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Oct 29, 2013 (4 years and 8 months ago)


Disaster Preparedness and Response Volunteer Training

Annotated Bibliography

Marisa Sommerfeld

Fall 2006

The program is for volunteers
in university/college communities
who want to be involved in the Disaster Preparedness

with an
emphasis on health

for their
, and then their continued involvement in response to a disaster (man
made and/or natural).

The program would probably be presented in front of a group ranging from mid
20s to age 60, and the size of the group would be no
more than 25 parti
cipants. The points to be made by the program are:


Understanding what a disaster is.


The commitment
and preparedness
of a volunteer.


The importance of preparedness.


Different types of response to a disaster.


The numerous roles within a disaster.


ion for



The aftermath o
f a disaster

Rating System: The resources will be rated by their overall usefulness, and accessibility. The highest rating is a 10 meaning

that it is a
very valuable resource and should be considered first. Th
e lowest rating is represented by



that the resource is
acceptable, but
there are probably better options

The ratings will be found on the bottom left corner of each page.

Personal Awareness of Ho
meland Security Advisory System

To sho
w this website would allow the volunteers to keep track of the United States’ current state of
national security threat. This would allow
them to (a) understand the threat alerts, and (b) be on guard in case of a national security disaster. This government

website shows the alerts
and explains them concisely further down the page.



for Volunteer Preparedness

By providing CPR training, I believe that the community

volunteers will be better prepared for the incidence of a disaster. The CPR training
resources available off this website is for a small
medium size group which is the expected participation for my program. The website also
provides a “Grant Writing” docu
ments to help with funding which helps with the accessibility of the activity.


for Volunteer Preparedness

Training the participants of my program the basic Fi
rst Aid response and then certifying them I believe will give them greater confidence when
faced with disaster response. It will allow them to provide basic medical attention when the EMT/Paramedics are not immediate
ly available.
The National Safety Counci
l provides the all the necessary materials for the activity with certification.

The website is simple, one might go so
far to say bland, but the information is good.


Icebreaker Resource for Pa

This website, though created for Resident Hall advisers, is a great resource for finding
cebreakers and team building activities that are short
create great enthusiasm. There are quite a few advertisements around the webpage, and it is not
pleasing to the eye

as far as layout. Once
you get to the resources though, it is a great tool and there are even links to other web pages with similar activities.


Preparedness for Volun
teers and their Families

This website has information for adults and children that is user friendly and easy to understand. The topics discussed are t
horough and
appropriate for the readers (older adults, young adults, and children). The website is aesthet
ically pleasing and not overwhelming with links or
advertisements. There are tools that are easily accessible to help family prepare for many types of disasters.

Rating: 10

Resource to Pack

a Disaster Kit for the Volunteers

By ha
ving access to the Red Cross Emergency Preparedness Kits and Supplies, as a presenter I could go through what the Red Cross,

internationally known responder to disasters, deems necessary to be prepared. By reviewing the contents of the kit and allowi
the participants
to handle each item, I feel this would be a great resource for the program. The other products available could also be useful

as a reference.

Rating: 4

Video Resource

is website has video clips of disasters that you can both click on and get a 30sec sample of the footage, or you can choose t
o purchase it for
the entire length of film. The website prices seem to me a little expensive, but the clips they have are not grue
some but do make an impact. The
layout of the web page seems easy enough to maneuver and has plenty of clips.

Rating: 6

Lesson Planning Resource


Discover School website is great for creating lesson plans for teens and under. It may be difficult to change all these resou
rces to adult
learners, but it is a great place to start looking for ideas. It even provides evaluation after suggested lesson pla
ns. There are cool tools to create
word searches and crossword puzzles at a higher level of difficulty.

Rating: 10

Teaching Tips Resource

This website is full of resources for planning lesson plans, recognizin
g teaching style differences, and how to motivate students. It is well
organized and is not just limited to the site within itself, but has many links. The only annoyance is the numerous dead link
s, or links that no
longer go to the correct page.


Rating: 7

PowerPoint Resource

This website, by the University of Virginia, makes many safety PowerPoint presentations available as long as there is a submi
tted email
ting permission. The amount of presentations is quite large, but for specifically only disaster related there is just a few t
hat may work.

The layout is simple, easy to navigate,

attempts to be creative with color.
This has not

been updated since 2004.

Rating: 7

Guest Speaker Resource

The United States Environmental Protection Agency has an online Local Emergency Planning Committee Database in which it gives

information for the local representative. Th
is is a great resource because I am not limited to just one speaker that I find, but if I move around
presenting this program, I can find the local liaison for the community!

The one negative is that it is not very user

Rating: 6

Video Resource

on Fire Safety

This website has numerous eight videos available for health educators that not only are instructional, but show legislation a
nd fire safety in
action, and a testimonial. There is

also a link provided to show a live burn of a dorm room as provided by the U.S. Fire
Administration as a
mock presentation. Included is also the materials and construction to make the mockup for your own demonstration.
This is a great resource for
a fire
safety portion of the presentation, I assume we can take information from the
videos and extrapolate it to fit other situations beyond just a
college dorm room.

