Introduce Linux Ubuntu - For Beginner User

nutmegactSoftware and s/w Development

Nov 10, 2012 (4 years and 10 months ago)

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Introduce Linux

Ubuntu

For Beginner User

Introduction Desktop Environment


Desktop Environment is GUI (Graphical user
interface) for Linux Desktop


M
ost
P
opular

desktop

environments

in Linux
are

:


1.
GNOME

(
http://www.gnome.org/
)


2.
KDE

(
http://www.kde.org/
)


3.
Xfce

(

http://www.xfce.org/
)


4.
LXDE

(

http://www.lxde.org/
)



What will

we

do

after

installing

ubuntu

On
Notebook ?


Change Repository


Check For Availability of Proprietary Hardware
Drivers


Install Codec for Playing Music and Movie


Install Any Package who You Need


such as : Netbeans, Google Chrome, Gimp and
Inkscape etc

Repository


Collection

of

various

applications

on the

internet,

are collected

into a

single,

packaged

in the

media


including

software

applications,

games,

multimedia,

internet,

office, themes.



Example :


http://singo.ub.ac.id/


http://repo.ugm.ac.id/


http://kambing.ui.ac.id/

Change Repository


Open Terminal


Type :
$ sudo su


Type :
# nano /etc/apt/sources.list


Acces
http://singo.ub.ac.id/penggunaan/

, copy
and paste Option Ubuntu in Text Editor nano


Press : Ctrl + x
-
> y
-
> Enter


Type
:# apt
-
get update

Check For Availability of Proprietary
Hardware Drivers


Open Unity dash.


Search Additional Drivers and Open it.


Wait Until Check Done.


If Driver Detected Click Activate.



Install Codec For Music and Video

(Terminal Version)


Open Terminal


Type following command into Terminal


$ sudo apt
-
get update


Type following command into Terminal

$ sudo apt
-
get install
ubuntu
-
restricted
-
extras


If Done, Now try Play your Music and Video.

Install Codec For Music and Video

(GUI Version)


Play your Music or Video


If Messages dialog for Search Codec appear
Click button Search.


Wait until Instalation Package Done


Try Again for playing your Music or Video.

How to Install Package via Offline


Google Crhome

1.
Download Packages from google

2.
Download Packages with Extension [dot] deb

3.
Save in Direktori home

4.
Open Terminal and Type Following Command :


$ sudo dpkg

i google
-
chrome
-
stable_current_i386.deb

1.
Wait Untill Installation Done.

2.
Now Google Chrome Was Installed on your
Ubuntu.

How to Install Package via Repository


VLC Media Player

1.
Open Terminal

2.
Type Following Command in terminal


$ sudo apt
-
get update


$ sudo apt
-
get install vlc vlc
-
plugin
-
pulse
mozilla
-
plugin
-
vlc

3.
Wait Until Installation Done

4.
Now VLC ready on your Ubuntu


How to Remove Packages


GUI Version



Open Synaptic Package Manager, and Unmark
software or packages you want remove


Terminal Version


type this command in terminal :


$ sudo apt
-
get remove vlc


OR


$
sudo apt
-
get
--
purge remove

vlc


Source


https://help.ubuntu.com/community/RestrictedFormat
s


http://www.techdrivein.com/2011/10/15
-
things
-
i
-
did
-
after
-
installing
-
new.html


http://www.videolan.org/vlc/download
-
ubuntu.html


http://www.addictivetips.com/ubuntu
-
linux
-
tips/how
-
to
-
completely
-
uninstall
-
packages
-
in
-
ubuntu
-
linux/


http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/howto
-
delete
-
remove
-
software
-
using
-
apt
-
get
-
command/


http://www.renewablepcs.com/about
-
linux/kde
-
gnome
-
or
-
xfce


????????????

? QUESTION ?

????????????