Click Here to download Assignment - Northview High School

noodleproudSoftware and s/w Development

Oct 29, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

141 views

Honor’s Biology Summer Assignment

PART ONE: Classroom book: BSCS Biology: A Molecular Approach


You will be using the on
-
line text instead of hard copy

for the summer
.
Access your
textbook ON
-
LINE using the following link:



http://www.glencoe.com/ose/


ACCESS CODE:

DC7D08DB10

Everyone

uses the same access code for

this website. If you cannot access the book or find
great

difficulty


there are hard copies in the main office at school for you to sign out.


Due the
first day

of class:


1.

You must read Chapter 1: Energy, Matter and Organization: The Chemistry of
Life.

You are refreshing this past science knowledge of chemistry and
learning the 4 basic building blocks of every organic material.

2.

Take notes of the concepts and
e
-
mail me questions of information that you
don’t understand.

These are to help you study and not graded.

3.

Complete the
following
question
s

and define bolded vocabulary terms

a.

E
-
mail me these so I can grade them for you prior to the test (if turned
before t
he 2
nd

week of August
)

b.

Or hand them in the first day and not get them back prior to the test.

4.

I will use this chapter and assume you have gathered all the relevant
information yourself.
We will have a test over this and part II of the summer
work on t
he 2
nd

/3
RD

day of school.


Due
PRIOR

to the first day

of class:


1.

During the summer you will work on the book reading. Prior to the first day I
need you to have completed:

a.

4

On
-
line Quizzes located at
http://www.BSCSblue.com/check_challenge

b.

On
-
line Test for Chapter 1 located at
http://glenco
e.mcgraw
-
hill.com/sites/0078664276/student_view0/unit1/chapter1/chapter_test.html
.

2.

Take the test/quiz and then check the answers and send me your results from
the link at the bottom of the page. Make sure you put your real name and a
valid e
-
mail address in the fields on the quiz form to get credit for taking
them.

3.

These Quizzes and T
est are to help you determine how well you have
mastered the
basic
material prior to my test in class.
They are not difficult and
have very little upper level questions on them. These are not indicators of an
Honor’s level test but of the understanding o
f
basic

materials. If you used
your book/Hints to answer these then expect to have difficulty on my test.

4.

Send the quizzes to my home e
-
mail:
werner_pj@yahoo.com
.

Don’t send
then to the school e
-
mail as I don’t
check that over the summer.


5.

You can double check the turn in on your Power School grade or by e
-
mailing
me if you don’t see it updated on Power School within one week of taking the
quiz/test.



Honor’s Biology Summer Assignment

Questions to answer from the book:

1.

What is the relationship
between atoms and elements?



2.

Describe the particles of an atom and
how

they interact?

3.

Distinguish among the various types of chemical bonds.



4.

Describe the main uses of these types of bonds found in the 4 types of organic
molecules.


5.

How does the Law of

Conservation of matter apply to metabolism?

6.

What six elements are most important in an organism?


7.

How do these elements create each of the 4 types of organic molecules?

8.

Why are lipids important to cell structure

and function:

a.

describe how they create the
cell organelle to create a cell's structure

b.


describe 2 unique functions of lipids

9.

Describe how chemical reactions important in cells maintenance of homeostasis?


10.

How are these reaction effected by changes in pH, temperature and availability of
elements?

11.

D
escribe how elements in a compound create polarity.

12.

How does the polarity of water assist the movement of molecules?



13.

Describe the 2 forces involved in capillary action and how that creates the flow of fluids
in a tree (from roots through leaves).

14.

Describe the building
-
block molecules (monomers) and how they combine (types and
bonds) to form
each

of the four types of biological macromolecules.


15.

What is the relationship between the primary and tertiary structure of a protein?


(What
are they and how
does one affect the other)



16.

How would a change to either effect the function of that protein?

17.

What is the monomer of a nucleic acid called?


18.


What are the components that make up that monomer of the nucleic acid?



19.

How are they arranged in a DNA
molecule?


20.

What are the base pairs for DNA and RNA?


21.


If one DNA strand has the sequence AGTTC, what is the sequence of the opposite, or
complementary, strand?




Honor’s Biology Summer Assignment

PART TWO: WebQuest:

The Nutrition of Carbohydrates
.

Introduction


How often do you think

about what is in the food you eat? Whether you fuel your body with a
slice of pepperoni pizza or carrot sticks, your food is made up of just 3 nutritional building
blocks: carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Of these, scientists consider carbohydrates to b
e the
body's primary fuel.


Research has shown that the kinds of carbohydrates we eat can dramatically impact our
health. Scientists divide carbohydrates into two groups: simple and complex. Nutritionists often
categorize carbohydrates by their glycemi
c index. What is the glycemic index? How do simple
carbohydrates differ from complex carbohydrates? Why are some carbohydrates better for you
than others? What kinds of carbohydrates should you be eating for good health? Understanding
this information is c
ritical if you want to make informed decisions about the food you consume.

