Social Studies- Importance of Water for Daily Life and Geography

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Oct 29, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Day 2: Social Studies Lesson
-

Water

1.
Topic
:

The imp
ortance of Water for daily life

2. Objectives:




Students will be able to describe the importance of water to daily life



Students will be able to identify the negative effects that pollution can have on

the
water around the world.



Students will be able to identify characteristics of different waterways

3. Materials Needed:


1.

PowerPoint

for notes

2.

Notes

on Presentation

3.

Journal Handout

4.

Video of Jay
-
Z, “Diary of Jay
-
Z: Water for Life” (link in closure)

5.

Waterways Crossword puzzle

4. Strategies:



Introduction:

Have students pair up with

one or two partners and ask each other the
following questions:

1.

Why is water so important?

a.

Answer: We use it every day and we cannot survive without it

2.

When do they use water?

a.

Showers, drinking, making food, washing hands, washing cars, washing pets,
wash
ing dishes, etc.

3.

Where does the water they use come from?

a.

Perhaps a local reservoir, or a well on their property. Some may not know
and may just answer from the faucet

4.

Do they use water on a need basis, or a want basis?

a.

Mostly on a want basis, because it
is not necessary for us to consume and
use as much water as we do most of the time, however when it comes to
drinking and eating, this is mostly on a need basis.

After about 5 minutes for discussion, bring the class back together and ask for sample
answers
, writing the answers on the board. Explain that these are several of the
issues that will be discussed in today’s class on the importance of water and its
pollution around the world.


Lesson Steps:


1.

Notes from
PowerPoint

on waterways and the importance of water

(teacher
notes are included in the notes section of each slide). Hand out notes outlines
for the students to fill in from the PowerPoint.

2.

Discussion/Ex
ample of
a local river water source

(included in PowerPoint)

3.

View

a video on the rapper Jay
-
Z and his plan for reducing the number of people
without access to clean drinking water.
(
http://www.mtv.com/videos/news/120275/eyes
-
wide
-
open.jhtml#id=1545981
)
The first video is a 2 minute summary, the following videos are more in depth
descriptions of Jay
-
Z’s plan and visits to villages and towns to see how people
without e
asy access to water live. If possible, it may be more informational to
show the longer clips, but if there is not enough time, then just the overview can
be shown to give students an idea of his plan to raise awareness.
Students will
be given a chance to

discuss whether or not they th
ink the plan will be successful
and what they could do to help raise awareness among their community. Break
students up into groups of three or four and have them write a description of
what they could realistically do to im
prove the situation for people living in
communities that do not have adequate access to water. These plans do not
need to be elaborate, but just a brief idea that will be shared with the class after
about 10 minutes to work on it. The plans do not need

to be handed in.


Closure:

The lesson will end with a Class Discussion on how we can prevent water
pollution and how water pollution affects us (last slide of
PowerPoint
)

5.

Assignment:

Students must keep a journal, imagining that they are Eugenia, a girl living in
Africa who does not have access to clean drinking water. They must make one entry, explaining
where they live, why they do not have clean water, whe
re the closest drinking water is, and
how this affects their lives.


Extension:

a crossword puzzle on Waterways vocabulary

6. Evaluation:


1.

Participation in/attention to group discussions (participation points)

2.

Journal (
Rubric
)




Name: _____________________

Date: _____________________


Water Vocab:



Ocean



a large body of _______ water that
_______________ a continent. Oceans cover
more the ________________ of the Earth's surface



Sea



a

large body of ________ water that is often __________ to an _________. A sea
may be partly or completely surrounded by__________.



___________



a part of the ocean (or sea) that is partly surrounded by land (it is usually larger
than a _______).



Bay



a body
of water that is partly _____________ by _________ (and is usually
smaller than a gulf).



Channel



a ____________ body of water that connects __________ larger bodies of water
(like the English Channel). A channel is also a part of a _________ or
___________

that is ___________ enough to let __________ sail through.



Cove



small, ____________________ body of water along the coast; the water is
surrounded by land formed of ___________________.



Lagoon



a ________________ body of water that is located alongside a _
__________ and
separated from the ocean by a strip of _________ or a _________________.



Lake



a _____________ body of water surrounded by_____________ on all sides.
Really huge lakes are often called ___________.



_____________



a man
-
made ___________ that st
ores water for future use.



Pond



a ____________ body of water surrounded by land. A pond is smaller than a
__________.



Swamp



a

type of ____________________________ that has _____________, muddy
land and a lot of water. Many ___________ and _____________ grow in
swamps.



____________



a
_____________ body of water that connects two larger bodies of water.



Canal



a ______________
waterway used for _______________ or ________________.



River



a large, ______________ body of water that usually _______________ into a sea
or ocean.



___________________



When a river falls off _______________



Estuary



where a ____________ meets the _________

or ___________.



Tributary



a stream or river that _____________ into a larger __________.

Water Pollution



any contamination of water with chemicals or other foreign substances that are
detrimental to human, plant, or animal health.



