Financial - agrarian revolution 1600

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Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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Youth Entrepreneurial Education


Future of our Nations and EU
in Global Competition

which

brings the qualities that form the basis of
entrepreneurship, such as creativity, spirit of initiative,
responsibility, capacity of confronting risks,
independence

Compiled by:


Tomáš

Bičan

Deputy Chief of Slovak Mission in Sofia




Just as entrepreneurs in

business bring innovative

and disruptive products
to the market, so, too,

are the education

entrepreneurs of our time.


Prof.
Munro

Richardson
,
Kauffman

Foundation

Innovation means progress


Waves of innovations in the history of modern society:



Financial
-

agrarian revolution

1600
-

1750

170 years


Industrial revolution


1770
-
1840

110 years


Technical revolution


1880
-
1920

60 years


Scientific technical revolution

1940
-

1970

45 years


ICT revolution




1985
-

2000

30 years?



In
n
ovation waves follows in logical sequence and influence each
other. As you can see the time

span of innovation waves is
shortening and technological
developm
e
nt

is speeding up.
Innovations are creating new industries and markets.

Source: Jared Diamond, David Landes, Daniel Šmihula,

Future wave of innovation or what we can expect


Biomedicine: genetic engineering, cloning
techniques, new pharmaceutical, direct
connection of living and technical systems


Development of nanotechnologies
a

biotechnologies will completely change
medical therapies and industry.


Environmentally friendly production.


Alternative power generation based on bio
technologies.


Use of hydrogen for power generation,
development of nuclear technologies,
fusion.


Alternative or renewable sources will gain
steam but won
´
t be able to cover the
consumption of electricity.



THESE NEW CHALLENGES WILL DEMAND


NOT ONLY INVENTORS BUT ALSO PEOPLE


BRAVE ENOUGH TO REALIZE THE NEW
IDEAS.




Creative

and
brave

enough

to risk


One

of

the

greatest

minds

of

our

times

famed
astrophysicist

Stephen

Hawking

once

said
:

we
need to spread into outer space or else. If we
don’t, it will be difficult for the world “to avoid
disaster in the next hundred years, let alone the
next thousand or million.”


We know, the first trips could be the one way
tickets, but we already have the first private
companies entering cosmic business

What are you bringing, good news
or as usual?

What we can expect till 2025?


From

bilpolar

world

my

generation

has

lived

in

is

slowly

becoming

a

multipolar

world

with

rapidly

rising

emerging

economies

of

BRIC

countries
.



Together

with

growing

regional

unions

and

groups

relative

growth

of

power

of

non
-
state

actors



TNC,

religious

organizations

and

probably

also

criminal

network
.




Growth

of

economy

and

number

of

inhabitants

by

1
,
2

billion

till

2025

will

create

press

on

energy,

raw

material,

food

and

water

resources

and

potential

for

resource

nationalism

which

could

bring

the

regional

conflicts



Zdroj: NIC 2009, Eurostat

Estimated demographic development till 2025

Changing geopolitical and economic reality


In 2012 will China surpass Germany and will become the third
economy in the world and in 2035 it could surpass USA and will
become a global challenger



USA produce 93% GDP of E
U

only with 61% of inhabitants of
EU27. Work productivity and R&D development in EU strongly lag
behind the USA. EU also can not compete with USA in the military
area.



In majority of the EU countries, Japan and Russia the
demographic situation will be worsening which will be
compensated by immigration



The multilateral institutions should be transformed
acco
r
ding to
the new geopolitical and economic reality



All this will change the strategic circumstances in the world


When China and India will catch up?

How will this development influence

small nations like ours?


Economies

of

Slovakia

and

Bulgaria

are

relatively

small

and

very

open
.

With

opening

also

their

vulnerability

towards

outer

influences

is

growing
.

Our

success

is

significantly

depending

on

the

development

of

international

economic

relations

and

demand

for

our

production
.

Slovakia

produces

about

85
%

and

Bulgaria

more

than

65
%

for

export

mostly

to

the

EU

countries
.




But

we

are

still

lagging

in

the

productivity

of

work

and

innovation

performance

compare

to

majority

of

EU

countries

which

is

a

strong

handicap

for

the

future

development

of

our

countries



We

need

to

create

the

fundaments

for

sustainable

development

based

on

innovations,

managing

of

modern

technologies,

support

of

knowledge

economy,

education

and

entrepreneurial

spirit

of

our

young

people



Are our economies competitive?