Purpose


Your job in this WebQuest is to learn about the different kinds of carbohydrates that make up
food. You will learn how your health can be affected by the kinds of carbo
hydrates you eat. You
will learn about the glycemic index method of categorizing carbohydrates. You will learn what
fiber is and what role it plays in your diet. You will learn about the dangers of eating too much
sugar. You will discover how Americans are

doing at meeting the government's guidelines for
carbohydrates consumption. You will answer a set of questions about carbohydrates to
demonstrate what you have learned in your Internet research.

Process


First, read the following set of questions
befo
re

you begin your Internet research. As you
explore each site, look for answers to the questions.


Questions about the Nutrition of Carbohydrates

1.

Describe the difference bet
ween a simple and
complex carbohydrate. What foods are
sources of simple carbo
hydrates?
C
omplex carbohydrates?

2.

Scientists classify carbohydrates by their glycemic index. What is
the
glycemic index?

3.

Why do nutritionists consider foods with low glycemic index to be better for you?

4.

Fiber has no nutritional value, yet it is very good

for us. What is fiber?
What are the main
types of fiber?

5.

Why is eating fiber healthy? What are some foods that are high in fiber?

6.

What are some hazards of eating high fiber diets in children and people on medications?

7.

Most American children consume too much sugar. The average 4 or 5 year old consumes
17 teaspoons, about 1/3 of a cup, of sugar daily. What is the largest source of added sugar
in the diet of
American

children?

8.

What are
the 3
major

of the health risks of e
ating too much sugar

for
US c
hildren
?

9.

According to the Federal government's Dietary Guidelines for Americans, what
percentage of your daily grain servings should be made up of whole grains? What
percentage of whole grains, on average, are Americans actual
ly eating?

10.

How many daily fruit and vegetable servings does the Dietary Guidelines for Americans
recommend?

On average, how much
fruit and vegetables
are Americans eating?
Is that
enough?

11.

What vegetables are Americans over consuming, and are these veget
ables high or low
glycemic foods?

Honor’s Biology Summer Assignment

12.

You watch your grandfather pour a fiber powder in his orange juice in the morning as he
is taking his heart medication and multivitamins. He says that he’s just getting his fiber
for the day and this is good for him. Wo
uld you recommend this option as a viable
source of good fiber you him? Explain.

13.

You read a label on a 100 Calorie Oreo snack pack and see that it has 100 calories for the
23 gram serving, with 16 g of carbohydrates (8 g are refined sugar) and less than o
ne
gram of fiber. Would you consider this a healthy snack now that you are an expert in
good and bad nutrition? Explain
-

use terms/concepts that you’ve learned.

Resources

http://home.howstuffworks.com/food2.htm

Visit this Web site to read about how carbohydrates work as
fuels in the body. Read a description of the various kinds of carbohydrates.

http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4471

Visit this site from the American Heart
Association to read about the different kinds of carbohydrates. Learn what kinds of foods are sources of
simple carbohydrates and complex carboh
ydrates.

http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/carbohydrates.html

Go to this site from the Harvard School
of Public Health for an explanation of the different ki
nds of carbohydrates and the glycemic index.

http://www.ext.colostate.edu/PUBS/FOODNUT/09333.html

Visit this site to learn about
dietary
fiber and
why it is important.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7494673

Go to this site and read about the potential side effects of
a higher fiber diet in children.

http://www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/ped_3.asp?sitearea=PED

Go to this American Cancer Society site to
read about the connection between diet and cancer. Click on "The Link Between Lifestyle and Cancer"
and scroll down to the section titled "Controlling W
eight" to read about the link between diet and cancer.

http://kidshealth.org/parent/nutrition_fit/nutrition/sugar.html

Visit this site and read about the different
k
inds of carbohydrates. Learn which carbohydrates are healthiest. Scroll down to read about "good"
versus "bad" carbs and the health consequences of too much sugar.

http://www.sc
iencedaily.com/releases/2005/11/051121164322.htm

and
http://www.usc.edu/uscnews/stories/11841.html

Go to this site to read about research from showing the
effect of too much sugar in children's
diets.

http://www.mercola.com/article/sugar/dangers_of_sugar.htm

Go to this site and read about another
potential harm that sugar can do to your health.

http://www.ers.usda.gov/Amberwaves/April05/Features/FruitAndVegChoices.htm

Go to this site from
the USDA to read about how Americans are doing on eating th
eir fruits and vegetables.

http://www.ers.usda.gov/Amberwaves/April05/Findings/WholeGrainConsumption.htm

Visit this USDA
site and read an article about

American's whole grain eating habits.



