students

this

cooperation

contributes

to

increasing

the

number

of

civil

engineers
.

-

Between

2004

and

2010
,

the

number

of

enrolled

civil

engineers

increased

by

70
%
.

25
%

are

women
.


-

In

2011
,

8

Roads

Authority

and

Ministry

employees

were

enrolled

in

the

newly

developed

Master

courses

in

a

part
-
time

basis


Component 2

Enhance human


resource capacities

GIZ

and

KfW

jointly

support

the

consolidation

of

the

reform

process

in

the

Ministry

and

the

parastatals

in

the

subsector

in

order

to

promote

good

governance

in

the

subsector

by

strengthening

transparency,

planning

and

monitoring

competence
.


To support
institutional development,

GIZ advises the
Minister in terms of transport policies, in questions of
financing the transport sector and Road Safety.




Establishment of
Road Safety Policy
(coordinating Road
Safety Efforts)



Implementation of a
performance monitoring system

(enables the Ministry to regulate the state
-
owned
enterprises by setting key performance indicators)




Performance Management System (PMS
) is developed
to improve supervision of employees and indicate training
needs




page
16

/ x

Framework Conditions:


Namibia is one of the five countries with the highest prevalence of HIV and AIDS in the world.
According to the national Sentinel Survey, the HIV prevalence rate among pregnant women
amounted to 18,8% in 2010.


Social inequity, widespread poverty, high mobility, massive disadvantages of the female population,
alcohol abuse and multiple concurrent partnerships continue to fuel the epidemic.


The impact of the generalized HIV and AIDS epidemic on the public and private sector accounts for
a loss of productivity, an increase in costs as well as a loss of qualified personnel.

Multisectoral HIV/AIDS Control Project

Challenges:


Inadequate coverage with culturally adapted HIV and AIDS prevention services and deficient access
for vulnerable target groups


Ineffective communication and coordination between national and regional levels and public and
private sector to sustain implementation of prevention activities


Lack of qualified personnel, management and organizational capacities reinforced by a high turn over
of staff and senior management


Potentials:



Namibia’s National HIV and AIDS Strategy aims at engaging all economic sectors through its
multisectoral approach. If supported in establishing workplace programmes and developing a coordinated
HIV & AIDS sector response, sector institutions and organizations are enabled to protect their employees
and target groups of HIV and AIDS and its impact.


If existing decentralized local HIV and AIDS coordination structures are strengthened, the local
response to the epidemic becomes more demand
-
oriented and therefore effective.

page
17

/ x


Project title:
Multisectoral HIV &
AIDS Control Project


Project partner:





Ministry of Health and Social
Services (lead executing agency)


Partner ministries of German
Development Cooperation,
associated state
-
owned & private
sector companies, umbrella and
civil society organizations


Timeframe:




Planned Duration: 10/05


06/14


Duration Phase I: 10/05


06/11



Contribution to Phase I:


5,98 Mio.


Contact:
Team Leader Carmen
Perez Samaniego, carmen.perez
-
samaniego@giz.de

Project Objectives

Internal and external
mainstreaming

of HIV and AIDS

Strengthening of local
responses to HIV and
AIDS in the four north
central regions

Project in Brief


Partners of the priority
areas of German
Development Cooperation
and the four north central
regions address the causes
and effects of HIV and
AIDS systematically and
effectively.

Project Objectives

page
18

/ x

The

quality

and

implementation

of

the

HIV

and

AIDS

plans

at

regional

and

constituency

level

improved
.

Management

capacities

and

structures

are

strengthened

and

a

better

understanding

of

roles

and

responsibilities

of

the

Regional

and

Constituency

AIDS

Coordinating

was

achieved
.


Regional

and

local

authorities

participate

in

working

groups

on

the

following

topics
:

1.
Strengthening

local

and

regional

leadership

and

ownership

2.
HIV

and

AIDS

mainstreaming

into

development

planning

3.
Streamlining

local

and

regional

coordination

structures

and

mechanisms

The

working

groups

developed

guidelines

that

are

in

the

process

of

implementation

and

recommendations

that

are

currently

discussed

with

the

competent

authorities
.

Results: What has been achieved so far

Partner

ministries

were

equipped

with

a

pool

of

trained

peer

educators

who

consult,

educate

and

raise

awareness

around

HIV

and

AIDS

related

issues

within

their

organizations
.