Rating: 8

Fire Safety Resource

The U.S. Fir
e Administration

has a great website for anyone interested in learning more on fire safety. There are different links for different age
groups, it discusses the at
risk populations, and
even has a brief lesson setups for educators
. The site is very user
iendly and is very
aesthetically pleasing to the eye!

Rating: 10

Teaching Resource
for Classroom Management

The website provides a free download of “Tools for Teaching Activity Guide.” The teaching resources on this sit
e cover topics such as seating
arrangement, motivation, and body language. The site seems more geared towards new teachers, but the information is very help
ful especially
the section labeled: “Rules, Routines, and Standards.” There is also the opportunity
to purchase other teaching methodology resources.

PDF file Free Download:



Teaching Reference

This teaching reference
has been created by the Ohio State University Faculty Development program. What a great resource for those teaching
18 years and older, especially those specifically targeting college students. There are activities and words of wisdom on thi
s website that
helpful to a new teacher or an educator look for new methods. There is even a link specifically about evaluation. The website

is not all
inclusive but includes link to many other sites.

Rating: 8

Evaluation Resource

This website provides an evaluation resource that you can use while creating your goals/objectives, during the program, and a
fter the program.
Since it is interactive on the web with
, the draw back is that you will have to print it out so when
looking back to it to compare there
is something tangible to compare against. The website bypasses
evaluation of the program and is not comprehensive
, but is a great spring
board for evaluation

of goals and objectives.

Rating: 6

Evaluation Resource

This website, from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, is a great reference to begin the program planning with. It

challenges the
Health Educator to think of

evaluation from the very beginning, and is good to continue to look back at for accountability. The set up of the
web page is easy to use and is something to keep in mind during any program planning and implementation.

Rating: 10

Classroom Activities/Lecture Breaks

This website, though not as colorful or eye catching, has great suggestions directly targeted towards educators wanting to
avoid just didactic learning. The webpage continues to explain role
playing, de
bate and discussion techniques that may
help break up a lecture. The information is not easy to read through quickly, but it is valuable and worth the extra effort.

Rating: 6

Understanding the Adult Learners and appropriat
e activities

This website is great for my type of learning because it is interactive, very bright and userfriendly. The article drop down
box allows easy
navigation of articles that share how to overcome barriers when teaching adults. The articles are sim
ple to read, but loaded with valuable
information. This website is by far one of my top favorites.

Rating: 10

Online Course Resource

This is a website that would be required for the students in
the program to complete before they received their certification of completion. The
online course is self

taking approximately three hours to complete. The course is based on the

USDA’s role

National Response Plan:
The National Response Plan is an
discipline, all
hazards plan that establishes a single, comprehensive framework for the management of
domestic incidents.
The fact that it is based on an all
hazards response plan validates the course information. This website is created by the
on Disaster Education Network thru the USDA.

Rating: 8

The C
enters for
ontrol (CDC) and Prevention

Emergency Preparedness and Response site

This is my main resource for up to date informat
ion in creating a disaster preparedness and response program. The CDC covers an all
response as seen on their home page for Emergency Preparedness and Response. The website has lots of useful information and i
s overall
pretty easy to navigate. Ther
e are also numerous links to other resources beyond the CDC.

Rating: 9

Quiz/Test Resource

In numerous resources a suggestion to break up the material is to give quizzes throughout the lecture and activities. I have
chosen to boo
Microsoft online because different users have posted their techniques of how to make a quiz or a test using Microsoft Word. T
he information is
not the easiest to access, but once the site is understood the navigation becomes easier. The ability to do
wnload templates for not just quizzes,
but brochures and handouts will become very helpful throughout the program…perhaps even have the participants make their own

Rating: 7

Reviewed Journals

The Delta Kappa Gamma Bulleti

Created by the Delta Kappa Gamma Society International, this peer reviewed journal is specifically for women who are in the f
ield of
. Though there is no website, the journal has yet a great impa
ct and is a rich resource for women educators. In the winter 2006
publication, I found a great article by Andrea Honigsfeld and Rita Dunn specifically addressing the Learning Style Characteri
stics of Adult
Going back through the years, I did find

other articles of high interest.

Rating: 5

Teachers College Record

The Teachers College Record, as described on its website: “is a journal of research, analysis, and commentary in the field of

education. It has
been published continuously since 1900 by
achers College
Columbia University
.” It is a peer
reviewed journal and with a website to coexist
with the journal, I definitely find this a useful resource! An example of the contributions would be the article by Arthur Za
jonc of Amherst
College in the wi
nter 2006 publication titled: “
Love and Knowledge: Recovering the Heart of Learning Through Contemplation

Rating: 6

Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

The Journal of Public Health Management and Practice is a peer
reviewed journal that targ
ets allied health professionals and public health
advocates that are interested in the implementation of public health programs. Public health programs that are related to dis
aster preparedness
and response include but are not limited to bioterrorism educa
tion and emergency medical response in mass casualty incidences. The Journal of
Public Health Management and Practice is not solely read by health related professionals, but also public policy managers.

