information professionals in SADC

nervousripSecurity

Nov 5, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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New times need new curricula: meeting
the demands of industry in training
information professionals in SADC



Maritha E Snyman

Theo JD Bothma

Retha (MMM) Snyman

Johannes J Britz


{mesnyman / tbothma / msnyman
/ britzh } @postino.up.ac.za



IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

SADC


Angola


Botswana


Democratic Republic
of Congo (DRC)


Lesotho


Malawi


Mauritius


Mozambique




Namibia


Seychelles


South Africa


Swaziland


Tanzania


Zambia


Zimbabwe

Southern African Development Community

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Overview


The Information Society


Global and local issues


Impact on curricula of undergraduate
courses in the Dept of Information
Science, University of Pretoria


Re
-
evaluation


Adaptation


Diversification


Conclusion

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria


Issues to be considered


Macro level


Workplace


S
ubject field

of Information Science


South Africa since democratization in 1994


A

continuous re
-
evaluation and
reassessment of the training of
librarians and other information
professionals



IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Macro level


Changes in the


socio
-
political


economical and


technological environments



IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Socio
-
political


Emergence of the Information Society


Interaction between developing vs developed world


Localization vs globalisation


Digital divide


Acknowledgement of the value of intellectual
capital and
indigenous

knowledge


An enhanced sensitivity for cultural

diversity

and
user
diversity


A reassessment of especially information
-
related rights

and e
thical issues

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Technological issues


The development of ICT and Web
technology


Need for advanced ICT literacy


Virtual communities

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Economical


Information a commodity that can be
exchanged

vs information as a common
good


A paradigm shift


printed to electronic sources


ownership to access


pricing structures due to the Web

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Workplace


Reflects changes on macro level


ICT literacy


Advanced technical know
-
how


Hardware assembly and database / programming skills


Advanced end
-
user skills


Search skills, etc
.


Ethical and legal issues at workplace level


Information policies


Management of information and knowledge as
resources

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Workplace (2)


Specialization

and diversification


Interdisciplinary teams
/ p
roject teams


Information overload


Customer demand


Necessity of repackaging for variety of
users


Speed of change


Employability rather than employment


Entrepreneurship

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Changes in field of Information
Science


Diversification because of the impact of
the Information Society


Development and extension of a new
“discipline”


Focus on ICT and
knowledge
management


Interactive process of knowledge sharing


Role of communication

and prominence of
user


Legal and ethical issues

Ingwersen model

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Packages in the Department


Library Science (
since

1944)


Information Science (
since

1991)


Publishing (
since

1996)


Multimedia (
since

1998)


Information for
Development (
since

1998)


Information and Knowledge Management
(
since

2001)

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Generic components of all courses


“Fundamental” modules


L
anguage
, ICT

and research skills


Information seeking, retrieval and use


Information organization and knowledge
representation


ICT skills


Information and knowledge management
(except MM)


Ethics, law and economics of information

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Information literacy


Fundamental module for ALL first year
students


5,000 per year


Responsibility of the Department of
Information Science (in cooperation with
the Academic Information Service)


Focuses more on seeking behaviour and
searching than on evaluation, analysis
and synthesis


Re
-
evaluate curriculum and teaching
methodologies

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Integration of theory and
practice


Practical components in all modules that
have skills components


ICT modules


Multimedia and hypermedia


Searching


Etc.


Field work in cooperation with industry


Knowledge management


Ethics


Brief internships

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Info seeking, retrieval and use


Online industry


Database structures, design and evaluation


Search engines, including Web


I
nformation retrieval research


M
ajor research paradigms

-



traditional or systems based approach


user
-
centered


cognitive and socio
-
cognitive approaches


Relevance


I
nformation seeking behaviour

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Information organization and
knowledge representation


Structuring information objects


Text, full text and DIP


Databases


Multimedia and hypermedia


Structuring information surrogates


AACR2, Dewey, LCSH


Metadata schemas


Including Dublin Core and RDF


Ontologies

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

ICT skills

and Multimedia


Computer literacy


Hardware and software


Multimedia and Hypermedia


Theory and practical skills


Web design and development


HTML, XSL and scripting languages


Human
-
computer interaction


2D and 3D animation

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Information and knowledge
management


Theories of Information and Knowledge
management


Information and knowledge audit and strategy


Knowledge mapping


Tools and techniques


Data warehousing and data mining


Sense
-

and decision making


Competitive intelligence


Indigenous knowledge

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Ethics, law and economics of
information


Legal aspects, e.g.


Copyright and fair use


Promotion of Access to Information Act


Electronic Communications and Transaction Act


Privacy


Information richness and poverty


Cyber ethics


Infopreneurship


Information as a commodity

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Information and Development


Information Society


Digital divide


Developed and developing environments


Bridging barriers to the Information Society


Using ICT in development


Development theories


From modernisation to participation


Development communication / information
transfer


Information repackaging


Traditional media and knowledge


IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Publishing


The publisher as an information
professional


P
ublishing value chain


P
ublishing management


D
esign


C
opy
-
editing


E
lectronic publishing

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Uniqueness of packages


Specific modules within the Department


Include the latest views and issues in the
international and local IS environment


Combination with modules from other
departments


Impossible to do everything within one
department


Strategic alliances


School of IT: Computer Science, Informatics


Other schools: Language departments, Economic
and Business Management, Visual Arts

Other modules

Own modules

SIT modules

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Library Science


Departmental


Library Science
modules


“Traditional”
topics


Digital libraries and DL management


Consortia and resource sharing



Information Science
modules


Other modules


Combination with electives according to
student’s preference


IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Information Science


Departmental


Generic modules for information workers


Other modules


Electives from a

variety of subjects, e.g.
Computer Science, Public Admin
istration
,
Geography, Political Science, etc.

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Information and Knowledge
Management


Departmental


Specialized modules on Information and
Knowledge Management and
I
nformation
O
rganization,
as well as

sense
-
making and
decision
-
making, competitive intelligence


Other modules


Advanced Information Systems
(Informatics), Business Management/

Entrepreneurship, Communication
Management, and Financial Accounting

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Publishing


Departmental


The publishing value chain, publishing
management, design, copy
-
editing and
electronic publishing


Other modules


Languages,
V
isual
D
esign and
V
isual
C
ommunication, Business Management,
Marketing

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Multimedia


Departmental


Web technologies, markup languages

(HTML,
XML)
,
human
-
computer interaction
,
multimedia and hypermedia
, animation


Other modules


Computer Science, Visual Design, Languages,
Business Management

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Information for
Development


Departmental


D
evelopments theories, the communication
of information in a development context,
ICT for development


Other modules


Electives from other programmes

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Relevance of curriculum in SADC


Comparable with best international
schools


Addresses all the latest issues


Internationally competitive


Addresses local issues and needs of local
industry


From barefoot librarian to cybrarian


Locally relevant

IATUL

©

University of Pretoria

Conclusion


Continuous re
-
evaluation and adaptation


Developing country within the framework

of SADC and

the developed world



I
nternationally competitive

and

l
ocally relevant”

Thank you!


Questions, comments?