Our competitiveness is mostly based on the relatively low labor
cost

and
taxes


We do not have developed hi
-
tech industries


Our business environment is not enough supporting innovations and technology
transfer


We have to motivate our companies to produce high value added goods


We have to increase the attractiveness of science and technical education


The education should promote the entrepreneurial spirit of our young people


Our countries and innovation performance

Slovakia and Bulgaria are among the countries with the lowest performance
in innovation in international comparisons (OECD, 2010d). In 2008, the
number of triadic patents and cross
-
border trademarks
per capita
was
significantly lower than the OECD average and only a low percentage of
firms had innovation activities. We are net technology importers:
expenditure on foreign technology (technological payments) is greater than
expenditure for domestic business enterprise R&D

Comparison of R&D
expenditures

Meeting our targets for 2020


running

results


Unemployment rate is way over the EU
average

7 flagship initiatives: actions at EU and
Member State levels

The quality of education matters

Youth unemployment in both our countries
ALARMING

The size of the shadow economy in the
EU is still large

Terciary

Education Performance

R&D intensity is really poor

What could be the role of state
to make environment more
business friendly and
encourage young people to start
the business?

Slow licensing delays business start
-
ups

Bureaucracy is time consuming

E
-
Government

way to ease the burden of
bureaucracy

How companies benefit from e
-
government

in
our

countries

The quality of public administration matters

Negative bribery effects

-
1%
of

EU GDP

EU
EDUCATION FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP

PROJECT

P
romoting

entrepreneurial attitudes and skills

through Primary and
Secondary education


Based

on
“Best Procedure” project on education and

training for
entrepreneurship, launched in June 2001 in the framework of the

Multiannual
Programme

for Enterprise and Entrepreneurship (2001
-
2005).


Final

report
of

EU expert
group

is

an

excellent

guideline

for

future

solutions





Final report statement


Europe needs to foster the entrepreneurial drive more effectively.


It needs more new firms willing to start creative or innovative
ventures and more entrepreneurs.


Education can greatly contribute to creating a more
entrepreneurial culture, starting with young people and at school.


Promoting entrepreneurial skills and attitudes provides benefits to
society even beyond their application to new business ventures.


T
he

objectives of education will include nurturing in young people
personal

qualities that form the basis of entrepreneurship, such as
creativity, spirit of initiative, responsibility, capacity of confronting
risks, independence.


T
his type of attitude can be promoted already in primary school
teaching.


The importance of fostering an entrepreneurial mindset among
young people is also emphasized in the Entrepreneurship Action
Plan adopted by the Commission in 2004.


Proposals of the expert group:


Enhance
cooperation
between departments of the public administration
that have a role to play in this field (e.g. Ministries of Industry, Economy
and Education, Agencies);


Adopt a range of
support measures
targeting the schools and the
teachers, thus promoting concretely the application of programs;


Support the activities of existing
networks
and
NGOs
promoting
programs based on practical experience, such as student companies or
virtual firms;


Increase participation of
business associations
and Chambers of
Commerce in policy making and activities related to entrepreneurship and
business education, and the involvement of businesses/entrepreneurs in
specific programs;


Create an inter
-
department function or structure at national level that will
give impulse to
-

and coordinate
-

the
gathering of information
on
ongoing activities;


Step up initiatives for the
dissemination of good practice
, both at
national and European level;


Set up mechanisms for implementing some of the proposed
indicators
, in
order to allow assessing progress and eventually defining
targets
.


Create a permanent
framework for monitoring progress
, by using
existing instruments at European level.


Experience of Slovakia

Junior Achievement Slovakia


Best performing NGO in this area


Leader in entrepreneurial education


Partner of government, business, professional unions,
chambers of commerce,


Programs supporting entrepreneurial and economic
thinking, ethical decision making, market education and
youth employment based on learning by doing practices


It creates the space for creativity,
selfresentation

of young
people, communication and learns them to be responsible
for their decisions



HP innovation relay, US Steel innovation and creativity
camp, EU year of volunteers etc.



etc.


Programs of Junior
Achivement

SK


Ground schools


Europe and ME


Basics of entrepreneurship


Entrepreneurship in
turism



More than money



Secondary schools


More than money


Entrepreneurship in
turism



Aplicated

economics


Banks in action


MESE/TITAN


Programs of Junior
Achivement

SK 2


Secondary schools


Global ethical program


Ethics in business


Entrepreneur
s
hip without limits


Online economics textbook



Universities and colleges


Managerial simulation exercises


My job
-

entrepreneur


Junior Achievement
´
s

achievements


School year 2011/2012


Number of program graduates in 20
years: 206 800


Number of students involved in
programs and projects: 17 960


Schools involved: 562


Teachers involved: 666


Volunteers from business: 300


Contact of Junior
Achivements

Thanks for your kind attention

Tomas

Bičan
,

Deputy

Chief

of

Mission
,

Embassy

of

SLOVAKIA

tomas.bican@mzv.sk