Rating: 7

Journal of Prehospital and Disaster Medici

The Journal of Prehospital and Disaster Medicine is slightly less
known and small peer
reviewed journal, but it has plenty of relevant
information aimed towards disaster medical attention in and out of a hospital setting.

This is the official journal of

the World Association for
Disaster and Emergency Medicine and the Nordic Society of Disaster Medicine.

The website that supplements the publication is slightly
lacking, but available to all the public.

Rating: 8

Disaster Prevention and Management

The Disa
ster Prevention and Management article is a peer
reviewed journal which crosses the border between medical response in a disaster
and then the government/city planner’s response to a disaster. Public policy makers and medical professionals, and anyone wit

reading capabilities interested in disaster preparedness and response would be able to read this article and find a wealth of

new knowledge.

journal is specific to the topic and that is why I would reference this journal.

Rating: 9
sional Organizations:

American Medical Association (AMA)

Mission Statement:

The AMA's envisioned future is to be an essential part of the professional life of every physician and an essential force for

progress in improving the nation's health.

The AMA is

a partner
with the
Center for Leadership in Education and Applied Research in Mass Destruction Defense (CLEARMADD)

in the
National Disaster Life Support Foundation which promotes educational disaster preparedness courses for physicians, nurses, EM
nistrators, planners, and volunteers. There is a family of courses:
Core Disaster Life Support (CDLS), Basic Disaster Life Support
(BDLS), Advanced Disaster Life Support (ADLS), and many others. There is a fee for resources but there is also a benefit for
members in that
they earn Continuing Education hours as necessary for allied health professionals

with a certificate and card
. The courses are majority didactic
but the ADLS course involves 2 days of hands
on training.


Center for

Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC)

Mission Statement:
The CDC, as the sentinel for the health of people in the United States and throughout the world, strives to protect people’s
health and safety, provide reliable health information, and improve health through strong p

The CDC covers more than just medical disasters, but is more likely to recognize the term: All
hazards Preparedness. All
hazards preparedness
is defined as

a comprehensive preparedness that is required to manage multiple casualties caused by

one or a collection of various man
and/or natural events

(BDLS Manual). The organization is involved with numerous national professional organizations and is a part of the
federal government so it has a plethora of resources and up
date informati


Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Mission Statement:
FEMA's continuing mission within the new department

[U.S. Department of Homeland Security]
is to lead the effort to
prepare the nation for all hazards and effectively manage federa
l response and recovery efforts following any national incident. FEMA also
initiates proactive mitigation activities, trains first responders, and manages the National Flood Insurance Program.

FEMA is a great resource to go back and reference to because i
t works with numerous large non
profit first responders in disasters as well as
many non
medical personnel. FEMA pulls information from Homeland Security, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,
enforcement, Occupational Safety and Health
Agency, and many more organizations. With the recognition of an all
hazards disaster paradigm
the agency can focus on not solely one time of disaster but creates for the nation “a comprehensive preparedness that is requ
ired to manage
multiple casualties ca
used by one or a collection of various man
made and/or natural events” (BDLS Manual).

After Hurricane Katrina in 2005,
the agency is trying to become more resourceful, up to date and keep better communication with its numerous branches and repr



U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Mission Statement:
We will lead the unified national effort to secure America. We will prevent and deter terrorist attacks and protect against
and respond to threats and hazards to the nation. We will ensure
safe and secure borders, welcome lawful immigrants and visitors, and
promote the free
flow of commerce.

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security is a good resource for issues
relating to terrorism. Overall, the federal department is limited to the
types o
f disasters it relates to, but the amount of information available about preparedness against terrorism is almost overwhelmin
g. The U.S.
Department of Homeland Security also, as of 2003, is now heading up FEMA. But as a stand alone department, there is mor
e than sufficient
information on how to deal with disaster as related to terrorism, but on other types of disaster the facts are limited.



Campus Safety Health and Environmental Management Association

Mission Statement:
The Campus Safety Health an
d Environmental Management Association (CSHEMA) provides information sharing
opportunities, continuing education, and professional fellowship to people with environmental health and safety responsibilit
ies in the
education and research communities. CSHEMA
leads by listening to its members, organizing their efforts, developing leadership that responds
to the needs of the education and research communities, and striving for excellence in everything it does.

The CSHEMA is building a bridge between students, f
aculty, and c
ommunity leaders in the fields of environmental health and safety, with
some emphasis in disaster preparedness
. It is a division of the National Safety Council. The association provides professional developmental
lecture series open to whoever

has interest. The two day conference is $180 and limited to just the Washington D.C. location, but materials may
be requested to individuals unable to make it.

Rating: 7