ACT Prepx - MStephens

nothingstockingsMechanics

Oct 30, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Basic Test Taking Tips

40 questions


35 minutes

Learn these Instructions


Instructions:

These are the actual
instructions:


There are
seven

passages in this test. Each
passage is followed by several questions.
After reading a passage, choose the best
answer to each question and fill in the
corresponding oval on your answer
document. You may refer to the passages as
often as necessary. Calculator use is not
permitted.

Science Reasoning Test


The Science Reasoning Test has seven
science passages:


3 Data Representation passages


15
questions


3 Research Summaries passages


18
questions


1 Conflicting Viewpoints passage


7
questions

The Questions


Each science passage is directly followed by
several questions on that passage:


Data Representation passages are
accompanied by 5 questions


Research Summaries passages have 6
questions


The Conflicting Viewpoints passage has 7
questions

Science Content


Biology,

including cell biology, botany, zoology,
microbiology, ecology, genetics, and evolution


Earth/Space Sciences
,

including geology,
meteorology, oceanography, astronomy, and environmental
sciences


Chemistry
,

including atomic theory, inorganic chemical
reactions, chemical bonding, reaction rates, solutions,
equilibriums, gas laws, electrochemistry, organic
chemistry, biochemistry, and properties and states of
matter


Physics
,

including mechanics, energy, thermodynamics,
electromagnetism, fluids, solids, and light waves

Recognizing the Passages


Data Representation


The Science Reasoning Test contains three
Data Representation passages. These
passages contain one or more
charts

(such
as tables, graphs, or illustrations).


5 questions for each Data
Representation

Research Summaries


There are
three

Research Summaries
passages on the Science Reasoning
Test. These passages generally present
two or three related experiments and
the data collected from them.


6 questions for each
summary

Conflicting Viewpoints


The test contains only one Conflicting
Viewpoints passage. This passage presents
you with two or three alternative theories on
an observable phenomenon

such as cloud
formation or the movement of tectonic
plates

and requires that you understand
the
differences and similarities
between the
viewpoints.


7 Questions


The Questions

How Many?


Of the 40 questions on the Science
Reasoning Test,
15

will accompany Data
Representation passages,
18

will follow
Research Summaries, and
7

will cover
the Conflicting Viewpoints passage
.

Read the Chart.



These questions ask you simply to identify
information given on the chart and are
perhaps the most straightforward questions
on the Science Reasoning Test. These
questions are the equivalent of specific
detail questions on the Reading Test.





Use the Chart.



These questions require that you use the
information given in the chart to determine
other, unstated information. For example,
some of these questions might ask you to
make a guess based on the information
given, as to what would happen if one of the
variables in the experiment changed.

Handle Graphs.


Translate the information in the charts
into words or translate words or
numbers into a chart will be the type of
questions asked in this section. This
shows that you understand what the
graphs or charts mean.

Take the Next Step


In these questions you become the
scientist and determine what the next
step in an experiment should be. You
will usually be given a goal for an
experiment and the current scenario.
You then decide what must be done to
achieve the goal of the experiment.

Questions in Conflicting Viewpoint


There will be three main types of
questions on this section. They are:


1.
Detail

questions ask you to identify specific
information from the arguments presented.

2.
Inference

questions ask you to draw out
implied information from the arguments.

3.
Comparison

questions ask you to find
and analyze similarities and differences
between the arguments.

Dealing With Scientific Jargon

1.
Don’t let the words throw you!


In fact, once you get past the language,
the questions on this test tend to be
fairly straightforward and simple to
answer.


Break the words down into its root words
that you understand (Make it simple)


Take practice tests that use the science
jargon and look up the words

How to Read the Passage


Do a quick read


Read the first paragraph
completely because it will describe overall
intent of the section. Then:


Read the first sentence of each of the
following paragraphs.


Read the conclusion


If you are a fast reader, you can read all the
text very quickly.

What you should do?


Do not spend a long time on each sentence.


Make quick notes on the following things:


What is being tested?



Why is it being tested?


What are the variables?


What are the factors that stay the same


Jot these things down in the margins as you read.


Or, you can underline them as you read and make note
of what the underline means

Answer the Questions


Read the question and before you look at the
choices, try to answer the question on your own. If
you don’t know the answer then



Re
-
read the question and, if necessary, restate it in
your own words so you understand what it is
asking.


Refer back to the passage.


Formulate an answer in your own words, without
looking at the answer choices.


Match your answer to the choices provided.



Base your answer on the text, not what you
think that you know. All of the information
that you need is in the text of the passages.


Harder questions are usually last (but not
always).


If you are clueless, reread the passage in
about 1 minute and try again.

Practice Tests


Take as many practice tests as possible


They are your friend.


Buy study guides with practice tests.


Go on line and take “free” practice tests.


Use College Board “free” practice tests.


The more you practice the better prepared
you will be.

Never leave a question BLANK!!!


After your practice test, analyze your answers.


Determine why you missed the question.


Lack of knowledge


Guessed wrong


Careless Error



Remember


Never leave a question
Blank

Talk to yourself
!?


Talk to yourself and ask yourself questions
while you are taking the test.


Of course, you can’t talk out loud during the
“real” test, but you can during the practice
test.


Not only does this help you by hearing what
you are thinking, but it helps you by the fact
that you can hear your mistakes as you are
thinking them.

Take Study Breaks


Only study for 30


45 minute sessions


Take a break


10
-
15 minutes before you hit
the study session again.


Your brain can only remember so much and
after 45 minutes it starts to forget the stuff
that you are learning.


You remember the first 15 minutes and the
last 15 minutes. The stuff in the middle of
your study session gets lost.

Top 10 Test Taking Tips

1.
Skim the passage for the big picture


Don’t read every word


2.
Focus on trends and patterns.


3.
Identify Variables and Controls


4. Focus on Differences more than
Similarities.



5. Use your pencil, underline, make
notes, ask questions.


6. Don’t get bogged down in words or
detail (especially numbers).



7. Don’t get intimidated by “science
words”



8. Summarize what you read


9.

Figure out the wrong answer ploys!


Answer contradicts information or
states it backwards


Mentions passage but does NOT answer
the question.


Speculation that is not directly related
to the passage


Only partially supports the question


10. Chill! Don’t make the test harder
than it really is! Just be glad when the
question is incredibly easy and answer
it. Don’t think that you have to look for
a trick!