What sort of things caus
e pollution?

























What has caused a growth in Water Pollution and loss of water?






















Case Study: ___________________________________



Tributaries: __________________ in northeast Sioux County, IA



Tributary to the ____________________



The _______________ in ___________________ is what gave the city its name.



Pollution: mostly _____________ from farms and _______________ from the animals
on the farms or being used to ________________. Also some pollution has come from
____________ of so
il on the banks of the river.



The major pollutants that have been identified are _______________ and
___________



Why do we care?

Homework

for next class
:

Your name is Eugenia and you live in
Madagascar

with your seven brothers and sisters.
Each day you must walk 2 miles to the closest river in order to get clean drinking water.
Though there is a pump in your village, it hardly ever works and when it does, the water
looks a bit brown and smells funny.

The river where you get your water runs through a lot
of farm land, and your mother is concerned about what is in the water, but you have no
other choice but to drink it because there is no better alternative.

Write a journal explaining your life as
Eugen
ia and the hardships that you face. Describe
your home life, where you live, where the closest drinking water is, and how this affects
your life. How can your situation be fixed; how can you be given the access to drinking
water that you need? Why is it

important that you have clean water?

Your journal should be at least half a page long with correct grammar and punctuation.
Creativity is encouraged, and extra points may be given for it, but you will not be penalized
for not including creativity. Pleas
e write your entry on a separate piece of notebook paper
or type it. If typed, it must have 12 point font and 1
-
inch margins. Late papers will follow
normal rules of penalization.

Due next class period.



Student Name: ___________________________________
__

CATEGORY

4

3

2

1

Capitalization &
Punctuation
(Conventions)

Writer makes no
errors in
capitalization or
punctuation, so the
paper is
exceptionally easy to
read.

Writer makes 1 or 2
errors in
capitalization or
punctuation, but the
paper is still easy to
read.

Writer makes a few
errors in
capitalization and/or
punctuation that
catch the reader's
attention and
interrupt the flow.

Writer makes several
errors in
capi
talization and/or
punctuation that
catch the reader's
attention and greatly
interrupt the flow.

Grammar &
Spelling
(Conventions)

Writer makes no
errors in grammar or
spelling that distract
the reader from the
content.

Writer makes 1
-
2
errors in grammar or
spelling that distract
the reader from the
content.

Writer makes 3
-
4
errors in grammar or
spelling that distract
the reader from the
content.

Writer makes more
than 4 errors in
grammar or spelling
that distract the
r
eader from the
content.

Flow & Rhythm
(Sentence
Fluency)

All sentences sound
natural and are
easy
-
on
-
the
-
ear
when read aloud.
Each sentence is
clear and has an
obvious emphasis.

Almost all sentences
sound natural and
are easy
-
on
-
the
-
ear
when read aloud
, but
1 or 2 are stiff and
awkward or difficult
to understand.

Most sentences
sound natural and
are easy
-
on
-
the
-
ear
when read aloud, but
several are stiff and
awkward or are
difficult to
understand.

The sentences are
difficult to read aloud
because they
sound
awkward, are
distractingly
repetitive, or difficult
to understand.

Sentence
Structure
(Sentence
Fluency)

All sentences are
well
-
constructed with
varied structure.

Most sentences are
well
-
constructed with
varied structure.

Most sentences are
well
-
constructed but
have a similar
structure.

Sentences lack
structure and appear
incomplete or
rambling.

Support for
Topic (Content)

Relevant, telling,
quality details give
the reader important
information that goes
beyond the obvious
or predictable.

Supporting details
and information are
relevant, details are
given. At least 2
details / fact.

Some supporting
details and
information are
relevant, but details
are lacking.

Supporting details
and information are
typically unclear or
not related to the
t
opic.


Creativity: +1 +2

Total: ___/20



Water Vocab

Note: some clues are on the back of the handout so don’t forget them!

1

















2


3















4




5

6



























7













8









































9
















10







11


































12






















13











14

























15












Across

4.

a type of freshwater wetland that
has spongy, muddy land and a lot of
water

6.

where a river meets the sea or
ocean

8.

a man
-
made lake

11.

an example would

be Niagara Falls

13.

a man
-
made waterway

15.

a large body of water surrounded by
land on all sides



Down

1.

a large, flowing body of water that usually empties
into a sea or ocean

2.

a narrow body of water that connects two larger
bodies of water

3.

a rather small body of water that is partially
surrounded by land

4.

a narrow body of water that connects two larger
bodies of water

5.

a small body of water surrounded by land

7.

a stream or river that flows into a larger river

9.

a large body of
salt water that surrounds a
continent

10.

a shallow body of water that is located alongside a
coast; separated from the ocean by a strip of land
or a sandbank

12.

a rather large part of the ocean that is partly
enclosed by land

13.

small, horseshoe
-
shap
ed body of water along the
coast

14.

a large body of salty water that is often connected
to an ocean