Honor’s Biology Summer Assignment

PART

THREE:

The

Summer

Vocabulary

Scrapbook



The purpose of this assignment is two
-
fold:

1. To have you think about Biology all summer long. It is all around you…you just have
to look!

2. To have you learn terms that we will be using throughout the year. So, when you hear
the term in the second or third nine weeks, you will recall your summer experience.


Attached to this paper, you will find 80 terms listed. All of them are terms that
we will encounter
in our study of Biology this school year. Your assignment is to choose
40

of them and create a
photographic scrapbook
for your terms and then define the ones you didn’t choose. Your
scrapbook will be due on the
first day of class
. This gr
ade is worth a test grade in your Biology
class.


Do not wait until the end of the summer to start this!! This is not a project that can be rushed.
Give yourself plenty of time. Take pictures as your travel this summer, keeping the list in mind.
You will
need to do some research about the meaning of some of the terms before you begin.


Guidelines:

1. Research the Biology terms provided. Choose the 40 that interest you the most to use
in your scrapbook (following the guidelines below). The other 40 will just be defined and
placed in of your book.

2. The photographs must be
originals, taken by you
.
Do not download images from the
internet
. To
provide evidence that it is your photo
, you should include in each picture
something that will identify it as yours. You could include something like your cell
phone, keys, a small picture, ring, etc... It shoul
d be the same item in each picture, so you
may want to develop a signature item that is unique to you that shows your own special
style. No digitally enhanced inserts allowed, they must be found within your picture.
You cannot share pictures with other pe
ople in the class.

3. Go for a walk, to a park or zoo, check out your own back yard. You may also look in
the grocery store, hardware store, or greenhouse.

4. If possible, try to avoid doing damage to the natural world as you take your pictures.
Do not de
stroy organisms to obtain your picture!

5. If you want to use the same photo for more than one term, get multiple copies of that
picture made. You may use a photo no more than
twice
.


Your scrapbook will include for each of the terms:


A photographic rep
resentation of the 40 terms and 40 defined terms. Arrange all you terms in
alphabetical order. Follow the guidelines listed below for your photographic terms:

1.

A
definition

of what the term means

2.

An

explanation

of

how the picture
represents

the term. (You

do not need to find the
exact item on the list, but you must apply the term to the specimen you find and
explain how this specimen represents the term.)

3.

The
date
,
time

and location of the picture.


You do not have to have a true scrapbook or photo album.

Rather, you could use a three ring
notebook and paste the pictures in it. All pictures must be on
individual

pages
and
neatly

written

or typed.
C
reativity, organization and neatness are part of your overall grade.



Honor’s Biology Summer Assignment

Vocabulary
Terms
of Biology:
-

1.

Active
transport

2.

Adaptation for
life on land

3.

Adaptation for
life on water

4.

Adhesion of
water
molecules

5.

Aerobic
cellular
respiration

6.

Alleles

7.

Anaerobic
Respiration

8.

Animals

9.

Artificial
selection

10.

Asexual
reproduction

11.

Autotroph

12.

Bacteria

13.

Carbohydrate

14.

Cell cycle

15.

Cells

16.

Chromosome

17.

Cloning

18.

Co
-
dominance

19.

Cohesion of water
molecules

20.

Consumer

21.

Cytokinesis

22.

Decomposer

23.

Diffusion

24.

Endothermic

25.

Energy

26.

Enzyme

27.

Eukaryote

28.

Exoskeleton

29.

Fermentation

30.

Food chain

31.

Fungi

32.

Gene

33.

Gene Pool

34.

Gene therapy

35.

Genetic variability

36.

Genetically
modified organisms

37.

Genotype

38.

Glucose

39.

Greenhouse effect

40.

Hardy
-
Weinberg
model

41.

Heterotroph

42.

Homologous
structures

43.

Hypertonic solution

44.

Hypotonic solut
ion

45.

Incomplete
dominance

46.

Invasive species

47.

Lipid

48.

Meiosis

49.

Metabolism

50.

Mitosis

51.

Multicellular

52.

Mutation

53.

Mutualism

54.

Natural selection

55.

Niche

56.

Non
-
vascular plant

57.

Organ

58.

Osmosis

59.

Parasitism

60.

Phenotype

61.

Photosynthesis

62.

Potential energy

63.

Predation

64.

Producer

65.

Prokaryote

66.

Protein

67.

Punctuated
Equilibrium

68.

Scavenger

69.

Scientific Method

70.

Sex
-
linked traits

71.

Species

72.

Succession

73.

Taxonomy

74.

Tissue

75.

Trait

76.

Tropism

77.

Unicellular

78.

Unsaturated fats

79.

Wind or water seed
dispersal

80.

Xylem