Trainings

with

ministerial

management

led

to

a

better

understanding

and

awareness

with

regard

to

the

impacts

of

HIV

and

AIDS

on

the

employees

and

sectors
.

Impact

assessments

and

baseline

studies

for

sector

polices

and

mainstreaming

approaches

document

these

impacts

and

led

ministries

to

address

HIV

and

AIDS

in

their

strategic

and

operational

plans
.

Partner

ministries

and

other

sectoral

partners

established

HIV

and

AIDS

workplace

programs

which

successfully

address

their

employees

and/or

target

groups

(Namibian

National

Farmers

Union,

Namibia

Business

Coalition

on

HIV/AIDS,

Walvis

Bay

Corridor

Group

and

others)
.

Component 1

Internal and external

mainstreaming

Component 2

Strengthening of local responses to HIV and
AIDS in the four north central regions

page
19

/ x

Framework Conditions:

After

a

long

liberation

struggle

Namibia

gained

independence

in

1990
.

During

the

occupation

period,

many

historical

records

were

destroyed

or

transferred

abroad

.
These

are

now

in

the

archives

of

former

colonial

powers,

international

organisations,

countries

of

exile

and

centres

of

international

solidarity
.

Materials

and

sources

relating

to

the

anti
-
colonial

resistance

and

the

liberation

struggle

are

incomplete

and

have

not

been

systematically

and

critically

examined
.


Archives of Anti
-
Colonial Resistance and Liberation
Struggle (AACRLS)

Challenges:


Records and documents are scattered over many countries, museums and institutions.


Research activities into Namibia’s past and information on this subject are laden with prejudices.


The history of resistance is in increasing danger of being forgotten. The number of eyewitnesses is decreasing.
There is thus a real danger that adequate documentation of this important period may no longer be possible.

Potentials:



Material on anti
-
colonial resistance and liberation struggle are secured and through research enhanced.


Participating and implementing organizations are strengthened in their capacity for collection,
processing and networking.


The results of the collection and research efforts are used in education and public relation work.



page
20

/ x


Governmental, civil
-
society
institutions and the media
promote
a differentiated,
decolonized
view of
Namibia’s history

Archives of Anti
-
Colonial Resistance and Liberation Struggle
(AACRLS)


Project title:

Archives of Anti
-
Colonial
Resistance and Liberation Struggle


Project partner:





Ministry of Education


Timeframe:




Duration: 11/01


12/10


Contribution



1,3 Mio.


Contact:

Daniela
Schöneburg
Schultz,
daniela.schoeneburg
-
schultz@giz.de


Material on anti
-
colonial resistance is
secured and through
research enhanced
.

Participating
organisations are
strengthened in their
capacity for collection
and processing..

Results in collection and
research efforts are
used in public education
work.

Project Objectives

Project in Brief

Overall Objective

page
21

/ x

Archives of Anti
-
Colonial Resistance and Liberation Struggle
(AACRLS)

Numerous

historic

material

dealing

with

many

topics

and

historic

incidents

has

been

collected

in

Namibia
.

The

Swiss
-
German

Chapter

of

the

project

does

intense

research

in

European

Libraries

and

Institutes

in

order

to

repatriate

material

on

the

anti
-
colonial

liberation

struggle
.


Oral

researchers

recorded

numerous

Interviews

with

eyewitnesses

of

the

liberation

struggle
.






Through

the

procurement

of

specialised

IT
-
Equipment,

the

capacity

of

the

National

Archives

of

Namibia

is

strengthened

and

it

is

enabled

to

deal

with

requirements

of

modern

archival

system
.


Training

efforts

for

national

staff

improved

the

critical

short

staff

base

of

the

National

Archive
.


Bursaries

in

the

fields

of

history

and

archiving

are

given

to

Namibian

students
.


Numerous

books

written

by

people

who

were

actively

involved

in

the

struggle

are

due

for

publication
.


A

webpage
:

“Namibia



Anti
-
Colonial

Resistance

and

Liberation

Struggle”

has

been

established
.

http
:
//www
.
natarch
.
edu
.
na/aacrls/inde
x
.
php


A

history

conference

took

place

in

November

2009

and

showcased

the

achievements

of

AACRLS

and

to

encourage

discussion

on

the

recent

history

of

Namibia
.



Results: What has been achieved so far

Component 1

Component 2

Component 3

Material on anti
-
colonial resistance
is secured and through research
enhanced.

Participating organisations are
strengthened in their capacity for
collection and processing.

Results in collection and research
efforts are used in public education
work.